Pomona
L.A. County Fair in Pomona.
L.A. County Fair in Pomona.
Official seal of Pomona
Location in Los Angeles County and the State of California
Location in Los Angeles County and the State of California
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
Settled1830s[1]
Incorporated (city)January 6, 1888[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
Area
 • Total22.964 sq mi (59.474 km2)
 • Land22.952 sq mi (59.444 km2)
 • Water0.012 sq mi (0.030 km2)  0.05%
Elevation
850 ft (259 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total149,058
 • Rank7th in Los Angeles County
35th in California
161st in the United States
 • Density6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
91766-91768
Area code909
FIPS code06-58072
GNIS feature ID1661247
WebsiteCity of Pomona

Pomona is the seventh largest city in Los Angeles County, California. Pomona is located in between the Inland Empire and the San Gabriel Valley. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 149,058.[3]

The city is the site of the Fairplex, which hosts the L.A. County Fair and the NHRA Auto Club Raceway at Pomona, (formerly known as Pomona Raceway) Powerade Winternationals Drag Racing competition.[4]

Since the 1980s, Pomona's newest neighborhood Phillips Ranch, experienced rapid growth with homes still being built in the hilly area between Downtown and Diamond Bar. Today, Phillips Ranch is nearly all residential.[5] Northern Pomona has seen some gentrification with additional housing units added and revamped streetscapes.

History

View down San Jose Creek from Pomona Park. 1904.

The area was originally occupied by the Tongva or Gabrielino Native Americans. The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. For Horticulturist, Solomon Gates, "Pomona" was the winning entry in a contest to name the city in 1875, before anyone had ever planted a fruit tree[6] The city was first settled by Spaniards in the 1830s and the first Anglo-Americans arrived in 1868.[1] By the 1880s, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated on January 6, 1888.[1]

Religious institutions are deeply embedded in the history of Pomona. There are now more than 120 churches,representing most religions in today's society. The historical architecture of these churches provide glimpses of the European church design and architecture from other eras.[6]

In 2005, Pomona citizens elected Norma Torres, the first woman of Guatemalan heritage to be elected to a mayoral post outside of Guatemala.[7]

Geography

Pomona is a suburb of Los Angeles in the Pomona Valley, located at 34°3′39″N 117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583Invalid arguments have been passed to the ((#coordinates:)) function (34.060760, -117.755886).Template:GR According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.964 square miles (59.474 km²), over 99% of it land.

Pomona is approximately 27 miles (43 km) east of Los Angeles, 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Ana, 31 miles (50 km) west of Riverside, and 37 miles (60 km) west of San Bernardino.

Pomona is bordered by the cities of San Dimas on the northwest, La Verne and Claremont on the north, Montclair and Chino on the east, Chino Hills and Diamond Bar on the south, and Walnut, South San Jose Hills, and Industry on the southwest. The Los Angeles/San Bernardino county line forms most of the city's southern and eastern boundaries.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18903,634
19005,52652.1%
191010,20784.7%
192013,50532.3%
193020,80454.0%
194023,53913.1%
195035,40550.4%
196067,15789.7%
197087,38430.1%
198092,7426.1%
1990131,72342.0%
2000149,47313.5%
2010149,058−0.3%

2010

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that Pomona had a population of 149,058, a slight decline from the 2000 census population.[9] The population density was 6,491.2 people per square mile (2,506.3/km²). The racial makeup of Pomona was 71,564 (48.0%) White, 10,924 (7.3%) African American, 1,763 (1.2%) Native American, 12,688 (8.5%) Asian, 282 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 45,171 (30.3%) from other races, and 6,666 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 105,135 persons (70.5%).

The Census reported that 144,920 people (97.2% of the population) lived in households, 2,782 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,356 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 38,477 households, out of which 19,690 (51.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 19,986 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,960 (18.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,313 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,823 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 299 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,810 households (15.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,010 (5.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.77. There were 30,259 families (78.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.15.

The population was spread out with 43,853 people (29.4%) under the age of 18, 20,155 people (13.5%) aged 18 to 24, 42,311 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 31,369 people (21.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,370 people (7.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

There were 40,685 housing units at an average density of 1,771.8 per square mile (684.1/km²), of which 21,197 (55.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,280 (44.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 80,968 people (54.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 63,952 people (42.9%) lived in rental housing units.

View of the Pomona Valley

Financial Report

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $220.3 million in Revenues, $225.5 million in expenditures, $818.3 million in total assets, $520.0 million in total liabilities, and $80.6 million in cash and investments.[10]

Also in the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[10] the top employers in the city and number of employees are Pomona Unified School District (3,424), Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center (3,230), California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (2,316), Lanterman Developmental Center (1,283), City of Pomona (810), Casa Colina Rehabilitation Center (688), Verizon (596), County of Los Angeles Department of Social Services (383), First Transit (320) and Cal Spas (315).

Government

City Hall Pomona, California, 1969, Welton Becket and B.H. Anderson

Local Government

Mayor Elliott Rothman

City Council

County representation

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Pomona Health Center in Pomona.[11]

Politics

In the state legislature Pomona is located in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Gloria Negrete McLeod, and in the 61st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Norma Torres. Federally, Pomona is located in California's 38th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +20[12] and is represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano.

