Alibaba Cloud
Type of site
Key people
IndustryCloud Computing, Web Services
ParentAlibaba Group
LaunchedSeptember 2009; 14 years ago (2009-09)
Current statusActive

Alibaba Cloud, also known as Aliyun (Chinese: 阿里云; pinyin: Ālǐyún; lit. 'Ali Cloud'), is a cloud computing company, a subsidiary of Alibaba Group. Alibaba Cloud provides cloud computing services to online businesses and Alibaba's own e-commerce ecosystem. Its international operations are registered and headquartered in Singapore.[1]

Alibaba Cloud offers cloud services that are available on a pay-as-you-go basis, and include elastic compute, data storage, relational databases, big-data processing, anti-DDoS protection and content delivery networks (CDN).

It is the largest cloud computing company in China,[2] and in Asia Pacific according to Gartner.[3] Alibaba Cloud operates data centers in 24 regions and 74 availability zones around the globe.[4] As of June 2017, Alibaba Cloud is placed in the Visionaries' quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for cloud infrastructure as a service, worldwide.


Alibaba Cloud was founded in September 2009, and R&D centers and operation centers were opened in Hangzhou, Beijing, and Silicon Valley.

2010 - 2013

In November 2010, the company supported the first Single's Day (11.11) Taobao shopping festival, with 2.4 billion PageViews (PV) in 24 hours.[citation needed] Two years later, in November 2012, it became the first

Chinese cloud service provider to pass ISO27001:2005 (Information Security Management System).[citation needed]

In January 2013, Alibaba Cloud merged with HiChina (founded by Xiangning Zhang) for the business as one of the largest acquisitions in the company's history at the time.[citation needed] In August of that year, ApsaraDB architecture supported 5000 physical machines in a single cluster.

2014 - 2017

The company’s Hong Kong data center went online in May 2014, and in December of that year, Alibaba Cloud defended a 14-hour-long DDoS attack, peaking at 453.8Gbit/s.[5]

In July 2015, the Alibaba Group invested US$1 billion in Alibaba Cloud.[6]  A month later, Alibaba Cloud's first Singapore data center opened, and Singapore was announced as Alibaba Cloud's overseas headquarters.

Two US data centers went online in October 2015, and that same month MaxCompute took the lead in the Sort Benchmark, sorting 100TB data in 377s compared with Apache Spark's previous record of 1406s.[7] The Alibaba Cloud Computing Conference was also held in October 2015 in Hangzhou and attracted over 20,000 developers.[citation needed] A month later, in November, the company supported the 11.11 shopping festival with a record of $14.2 billion transactions in 24 hours.[citation needed]

Alibaba Cloud partnered with SK Holdings C&C in April 2016 to provide cloud services to Korean and Chinese companies. A month later, the company formalized a joint venture with SoftBank to launch cloud services in Japan that utilize technologies and solutions from Alibaba Cloud.[citation needed]

In June 2016, Alibaba Cloud expanded its data center operations in Singapore with the establishment of a second availability zone. Alibaba Cloud also achieved two new certifications overseas: Singapore Multi-Tier Cloud Security (MTCS) standard Level 3, and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS).[citation needed]

The company partnered with Vodafone Germany in November 2016 for Data Center operations and to provide cloud services to German and European companies.[8]

Alibaba became the official cloud services provider of the Olympics in January 2017.[9] A month later, in February, the company became a founding Member of the EU Cloud Code of Conduct.[10]

In June 2017, Alibaba Cloud was placed in the Visionaries quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide.[11]

Alibaba Cloud partnered with Malaysia's Fusionex in September 2017 to provide cloud solutions in Southeast Asia,[12] and the Malaysia data center commenced operations in October. That same month, the company partnered with Elastic and launched a new service called Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch.[13]

Alibaba Cloud India data center commenced operations in December 2017.[14] In addition, Alibaba Cloud received the C5 standard certification from the German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) for its data centers in Germany and Singapore.[15]

2018 - 2021

In February 2018, Alibaba Cloud’s Indonesia data center commenced operations.[16]The company's first data center opening in the Philippines in June 2021.[17]

Alibaba Cloud unveiled the ARM-based Yitian 710 chip, designed in-house, for use in its data centers in October 2021.[18]

On November 24, 2021, the bug Log4Shell was disclosed to Apache by Chen Zhaojun of Alibaba Cloud’s Security Team. On December 22, 2021, the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology suspended a partnership with Alibaba Cloud for "failure in reporting cybersecurity vulnerabilities" related to the Log4Shell bug.[19]


In September 2022, Alibaba Cloud announced a $1 billion pledge to upgrade its global partner ecosystem.[20]

Data center regions

Alibaba Cloud has 25 regional data centres globally. The Data Center in Germany is operated by Vodafone Germany (Frankfurt)[21][22] and certified with C5.


