Oymyakonsky District
Оймяконский улус
Other transcription(s)
 • SakhaӨймөкөөн улууhа
Near Oymyakon, Oymyakonsky District
Near Oymyakon, Oymyakonsky District
Flag of Oymyakonsky District
Coat of arms of Oymyakonsky District
Location of Oymyakonsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 63°27′N 142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783Coordinates: 63°27′N 142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
EstablishedMay 20, 1931[2]
Administrative centerUst-Nera[3]
Area
 • Total92,300 km2 (35,600 sq mi)
Population
 • Total10,109
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
8,515 (−15.8%)
 • Density0.11/km2 (0.28/sq mi)
 • Urban
69.0%
 • Rural
31.0%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions2 Settlements, 5 Rural okrugs
 • Inhabited localities[3]2 Urban-type settlements[6], 13 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asOymyakonsky Municipal District[7]
 • Municipal divisions[8]2 Urban settlements, 5 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+10 (MSK+7 Edit this on Wikidata[9])
OKTMO ID98639000
Websitehttps://mr-ojmjakonskij.sakha.gov.ru/

Oymyakonsky District (Russian: Оймяко́нский улу́с; Yakut: Өймөкөөн улууһа, Öymököön uluuha, IPA: [øjmøkøːn uluːha]) is an administrative[1] and municipal[7] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Ust-Maysky District in the southwest, Tomponsky District in the west, Momsky District in the north, Susumansky District of Magadan Oblast in the east, and with Okhotsky District of Khabarovsk Krai in the south. The area of the district is 92,300 square kilometers (35,600 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Ust-Nera.[3] Population: 10,109 (2010 Census);[4] 14,670 (2002 Census);[10] 31,078 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Ust-Nera accounts for 63.9% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography

See also: Oymyakon Plateau

The landscape of the district is mostly mountainous. The Nera Plateau is located in the eastern part of the district, the Tas-Kystabyt Range in the central area, the Oymyakon Highlands and the Elgin Plateau in the west, the Suntar-Khayata Range at the southwestern end and some ranges of the Chersky mountain system in the north. The main river is the Indigirka, with its tributaries Kuydusun and Kyuente, among others.[12] The entire territory of the district is part of the Indigirka River basin.[13] There are many lakes in the district, with Labynkyr Lake in particular being famous for its mythical Labynkyr monster.

Climate

The rural locality of Oymyakon is the Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere, with the temperature of −67.7 °C (−89.9 °F) having been recorded in February 1933. Average January temperature ranges from −41 to −51 °C (−42 to −60 °F). Average July temperature ranges from +8 to +19 °C (46 to 66 °F). Average precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the valleys to 600 millimeters (24 in) in the mountains.

History

The district was established on May 20, 1931.[2]

Demographics

From 1989 to 2007, the district's population, mostly represented by Russians (53%), Yakuts (29%), Ukrainians (6%), and Evenks (4%), declined by nearly 55%.[citation needed]

Economy

The economy of the district is based mostly on mining and agriculture. There are deposits of gold, silver, tin, tungsten, lead, zinc, and antimony in the district.

Transportation

The M56 Kolyma Highway runs through the district, connecting it with Yakutsk and Magadan.

Inhabited localities

Municipal composition
Towns Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Artyk
(Артык)
512 274 (53.5%) 238 (46.5%)
Ust Nera
(Усть-Нера)
6972 3915 (56.2%) 3057 (43.6%)
  • Urban-type settlement of Ust-Nera (administrative centre of the district)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction*
First Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 1-й наслег)
761 386 (50.7%) 375 (49.3%)
Second Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 2-й наслег)
1366 630 (46.1%) 736 (53.9%)
Sordonnokhsky Nasleg
(Сордоннохский наслег)
330 174 (52.7%) 156 (47.3%)
Teryutsky Nasleg
(Терютский наслег)
355 178 (50.1%) 177 (49.9%)
Yuchyugeysky Nasleg
(Ючюгейский наслег)
322 164 (50.9%) 158 (49.1%)

Divisional source:[14]
Population source:[4]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Oymyakonsky District (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  4. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  7. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  8. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  9. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ "P-53_54 Topographic Chart (in Russian)". Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  13. ^ Google Earth
  14. ^ Oymyakonsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources