Introduced3 June 1992
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
RegistryEstonian Internet Foundation
Intended useEntities connected with Estonia
Actual useVery popular in Estonia, now available globally.
Registered domains160,059 (2023-08-11)[1]
StructureRegistrations are taken directly at the second level, or at the third level beneath various second-level labels
Dispute policiesDomain Disputes Committee
Registry websiteEstonian Internet Foundation

.ee is the internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of Estonia, operated by the Estonian Internet Foundation.

Second-level domain names


The top-level domain .ee was introduced in 1992 and was operated by EENet until July 2010. The administrator of .ee domain was the academic Endel Lippmaa. There was a limit of one domain name per legal entity, and registrations of additional names to protect trademarks were specifically denied because "The domain name has no trademark status". As domains under .ee were meant to be an institution's identification on the Internet (like the register code in the commercial register), registration of additional domains in the defense of a trademark or a name form is not possible.[5] Valid registrations were free of charge.

Domain reform

The new order of registration of .ee TLD became available on 5 July 2010. Estonian Internet Foundation took over .ee ccTLD registry functions from EENet. With the new domain rules, both private individuals and foreigners can register an unlimited number of domains directly under .ee. Domain name registration is done on two levels, .ee domain registrants are serviced by authorized registrars. Also, payment of registry administration from the state budget was stopped and a fee was established for domain registration. All existing domains registered before the transition had to be re-registered during a 6-month transition period which ended on 5 January 2011. Registration services can be done through accredited registrars listed on Estonian Internet Foundation website. Domain disputes are handled by Domain Disputes Committee.

After the reform

Registration fee

.ee domains can be registered for one, two or three years. From January 1, 2017, the domain registration fee charged to registrars is 6, 12 or 18 euros depending on the length of the registration period.[9] In 2016, the registration fee was 7, 14 and 21 euros depending on the length of the registration period.[10] VAT is added to the fee. The fee for the domain registrant is determined by the registrars. The final cost is also influenced by competition on the market.

Domain hacks


The new order of domain registering in 2010 was met with great controversy. The relaunch of the registry was at one point delayed to be reassessed.[11] When the relaunch was finalized, the annual fee for a .ee domain was announced to be 285 Estonian kroons (18.2 euros) plus tax, which was met with wide criticism.[12] A list of shortcomings was presented in a public notice to Estonian Internet Foundation by Tõnu Samuel and Jaan Jänesmäe, mentioning that the .ee domain had become the most expensive TLD in Europe.[12] Their cause gained over 800 supporters on Facebook.[13]

The NGO Estonian Internet Community was founded partly as a reaction to the controversial domain reform with 22 founding members.[13] Its board is made up of Tõnu Samuel, Elver Loho and Heiti Kender. In 2010 it noted on its blog that several of its members had lost faith in the possibility of any sort of compromise and had independently written e-mails to IANA asking them to step in to resolve the controversy.[14]

Over the following years the annual fee has gradually dropped,[15] reaching 6 euros on 1 January 2017.[9]


  1. ^ "Statistics". Estonian Internet Foundation. 11 August 2023. Retrieved 11 August 2023.
  2. ^ edu.ee subdomains (in Estonian) EENet. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  3. ^ lib.ee subdomains (in Estonian) EENet. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  4. ^ org.ee subdomains (in Estonian) EENet. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  5. ^ EENet registration page (in FAQ)
  6. ^ "Eesti Internet SA". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Eesti Internet SA | Uudised". Archived from the original on 7 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Eesti Internet SA". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Price for .ee Domain Lowered to 6 Euros". Estonian Internet Foundation. 4 January 2017. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Heaks kiidetud Eesti Interneti Sihtasutuse nõukogu 28. oktoober 2015. a otsusega" (PDF). media.voog.com (in Estonian). Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Läheb käima, ei lähe käima" (in Estonian). ZONE.ee. 13 April 2010. Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Infoturbe spetsialist: domeenireform on läbikukkunud" (in Estonian). Eesti Päevaleht. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  13. ^ a b "List of EIC's goals". Estonian Internet Community. Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  14. ^ "Kui kodus ei saa asju aetud..." (in Estonian). Estonian Internet Community. Archived from the original on 27 February 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  15. ^ "Price for .ee domains to be slashed by 11.8% in 2013". Estonian Internet Foundation. 30 November 2012. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2018.