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.cc
Verisign-dotcc-logo.svg
Introduced13 October 1997
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistryeNIC (a VeriSign company)
SponsorIsland Internet Services
Intended useEntities connected with Cocos Islands
Actual useVaried site topics; few sites relate to the islands
Registration restrictionsNone
StructureRegistrations permitted at second level
DocumentsRegistration agreement
Dispute policiesUDRP
Registry websiteVerisign .cc Registry

.cc is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, an Australian territory. It is administered by a United States company, VeriSign, through a subsidiary company, eNIC, which promotes it for international registration as "the next .com". The .cc domain was originally assigned to eNIC in October 1997 by the IANA; eNIC manages the TLD alongside SamsDirect Internet.[1]

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus also uses the .cc domain, along with .nc.tr.

Registration is made directly at second-level.

Usage

The .cc domain is preferred by many cricket and cycling clubs, as well as churches and Christian organizations, since "CC" can be an abbreviation for "Christian Church" or "Catholic Church". Some open-source/open-hardware projects, such as the Arduino project, use a .cc for their home pages, since "CC" is also the abbreviation for "Creative Commons", whose licenses are used in the projects. Business owners in Southern Massachusetts are rapidly adopting Cape Cod CC domains for local identity. Canadian Club whiskey has also used .cc domains for marketing purposes.[citation needed]. It is also used for some community colleges, though other domains, such as .edu, are more popular.

Second level domains

gov.cu.cc, com.cc, net.cc, edu.cc, org.cc

A number of second-level domain names are also maintained by CoCCA, including "com.cc", "net.cc", "edu.cc", and "org.cc".

cc.cc, co.cc, cu.cc, cz.cc

These are not official hierarchies of .cc, but domains owned by companies who offer free subdomain registration.

co.cc

The co.cc URL has been known to host spammers, who create spam blogs, or "splogs", often with nonsense names. Due to such spamming, in July 2011 Google removed over 11 million .co.cc websites from its search results. Legitimate sites (per Google's Webmaster Guidelines) on the .co.cc subdomain could send a reconsideration request to Google to have their specific site excluded from the ban.[2][3][4][5]

The abundance of cheap .co.cc domains had also been used by those who sold fake "anti-virus" programs.[6]

From 2012 to 2014, the co.cc website and name servers were not online. There was no formal statement by the company, but they did stop accepting new registrations some time before they closed.[7]

In 2018, co.cc was listed for sale for US$500,000.00.[8] As of 2019, co.cc is registered to and in use by another entity.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Brian Cartmell CEO of eNIC testimony before the United States Senate Archived 2016-10-14 at the Wayback Machine Electronic Frontier Foundation
  2. ^ "Google dumps all 11+ million .co.cc sites from its results". 6 July 2011.
  3. ^ "Google Delists All CO.CC Domains From Index". Searchengineland.com. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  4. ^ 06/08/2012 11:07 am. "Google Bans A Complete Subdomain From Index: co.cc". Seroundtable.com. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  5. ^ "Google Discussiegroepen". Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  6. ^ David Talbot. "The Perfect Scam". Technology Review. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Free Registrar co.cc Goes the Way of the Dodo". 15 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  8. ^ "This domain name CO.CC is for sale".
  9. ^ "Cobra Browser".