Dallas County
Dallas County Court House in Adel
Map of Iowa highlighting Dallas County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°40′58″N 94°02′06″W / 41.682777777778°N 94.035°W / 41.682777777778; -94.035
Country United States
State Iowa
FoundedJanuary 13, 1846
Named forGeorge M. Dallas
SeatAdel
Largest cityWaukee
Area
 • Total592 sq mi (1,530 km2)
 • Land588 sq mi (1,520 km2)
 • Water3.3 sq mi (9 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total99,678
 • Density170/sq mi (65/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.dallascountyiowa.gov

Dallas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 99,678, making it the seventh-most populous county in Iowa. Between 2010 and 2020, it was the fastest growing county in Iowa and one of the fastest growing in the country.[1] Its county seat is Adel,[2] and its largest city is Waukee. The county was named for George M. Dallas, Vice President of the United States under James K. Polk, the namesake of neighboring Polk County.

Dallas County is included in the Des MoinesWest Des Moines, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

History

The land that now forms Dallas County was ceded by the Sac and Fox nation to the United States in a treaty signed on October 11, 1842.

On January 13, 1846, the legislative body of the Iowa Territory authorized the creation of twelve counties in the Iowa Territory,[4] with general descriptions of their boundaries.[5] Dallas County's name referred to United States Vice President George M. Dallas, who served from 1845 to 1849.

In 1847 the county residents voted to designate Penoch as the county seat (the name was changed to Adel in 1849). The county's population grew rapidly, with settlers coming to claim homesteads. By 1870, the population had crossed the 12,000 mark.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 592 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 588 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.5%) is water.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1850854
18605,244514.1%
187012,019129.2%
188018,74656.0%
189020,4799.2%
190023,05812.6%
191023,6282.5%
192025,1206.3%
193025,4931.5%
194024,649−3.3%
195023,661−4.0%
196024,1232.0%
197026,0858.1%
198029,51313.1%
199029,7550.8%
200040,75037.0%
201066,13562.3%
202099,67850.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2018[12]
Population of Dallas County from US census data

2020 census

The 2020 census recorded a population of 99,678 in the county, with a population density of 168.7353/sq mi (65.1491/km2). 94.19% of the population reported being of one race. There were 41,125 housing units of which 38,291 were occupied.[1]

Dallas County Racial Composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 81,708 82%
Black or African American (NH) 2,657 2.7%
Native American (NH) 137 0.14%
Asian (NH) 4,987 5%
Pacific Islander (NH) 32 0.03%
Other/Mixed (NH) 3,642 3.7%
Hispanic or Latino 6,515 6.54%

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 66,135 in the county, with a population density of 112.7698/sq mi (43.5407/km2). There were 27,260 housing units, of which 25,240 were occupied.[14]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Dallas County

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 40,750 people, 15,584 households, and 11,173 families in the county. The population density was 70 inhabitants per square mile (27/km2). There were 16,529 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.75% White, 0.74% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.79% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 5.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 15,584 households, 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 23.60% of households were one person and 8.20% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 28.20% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median household income was $48,528 and the median family income was $58,293. Males had a median income of $37,243 versus $27,026 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,970. About 4.00% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

‡ partly in Polk County

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Dallas County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 West Des Moines (mostly in Polk County) City 68,723
2 Urbandale (partially in Polk County) City 45,580
3 Waukee City 23,940
4 Clive (partially in Polk County) City 18,601
5 Grimes (mostly in Polk County) City 15,392
6 Perry City 7,836
7 Adel City 6,153
8 Dallas Center City 1,901
9 Granger (partially in Polk County) City 1,654
10 Van Meter City 1,484
11 Woodward City 1,346
12 De Soto City 915
13 Redfield City 731
14 Dexter City 640
15 Minburn City 325
16 Linden City 200
17 Dawson City 116
18 Bouton City 127

Politics

Prior to 1932, Dallas County was strongly Republican in presidential elections. From 1932 to 1996, it was a swing county, having a Republican lean until 1960 & a Democratic lean from 1964 to 1996, especially after 1980. Since 2000, it has been consistently Republican, though no Republican presidential candidate has won over 58% of the vote nor has a Democrat won less than 41% since then.

United States presidential election results for Dallas County, Iowa[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 27,987 49.96% 26,879 47.98% 1,156 2.06%
2016 19,339 50.56% 15,701 41.05% 3,212 8.40%
2012 20,988 55.06% 16,576 43.49% 552 1.45%
2008 16,954 51.94% 15,149 46.41% 540 1.65%
2004 15,183 57.75% 10,917 41.52% 193 0.73%
2000 10,306 53.32% 8,561 44.29% 463 2.40%
1996 6,647 41.52% 8,017 50.07% 1,346 8.41%
1992 5,587 37.60% 6,554 44.10% 2,720 18.30%
1988 4,858 39.12% 7,501 60.40% 60 0.48%
1984 6,080 47.85% 6,564 51.66% 63 0.50%
1980 6,296 48.57% 5,310 40.96% 1,358 10.48%
1976 5,308 43.34% 6,722 54.89% 217 1.77%
1972 6,143 53.72% 5,085 44.46% 208 1.82%
1968 5,549 49.16% 5,062 44.85% 676 5.99%
1964 3,763 33.41% 7,447 66.13% 52 0.46%
1960 6,566 53.93% 5,597 45.97% 13 0.11%
1956 6,619 56.06% 5,185 43.92% 2 0.02%
1952 8,008 63.51% 4,501 35.69% 101 0.80%
1948 4,810 44.46% 5,661 52.32% 348 3.22%
1944 5,413 49.83% 5,316 48.93% 135 1.24%
1940 6,218 47.55% 6,729 51.45% 131 1.00%
1936 5,442 45.45% 6,341 52.96% 190 1.59%
1932 4,516 46.99% 4,887 50.85% 208 2.16%
1928 7,294 69.73% 3,108 29.71% 58 0.55%
1924 6,359 61.97% 933 9.09% 2,969 28.93%
1920 6,677 70.63% 2,577 27.26% 200 2.12%
1916 2,900 52.37% 2,495 45.05% 143 2.58%
1912 1,825 34.77% 1,718 32.73% 1,706 32.50%
1908 3,132 59.94% 1,871 35.81% 222 4.25%
1904 3,499 69.99% 1,159 23.18% 341 6.82%
1900 3,601 62.35% 1,940 33.59% 234 4.05%
1896 3,326 57.87% 2,316 40.30% 105 1.83%
1892 2,679 56.02% 1,641 34.32% 462 9.66%
1888 2,538 57.12% 1,579 35.54% 326 7.34%
1884 2,636 52.95% 2,034 40.86% 308 6.19%
1880 2,314 56.19% 517 12.55% 1,287 31.25%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2006.
  4. ^ The counties were Boone, Clarke, Dallas, Decatur, Jasper, Lucas, Madison, Marshall, Polk, Story, Warren, and Wayne.
  5. ^ The History of Polk County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c. Union Historical Co. 1880. pp. 419, 425.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ Dallas County, Iowa Google Maps (accessed 20 August 2018)
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  12. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Dallas County, Iowa".
  14. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). US Census Bureau – American FactFinder. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 8, 2020.

Further reading

41°40′58″N 94°02′06″W / 41.68278°N 94.03500°W / 41.68278; -94.03500