Jackson County
Jackson County Courthouse
Jackson County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°10′13″N 90°34′30″W / 42.170277777778°N 90.575°W / 42.170277777778; -90.575
Country United States
State Iowa
FoundedDecember 21, 1837
Named forAndrew Jackson
SeatMaquoketa
Largest cityMaquoketa
Area
 • Total650 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land584 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Water69 sq mi (180 km2)  10.63%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total19,485
 • Density30/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitejacksoncounty.iowa.gov

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 19,485.[1] The county seat is Maquoketa.[2]

History

The county was formed on December 21, 1837, and named after US President Andrew Jackson.[3]

In the early morning of July 22, 2022, an assailant killed three members of a family at the campground of Maquoketa Caves State Park, located in the county. The assailant, identified as 23-year-old Anthony Sherwin of Nebraska, later committed suicide.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 650 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 636 square miles (1,650 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.1%) is water.[5] Its eastern border is formed by the Mississippi River.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18401,411
18507,210411.0%
186018,493156.5%
187022,61922.3%
188023,7715.1%
189022,771−4.2%
190023,6153.7%
191021,258−10.0%
192019,931−6.2%
193018,481−7.3%
194019,1813.8%
195018,622−2.9%
196020,75411.4%
197020,8390.4%
198022,5038.0%
199019,950−11.3%
200020,2961.7%
201019,848−2.2%
202019,485−1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
Population of Jackson County from US census data

2020 census

The 2020 census recorded a population of 19,485 in the county, with a population density of 29.6859/sq mi (11.46177/km2). 97.42% of the population reported being of one race. 93.53% were non-Hispanic White, 0.78% were Black, 1.22% were Hispanic, 0.22% were Native American, 0.24% were Asian, 0.99% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.03% were some other race or more than one race. There were 9,241 housing units, of which 8,305 were occupied.[1]

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 19,848 in the county, with a population density of 31.2031/sq mi (12.0476/km2). There were 9,415 housing units, of which 8,289 were occupied.[11]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Jackson County

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 20,296 people, 8,078 households, and 5,589 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12 people/km2). There were 8,949 housing units at an average density of 14 units per square mile (5.4 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.96% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,078 households, out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,529, and the median income for a family was $42,526. Males had a median income of $29,334 versus $20,577 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,329. About 7.70% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government

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As of 2018 the three-member Jackson County Board of Supervisors is Larry McDevitt, Mike Steines, and Jack Willey. Their Executive Assistant is LuAnn Goeke.[13]

Sheriff's office

See also: Jackson County, Iowa Law Enforcement

The Jackson County Sheriff's Office is the primary law enforcement agency located in the county. The headquarters for the Sheriff's Department are in Maquoketa, Iowa. The department is led by an elected Sheriff. The current Sheriff is Brent Kilburg.[14]

Fire Protection and Emergency Medical Services

Fire protection in the county is left up to the discretion of the cities within the county. The towns of Maquoketa, Preston, Miles, Springbrook, Sabula, Baldwin, Bellevue, Andrew and La Motte all have their own fire departments providing protection for the whole county. Most city fire departments also provide rescue services. Fire equipment usually consists of Engines, Tankers and brush trucks as well as most fire departments owning a Rescue truck. The Maquoketa Fire department also owns a Ladder truck. Most firefighters certify as Iowa Firefighter One and HAZMAT Operations and some also are certified as EMTs. The towns of Maquoketa, Preston, Sabula and Bellevue also have their own Ambulance Services which provide coverage for the county while towns not having ambulances have First Responder units and contract ambulance response to a nearby community. All firefighters in Jackson County are volunteers and most EMS personnel are also volunteers however the Maquoketa Ambulance Service is a paid service. All Jackson County departments are members of the Jackson County Firefighters Association and the Iowa Firefighters Association. Mutual Aid Agreements from surrounding Iowa counties as well as the state of Illinois are in place to provide additional help during emergencies which tax the county emergency resources beyond their limits.

Townships

Jackson County is divided into 18 townships, administrative subdivisions of the county:

Hospital

Jackson County has one Hospital in Maquoketa, the Jackson County Regional Health Center. As of 2016 the hospital is under the administration of Genesis Healthcare. Patients near Maquoketa are transported to this hospital, while patients closer to Clinton County will most likely be taken to Mercy Medical Center in Clinton, Iowa. Some patients closer to Dubuque County are taken to Mercy or Finley Hospitals, both in the city of Dubuque.

