City of Pico Rivera
Location of Pico Rivera in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Pico Rivera in Los Angeles County, California
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
Incorporated (city)1958-01-29[1]
Government
 • MayorGregory Salcido[2]
Area
 • Total8.84 sq mi (22.91 km2)
 • Land8.30 sq mi (21.49 km2)
 • Water0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)  6.20%
Elevation
164 ft (50 m)
Population
 (2000)[3]
 • Total63,428
 • Density7,645.7/sq mi (2,952.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
90660-90662[4]
Area code562[5]
FIPS code06-56924
GNIS feature ID1652773
Websitehttp://www.ci.pico-rivera.ca.us/

Pico Rivera is a city located in southeastern Los Angeles County, California, United States. The city is situated approximately 11 miles southeast of downtown Los Angeles, on the eastern edge of the Los Angeles basin, and on the southern edge of the area known as the San Gabriel Valley. The ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles as well as the Los Angeles International Airport are in close proximity.[6] As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 63,428.

History and culture

Pico Rivera Public Library, built in 1961

Pico Rivera was founded in 1784, from the merger of the long-standing unincorporated communities of Pico (named for Pío Pico, the last Mexican governor of California) and Rivera. Situated on a rich alluvial plain between the Rio Hondo and the San Gabriel River, the area was once predominantly agricultural, but following the end of WWII, the sudden demand for housing attracted subdividers to the pleasant locale. [7] Since the 1950s it has been residential as well as industrial. Pico Rivera lies below the Whittier Narrows, making it one of the "Gateway Cities".[8]

In an election on January 7, 1958, incorporation was favored by 56 percent of the voters. A Council-Manager form of government was approved, the name "Pico Rivera" was confirmed for the new city and five citizens were chosen from a field of 24 candidates to serve as members of the first City Council. It was then that Pico Rivera officially became the 61st city in Los Angeles County.[9]

The north side of the city is home to the Pico Rivera Sports Arena, where concerts and other events are held.[10]

Nine parks and playgrounds dot the landscape, including Rivera Park on Shade Lane, Smith Park on Rosemead and Mines, Pico Park on Beverly Boulevard, Rio Vista Park, and Stream Land Park at the north end of Durfee Road. More than 120 developed acres are devoted to recreational facilities for the community's enjoyment..[11]

Geography

Pico Rivera is located at 33°59′20″N 118°5′21″W / 33.98889°N 118.08917°W / 33.98889; -118.08917Invalid arguments have been passed to the ((#coordinates:)) function (33.989013, -118.089121).Template:GR It is bordered by Downey on the southwest, Santa Fe Springs on the southeast, Whittier on the east, City of Industry on the northeast, Montebello on the northwest, and Commerce on the west. As Rosemead and Lakewood boulevards, CA 19 runs through the center of the city, and the San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605) runs along its southeastern edge.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.9 square kilometres (8.8 sq mi). 21.5 square kilometres (8.3 sq mi) of it is land and 1.4 square kilometres (0.54 sq mi) of it (6.22%) is water.

Main article: 2010 Pico Rivera earthquake

Pico Rivera was the epicenter of a magnitude 4.4 earthquake on March 16, 2010, which occurred at 4:04 AM Pacific Daylight Time (11:04 AM Greenwich Mean Time).

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 63,428 people, 16,468 households, and 13,866 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,950.6/km² (7,645.7/mi²). There were 16,807 housing units at an average density of 781.8/km² (2,026.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.44% White, 0.71% African American, 1.35% Native American, 2.65% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 40.28% from other races, and 5.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.29% of the population.

There were 16,468 households out of which 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.83 and the average family size was 4.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,564, and the median income for a family was $45,422. Males had a median income of $29,397 versus $24,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,011. About 11.6% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Pico Rivera is located in the 30th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ronald S. Calderon, and in the 58th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Charles M. Calderon. Federally, Pico Rivera is located in California's 38th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +20[12] and is represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano. The current city council consists of Mayor Gregory Salcido, Mayor Pro Tem Bob Archuleta, Councilmember Gustavo Camacho and Councilmember David Armenta. The city has a council/city manager form of government. The title of Mayor is a ceremonial position that is changed each year within the council.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Pico Rivera Station in Pico Rivera.[13]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Whittier Health Center in Whittier, serving Pico Rivera.[14]

City Council

Mayor, Gregory Salcido, Mayor Pro Tem. Bob Archuleta. Councilmembers, David W. Armenta, Gustavo Camacho, Barbara Contreras Rapisarda. [15]

