Chersky
Черский
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutЧерскэй
Посёлок Черский (3).jpg
Location of Chersky
Chersky is located in Russia
Chersky
Chersky
Location of Chersky
Chersky is located in Sakha Republic
Chersky
Chersky
Chersky (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 68°46′N 161°20′E / 68.767°N 161.333°E / 68.767; 161.333Coordinates: 68°46′N 161°20′E / 68.767°N 161.333°E / 68.767; 161.333
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[2]
Administrative districtNizhnekolymsky District[2]
SettlementSettlement of Chersky[2]
Founded1931
Urban-type settlement status since1963[2]
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total2,857
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
2,555 (−10.6%)
 • Capital ofNizhnekolymsky District[2], Settlement of Chersky[2]
 • Municipal districtNizhnekolymsky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementChersky Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofNizhnekolymsky Municipal District[6], Chersky Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+11 (MSK+8 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
678829–678831
OKTMO ID98637151051
Chersky population
2010 Census2,857[3]
2002 Census3,832[9]
1989 Census11,176[10]
1979 Census9,726[11]

Chersky (also anglicized Cherskiy) (Russian: Че́рский; Yakut: Черскэй) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Kolyma River, 1,920 kilometers (1,190 mi) east from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,857.[3]

It was previously known as Nizhniye Kresty (until 1963). In 1989 the population of Chersky peaked on 11,176 inhabitants; however, like the most Soviet settlements in the Arctic, it has been largely abandoned after the dissolution of the Soviet Union as much of its residents left. A similar depopulation happened in Magadan Oblast and Chukotka, and in lighter scale in the Russian Far East.

History

It was founded as Nizhniye Kresty (Нижние Кресты) in 1931.[citation needed] In 1963, it was granted urban-type settlement status[2] and renamed Chersky, after Jan Czerski, a Polish geographer who organized several expeditions in the surrounding area in the 1880s.[citation needed] From the 1950s to the early 1990s, Chersky hosted logistical wing for drifting ice stations, which ran a supply route via the Zhokhov Island.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chersky[1] serves as the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Petushki[12]), incorporated within Nizhnekolymsky District as the Settlement of Chersky.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chersky is incorporated within Nizhnekolymsky Municipal District as Chersky Urban Settlement.[5]

Economy

It is served by the Chersky Airport. Chersky is the home of the Northeast Science Station. In 1981, Sergey Zimov established here the Pleistocene Park, a place for studies of global warming, pleistocene ecology, and permafrost.

Climate

Despite being located inside the Arctic circle, Chersky has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Although severe, the climate sees less extremes in temperature than localities such as Yakutsk, Oymyakon and Verkhoyansk that are located more south, but further away from ocean. Summers are generally cool, although temperature may occasionally rise above 30°C. Unusually for a such a cold place, temperatures above 0°C have been recorded in every month of the year.

Climate data for Chersky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
10.1
(50.2)
27.0
(80.6)
32.2
(90.0)
35.0
(95.0)
29.7
(85.5)
23.7
(74.7)
11.7
(53.1)
5.0
(41.0)
5.1
(41.2)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
4.0
(39.2)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
13.8
(56.8)
6.3
(43.3)
−7.6
(18.3)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−7.3
(18.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −32.5
(−26.5)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.4
(50.7)
12.6
(54.7)
9.5
(49.1)
2.9
(37.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−11.0
(12.1)
Average low °C (°F) −36.0
(−32.8)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.4
(45.3)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−13.7
(7.3)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−15.4
(4.2)
Record low °C (°F) −52.2
(−62.0)
−53.9
(−65.0)
−48.0
(−54.4)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−11.2
(11.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−53.9
(−65.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
61
(2.4)
71
(2.8)
56
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
25
(1.0)
18
(0.7)
415
(16.3)
Average precipitation days 12.2 9.2 10.9 8.2 9.2 8.4 10.0 11.3 14.8 17.9 14.3 14.9 141.3
Average relative humidity (%) 86.7 83.9 81.4 76.4 74.8 71.2 76.9 82.4 84.2 88.9 89.4 86.9 81.9
Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=32152

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chersky is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chersky.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. ^ Law #172-Z 351-III
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. ^ The selo of Petushki is listed under the administrative jurisdiction of Chersky in the 2009 edition of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, but is not mentioned in Law 173-Z #353-III as a part of Chersky Urban Settlement within the municipal divisions framework. It was slated for liquidation in 2005; however, it had never been abolished officially.

Sources