Election results

Prior to 1988, Jackson County was a Republican-leaning swing county, only failing to back the national winner six times between 1880 & 1984. The county was reliably Democratic from 1988 to 2012, but swung by 18% to back Donald Trump in 2016. In 2020 Donald Trump carried Jackson County with 62% of the vote over Joseph Biden 36%.[15][16]

United States presidential election results for Jackson County, Iowa[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,940 62.33% 4,029 36.18% 166 1.49%
2016 5,824 56.49% 3,837 37.22% 649 6.29%
2012 4,177 40.78% 5,907 57.67% 158 1.54%
2008 3,673 36.89% 6,102 61.28% 182 1.83%
2004 4,242 42.37% 5,656 56.50% 113 1.13%
2000 3,769 41.73% 4,945 54.75% 318 3.52%
1996 2,827 33.41% 4,609 54.47% 1,025 12.11%
1992 2,673 28.73% 4,421 47.51% 2,211 23.76%
1988 3,237 39.32% 4,864 59.08% 132 1.60%
1984 4,811 51.51% 4,400 47.11% 129 1.38%
1980 4,479 51.17% 3,518 40.19% 757 8.65%
1976 4,221 47.50% 4,467 50.27% 198 2.23%
1972 4,975 55.75% 3,704 41.51% 245 2.75%
1968 4,535 53.02% 3,413 39.90% 605 7.07%
1964 3,066 37.37% 5,130 62.52% 9 0.11%
1960 5,084 53.89% 4,345 46.06% 5 0.05%
1956 5,575 62.61% 3,181 35.72% 149 1.67%
1952 5,867 64.28% 3,074 33.68% 186 2.04%
1948 3,597 51.35% 3,263 46.58% 145 2.07%
1944 4,341 55.05% 3,537 44.85% 8 0.10%
1940 5,417 56.07% 4,218 43.66% 26 0.27%
1936 3,581 40.59% 4,889 55.41% 353 4.00%
1932 2,892 34.03% 5,094 59.94% 513 6.04%
1928 4,740 55.73% 3,729 43.84% 37 0.43%
1924 4,218 50.20% 2,352 27.99% 1,833 21.81%
1920 4,763 67.99% 1,954 27.89% 288 4.11%
1916 2,533 52.63% 2,186 45.42% 94 1.95%
1912 1,174 24.46% 2,259 47.06% 1,367 28.48%
1908 2,542 48.51% 2,545 48.57% 153 2.92%
1904 2,899 52.33% 2,483 44.82% 158 2.85%
1900 2,964 50.66% 2,854 48.78% 33 0.56%
1896 3,713 52.49% 3,279 46.35% 82 1.16%

Communities

Incorporated communities

List of Cities in Jackson County ranked by population
Recorded by the United States Census Bureau
'county seat'
Rank City 2020 City Population 2010 City Population Change
1 Maquoketa 6,128 6,141 −0.21%
2 Bellevue 2,363 2,191 +7.85%
3 Preston 949 1,012 −6.23%
4 Sabula 506 576 −12.15%
5 Miles 408 445 −8.31%
6 Andrew 380 434 −12.44%
7 La Motte 237 260 −8.85%
8 Monmouth 129 153 −15.69%
9 Springbrook 143 144 −0.69%
10 St. Donatus 120 135 −11.11%
11 Baldwin 99 109 −9.17%
12 Zwingle (partially in Dubuque County) 84 91 −7.69%
13 Spragueville 92 81 +13.58%

Unincorporated communities

Former communities

See also

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 167.
  4. ^ "Police: Gunman kills 3 at Iowa state park; shooter also dead". AP NEWS. July 22, 2022. Retrieved July 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Board of Supervisors. Retrieved September 23, 2018
  14. ^ "Jackson County Iowa Sheriffs Office".
  15. ^ "Here's a map of the US counties that flipped to Trump from Democrats". www.cnbc.com. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  16. ^ "Election Canvass Summary" (PDF). Iowa Secretary of State. November 30, 2020. p. 8. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  18. ^ "Iowa Ghost Towns - Jackson County". iowaghosttowns.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved October 22, 2023.

42°10′13″N 90°34′30″W / 42.17028°N 90.57500°W / 42.17028; -90.57500