Business

Redevelopment

There has been frequent redevelopment in the city of late, starting with the opening of the "Pico Rivera Towne Center", a 60-acre open air mega-shopping complex along Washington Blvd, bringing well-known businesses such as Starbucks, the Borders Group bookstore, Walmart, Walgreens, a newly added Del Taco and other businesses into the city.[16]

"Pico Crossing" is a new 2.79 acre shopping center with retailers that include Rite-Aid Pharmacy, Starbucks, and Subway. Significant redevelopment has taken place in recent years along historic Whittier Boulevard, bringing new businesses such as Target and Panda Express.[16] More developments include the "Pico Rivera Village Walk", a $22 million, 12-acre shopping center located at the southwest corner of Whittier and Paramount Blvd. Tenants: CVS Pharmacy, Krikorian Theatres, at the corner of Paramount Boulevard and Whittier Boulevard. [16] A state of the art LA Fitness, which is part of an 8.10-acre "Pico Rivera MarketPlace Shopping Center" with a Fresh and Easy market, Rubio's, Sexy Nails, Wing Stop, Round Table Pizza, Chase, Blizz Frozen Yogurt, Juice It Up and other businesses have opened at the corner of Washington and Rosemead Boulevards.[16] The cities taxes were raised from 10.25 to 10.75 in mid 2009.

Historical

There was a 157-acre (0.64 km2) manufacturing facility located at the corner of Rosemead and Washington Boulevards, which was owned and operated by the Ford Motor Company. The plant closed in 1980 and was purchased by Northrop Grumman in 1982 for its Advanced Systems Division.[17] Upon the unveiling of the B-2 Spirit bomber in 1988, it was revealed that much of the development for the former black project had in fact occurred at the site. In the early 1990s, the division was renamed the B-2 Division to reflect its most famous product. At its peak, the project employed approximately 13,000 workers in Pico Rivera.[18] The site closed and demolished in 2001 and is now a large retail center.

Top employers

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[19] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 El Rancho Unified School District 1,603
2 Wal-Mart 540
3 City of Pico Rivera 331
4 BakeMark 259
5 Target 210
6 Bimbo Bakeries USA 185
7 Cintas 170
8 Southern California Material Handling 150
9 Lowe's 138
10 Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department 137

Winning residents

A ticket sold in Pico Rivera for the Mega Millions drawing of May 4, 2010, is eligible to claim the $266 million jackpot (annuity value) as it contained the only set of six numbers which matched the numbers drawn that night. The ticket matching all six winning numbers and mega-number 8, was sold at L&L Hawaiian Barbecue whose three owners will split the million dollar bonus for selling the winning ticket.The husband was picking up their take-out dinner at the barbecue restaurant Tuesday night and besides his food he bought only one lotto ticket, which was the only the winning ticket. He had just lost his job and his wife works at NBC4. [21]

Emergency services

Fire protection in Pico Rivera is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service. The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department provides law enforcement.

Education

The City is served by the El Rancho and Montebello Unified School Districts (K-12) with nearby university and college systems in Los Angeles and Orange counties providing higher education. Most students attend schools in the El Rancho Unified School District. Those who reside in the Montebello Gardens area are in the Montebello Unified School District. [20]


References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  2. ^ "City of Pico Rivera". Retrieved 2007-01-18. ((cite web)): Text "CITY COUNCIL" ignored (help)
  3. ^ "Pico Rivera city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  6. ^ http://www.pico-rivera.org/cityglance/factsinfo.html
  7. ^ http://www.ci.pico-rivera.ca.us/cityglance/history.html
  8. ^ http://chooselacounty.com/laregions/gateway.html
  9. ^ http://www.ci.pico-rivera.ca.us/cityglance/history.html
  10. ^ http://search.atomz.com/search/?sp-q=Sports+Arena&sp-a=sp10021921&sp-f=ISO-8859-1&FINDbttn.x=0&FINDbttn.y=0
  11. ^ http://www.pico-rivera.org/government/citydepartments/parksandrecreation.html
  12. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
  13. ^ "Pico Rivera Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  14. ^ "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  15. ^ http://www.pico-rivera.org/government/citycouncil/default.html
  16. ^ a b c d http://www.ci.pico-rivera.ca.us/ourcommunity/redevelprojects.html
  17. ^ Northrop to Buy Vacant Ford Plant, New York Times
  18. ^ Pico Rivera, globalsecurity.org.
  19. ^ City of Pico Rivera CAFR
  20. ^ http://www.pico-rivera.org/cityglance/default.html
  21. ^ http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/story?section=news/local/los_angeles&id=7424119