The Lord Carlingford

Lord President of the Council
In office
19 March 1883 – 24 June 1885
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Earl Spencer
Succeeded byThe Viscount Cranbrook
President of the Board of Trade
In office
14 January 1871 – 17 February 1874
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byJohn Bright
Succeeded bySir Charles Adderley
Personal details
Born(1823-01-18)18 January 1823
Glyde, County Louth
Died30 January 1898(1898-01-30) (aged 75)
Marseille, France
Political partyLiberal later Liberal Unionist
Spouse(s)Frances Braham
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue, 2nd Baron Clermont and 1st Baron Carlingford KP PC (18 January 1823 – 30 January 1898), known as Chichester Fortescue until 1863 and as Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue between 1863 and 1874 and Lord Carlingford after 1874, was a British Liberal politician of the 19th century.

Background and education

Born Chichester Fortescue, Carlingford was the son of Chichester Fortescue (died 1826), Member of Parliament for Hillsborough in the Irish parliament. He came of an old Anglo-Irish family settled in Ireland since the days of Sir Faithful Fortescue (1581–1666), whose uncle, The 1st Baron Chichester, was Lord Deputy. The history of the family was written by his elder brother, Thomas Fortescue, who in 1852 was created Baron Clermont. His mother was Martha Angel, daughter of Samuel Meade Hobson. Carlingford was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where he took a first in Classics (1844) and won the chancellor's English essay (1846).[1] In 1863, he assumed by Royal Licence the additional surname of Parkinson as heir to his aunt's husband William Parkinson Ruxton.

Political career

In 1847, Carlingford was elected to parliament for Louth as a Liberal. He became a junior Lord of the Treasury in 1854 under Lord Palmerston, a post he held until 1855, and was later Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Palmerston between 1857 and 1858 and 1859 and 1865. He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1864 and the following year he was made Chief Secretary for Ireland under Lord Russell, a post which he again occupied under William Ewart Gladstone from 1868 to 1871 (this time with a seat in the cabinet). In 1866, he was also admitted to the Irish Privy Council. He was then President of the Board of Trade between 1871 and 1874. The latter year he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Carlingford, of Carlingford in the County of Louth.[1]

Carlingford later served under Gladstone as Lord Privy Seal between 1881 and 1885 and as Lord President of the Council between 1883 and 1885. In 1882, he was appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick. He parted from Gladstone on the question of Irish Home Rule, but in earlier years he was his active supporter on Irish questions.

Personal life

Lord Carlingford caricatured by Ape in Vanity Fair, 1869
Lord Carlingford caricatured by Ape in Vanity Fair, 1869

Lord Carlingford married Frances Elizabeth Anne, Countess Waldegrave, daughter of John Braham, in 1863. She had been married three times before, the second time to The 7th Earl Waldegrave. There were no children from the marriage. Carlingford's influence in society was due largely to her. She died in July 1879, aged 58.[1]

In 1887, Carlingford's brother, Lord Clermont, died, and Carlingford inherited his peerage according to a special remainder, after which he was known as Lord Carlingford and Clermont.[2]

He died at Marseille, France, in January 1898, aged 75. Both his titles became extinct on his death for lack of heirs as his marriage had produced no children.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Historical Register of the University of Oxford: With an Alphabetical Record of University Honours and Distinctions Conferred to the End of Trinity Term, 1888 (Clarendon Press, 1888), p. 142


Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byThomas Vesey Dawson and Richard Bellew Member of Parliament for County Louth1847 – 1874 With: Richard Bellew to 1852Tristram Kennedy 1852–1857John McClintock 1857–1859Richard Montesquieu Bellew 1859–1865Tristram Kennedy 1865–1868Matthew O'Reilly Dease 1868–1874 Succeeded byAlexander Martin Sullivan and Philip Callan Political offices Preceded byJohn Ball Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies1857 – 1858 Succeeded byThe Earl of Carnarvon Preceded byThe Earl of Carnarvon Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies1859 – 1865 Succeeded byWilliam Edward Forster Preceded bySir Robert Peel, Bt Chief Secretary for Ireland1865 – 1866 Succeeded byLord Naas Preceded byJohn Wilson-Patten Chief Secretary for Ireland1868 – 1871 Succeeded byMarquess of Hartington Preceded byJohn Bright President of the Board of Trade1871 – 1874 Succeeded bySir Charles Adderley Preceded byThe Duke of Argyll Lord Privy Seal1881 – 1885 Succeeded byThe Earl of Rosebery Preceded byThe Earl Spencer Lord President of the Council1883 – 1885 Succeeded byThe Viscount Cranbrook Honorary titles Preceded bySir Thomas Western, Bt Lord Lieutenant of Essex1873 – 1892 Succeeded byThe Lord Rayleigh Peerage of the United Kingdom New title Baron Carlingford1874–1898 Extinct Peerage of Ireland Preceded byThomas Fortescue Baron Clermont1887–1898 Extinct