Muscatine County
Muscatine County Courthouse in Muscatine
Muscatine County Courthouse in Muscatine
Map of Iowa highlighting Muscatine County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°28′52″N 91°07′11″W / 41.481111111111°N 91.119722222222°W / 41.481111111111; -91.119722222222
Country United States
State Iowa
FoundedDecember 7, 1836
Named forMascouten tribe
SeatMuscatine
Largest cityMuscatine
Area
 • Total449 sq mi (1,160 km2)
 • Land437 sq mi (1,130 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  2.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total43,235
 • Density96/sq mi (37/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.muscatinecountyiowa.gov

Muscatine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 43,235.[1] The county seat is Muscatine.[2] The southeastern border is formed by the Mississippi River.

Muscatine County comprises the Muscatine, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Muscatine County was formed in December 1836 as a part of Wisconsin Territory, partitioned from Des Moines County, which had been organized two years previously.[3] One history suggests that the county was named for Muscatine Island in the Mississippi River. The island lies opposite Muscatine County and was believed to be named after the Mascouten tribe, Algonquian-speaking Native Americans who lived in the area before being driven west by settler encroachment and other tribes.[4]

Colonel George Davenport of Illinois sent three representatives into the territory in 1833 to establish a trade post. They were the first European Americans to settle there. In the same year, James W. Casey and John Vanatta came to the area. They opened a supply depot for steamboats on June 1, 1833, and named it Casey's Woodpile (since steamboats used wood as fuel). Muscatine County became part of Iowa Territory on July 4, 1838, when it was established by partitioning the area from Wisconsin Territory.[3] The first public land sale was held in November 1838. One year later, officials began construction of the first courthouse and associated jail. A second jail, known as the "Old Jail", was built in 1857.[5]

The first courthouse was destroyed by fire on December 23, 1864. By 1866 a replacement stood on the same site. The present courthouse opened on September 26, 1907.[6]

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 449 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.6%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Transit

Major highways

Other roadway designations

County highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18505,731
186016,444186.9%
187021,68831.9%
188023,1706.8%
189024,5045.8%
190028,24215.3%
191029,5054.5%
192029,042−1.6%
193029,3851.2%
194031,2966.5%
195032,1482.7%
196033,8405.3%
197037,1819.9%
198040,4368.8%
199039,907−1.3%
200041,7224.5%
201042,7452.5%
202043,2351.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[13]
Population of Muscatine County from US census data

2020 census

The 2020 census recorded a population of 43,235 in the county, with a population density of 96.5329/sq mi (37.2716/km2). 92.12% of the population reported being of one race. There were 18,366 housing units, of which 16,908 were occupied.[1]

Muscatine County Racial Composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 27,438 75.5%
Black or African American (NH) 1,086 2.5%
Native American (NH) 58 0.13%
Asian (NH) 404 0.93%
Pacific Islander (NH) 0 0%
Other/Mixed (NH) 1,285 3%
Hispanic or Latino 7,769 18%

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 42,745 in the county, with a population density of 99.7154/sq mi (38.5003/km2). There were 17,910 housing units, of which 16,412 were occupied.[15]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Muscatine County

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 41,722 people, 15,847 households, and 11,283 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 inhabitants per square mile (37/km2). There were 16,786 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.72% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.05% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 11.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,847 households, out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,803, and the median income for a family was $48,373. Males had a median income of $36,329 versus $24,793 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,625. About 6.30% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

C.S. Barclay farm illustration in 1875

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Population ranking

The population ranking of the table is based on the 2020 census of Muscatine County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Muscatine City 23,797
2 West Liberty City 3,858
3 Wilton (partially in Cedar County) City 2,924
4 Durant (mostly in Scott and Cedar Counties) City 1,871
5 Blue Grass (mostly in Scott County) City 1,666
6 Walcott (partially in Scott County) City 1,551
7 Fruitland City 963
8 Conesville City 352
9 Nichols City 340
10 Atalissa City 296
11 Stockton City 176

Politics

United States presidential election results for Muscatine County, Iowa[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,823 52.36% 9,372 45.34% 476 2.30%
2016 9,584 49.32% 8,368 43.06% 1,482 7.63%
2012 8,168 41.12% 11,323 57.00% 374 1.88%
2008 7,929 41.47% 10,920 57.11% 271 1.42%
2004 9,020 48.19% 9,542 50.98% 155 0.83%
2000 7,483 46.55% 8,058 50.12% 535 3.33%
1996 5,858 38.07% 7,674 49.88% 1,854 12.05%
1992 6,087 36.09% 7,089 42.04% 3,688 21.87%
1988 6,904 48.96% 7,059 50.06% 139 0.99%
1984 9,069 59.79% 5,986 39.46% 113 0.74%
1980 7,829 51.69% 5,597 36.96% 1,719 11.35%
1976 7,697 53.10% 6,567 45.30% 232 1.60%
1972 8,436 61.84% 4,917 36.04% 289 2.12%
1968 7,361 57.18% 4,726 36.71% 787 6.11%
1964 5,547 40.86% 8,020 59.07% 10 0.07%
1960 8,555 58.21% 6,135 41.74% 8 0.05%
1956 8,552 59.81% 5,718 39.99% 28 0.20%
1952 9,361 61.60% 5,772 37.98% 63 0.41%
1948 6,003 51.68% 5,466 47.06% 146 1.26%
1944 7,104 59.38% 4,801 40.13% 58 0.48%
1940 8,543 59.24% 5,825 40.39% 53 0.37%
1936 6,332 47.56% 6,593 49.52% 388 2.91%
1932 6,160 47.69% 6,423 49.73% 334 2.59%
1928 8,604 67.45% 4,055 31.79% 98 0.77%
1924 7,731 64.87% 1,963 16.47% 2,223 18.65%
1920 8,115 70.30% 2,293 19.86% 1,136 9.84%
1916 3,929 54.25% 2,694 37.20% 619 8.55%
1912 789 11.10% 2,679 37.68% 3,642 51.22%
1908 3,525 49.43% 3,038 42.60% 568 7.97%
1904 4,036 57.04% 2,555 36.11% 485 6.85%
1900 3,905 54.92% 3,021 42.49% 184 2.59%
1896 3,627 55.02% 2,863 43.43% 102 1.55%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "WI: Individual County Chronologies". publications.newberry.org. Archived from the original on April 14, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  4. ^ History of Muscatine County Iowa - History Section, 1879, retrieved May 11, 2009
  5. ^ "Local Sights". Muscatine County Sheriff. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  6. ^ HistoryArchived July 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ Muscatine County Google Maps (accessed 17 August 2018)
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  13. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  14. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Muscatine County, Iowa".
  15. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). US Census Bureau – American FactFinder. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 27, 2018.

41°28′52″N 91°07′11″W / 41.48111°N 91.11972°W / 41.48111; -91.11972