1971 Nobel Peace Prize
Willy Brandt
"for paving the way for a meaningful dialogue between East and West."
  • 20 October 1971
  • 10 December 1971
LocationOslo, Norway
Presented byNorwegian Nobel Committee
First awarded1901
WebsiteOfficial website
← 1970 · Nobel Peace Prize · 1972 →

The 1971 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Chancellor of Germany Willy Brandt (1913–1992) "for paving the way for a meaningful dialogue between East and West."[1][2][3] Because of his efforts to strengthen cooperation in western Europe through the European Economic Community (EEC) and to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of Eastern Europe, he became the fourth German recipient of the prestigious Peace Prize.[2]


Main article: Willy Brandt

Willy Brandt was active in German politics since his youth. He was engaged in clandestine resistance against the Nazis and went into exile in Norway in 1933. There he joined the Labour Party where he campaigned for a Nobel Peace Prize to Carl von Ossietzky. When the German occupation of Norway took place in 1940, he fled to Sweden where he worked as a journalist documenting the brutality of World War II. After the war, Brandt returned to Germany and continued engaging in politics becoming Mayor of West Berlin in 1957, Minister for Foreign Affairs in 1966, Leader of the Social Democratic Party in 1964 and Chancellor of Germany in 1969.[3][4] As federal Chancellor, he made decisive efforts for West Germany to sign the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), established a peaceful agreement – the Treaty of Mosco – with the Soviet Union in 1970, and another agreement – the Treaty of Warsaw with Poland in the same year which entailed that West Germany accepted the new national boundaries in Eastern Europe that had become effective in 1945. These treaties laid the foundations for the Four Power Agreement on Berlin which made it easier for families from either side of the divided city to visit each other. He resigned as Chancellor in May 1974.[2][5][4]



Brandt had not been nominated before for the peace prize, making him one of the laureates who won on a rare occasion when they have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature the same year they were first nominated.[6] Brandt only received three separate nominations: one from Jens Otto Krag (1914–1978) of Denmark, another from Wolfgang Yourgrau (1908–1979) the United States and a joint nomination by three politicians (La Pira of Italy, De Chambrun of France, and Dia of Senegal).[7]

In total, the Norwegian Nobel Committee received 86 nominations for 33 individuals and 7 organizations including Vinoba Bhave, Hélder Câmara, Cyrus S. Eaton, Alfonso García Robles (awarded in 1982), Clarence Streit, Elie Wiesel (awarded in 1986) and the Universal Esperanto Association (UEA). Eighteen individuals and two organizations were nominated for the first time such as Cesar Chavez, Tage Erlander, Einar Gerhardsen, Jean Monnet, Arvid Pardo, Stefan Wyszyński, Herbert York and the Centre for Cultural and Social Cooperation in France. French activist Louise Weiss, also a first-time recommended, was the only woman nominated that year. Notable figures like Jacobo Árbenz, Nora Stanton Barney, Carlo Braga, Louis Lecoin, Reinhold Niebuhr, Hiratsuka Raichō, Miriam Soljak, William Griffith Wilson and Waldo Williams died in 1971 without having been nominated for the peace prize.