Education

Diamond Ranch High School

Most of Pomona and some of the surrounding area are served by the Pomona Unified School District. The Claremont Unified School District is zoned for the students in the northern section of the city.[13] The Pomona School District has been criticized by some Pomona residents for its construction of the acclaimed expressionist modern [14] Diamond Ranch High School in the city's more affluent area of Phillips Ranch.[15]

There are two parochial schools located in Pomona: St. Joseph Catholic Elementary School, K-8, and Pomona Catholic High School. The School of Arts and Enterprise is a charter high school located on Monterey Ave. and Garey Ave. Village Academy High School is also located on E. Holt Blvd and East End Ave. It is a high school that focuses on technology.

Colleges and universities

California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona).

Local sites of interest

See also: List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles County, California

1910 postcard image of Pomona Valley with Mt. Baldy in distance.

Transportation

Downtown Pomona Metrolink station

Pomona is connected to downtown Los Angeles, and to downtown Riverside via Metrolink. In addition, with the Gold Line foothill extension, Pomona will be connected to Los Angeles and eastern Los Angeles county via light rail when the project is completed in 2018.

Freeways

Airports

Pomona is serviced by:

File:Silverstreakmap.png
Route map

Buses

The Silver Streak is Foothill Transit's bus rapid transit line operating between eastbound to montclair transcenterMontclair and westbound to Downtown Los Angeles.

The service runs much more frequently than other area mass transit, and operates around the clock. 60-foot NABI articulated buses are used on this route, like the ones used on the Metro Orange Line, Metro Local, and Metro Rapid.[citation needed]

References in popular culture

This article may contain irrelevant references to popular culture. Please remove the content or add citations to reliable and independent sources. (August 2011)

Media

The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times. La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. There are also a wide variety of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including:

Notable residents

See also: List of Cal Poly Pomona people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d William D. Halsey, ed. (1976). "Pomona". Collier's Encyclopedia. Vol. 19. Macmillan Educational Corporation. p. 232.
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ Most Populous Cities in Los Angeles County Populations of 100,000+ (1990 - 2010 Census). Los angeles Almanac. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
  4. ^ http://www.nhra.com/tickets/pomona.aspx
  5. ^ Los Angeles Times, November 15, 1964, “Historic Ranch to Be Big Community”[1]
  6. ^ a b A Brief History of Pomona
  7. ^ http://www.citymayors.com/mayors/pomona-mayor.html
  8. ^ Template:USCensus-2010CA
  9. ^ Most Populous Cities in Los Angeles County Populations of 100,000+ (1990 - 2010 Census). Los angeles Almanac. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
  10. ^ a b City of Pomona CAFR
  11. ^ "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  12. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
  13. ^ http://www.cusd.claremont.edu/stu/images/boundary_main.gif
  14. ^ Diamond Ranch High School - Thom Mayne - Morphosis - Great Buildings Online
  15. ^ Pomona, California | TripAtlas.com
  16. ^ a b http://www.calpoly.edu/
  17. ^ "The Top U.S. Architecture Schools". Architect Magazine - online version. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  18. ^ "Cal Poly Pomona Rankings". Visitor & Information Centers at Cal Poly Pomona. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
  19. ^ DeVry Pomona Community Home Page
  20. ^ Hamza Abdullah, DB for the Arizona Cardinals at NFL.com
  21. ^ Husain Abdullah, SS for the Minnesota Vikings at NFL.com
  22. ^ Above The Law on Yahoo! Music
  23. ^ The Jessica Alba Picture Pages
  24. ^ Flint, Peter B. (March 2, 1989). "Richard Armour, 82, an Author Of Whimsical Free Verse, Is Dead". The New York Times.
  25. ^ https://www.allmusic.com/artist/jeanne-black-p24117
  26. ^ Poet's Musings: SMOKE AND THUNDER by Jim Chandler
  27. ^ Above the Law - Download Above the Law Music on iTunes
  28. ^ Dan Cortes Minor League Statistics & History - Baseball-Reference.com
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k People From Pomona, California
  30. ^ Eastern Michigan University Athletics - 2009 Football Coaching Staff
  31. ^ Al Ferguson athletic career, photos, articles, and videos | Fanbase
  32. ^ Pomona Pimpin - Suga Free
  33. ^ Muse: Champion Paper-Folder
  34. ^ Donnie Hill Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac
  35. ^ http://connect.in.com/bruce-hines/profile-43775.html
  36. ^ http://www.valsfa.com/valhalla/earlyday.htm
  37. ^ W. K. Kellogg Arabian Horse Library
  38. ^ Kokane - True Knowledge
  39. ^ Daniel Keys Moran Web Page
  40. ^ Shane Mosley is Stripped, Senchenko Full WBA Champ - Boxing News
  41. ^ Ed Nelson News, Ed Nelson Bio and Photos | TVGuide.com
  42. ^ Kem Nunn | Official Publisher Page
  43. ^ Orlando Perez | Major League Soccer
  44. ^ Scott Reeder
  45. ^ Eastern Michigan University Athletics - Jimmy Verdon Jr. Named Graduate Assistant Football Coach
  46. ^ V52 Spring 2008
  47. ^ Rich Yett Statistics and History - Baseball-Reference.com