Google Nexus
DeveloperGoogle
ManufacturerGoogle, various
TypeSmartphones, tablets, digital media players
Release dateJanuary 5, 2010; 11 years ago (2010-01-05)
Operating systemAndroid OS
Online services

Google Nexus is a discontinued line of consumer electronic devices that runs the Android operating system. Google managed the design, development, marketing, and support of these devices, but some development and all manufacturing were carried out by partnering with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The line also included tablets and streaming media players, though neither type of device are currently available. The most recent tablet was the Nexus 9 (made with HTC), and the most recent streaming media player the Nexus Player (made with Asus).

Devices in the Nexus line[2] were considered Google's flagship Android products. They contained little to no manufacturer or wireless carrier modifications to Android (such as custom user interfaces[3]), although devices sold through carriers may be SIM locked and had some extra branding. The Verizon Galaxy Nexus featured a Verizon logo on the back and received software updates at a slower pace than the unlocked variant, though it featured different hardware to accommodate Verizon's CDMA network. All Nexus devices featured an unlockable bootloader[4] to allow further development and end-user modification.[5] Nexus devices are often among the first Android devices to receive updates to the operating system.[6][7][8]

With the expansion of the Google Pixel product line in late 2016, Google stated that they "don't want to close a door completely, but there is no plan right now to do more Nexus devices."[9] In 2017, Google partnered with HMD Global in making new Nokia phones, which have been considered by some as a revival of Nexus.[10][11][12][13]

Devices

Phones

Main article: Comparison of Google Nexus smartphones

Nexus One

Main article: Nexus One

Nexus One
Nexus One

The Nexus One was manufactured by HTC and released in January 2010 as the first Nexus phone. It was released with Android 2.1 Eclair, and was updated in May 2010 to be the first phone with Android 2.2 Froyo. It was further updated to Android 2.3 Gingerbread. It was announced that Google would cease support for the Nexus One, whose graphics processing unit (GPU) is poor at rendering the new 2D acceleration engine of the UI in Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich. The Nexus S and newer models have hardware designed to handle the new rendering. It was the only Nexus device to have card storage expandability (SD).

Nexus S

Main article: Nexus S

Nexus S
Nexus S

The Nexus S, manufactured by Samsung, was released in December 2010 to coincide with the release of Android 2.3 Gingerbread. In December 2011 it was updated to Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, with most variations later being updatable to Android 4.1 Jelly Bean in July 2012.[14] The device's support was ended after 4.1 Jelly Bean and no longer receives updates from Google.

Galaxy Nexus

Main article: Galaxy Nexus

Galaxy Nexus
Galaxy Nexus

The Galaxy Nexus, manufactured by Samsung, was released in November 2011 (GSM version, US version released on December 15, 2011) to coincide with the release of Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich. The device support was ended after 4.3 Jelly Bean and no longer receives updates from Google. This device is known in Brazil as Galaxy X due to a trademark on the "Nexus" brand.[15] It is also the last Nexus device to have a removable battery.

Nexus 4

Main article: Nexus 4

Nexus 4
Nexus 4

The Nexus 4 smartphone, also known as the LG Nexus 4 or LG Mako, was released in November 2012 and manufactured by LG. It was the first Android device that used Android 4.2 Jelly Bean update version. Nexus 4 is the first Nexus device to have wireless charging capabilities. It was updated to Android 4.3 in June 2013 and to Android 4.4 in November 2013. It can run Android 5.1 as of April 2015.[16] The Nexus 4 has the following characteristics:

Nexus 5

Main article: Nexus 5

Nexus 5
Nexus 5

The Nexus 5 smartphone, again manufactured by LG, was scheduled for sale on October 31, 2013 for US$349 at the Google Play store. It was the first device to run Android 4.4 KitKat. The Nexus 5 did not receive an official Android 7.0 Nougat update,[17] meaning that Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow is the last officially supported Android version for the device. The Nexus 5 has the following characteristics:[18]

Nexus 6

Main article: Google Nexus 6

Nexus 6
Nexus 6

The Nexus 6 is a smartphone developed by Motorola, originally running Android 5.0 Lollipop (upgradeable to Android 7.1.1 Nougat[19]). It was first announced on October 15, 2014 along with the Nexus 9 and the Nexus Player.[20][21]