Official list of nominees and their nominators for the prize
No. Nominee Country/
Motivations Nominator(s)
1 Francisco Arasa Bernaus
 France "for his initiatives and work to create better understanding among men, which are of extraordinary importance for peace in our time." Josep Maria Pi i Sunyer
2 Vinoba Bhave
 India "for his lifelong commitment to peace and social reform."
3 Eugene Carson Blake
 United States "for being a leader in the ecumenical movement, civil and human rights, and world peace." Michael E. Parrish (b. 1944)
4 Charles K. Bliss
 Soviet Union
( Ukraine)
No motivation included. Doug Everingham
5 Carl Bonnevie
 Norway "for his tireless work for the cause of peace." Gunnar Skaug
6 Willy Brandt
 Germany "for his part in bringing about accords that have been among the most important events in the post-war period in favor of international détente and peace, and for his conduct which was both a great symbol of humility and remorse for the past and a great promise for the future."
"for working incessantly on the achievement of a just peace wherein he has shown unparalleled initiative in accomplishing his aims and has undertaken this task with great personal risk for his career." Wolfgang Yourgrau
"in recognition of his consistent politics of peace as an important initiative to secure the world peace that has existed for the last decade, and for his political endeavors to minimize political tension in Europe which are worthy of respect and admiration." Jens Otto Krag (1914–1978)
7 Hélder Câmara
 Brazil "for being the leading advocate for non-violent social change in Latin-America." Walter Ralston Martin
"for his fight for the rights of the impoverished and oppressed, and for being a symbol of peace through his life, thoughts, speeches, and acts that are deeply founded in justice, freedom and equality." Dietrich Rollmann
No motivation included. Martin Bullinger
Marie Lous Mohr
"for his unique role in one of the poorest areas of Latin-America as a leader of the progressive minority of the Catholic Church, as well as being the leading spokesman for non-violent methods to further social change and having played an important international role by contributing to a greater understanding in industrialized countries of the social reality in one of the poorest areas in the world." members of the Swedish Parliament
"for his efforts to bring about a social revolution in South America through friendly co-operation and non-violent means, contributing greatly to the cause of world peace." Bruno Kreisky
"for his work to achieve a more humane existence for millions of people, his publications, lectures, and speeches in favor of peace and justice and his striving for co-operation of all nations, religions and systems towards peace." 8 members of the Dutch Parliament
"for his significant contribution to promoting the humanization of conflicts and disputes and his effort to break the spiral of violence that arises when the violence of the rulers and the violence of the oppressed coincide." Josef Müller
"for his tireless efforts to create a more peaceful and humane world and break the spiral of violence that arises when the violence of the rulers and the violence of the oppressed coincide." Albert Burger
8 Sanjib Chaudhuri (?)  India "for his for his works which will live through ages and help humanity in attaining its goal of one government for the world." Lalita Rajya Laxmi (1917–?)
9 Cesar Chavez
 United States "for the quality of leadership he has shown in the long struggle of farmworkers for human dignity, and, through his persevering efforts, seeks to combat poverty and injustice and build a new quality of relationship between men." Bronson P. Clark
10 Jean Chazal
 France No motivation included. 15 members of the Venezuelan National Assembly
Pierre Bouzat
11 Brock Chisholm
 Canada No motivation included. Doug Everingham
12 John Collins
 United Kingdom "for his devotion and altruistic work towards the cause of peace, and undertaking great humanitarian efforts through organizations like the Christian Action and the International Defence and Aid Fund, which he created." 12 members of the Swedish Parliament
"for his vigorous pursuit of policies of international understanding and support for the under-privileged over many years and in many countries." Oliver Tomkins
"for his work in the post-war years for Save Europe Now, his work for the victims of oppression in South Africa, his work as chairman of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in Great Britain and his work for reconciliation with the Eastern Bloc." 19 members of the British Parliament
No motivation included. Learie Constantine
"for his long and intensive labors in the interest of racial harmony throughout the world." 3 professors of law from the University of Sydney
"for his struggle against racism, which is perhaps the greatest threat to the peace and happiness of the human race and working tirelessly to heal the wounds of war and reduce the risks of its recurrence." Gough Whitlam
"for being a most courageous and active fighter for peace, especially in connection with the pressure for nuclear disarmament, and particularly for his attempt to contribute to the agitation for change in the racial policies of the Union of South Africa." Otto Kahn-Freund
"for his selfless efforts to the cause of peace and mutual understanding among men regardless of color, religion or creed, and for continuously devoting himself to bridging gaps, fostering racial accommodation for the benefit of mankind as a whole." Kenneth Kaunda
No motivation included. Svend Haugaard
"for his contributions as leader of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, as leader of the Treason Trial Fund for South Africa, and later the International Defence and Aid Fund." Sven Skovmand
(b. 1936)
"for his many years of devotion to the cause of international peace and understanding." Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan
13 Randolph Parker Compton
 United States "for his impressive work for peace." Cyril Edwin Black
14 Cyrus S. Eaton
 United States
"for contributing to fostering understanding and friendship among all nations of the world and for hiss efforts to improve the political relations and economic cooperation between East and West, an encouragement to other business leaders in the United States to use their influence on behalf of world peace." Jennings Randolph
15 Tage Erlander
 Sweden "[with Gerhardsen] for contributing to co-operative policy in the Nordic countries and further understanding and tolerance across borders."
16 Buckminster Fuller
 United States "for his seminal vision of a world community in which architecture among other arts can create common positive goals to bring people together." Adam Yarmolinsky
"for being one of those rare individuals who takes a total view of the world, unhampered by national, linguistic, racial, or other such barriers." Karan Singh
(b. 1931)
17 Alfonso García Robles
 Mexico "for his merits and contribution to the creation of treaties against nuclear-arms in Latin-America, which he contributed greatly to through his intelligence, perseverance, and love for peace." Jorge Castañeda y Álvarez de la Rosa
