2022.3.1 (Giraffe) / 25 July 2023
|Preview release||Hedgehog (2023.1.1) Canary 15 (July 31, 2023)|
|Operating system||Windows, macOS, Linux (including ChromeOS)|
|Size||8.1 to 9.5 GB|
|Type||Integrated development environment (IDE)|
|License||Binaries: Freeware, Source code: Apache License|
Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for Google's Android operating system, built on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA software and designed specifically for Android development. It is available for download on Windows, macOS and Linux based operating systems. It is a replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (E-ADT) as the primary IDE for native Android application development.
Android Studio was announced on May 16, 2013, at the Google I/O conference. It was in early access preview stage starting from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage starting from version 0.8 which was released in June 2014. The first stable build was released in December 2014, starting from version 1.0. At the end of 2015, Google dropped support for Eclipse ADT, making Android Studio the only officially supported IDE for Android development.
On May 7, 2019, Kotlin replaced Java as Google's preferred language for Android app development. Java is still supported, as is C++.
The following features are provided in the current stable version:
Android Studio supports all the same programming languages of IntelliJ (and CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and more with extensions, such as Go; and Android Studio 3.0 or later supports Kotlin, and "all Java 7 language features and a subset of Java 8 language features that vary by platform version." External projects backport some Java 9 features. While IntelliJ states that Android Studio supports all released Java versions, and Java 12, it's not clear to what level Android Studio supports Java versions up to Java 12 (the documentation mentions partial Java 8 support). At least some new language features up to Java 12 are usable in Android.
Once an app has been compiled with Android Studio, it can be published on the Google Play Store. The application has to be in line with the Google Play Store developer content policy.
The following is a list of Android Studio's major releases:
|Arctic Fox (2020.3.1)||July 2021|
|Bumblebee (2021.1.1)||January 2022|
|Chipmunk (2021.2.1)||May 2022|
|Dolphin (2021.3.1)||September 2022|
|Electric Eel (2022.1.1)||January 2023|
|Flamingo (2022.2.1)||April 2023|
|Giraffe (2022.3.1)||July 2023|
|Operating System Version||Microsoft Windows 8/10 (64-bit)||macOS 10.14 Mojave or newer||Any 64-bit Linux distribution that supports GNOME, KDE, or Unity; GNU C Library (glibc) 2.31 or later|
|Required RAM||8 GB or more|
|Free space||8 GB of available disk space minimum|
|Minimum screen resolution||1280 x 800 minimum screen resolution|
These features includes requirements for IDE + Android SDK + Android Emulator.
The use of hardware acceleration has additional requirements on Windows and Linux:
For an attached webcam to work with Android 8.1 (API level 27) and higher system images, it must have the capability to capture 720p frames.
Supported IDEs [..] Android Studio 1.2.1+
Hopefully by the time Java 12 is actually released D8 will have implemented desugaring for Java 11's nestmates. Otherwise the pain of being stuck on Java 10 will go up quite a bit!