|• Sakha||Өймөкөөн улууhа|
|Federal subject||Sakha Republic|
|Established||May 20, 1931|
|• Total||92,300 km2 (35,600 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||0.11/km2 (0.28/sq mi)|
|• Administrative divisions||2 Settlements, 5 Rural okrugs|
|• Inhabited localities||2 Urban-type settlements, 13 Rural localities|
|• Municipally incorporated as||Oymyakonsky Municipal District|
|• Municipal divisions||2 Urban settlements, 5 Rural settlements|
|Time zone||UTC+10 (MSK+7 )|
Oymyakonsky District (Russian: Оймяко́нский улу́с; Yakut: Өймөкөөн улууһа, Öymököön uluuha, IPA: [øjmøkøːn uluːha]) is an administrative and municipal district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Ust-Maysky District in the southwest, Tomponsky District in the west, Momsky District in the north, Susumansky District of Magadan Oblast in the east, and with Okhotsky District of Khabarovsk Krai in the south. The area of the district is 92,300 square kilometers (35,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Ust-Nera. Population: 10,109 (2010 Census); 14,670 (2002 Census); 31,078 (1989 Census). The population of Ust-Nera accounts for 63.9% of the district's total population.
See also: Oymyakon Plateau
The landscape of the district is mostly mountainous. The Nera Plateau is located in the eastern part of the district, the Tas-Kystabyt Range in the central area, the Oymyakon Highlands and the Elgin Plateau in the west, the Suntar-Khayata Range at the southwestern end and some ranges of the Chersky mountain system in the north. The main river is the Indigirka, with its tributaries Kuydusun and Kyuente, among others. The entire territory of the district is part of the Indigirka River basin. There are many lakes in the district, with Labynkyr Lake in particular being famous for its mythical Labynkyr monster.
The rural locality of Oymyakon is the Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere, with the temperature of −67.7 °C (−89.9 °F) having been recorded in February 1933. Average January temperature ranges from −41 to −51 °C (−42 to −60 °F). Average July temperature ranges from +8 to +19 °C (46 to 66 °F). Average precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the valleys to 600 millimeters (24 in) in the mountains.
The district was established on May 20, 1931.
From 1989 to 2007, the district's population, mostly represented by Russians (53%), Yakuts (29%), Ukrainians (6%), and Evenks (4%), declined by nearly 55%.
The economy of the district is based mostly on mining and agriculture. There are deposits of gold, silver, tin, tungsten, lead, zinc, and antimony in the district.
The M56 Kolyma Highway runs through the district, connecting it with Yakutsk and Magadan.
|Towns||Population||Male||Female||Inhabited localities in jurisdiction|
|512||274 (53.5%)||238 (46.5%)|
|6972||3915 (56.2%)||3057 (43.6%)||
|Rural settlements||Population||Male||Female||Rural localities in jurisdiction*|
|First Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 1-й наслег)
|761||386 (50.7%)||375 (49.3%)|
|Second Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 2-й наслег)
|1366||630 (46.1%)||736 (53.9%)|
|330||174 (52.7%)||156 (47.3%)|
|355||178 (50.1%)||177 (49.9%)||
|322||164 (50.9%)||158 (49.1%)|
*Administrative centers are shown in bold