"because he took a decisive part in the adoption of the Treaty of Tlatelolco signed in Mexico City on April 12, 1967, establishing a denuclearization regime for Latin America." René-Jean Dupuy
"for his support of disarmament in Latin-America and almost making it a non-nuclear zone, and also for being a moving force in securing the adoption of the Disarmament Resolutions by the United Nations General Assembly, which set forth a programme for general and complete disarmament." Philip Noel-Baker
18 Einar Gerhardsen
 Norway "[with Erlander] for contributing to co-operative policy in the Nordic countries and further understanding and tolerance across borders."
19 Marc Joux (?)  France "for his work to create a climate for thought and action, a public movement, in favor of enhancing human conditions and a grander peace." Auguste Billiemaz
20 Spurgeon Milton Keeny
 United States "for his dedication and concern for the welfare of humanity, devotedly working towards bettering the state of life for peoples in the world and contributed greatly to the fight against diseases and later population control in Asia." Amadeo Cruz
"for his work with organizations and nations in the field of population control in underdeveloped countries in Asia, and through his commitment and dedication to human welfare and fraternity, he has done a great service to the cause of peace." Hak Yul Kim (?)
"for his efforts to tame population growth using experience derived from his involvement in the fight against diseases and critical problems that threaten mankind, and working to ease tensions and remedy situations which unchecked could lead to war." Chester Jarvis (1921–2009)
21 Jean Monnet
 France "for his utmost important contribution to securing long lasting peace." members of the governments and parliaments[b]
22 Arvid Pardo
"for his exceptional initiative and outstanding contribution in promoting the peaceful uses of the ocean bed for the benefit of all mankind." Ritchie Calder
23 Kathiresu Ramachandra
 Sri Lanka "for faithfully serving the cause of world peace." Cyrillus Xavier Martyn
24 Michail Stasinopoulos
 Greece "for his courage to uphold the law over directives from the Colonels to remove a judge." René Cassin
25 Lyudmil Stoyanov
 Bulgaria "for being an outstanding peace partisan, anti-fascist, and humanist, and an outstanding fighter for peace, social progress and the welfare of all people." Sava Ganovski
26 Clarence Streit
 United States "for his dedicated work toward an Atlantic union of free nations." Jim Wright
27 Cláudio Villas-Bôas
 Brazil "in recognition of their lifelong struggle to save the Indians in Amazonia, and their unique achievements in approaching and pacifying primitive tribes and protecting them in Brazil's first national park." Alan Lennox-Boyd
28 Orlando Villas-Bôas
 Brazil 2 professors from the University of Paris
29 Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
No motivation included. Tadao Kuraishi
2 members of the Japanese Parliament
"for his great academic achievement, his advocacy for peace and his intelligent, positive, and courageous activism." Yōzō Horigome
30 Louise Weiss
 France No motivation included.
31 Elie Wiesel
 United States
"for being a prominent author, transcendent humanist, and intrepid peace-worker." Amiya Chakravarty
"for, in terms of his own personal experience of horrors and his subsequent efforts for peace, having become a symbol of hope and an inspiration to peoples throughout the world." Fred R. Harris
(b. 1930)
"for having offered a moral perspective on the Holocaust which bears broad implications about human nature, civilization, and moral value, and throughout his novels and essays, his travels and lectures, he has been a ceaseless advocate of peace." Alan Cranston
"for throughout his novels and essays, his travels and lectures being a ceaseless advocate of peace and for his works of great importance, especially since a generation has passed since the end of the Second World War." Hubert Humphrey
"for his work against hate, and his faith in mankind and the final victory of the forces of progress and peace." André Monteil
"for showing a wisdom born of incredible suffering and a burning desire in his writing to bring the inexorable lessons of the Holocaust home to mankind." Jacob Javits
No motivation included. Emil Fackenheim
32 Stefan Wyszyński
 Poland "for his efforts to mediate disputes and prevent violence which could have had tragic consequences for social order and peace." Stanley Haidasz
33 Herbert York
 United States "for his efforts to de-escalate the arms race and keep political decisions in the hands of representatives of the people and away from machines and military men, and being a civilizing influence on the government of his country." Michael E. Parrish (b. 1944)
34 Centre for Cultural and Social Cooperation Paris "for their worldwide and important work to promote tolerance and mutual understanding between peoples without regard to nationality, class, race, religion, or political affiliation." Carl E. Wang
35 International Union for Child Welfare (IUCW)
(founded in 1946)
Geneva "for its vital role in giving the young an education and upbringing free from racial, national, and social prejudices, and their pioneering work in framing and adopting the U.N. Charter of Children's Rights, thus contributing to a world of unity and peace."
"for its world-wide humanitarian work for the young, especially in developing countries which have derived enormous benefit from its dedication and expertise." Indira Gandhi
"for the considerable work it has done for children in need all over the world and its efforts to further peace and understanding." Gunnar Garbo
36 International Union for Land Value Taxation and Free Trade (The IU)
(founded in 1926)
London No motivation included Alfred Henningsen
"for its efforts to further international understanding and contribute to peace by removing the underlying causes of poverty and war." Kåre Kristiansen
37 Islands of Peace
(founded in 1958)
Huy "for its work for development in India." Raymond Vander Elst
38 Jugend "Youths" in Bayreuth Bayreuth "for their decade long work to better the understanding between peoples." Christoph Schiller
39 Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
(founded in 1957)
Rome No motivation included. Johan Galtung
(b. 1930)
40 Universal Esperanto Association (UEA)
(founded in 1908)
Rotterdam "for its efforts to further international understanding and solve the language problem of the world." 5 members of the Norwegian Parliament
"for its contribution to understanding between peoples and world peace." 50 members of the French National Assembly
"for its admirable work for international understanding, solidarity between peoples and world peace." 6 members of the French Senate
No motivation included. 131 members of the Swedish Parliament
14 members of the Danish Parliament
"for its work for international understanding and world peace." 40 members of the Dutch Parliament
"for its humanitarian activities and continuous work for the achievement of cordial relations between peoples and the promotion of world peace." 3 members of the Italian Parliament
Jozef Rosa
Cornelius Gallagher
"for its admirable activity in favor of international understanding and world peace." Demitrius G. Nianias (?)
Lona Murowatz
No motivation included. Robert Cant