Nexus 5X

Main article: Nexus 5X

The Nexus 5X is a smartphone developed by LG originally running Android 6.0 Marshmallow. It was first announced on September 29, 2015, along with the Nexus 6P and several other Google devices (such as the Pixel C tablet).[22]

Nexus 6P

Main article: Nexus 6P

Nexus 6P
Nexus 6P

The Nexus 6P is a smartphone developed by Huawei originally running Android 6.0 Marshmallow. It was first announced on September 29, 2015 along with the Nexus 5X and several other Google devices (such as the Pixel C tablet).[24]

Tablets

Main article: Comparison of Google Nexus tablets

Nexus 7

First generation

Main article: Nexus 7 (2012)

Nexus 7 (2012)
Nexus 7 (2012)

On June 27, 2012, at its I/O 2012 keynote presentation, Google introduced the Nexus 7, a 7-inch tablet computer developed with and manufactured by Asus. Released in July 2012, it was the first device to run Android 4.1 Jelly Bean. The latest Android version supported by Google for the device is Android 5.1.1 Lollipop.

Second generation

Main article: Nexus 7 (2013)

Nexus 7 (2013)
Nexus 7 (2013)

On July 24, 2013, at Google's "Breakfast with Sundar Pichai" press conference, Pichai introduced the second generation Nexus 7, again co-developed with Asus. Keeping with Google Nexus tradition, it was simultaneously released with the latest version, Android 4.3 Jelly Bean. It was made available on July 26, 2013 at select retailers and on the Google Play store in the United States.[27] On November 20, 2013, it was available from the Google Play stores in Hong Kong and India. On the same day, the Nexus Wireless Charger was made available in the United States and Canada.[28] In December 2015, Google released Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow for the device.[29] The Nexus 7 (2013) will not receive an official Android 7.0 Nougat update,[17] meaning that Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow is the last officially supported Android version for the tablet.

Nexus 10

Main article: Nexus 10

Nexus 10
Nexus 10

The Nexus 10, a 10.1-inch tablet manufactured by Samsung, was revealed in late October 2012 by the Exif data of photos taken by Google executive, Vic Gundotra,[30] along with the leaks of its manual and a comprehensive series of photos. The leaked photos revealed a design similar to the Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1, with a 10.1-inch 2560×1600 display, 16 or 32 GB of storage, Android 4.2, and a dual-core 1.7 GHz Exynos 5 processor. The Nexus 10 was expected to be unveiled officially during a Google press event on October 29, 2012, but the event was postponed due to Hurricane Sandy.[31][32] The Nexus 10 would not receive any official updates beyond Android 5.1.1.

Nexus 9

Main article: Nexus 9

Nexus 9
Nexus 9

The Nexus 9 is an 8.9-inch tablet running Android 5.0 Lollipop, developed in collaboration between Google and HTC. It was first announced on October 15, 2014 along with the Nexus 6 and the Nexus Player.[20]

Digital media players

Nexus Q

Main article: Nexus Q

The Nexus Q is a discontinued digital media player that ran Android and integrated with Google Play, to sell at US$299 in the United States.

After complaints about a lack of features for the price, the Nexus Q was shelved indefinitely; Google said it needed time to make the product "even better".[33] The Nexus Q was unofficially replaced by the Chromecast, and further by the Nexus Player.

Nexus Player

Main article: Nexus Player

The Nexus Player is a streaming media player created in collaboration between Google and Asus. It is the first device running Android TV. It was first announced on October 15, 2014 along with the Nexus 6 and the Nexus 9.[20] On May 24, 2016, Google discontinued sales of the Nexus Player,.[34] In March 2018, Google confirmed that the Nexus Player would not receive the upcoming version of Android, Android Pie, and that security updates had also ended for the device.[35]

Philip K. Dick estate claim

Upon the announcement of the first Nexus device, the Nexus One, the estate of science fiction author Philip K. Dick claimed that the Nexus One name capitalized on intellectual property from Dick's 1968 novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and that the choice of name was a direct reference to the Nexus-6 series of androids in the novel.[37]