Alibaba Cloud provides cloud computing IaaS, PaaS, DBaaS and SaaS, including services such as e-commerce, big data, Database, IoT, Object storage (OSS), Kubernetes[23] and data customization which can be managed from Alibaba web page or using aliyun command line tool.

AnalyticDB was first released in May, 2018,[24] and the latest version 3.0 was released in 2019[25]

On April 26, 2019, TPC published TPC-DS benchmark result of AnalyticDB.

In 2019, a paper about the system design of AnalyticDB was published in VLDB conference 2019.[26]

Academic partners

In 2017, Alibaba Cloud and the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) jointly launched a university-accredited entrepreneurship program for tertiary students.[27]

List of academic alliances:


  1. ^ Clouder, Alibaba (August 27, 2019). "10 Years of Cloud Intelligence: How Will Alibaba Change the Future of Cloud Computing?". Alibaba Cloud Community. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  2. ^ Eileen Yu (2017-08-18). "Alibaba's fiscal 2017 revenue climbs 56 percent on cloud, mobile commerce growth | ZDNet". ZDNet. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
  3. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Ranked First in Asia Pacific(*) by Gartner Market Share: IT Services in IaaS and IUS". 2019-04-24. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  4. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Global Locations". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  5. ^ "PCCW Global and Alibaba Cloud expand strategic cooperation to collaboratively protect businesses against cyber attacks | PCCW Global". 2017-08-19. Archived from the original on 2017-08-19. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  6. ^ "Alibaba ponies up $1 billion to build its Aliyun cloud biz". Fortune. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  7. ^ "AliCloud Technology Sets World Sorting Records Company's FuxiSort solution sorts 100TB of data in 377 seconds - The Tech Revolutionist". Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  8. ^ "Markteintritt in Europa: : Alibaba Cloud setzt auf Rechenzentrum von Vodafone Deutschland". (in German). Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  9. ^ Tepper, Fitz (2017-01-19). "Alibaba is now the official cloud services provider of the Olympics". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  10. ^ "History: EU Cloud CoC". 2021-08-22. Archived from the original on 2021-08-22. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  11. ^ Novet, Jordan (2017-06-15). "Alibaba just got a huge vote of confidence in the cloud war against Amazon and Microsoft". CNBC. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  12. ^ "Alibaba Cloud partners with Malaysia's Fusionex to provide cloud solutions in Southeast Asia - Xinhua |". 2017-09-26. Archived from the original on 2017-09-26. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  13. ^ "Alibaba Cloud to Offer Elasticsearch, Kibana, and X-Pack in China". Elastic Blog. 2017-10-13. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  14. ^ Staff, Alizila (2017-12-20). "Alibaba Cloud Opens New Data Center in India". Alizila. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  15. ^ "BSI - Presseinformationen des BSI - Cloud Computing: C5-Testat an Alibaba Cloud". 2017-12-15. Archived from the original on 2017-12-15. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  16. ^ "Alibaba opens data centre in Indonesia". ZDNET. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  17. ^ "Further Expands its Asia Footprint with First Data Center in the Philippines". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  18. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Unveils New Server Chips to Optimize Cloud Computing Services". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  19. ^ "Chinese regulators suspend partnership with Alibaba Cloud". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  20. ^ Liao, Rita (2022-09-22). "Alibaba Cloud pledges $1B to boost overseas alliance". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  21. ^ "Markteintritt in Europa: Alibaba Cloud setzt auf Rechenzentrum von Vodafone Deutschland - Vodafone Medien". Vodafone Medien (in German). 2016-11-21. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  22. ^ "Vodafone Partnership". Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  23. ^ "kubernetes解决方案". Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  24. ^ Cloud, Alibaba (2018-05-24). "New Product Launch: Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB". Medium. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  25. ^ "Analyticdb for MySQL: Pb level cloud data warehouse core technology and scenario analysis". Develop Paper. 2019-10-26. Archived from the original on 2020-01-31. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  26. ^ "AnalyticDB: Real-time OLAP Database System at Alibaba Cloud" (PDF).
  27. ^ Alibaba Cloud (2017-09-06). "SUSS and Alibaba Cloud to Spur Entrepreneurship With New Accredited Program". Retrieved 2018-05-26.