Gymnopilus purpuratus is a species of agaric fungus in the family Hymenogastraceae.[1] It grows in clusters on dead wood, tree stumps and wood chip mulch. It is widely distributed and has been recorded in Argentina, Australia, Chile, New Zealand,[2] the UK and Germany. It has a broadly convex cap covered in small dry reddish-brown scales, a stout yellow stem beneath reddish brown, wine-red to purple vertical fibres, and a thick rusty orange spore print.[citation needed]

The fruitbodies can stain greenish, blue and purple when damaged, and the species is psychoactive. A chemical analysis carried out by Jochen Gartz in 1993 found that this species contains 0.34% psilocybin, 0.29% psilocin and 0.05% baeocystin.[citation needed]

Gymnopilus purpuratus
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hymenogastraceae
Genus: Gymnopilus
Species:
G. purpuratus
Binomial name
Gymnopilus purpuratus
(Cooke & Massee) Singer (1955)
Synonyms

Description

Gymnopilus purpuratus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Gills on hymenium
Cap is convex or umbonate
Hymenium is adnate or adnexed
Stipe is bare
Spore print is yellow-orange
Ecology is saprotrophic
Edibility is psychoactive
Gymnopilus purpuratus in New Zealand.
Convex dry scaly cap and colourful fibrous stipe

The cap ranges from 1.5 to 6 cm across, is convex to obtuse, and is reddish brown with a dry scaly surface which is sometimes cracked in age. The stem is brown-red and covered by fibers and has blue-green spots where the stem is damaged. The gills are crowded, yellow to orange, and adnexed. The stem is dusted with rusty orange spores and has a cottony scanty partial veil.[citation needed]

Stems with a bluing reaction after being cut.
Stems with a bluing reaction after being cut

See also

References

  1. ^ "Index Fungorum - Gymnopilus purpuratus (Cooke & Massee) Singer 1955". Index Fungorum. Retrieved 27 May 2023.
  2. ^ "Biota of New Zealand - Maanaki Whenua Landcare Research - Gymnopilus purpuratus (Cooke & Massee) Singer 1955". Biota.of New Zealand. Retrieved 27 May 2023.

[1]

Media related to Gymnopilus purpuratus at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Guzmán-Dávalos, Laura; Mueller, Gregory M.; Cifuentes, Joaquín; Miller, Andrew N.; Santerre, Anne (2003). "Traditional infrageneric classification of Gymnopilus is not supported by ribosomal DNA sequence data". Mycologia. 95 (6): 1204–1214. doi:10.1080/15572536.2004.11833028. PMID 21149021. S2CID 3293845.