See also

References

  1. ^ ((cite web |url=https://googleblog.blogspot.fi/2012/03/introducing-google-play-all-your.html |title=Introducing Google Play: All your entertainment, anywhere you go |last=Rosenberg |first=Jamie |date = March 6, 2012 |website=Blogger |access-date=August 21, 2020) }
  2. ^ Topolsky, Joshua (December 10, 2010). "Nexus S review". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  3. ^ "The ultimate Android UI comparison: 2017 edition - AndroidPIT".
  4. ^ Bray, Tim (December 20, 2010). "It's not "rooting", it's openness" (blog). Android Developers. Google. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  5. ^ Volpe, Joseph (November 3, 2011). "Galaxy Nexus gets rooted, forums burst into applause". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  6. ^ Purdy, Kevin (December 6, 2010). "Google Launches Android 2.3 Gingerbread and Nexus S Flagship Phone". Lifehacker. Gawker Media. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  7. ^ Ho, Erica; Rose, Brent (October 18, 2011). "This Is the Samsung Galaxy Nexus, Google's New Official Android Phone". Gizmodo. Gawker Media. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  8. ^ Kendrick, James (October 27, 2011). "Don't Diss My Phone: Nexus S to Get Ice Cream Sandwich Within Weeks". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  9. ^ Gurman, Mark (October 4, 2016). "This Man Is Explaining Google's Hardware Bet to Android Partners". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  10. ^ "Nokia phones are going to be similar to Google Nexus phones".
  11. ^ "Nokia Wants To Make Its Android Phones The New Nexus Phones". Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  12. ^ "Nokia to Recreate the Nexus Model". MazumaMobile.com. April 12, 2017. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  13. ^ "Nokia-Google Partnership: HMD Global Ramps Up Efforts For Ambitious Android Campaign". April 18, 2017.
  14. ^ Parsons, Chris (July 19, 2012). "Android 4.1.1 Jelly Bean OTA now appearing on some Nexus S variations". Android Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
  15. ^ "Apresentando Galaxy X" (in Portuguese). Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  16. ^ "Google Posts Android 5.1 Factory Images For The Nexus 4, Nexus 7 2013, And Nexus 7 2013 LTE". April 14, 2015.
  17. ^ a b Ruddock, David. "RIP: The Nexus 5 isn't getting Android 7.0 Nougat, let's say our goodbyes". Android Police. Illogical Robot LLC. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  18. ^ "Nexus 5 round-up: 5 awesome new features, release date, price, specs and all we know so far".
  19. ^ "Android 7.1.1 image and OTA files finally available for the Nexus 6". January 5, 2017.
  20. ^ a b c "Android: Be together. Not the same".
  21. ^ "Google Nexus". Nexus 6. Google. October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  22. ^ "Nexus 6P". September 29, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  23. ^ a b Zimmerman, Steven (October 12, 2016). "Sony IMX378: Comprehensive Breakdown of the Google Pixel's Sensor and its Features". XDA Developers. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
  24. ^ "Nexus 6P - Elegantly designed, pure Android". Google. September 29, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  25. ^ Lardinois, Frederic. "Google and Huawei Bring Gold-Colored Nexus 6P To US". TechCrunch. Oath Tech Network. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  26. ^ P., Daniel. "What are your favorite Nexus 5X and 6P chassis colors?". Phone Arena. phoneArena.com. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  27. ^ Stern, Joanna. "Google Nexus 7 Tablet, Chromecast Announced". ABC News. ABC News Internet Ventures. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  28. ^ "Nexus 5 and 7 available on Play Store for India and Hong Kong". androidaio.com. Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  29. ^ "Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow With New Emoji Available For Nexus 6P, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6, Nexus 5, Nexus 9, Nexus 7 (2013)". December 8, 2015.
  30. ^ "Vic Gundotra - Google+ - Early morning walk on the beach".
  31. ^ "Purported Samsung Nexus 10 tablet manual leaks online". CNET. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  32. ^ "Nexus 10 Leaks Point to Better-Than-iPad Display". Wired. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  33. ^ "Google Suspends Launch Of Nexus Q, Promises Free Q To Those Who Pre-Ordered". July 31, 2012.
  34. ^ "Google confirms the Nexus Player has been discontinued".
  35. ^ Gao, Richard. "[Update: No more security updates either] Confirmed: The Nexus Player will not be updated to Android P". Android Police. Illogical Robot LLC.
  36. ^ "Nexus Player". Google Nexus. Google Inc. October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  37. ^ "Nexus Name Irks Author's Estate". The Wall Street Journal. January 5, 2010.