City of Rosemead
Official seal of City of Rosemead
Location of Rosemead in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Rosemead in Los Angeles County, California
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
Incorporated (city)1959-08-04[1]
Government
 • MayorSteven Ly[2]
Area
 • Total5.15 sq mi (13.35 km2)
 • Land5.15 sq mi (13.33 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)  0.18%
Elevation
318 ft (97 m)
Population
 (January 1, 2009)[3]
 • Total57,594
 • Density11,190.4/sq mi (4,320.63/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
91770-91772[4]
Area code626[5]
FIPS code06-62896
GNIS feature ID1656611
Websitehttp://www.cityofrosemead.org/

Rosemead is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of 2009, it has a population of approximately 57,594.[3] Rosemead is part of a cluster of cities, along with Arcadia, Temple City, Monterey Park, San Marino, and San Gabriel, in the west San Gabriel Valley with a growing Asian population.[6]

History

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish, the area around Rosemead was populated by Native Americans of the Tongva, or as the Spaniards renamed them, the Gabrielinos. In 1771, the Spanish founded the first San Gabriel mission in the area that is now known as Whittier Narrows on the border between Montebello and Rosemead. In 1775, the mission moved to avoid the spring floods that ruined the first crops, to its present location in San Gabriel.[7]

During the Spanish Colonial era, the area that is now the City of Rosemead, was part of the land administered by the San Gabriel Mission. The land, formerly held by the Mission, was generously distributed to private citizens, requiring only that they build a house and graze cattle, as part of the Mexican government's Secularization Act of 1833, bringing to an end the Mission Era [8] Following the Mexican-American War and the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe which transferred sovereignty over the territory now known as the State of California to the United States, Anglo-American immigration began to flow to the area. The southern part of Rosemead was part of Rancho Potrero Grande (Large Pasture) which was originally granted to an native American man named Manuel Antonio, who was a "mayordomo" (overseer) at the San Gabriel Mission. The 4,431-acre (18 km2) ranch was later transferred to Juan Matias Sánchez.

In 1852, John and Harriet Guess moved cross-country in an ox drawn wagon, to the San Gabriel Valley from Conway County, Arkansas. [9] In 1855, the couple camped where present-day Savannah Elementary School is located on Rio Hondo Avenue. They rented the land until 1867, John Guess purchased 100 acres (0.4 km2) of a 1,164-acre (5 km2) ranch and named it Savannah. The land stretched from Valley Boulevard to Marshall Street, and from Rosemead Boulevard to the Eaton Wash.

Other pioneers, Frank Forst and Leonard J. Rose, also settled in this valley. Rose and his wife Amanda bought about 600 acres (2.4 km2) of land between what is now Rosemead Boulevard and Walnut Grove Avenue. Rose bred and trained horses for a living. He named his ranch "Rose's Meadow" which was eventually shortened to Rosemeade and gave the city its name. [9] Rosemeade was once again shortened to Rosemead. The peaceful, pastoral community flourished with small truck farms and rabbit and chicken farms. Settlers moved in and also raised vegetables, fruits, grain and feed for the animals. It wasn't until August 4, 1959, the citizens elected to incorporate Rosemead into a city.[9]

Recent history

Demographics in Rosemead changed significantly in the 1990s. Chinese and Vietnamese immigrants in large numbers started moving in and opening businesses: ethnic restaurants and stores. The Whittier Daily News stated "The atmosphere certainly became more urban, in a Hong Kong way." [10] The small town ambience changed dramatically. The formerly conservative government changed when young John Tran was elected to the city council. The more seasoned portion of the city council supported keeping a safe and secure quality in the small town while rejecting some of Tran's more radical ideas such as a five story city hall, high density development and ushering out the Sheriff's Department and establishing a Rosemead Police Department, a move that would have cost the city millions of dollars, especially during the recession that followed during that period.[10] Tran also supported a ballot initiative to change to a Charter city, (like Bell, CA.), which the voters soundly rejected. Tran lost in the next city election by one vote.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
196015,476
197040,972164.7%
198042,6044.0%
199051,63821.2%
200053,5053.6%
source:[11]

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 53,505 people, 13,913 households, and 11,632 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,011.3/km² (10,398.3/mi²). There were 14,345 housing units at an average density of 1,075.5/km² (2,787.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 26.57% White, 0.68% African American, 0.85% Native American, 48.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 19.69% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.30% of the population.

