Anarchism emerged on territories of Serbia in the second half of the 19th century as part of the wider workers' movement in the Southern Slavic and future Yugoslavian region, and was embraced along with other freedom-centered ideas as part of the struggle for national liberation from Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. Among the first people to espouse ideas of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was Živojin Žujović [sr], who was at the time a student of law and economy, later credited as the first Serbian socialist. A sizeable community of South Slavic students and revolutionaries was based in Switzerland, where they kept in touch with Mikhail Bakunin and the Slavic section of Jura Federation.[1]


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On 3 September 2009, six members of the anarcho-syndicalist Serbian IWA section (ASI-MUR), including then-IWA General Secretary Ratibor Trivunac, were arrested on suspicion of international terrorism, a charge which was heavily disputed by the international and other anarchist groups.

Shortly after their arrest, an open letter was circulated by Serbian academics criticizing the charges and the attitude of Serbian police. The six were formally indicted on 7 December and after a lengthy trial procedure Trivunac, along with five other anarchists, were freed on 17 February 2010.[2]

The anarchist movement continues in Serbia today against the current President Aleksandar Vučić and his government, with protests being held every week against their authority.[3]


This section has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) Some of this section's listed sources may not be reliable. Please help improve this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged and removed. (February 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message) This section relies excessively on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. Find sources: "Anarchism in Serbia" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message) (Learn how and when to remove this message)


  1. ^ Indic, Trivo (27 May 1990). "Anarchism in (ex) Yugoslavia" (PDF). Umanità Nova. Retrieved 25 May 2023.
  2. ^ "Belgrade: Professors Send Open Letter in Defense of Arrested". 2009. Archived from the original on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 6 Feb 2023.
  3. ^ "Thousands Protest in Serbia to Demand Free Press and Elections". The New York Times. Reuters. 2019-03-17. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  4. ^ The workers' movement in Serbia and ex-Yugoslavia.
  5. ^ Schmidt, Michael (2012). Cartography of Revolutionary Anarchism.
  6. ^ a b "Fake Revolutions, Real Struggles". The Anarchist Library. Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  7. ^ a b "SK ASI-MUR / СК АСИ-МУР / CS IAS-AIT / UC ASI-IWA : Union Confederation "Anarcho-Syndicalist Initiative" press release". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  8. ^ "SK ASI-MUR / СК АСИ-МУР / CS IAS-AIT / UC ASI-IWA : Neo-nazi and fascist attack on IAS members in 2 cities". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  9. ^ "SK ASI-MUR / СК АСИ-МУР / CS IAS-AIT / UC ASI-IWA : Report from the Founding Congress of Anarcho-Syndicalist Initiative". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  10. ^ a b "Serbia: State offensive against the libertarian movement |". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  11. ^ a b "Ecological Uprising, Antifascism & Anarchist Organizing in Serbia |". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  12. ^ "SK ASI-MUR / СК АСИ-МУР / CS IAS-AIT / UC ASI-IWA : Report on the first successful independent union action of ASI". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  13. ^ "Serbia: Students protest and occupy |". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  14. ^ "Serbia: Student blockades spread |". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  15. ^ "Belgrade: anarchists arrested; state attorney seeks international terrorism charge |". Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  16. ^ "The Belgrade Six have been acquitted of the charges!". 18 June 2010. Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  17. ^ "Repression against ASI continues!". 23 February 2011. Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  18. ^ "Belgrade Six case (BG6): Appeal of ASI-IWA for International Solidarity Actions – February 6th, 2012". 23 January 2012. Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  19. ^ "First Balkan anarcho-syndicalist conference held in Belgrade". 14 April 2013. Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  20. ^ a b "Activities in which Anarcho-Syndicalist Initiative (ASI) – Serbia has been involved during several last weeks". 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  21. ^ "Belgrade: Protest against police repression |". Retrieved 2023-02-08.