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Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud logo.svg
IndustryWeb service, cloud computing
RevenueIncrease US$19.2 billion (2021)[1]
Operating incomeIncrease US$−3.1 billion (2021)[1]
LaunchedApril 7, 2008; 14 years ago (2008-04-07)
Current statusActive
Written in

Google Cloud Platform (GCP), offered by Google, is a suite of cloud computing services that runs on the same infrastructure that Google uses internally for its end-user products, such as Google Search, Gmail, Google Drive, and YouTube.[2][disputed ] Alongside a set of management tools, it provides a series of modular cloud services including computing, data storage, data analytics and machine learning.[3] Registration requires a credit card or bank account details.[4]

Google Cloud Platform provides infrastructure as a service, platform as a service, and serverless computing environments.

In April 2008, Google announced App Engine, a platform for developing and hosting web applications in Google-managed data centers, which was the first cloud computing service from the company. The service became generally available in November 2011. Since the announcement of App Engine, Google added multiple cloud services to the platform.

Google Cloud Platform is a part[5] of Google Cloud, which includes the Google Cloud Platform public cloud infrastructure, as well as Google Workspace (G Suite), enterprise versions of Android and ChromeOS, and application programming interfaces (APIs) for machine learning and enterprise mapping services.


Conference presentation on Google Container Engine/Kubernetes
Conference presentation on Google Container Engine/Kubernetes

Google lists over 100 products under the Google Cloud brand. Some of the key services are listed below.


Storage & Databases


Google Cloud Network Topology - External Load Balancer Architecture.png

Big Data

Cloud AI

Management Tools

Identity & Security


API Platform

Regions and zones

As of Q3 2022, Google Cloud Platform is available in 34 regions and 103 zones.[1] A region is a specific geographical location where users can deploy cloud resources.

Each region is an independent geographic area that consists of zones.

A zone is a deployment area for Google Cloud Platform resources within a region. Zones should be considered a single failure domain within a region.

Most of the regions have three or more zones. As of Q3 2022, Google Cloud Platform is available in the following regions and zones:

GCP Regions & Zones
Region Name Launch Date Location Zones
us-west1 Q3, 2016 The Dalles, Oregon, US
  • us-west1-a
  • us-west1-b
  • us-west1-c
us-west2 Q3, 2018 Los Angeles, California, US
  • us-west2-a
  • us-west2-b
  • us-west2-c
us-west3 Q1, 2020 Salt Lake City, Utah, US
  • us-west3-a
  • us-west3-b
  • us-west3-c
us-west4 Q2, 2020 Las Vegas, Nevada, US
  • us-west4-a
  • us-west4-b
  • us-west4-c
us-central1 Council Bluffs, Iowa, US
  • us-central1-a
  • us-central1-b
  • us-central1-c
  • us-central1-f
us-east1 Q4, 2015 Moncks Corner, South Carolina, US
  • us-east1-b
  • us-east1-c
  • us-east1-d
us-east4 Q2, 2017 Ashburn, Virginia, US
  • us-east4-a
  • us-east4-b
  • us-east4-c
northamerica-northeast1 Q1, 2018 Montréal, Canada
  • northamerica-northeast1-a
  • northamerica-northeast1-b
  • northamerica-northeast1-c
southamerica-east1 Q3, 2017 São Paulo, Brazil
  • southamerica-east1-a
  • southamerica-east1-b
  • southamerica-east1-c
southamerica-west1 Q3, 2021 Santiago, Chile
  • southamerica-west1-a
  • southamerica-west1-b
  • southamerica-west1-c
europe-west1 St. Ghislain, Belgium
  • europe-west1-b
  • europe-west1-c
  • europe-west1-d
europe-west2 Q2, 2017 London, UK
  • europe-west2-a
  • europe-west2-b
  • europe-west2-c
europe-west3 Q3, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
  • europe-west3-a
  • europe-west3-b
  • europe-west3-c
europe-west4 Q1, 2018 Eemshaven, Netherlands
  • europe-west4-a
  • europe-west4-b
  • europe-west4-c
europe-west6 Q1, 2019 Zurich, Switzerland
  • europe-west6-a
  • europe-west6-b
  • europe-west6-c
europe-west8 Q2, 2022 Milan, Italy
  • europe-west8-a
  • europe-west8-b
  • europe-west8-c
europe-west9 Q2, 2022 Paris, France
  • europe-west9-a
  • europe-west9-b
  • europe-west9-c
europe-central2 Q2, 2021 Warsaw, Poland
  • europe-central2-a
  • europe-central2-b
  • europe-central2-c
europe-north1 Q2, 2018 Hamina, Finland
  • europe-north1-a
  • europe-north1-b
  • europe-north1-c
europe-southwest1 Q2, 2022 Madrid, Spain
  • europe-southwest1-a
  • europe-southwest1-b
  • europe-southwest1-c
asia-south1 Q4, 2017 Mumbai, India
  • asia-south1-a
  • asia-south1-b
  • asia-south1-c
asia-southeast1 Q2, 2017 Jurong West, Singapore
  • asia-southeast1-a
  • asia-southeast1-b
  • asia-southeast1-c
asia-southeast2 Q2, 2020 Jakarta, Indonesia
  • asia-southeast2-a
  • asia-southeast2-b
  • asia-southeast2-c
  • asia-southeast2-d
asia-east2 Q3, 2018 Hong Kong
  • asia-east2-a
  • asia-east2-b
  • asia-east2-c
asia-east1 Changhua County, Taiwan
  • asia-east1-a
  • asia-east1-b
  • asia-east1-c
asia-northeast1 Q4, 2016 Tokyo, Japan
  • asia-northeast1-a
  • asia-northeast1-b
  • asia-northeast1-c
asia-northeast2 Q2, 2019 Osaka, Japan
  • asia-northeast2-a
  • asia-northeast2-b
  • asia-northeast2-c
asia-northeast3 Q1, 2020 Seoul, Korea
  • asia-northeast3-a
  • asia-northeast3-b
  • asia-northeast3-c
australia-southeast1 Q3, 2017 Sydney, Australia
  • australia-southeast1-a
  • australia-southeast1-b
  • australia-southeast1-c

Similarity to services by other cloud service providers

For those familiar with other notable cloud service providers, a comparison of similar services may be helpful in understanding Google Cloud Platform's offerings.

Google Cloud Platform Amazon Web Services[38] Microsoft Azure[39] Oracle Cloud[40]
Google Compute Engine Amazon EC2 Azure Virtual Machines Oracle Cloud Infra OCI
Google App Engine AWS Elastic Beanstalk Azure App Services Oracle Application Container
Google Kubernetes Engine Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service Azure Kubernetes Service Oracle Kubernetes Service
Google Cloud Bigtable Amazon DynamoDB Azure Cosmos DB Oracle NoSQL Database
Google BigQuery Amazon Redshift Azure Synapse Analytics Oracle Autonomous Data Warehouse
Google Cloud Functions AWS Lambda Azure Functions Oracle Cloud Fn
Google Cloud Datastore Amazon DynamoDB Azure Cosmos DB Oracle NoSQL Database
Google Cloud Storage Amazon S3 Azure Blob Storage Oracle Cloud Storage OCI


Google Cloud Summit in 2017
Google Cloud Summit in 2017

See also


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