Norwegian Nobel Committee

The following members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee appointed by the Storting were responsible for the selection of the 1971 Nobel laureate in accordance with the will of Alfred Nobel:[8]

1971 Norwegian Nobel Committee
Picture Name Position Political Party Other posts
Aase Lionæs
Chairwoman Labour Vice President of the Lagting (1965–1973)
Bernt Ingvaldsen
Member Conservative President of the Storting (1965–1972)
Helge Refsum
Member Centre former Judge at the Gulating Court (1922–1949)
Helge Rognlien
Member Liberal Minister of Local Government (1970–1971)
John Sanness
Member Labour Director of the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs


  1. ^ a b Everingham jointly nominated G. B. Chisholm and C. K. Bliss.
  2. ^ Members of the governments and parliaments of Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and Luxembourg.


  1. ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 1971 nobelprize.org
  2. ^ a b c John L. Kess (21 October 1971). "Brandt Wins Nobel Prize For His Efforts for Peace". New York Times.
  3. ^ a b John M. Goshko (21 October 1971). "Brandt Wins Nobel prize for Peace". Washington Post.
  4. ^ a b Willy Brandt – Facts nobelprize.org
  5. ^ "Willy Brandt". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  6. ^ Facts of the Nobel Peace Prize nobelprize.org
  7. ^ Nomination archive – Willy Brandt nobelprize.org
  8. ^ The Norwegian Nobel Committee 1901-2017 nobelprize.org