|Introduced||24 September 2007|
|TLD type||Country code top-level domain|
|Registry||Star Joint Venture|
|Sponsor||Star Joint Venture (Korea Computer Center until 2011)|
|Intended use||Entities connected with North Korea|
|Actual use||Used mainly by the North Korean government|
|Registered domains||38 (As of 14 November 2021)[verification needed]|
|Registration restrictions||Must be a company, organization, or government entity based in North Korea|
|Structure||Names can be registered directly at the second level, or at the third level within generic second-level domains|
|Registry website||Registry website address published on IANA Delegation Record is no longer accessible|
.kp is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for North Korea; it was created on 24 September 2007.
North Korea applied for the .kp Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) in 2004. ICANN, however, refused because North Korea did not meet some of the requirements.[specify] Another attempt was made via Korea Computer Center (KCC) Europe in 2006. Later, the main body of KCC and the North Korean Ambassador to the United Nations petitioned ICANN again. They were refused again for providing insufficient information. A new application was sent in January 2007 and an ICANN delegation visited the country in May. This time ICANN agreed to assign .kp to North Korea.
One of the first organizations to adopt a .kp domain was the Korean Central News Agency in 2009.
Previously, the .kp domain was managed by Korea Computer Center (KCC) Europe. A large number of .kp websites were also hosted by KCC Europe in Germany. However, in 2011, management was transferred to the Pyongyang-based Star Joint Venture.
Neither the North Korea government agencies nor the central registry have published the second-level domain registration rules. However, according to the using practices shown by the currently existing and accessible North Korea domains and websites, while regarding the worldwide country-code second-level domain distribution rules, the second-level domain rules in North Korea can be interpreted as below.
The following are externally accessible domain name examples of the use of second-level domain names:
As of 2017[update], at least nine .kp top level domains and more than 30 domains are accessible to the global Internet. These are as follows:
Some .kp addresses are used by the North Korean Internet only, and some of them are only accessible in the Kwangmyong network, alongside regularly-used 24-bit block IPv4 private addresses.