John Charles Herries
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
3 September 1827 – 25 January 1828
MonarchGeorge IV
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Goderich
Preceded byThe Lord Tenterden
(interim)
Succeeded byHenry Goulburn
President of the Board of Trade
In office
2 February – 22 November 1830
MonarchGeorge IV
William IV
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Wellington
Preceded byWilliam Vesey-FitzGerald
Succeeded byThe Lord Auckland
Member of Parliament for Harwich
In office
1823–1847
Preceded byCharles Bathurst
Nicholas Vansittart
Succeeded byWilliam Beresford
John Attwood
Member of Parliament for Stamford
In office
1847–1853
Preceded bySir George Clerk, Bt
Marquess of Granby
Succeeded byViscount Cranborne
Sir Frederic Thesiger
Personal details
BornNovember 1778 (1778-11)
Died24 April 1855(1855-04-24) (aged 76)
St Julians, Kent
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)Sarah Dorington (d. 1821)
Alma materUniversity of Leipzig

John Charles Herries PC (November 1778 – 24 April 1855), known as J. C. Herries, was a British politician and financier and a frequent member of Tory and Conservative cabinets in the early to mid-19th century.

Background and education

Herries was the eldest son of Charles Herries, a London merchant, by his wife Mary Ann Johnson, and was educated at Cheam and the University of Leipzig.

Political career

Herries worked his way up in the Treasury and eventually became Secretary to the First Lord of the Treasury, Commissary-General to the Army, Paymaster of the Civil List, Secretary to the Treasury (1823–1827), Chancellor of the Exchequer in Lord Goderich's government (1827–1828), Master of the Mint under the Duke of Wellington (1828–1830), briefly President of the Board of Trade (1830), Secretary at War under Sir Robert Peel (1834–1835), and finally President of the Board of Control in Lord Derby's first government (1852). During his tenure as Commissary-General, he used the help of Nathan Mayer Rothschild to transfer money to British and allied army troops on the continent, which was not an easy task during the Continental Blockade. Rothschild's successful conclusion of these transfers was one of the foundations of the house's English banking empire.

Herries was one of few men of ministerial experience to side with the protectionist Tories after the repeal of the Corn Laws. Following the death of Lord George Bentinck in 1848, Herries was suggested by Lord Stanley as an alternative to Benjamin Disraeli as Shadow Leader of the House of Commons. In the end Herries declined, and Disraeli gradually came into his own as leader. Staunchly protectionist, Herries was in repeated conflict with Disraeli who, despite championing protectionism barely six years before, was hurriedly disassociating himself and the party from that doctrine. The two never got along, and Herries' refusal to assist in the framing of the 1852 Budget (which he regarded as "wild work"), cannot have helped matters. By the time of Derby's second government in 1858, Herries had died. His son, Charles Herries, was appointed Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue by Disraeli during the latter's second premiership in 1877.

Family

Herries married Sarah, daughter of John Dorington, in 1814. They had three sons, one of whom, Sir Charles Herries, was a well-known financier. Sarah died in February 1821. Herries survived her by over thirty years and died at St Julians, near Sevenoaks, Kent, in April 1855, aged 76.

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byCharles BathurstNicholas Vansittart Member of Parliament for Harwich 1823–1841 With: George Canning 1823–1826Nicholas Conyngham Tindal 1826–1827Sir William Rae, Bt 1827–1830George Robert Dawson 1830–1832Christopher Thomas Tower 1832–1835Francis Robert Bonham 1835–1837Alexander Ellice 1837–1841 Succeeded byWilliam BeresfordJohn Attwood Preceded bySir George Clerk, BtMarquess of Granby Member of Parliament for Stamford 1847–1853 With: Marquess of Granby 1847–1852Sir Frederic Thesiger 1852–1853 Succeeded byViscount CranborneSir Frederic Thesiger Political offices Preceded byCharles Arbuthnot Stephen Rumbold Lushington Joint Secretary to the Treasury 1823–1827 With: Stephen Rumbold Lushington 1823–1827Joseph Planta 1827 Succeeded byJoseph Planta Thomas Frankland Lewis Preceded byGeorge Canning Chancellor of the Exchequer 1827–1828 Succeeded byHenry Goulburn Preceded byGeorge Tierney Master of the Mint 1828–1830 Succeeded byThe Lord Auckland Preceded byWilliam Vesey-FitzGerald President of the Board of Trade 1830 Preceded byEdward Ellice Secretary at War 1834–1835 Succeeded byViscount Howick Preceded byMarquess of Granby Conservative Leader of the Commons 1849–1851 With: Benjamin Disraeli and Marquess of Granby Succeeded byBenjamin Disraeli Preceded byFox Maule President of the Board of Control 1852 Succeeded bySir Charles Wood