There were 14,110 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.70 and the average family size was 4.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 6.5% under the age of 5, 76.9% over the age of 18, and 15.2% over the age of 65. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,115, and the median income for a family was $46,327. Males working full time had a median income of $31,599 versus $28,456 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,072. About 11.6% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Emergency services

Fire protection in Rosemead is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department[12] with ambulance transport by Guardian Ambulance Service.[13] The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department provides law enforcement, operating out of the Temple City Station.[14]

Economy

Edison International, the international family of companies providing electric services, is headquartered in the city.[15] Southern California Edison and serves Rosemead, as well as much of Southern California.[16] The University of the West (formerly known as Hsi Lai University) moved to its current location in Rosemead in 1996. It is one of the very first Buddhist funded university in the United States. Rosemead School of Psychology was named after its original location in Rosemead. This school was the first independent professional school of psychology in the nation to be accredited by regional accrediting association. Rosemead School of Psychology is now located in La Mirada, but still keeps the city name.[17] The Chinese cuisine fast food chain Panda Restaurant Group is headquartered in Rosemead.[18] The Chinese-Vietnamese Sriracha red chili sauce (known to many as Rooster sauce) manufacturer Huy Fong Foods, Inc. (匯豐食品公司) is also based in the city.[19]

Politics

Controversies over the development of a Wal-Mart Supercenter, in a residential section in the southern portion of the city, had been bitterly longstanding. After some political maneuvering, it opened on September 13, 2006. A recall election to remove two council members that supported the Wal-Mart, Jay Imperial and Gary Taylor, was held on September 19, 2006. The voters defeated the recall in a 60 to 40 percent majority vote. However, in the general elections that followed shortly thereafter on March 6, 2007, Polly Low defeated incumbent and former recall target, Jay Imperial, garnering the highest vote count among the five candidates vying for the two open seats on the council. Margaret Clark, Steven Ly, and Sandra Armenta, swept the election in March 2009. In 2011, Gary Taylor retired after serving his fourth term as mayor[20]. In March 2011, Steven Ly became mayor and Sandra Armenta, mayor pro-tem. Polly Low was re-elected and William Alarcon, formerly of the Rosemead Planning Commission, came on board as city councilman.

Top employers

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Edison International (Southern California Edison) 4,000
2 Garvey School District 953
3 Wal-Mart 420
4 Panda Restaurant Group 400
5 Rosemead School District 337
6 Target 200
7 Hermetic Seal 139
8 Doubletree 90
9 Don Bosco Technical Institute 90
10 Marge Carson 80
11 Irish Construction 75
12 University of the West 48

Savannah Pioneer Cemetery

Before the Civil War, many Southern families settled in El Monte, then called Lexington. The community of Rosemead, then called Savannah, is located adjacent to El Monte and is situated above the water table. The slightly elevated land made it the logical alternative as the burial site for residents of swampy Lexington. The first known burial was in 1846, five years before most of the settlers arrived. Today the 5 1/2 acre cemetery, with 200 plots remaining of its original 3,000, is privately owned by the El Monte Cemetery Association. When the City of Rosemead started to widen Valley Boulevard in the 1920s, construction crews unearthed dozens of corpses outside the fence of the cemetery. The majority of the skeletons were reburied in a mass grave inside the cemetery proper, but some were so deteriorated that the workers left them undisturbed and simply paved over them so that more graves are scattered under Valley Boulevard and beneath area businesses. The area also was an Indian burial ground before the corpses of settlers filled the place.[28] Savannah Pioneer Cemetery is located near the intersection of Mission and Valley Blvds.[29] It is reputed to be the oldest Protestant cemetery in Los Angeles County.[30] The El Monte Cemetery Association, incorporated in 1920, is responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the cemetery. The association's funding comes from private donations and fundraising activities.[28]

Salary schedule, City officials

In light of the recent scandals involving neighboring towns, Rosemead has publicly posted its salary schedule for the city officials. [2]

Geography

Rosemead is located at 34°4′14″N 118°4′56″W / 34.07056°N 118.08222°W / 34.07056; -118.08222Invalid arguments have been passed to the ((#coordinates:)) function (34.070428, -118.082312).Template:GR

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.3 km² (5.2 mi²). 13.3 km² (5.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

The city is bordered to the north by San Gabriel and Temple City, to the east by El Monte, to the south by the unincorporated area of South San Gabriel and Montebello and to the west by San Gabriel and Monterey Park.

Government and infrastructure

In the United States Senate, there are two senators:

In the State Legislature Rosemead is located in the 24th Senate District, represented by Democrat Gloria Romero, and in the 49th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mike Eng. Federally, Rosemead is located in California's 32nd congressional district, which has a Partisan Voting Index of: Cook PVI D +17.[22] When Representative Hilda Solis was confirmed as President Obama's Secretary of Labor, her position became vacant. Her successor, Judy Chu was determined in a runoff election on July 14, 2009. Chu was sworn in on July 16, 2009, and was re-elected to a full term on November 2, 2010.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Temple Station in Temple City, serving Rosemead.[23]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, serving Rosemead.[24]

City Council

Elections are held every two years in the odd-numbered years. The Council elects from its membership a Mayor to serve as its presiding officer for a one-year term.

