Native toArgentina, Paraguay
EthnicityPayaguá people
Extinctca. 1900[1]
  • Payaguá
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

Payaguá (Payawá) is an extinct language of Paraguay, Argentina, and Bolivia, spoken by the Payaguá Indians. It is usually classified as one of the Guaicuruan languages, but the data is insufficient to demonstrate that.[2]


Viegas Barros (2004) proposes that Payagua may be a Macro-Guaicurúan language.[3] However, Campbell (2012) classifies Payagua as a language isolate.[4]

An automated computational analysis (ASJP 4) by Müller et al. (2013)[5] found lexical similarities between Payagua and the Chonan languages. However, since the analysis was automatically generated, the grouping could be either due to mutual lexical borrowing, genetic inheritance, or chance resemblances.



  1. ^ Falkenhausen (1949) notes in The Payaguá Indians that the tribe has been extinct for ~50 years.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forke, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2020). "Payagua". Glottolog 4.3.
  3. ^ Viegas Barros, José Pedro. 2004. Guaicurú no, macro-Guaicurú sí: Una hipótesis sobre la clasificación de la lengua Guachí (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil). Ms. 34pp.
  4. ^ Campbell, Lyle (2012). "Classification of the indigenous languages of South America". In Grondona, Verónica; Campbell, Lyle (eds.). The Indigenous Languages of South America. The World of Linguistics. Vol. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 59–166. ISBN 978-3-11-025513-3.
  5. ^ Müller, André, Viveka Velupillai, Søren Wichmann, Cecil H. Brown, Eric W. Holman, Sebastian Sauppe, Pamela Brown, Harald Hammarström, Oleg Belyaev, Johann-Mattis List, Dik Bakker, Dmitri Egorov, Matthias Urban, Robert Mailhammer, Matthew S. Dryer, Evgenia Korovina, David Beck, Helen Geyer, Pattie Epps, Anthony Grant, and Pilar Valenzuela. 2013. ASJP World Language Trees of Lexical Similarity: Version 4 (October 2013).