Salary Schedule [1]

Education

Rosemead is served by two elementary school districts: Garvey School District and Rosemead School District. Each of these districts overlaps with a high school district; the former overlaps with the Alhambra Unified School District and the latter overlaps with a portion of the El Monte Union High School District.

There is one public high school--Rosemead High School)--in the city and three public middle schools: Muscatel Middle School, Richard Garvey Intermediate School and Temple Intermediate School. Don Bosco Technical Institute is located in Rosemead.

University of the West has also been located in Rosemead since 1996. The Buddhist-founded campus is located at 1409 N. Walnut Grove Ave. UWest is Rosemead's only WASC accredited campus.

Places of interest

The Dinsmoor Heritage House is a bijou museum that houses, preserves and displays a showcase of the colorful and rich history of the City of Rosemead. Once a private home, it was built in the late 1920s by Adelberrt Dinsmoor, son of one of Rosemead's pioneers, Raphael Dinsmoor. Currently closed to undergoing refurbishing, it will again conduct monthly tours and host a variety of special events when completed. It is located at 9642 Steele Street.[25]

The Marinelli Stadium, named in memory of Rod Marinelli, formerly the head coach of the Detroit Lions, is located at Rosemead High School. "Rod Marinelli Stadium" appears in lights above the scoreboard and an encrypted bronze marker is placed at the southern edge of the field on a large stone.[26]

There are two Community Centers in Rosemead that offer multi-purpose facilities for a large variety of occasions as well as senior activities, adult education programs, youth and adult classes, as well as two preschools.[25]

The City is nearing completion of plans to completely renovate from the ground up, both city aquatic centers to bring them into "the 21st century." Rosemead Aquatic Center will feature swim, water polo and diving facilities as well as swim classes and recreation areas. Garvey Aquatic Center will be a state of the art recreational aquatic facility featuring water slides, interactive play areas and a lesson pool. Showers at both pools will be updated for resource efficiency. The city hopes to have these planss completed in time for the summer of 2011.[27]

Shopping

A small portion of the Montebello Town Center is actually located within Rosemead city limits. It features major department stores, smaller shops and a small food court. The boundary line between Montebello and Rosemead runs through the eastern end of the mall.[31] Policing is provided by the City of Montebello.

There is an Asian Shopping Center in Rosemead, formerly The Diamond Square Shopping center it features many restaurants and many Chinese shops. It is located on Garvey Blvd. Also nearby, is The Square Supermarket featuring Korean and Vietnamese foods.[32] Rosemead Square Shopping Center is located in Rosemead near the South El Monte and El Monte City limits.[33]

Notable residents

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  2. ^ "Rosemead Portal > City Government > City Council". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  3. ^ a b "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2008 and 2009". California Department of Finance. 2009-05. Retrieved 2009-05-02. ((cite web)): Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  6. ^ http://www.pacsla.org/API_demographics.html
  7. ^ http://www.californiamissionsonline.com/missions/mission_san_gabriel_arcangel.html
  8. ^ http://www.artfact.com/auction-lot/autographs:-the-revolutionary-secularization-act-1-c-u5zxjrqcbj
  9. ^ a b c http://www.cityofrosemead.org/index.aspx?page=196
  10. ^ a b c http://www.whittierdailynews.com/editorial/ci_17275415
  11. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
  12. ^ http://www.code2high.com/#4
  13. ^ http://www.yellowpages.com/rosemead-ca/ambulance-services
  14. ^ http://www.lasdhq.org/stations/for1/temple/index.html
  15. ^ http://www.uspages.com/companyID187.htm
  16. ^ http://www.sce.com/_search/?advancedSearch=&recPerPage=10&as_q=&q1=Rosemead
  17. ^ http://www.biola.edu/academics/
  18. ^ "Corporate Fact Sheet." Panda Restaurant Group. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  19. ^ "Contact Us." Huy Fong Foods. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  20. ^ www.mercurynews.com/california/ci_17570639
  21. ^ City of Rosemead CAFR
  22. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
  23. ^ "Temple Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  24. ^ "Monrovia Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  25. ^ a b http://www.cityofrosemead.org/index.aspx?page=78
  26. ^ http://www.placesonline.com/north_america/united_states/california/rosemead/landmarks_and_historic_sites/marinelli_stadium.asp
  27. ^ http://www.cityofrosemead.org/index.aspx?page=13&recordid=429&returnURL=%2findex.aspx
  28. ^ a b http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state/El_Monte_Cemetery_Rpt.htm
  29. ^ http://savannahpioneercem.blogspot.com/ savannahpioneercem.blogspot.com
  30. ^ http://www.scgsgenealogy.com/savannah-cem.htm scgsgenealogy.com
  31. ^ http://www.yelp.com/biz/the-shops-at-montebello-montebello#query:Rosemead%20Mall%20Macy%27s
  32. ^ http://www.yelp.com/biz/the-square-shopping-center-rosemead
  33. ^ http://www.beachcalifornia.com/shopmall.html beachcalifornia.com