SanDisk LLC
  • SunDisk Corporation (1988–1995)
  • SanDisk Corporation (1995–2016)
Company typeSubsidiary
IndustryStorage devices
FoundedJune 1, 1988; 35 years ago (1988-06-01)[1]
FoundersEli Harari
Sanjay Mehrotra
Jack Yuan
Number of employees
Increase 8,790
ParentWestern Digital (2016–present) Edit this at Wikidata

SanDisk LLC is an American multinational computer technology company based in Milpitas, California. It is known for its flash memory products, including memory cards and readers, USB flash drives, solid-state drives, and digital audio players. The company was founded in 1988 as SunDisk Corporation and renamed in 1995 as SanDisk Corporation;[2] it assumed its current name in 2016 when it was acquired by Western Digital.[3]

As of March 2019, Western Digital was the fourth-largest manufacturer of flash memory having declined from third-largest in 2014.[4]


SanDisk founders: Jack Yuan, Eli Harari, and Sanjay Mehrotra (2010)

SanDisk (originally Sundisk) was founded in 1988 by Eli Harari, Sanjay Mehrotra, and Jack Yuan.[5] In 1995, just before its initial public offering, SunDisk changed its name to SanDisk, to avoid confusion with Sun Microsystems, a prominent computer manufacturer at the time.[6]

SanDisk co-founder Eli Harari developed the Floating Gate EEPROM which proved the practicality, reliability and endurance of semiconductor-based data storage.[7]

In 1991, SanDisk produced the first flash-based solid-state drive (SSD) in a 2.5-inch hard disk drive form factor for IBM with a 20 MB capacity priced at about $1,000.[8]

In 1992, SanDisk introduced FlashDisk, a series of memory cards made for the PCMCIA or PC card form factor, so they could be inserted into the expansion slots of many laptops and handheld PCs of the time. Unlike other similar products at the time, FlashDisks did not require a battery to store their contents. SanDisk discontinued their production in 2002, and the highest capacity model had 8 gigabytes of capacity.[6]

On May 10, 2000, the Toshiba Corporation of Japan and the SanDisk Corporation said that they would jointly form a new semiconductor company to produce advanced flash memory, primarily for digital cameras.[9]

In 2005 SanDisk entered the digital audio player market with the release of its first flash-based MP3 player, the SanDisk Sansa e100.[10] As soon as 2006, they became the second largest maker of digital audio players in the United States behind Apple.[11]

Acquisitions and growth

Awards and sale

In 2012, the Enough Project ranked SanDisk the third highest of 24 consumer electronics companies on "progress on conflict minerals".[18]

In 2014, SanDisk co-founder Harari won the National Medal of Technology and Innovation from President Barack Obama for his innovations and contributions to flash memory storage.[19]

On January 8, 2015, NexGen Storage, which had been acquired by Fusion-io, was spun out to become an independent company once again.[20] In January 2016, Pivot3 (based in Austin, Texas) acquired NexGen Storage.[21] SanDisk was acquired by hard disk drive manufacturer Western Digital on May 12, 2016, for US$19 billion.[22][23]

In 2019 Sanjay Mehrotra received a lifetime achievement award at a trade show.[24]

See also


  1. ^ "SanDisk LLC". General Information Name Search. Delaware Division of Corporations. File No. 2162478. Retrieved April 27, 2024.
  2. ^ Kellerman, Thomas W. (April 25, 1995). "Amended Statement by Foreign Corporation: SanDisk Corporation". California Secretary of State. Control ID LBA26261237 (Legacy No. A0466153). Retrieved April 27, 2024.
  3. ^ Toshiba Memory Corporation; Western Digital Corporation; SanDisk LLC; SanDisk (Ireland) Limited (December 12, 2017). "EAL Commitment and Extension Agreement". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved April 27, 2024.
  4. ^ "Market View: NAND Flash Brand Supplier Revenue Falls 6.6% in First Quarter". DRAMeXchange. February 5, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  5. ^ Harris, Scott Duke (July 13, 2008). "Mercury News interview: SanDisk CEO helped launch digital revolution". The San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
  6. ^ a b "25 Years of CompactFlash: A Look Back at the Pioneering Format". PCMAG.
  7. ^ "Santa Clara Valley Chapter Meeting: 'Future Directions for Semiconductor Non-Volatile Memory". Santa Clara University: IEEE Electron Devices Society. January 16, 1990.
  8. ^ "A History of Innovation". Western Digital. 1991. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  9. ^ "Toshiba and SanDisk Enter Joint Venture". The New York Times. Reuters. May 10, 2000. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  10. ^ "New SanDisk Sansa Mp3 Players".
  11. ^ Wingfield, Nick (August 21, 2006). "SanDisk Raises Music-Player Stakes". Wall Street Journal.
  12. ^ Kawamoto, Dawn (October 21, 2005). "SanDisk to acquire Matrix Semiconductor". CNET. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "SanDisk To Buy msystems". The Street. July 31, 2006. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 21, 2006.
  14. ^ Kovar, Joseph F. (May 16, 2011). "SanDisk Plans To Buy SSD Maker Pliant Technology". Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  15. ^ a b Kovar, Joseph F. (June 27, 2012). "SanDisk Buys Schooner, Moves Into Enterprise Software Space". Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  16. ^ Dignan, Larry (July 2, 2013). "SanDisk acquires SMART Storage Systems for $307 million". ZDNet. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  17. ^ Hesseldahl, Arik (June 16, 2014). "SanDisk to Acquire Troubled Fusion-io for $1.2 Billion". Recode. Vox Media. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  18. ^ Lezhnev, Sasha; Hellmuth, Alex (August 2012). "Taking Conflict Out of Consumer Gadgets: Company Rankings on Conflict Minerals 2012" (PDF). Enough Project. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  19. ^ Fairsmith, Christine (October 24, 2014). "Eli Harari *73 receives honor from President Obama". School of Engineering and Applied Science. Princeton University. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  20. ^ "SanDisk Completes Spin-Out of the Company's ioControl Solutions Business". Press release. SanDisk. January 8, 2015. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  21. ^ Joseph F. Kovar (January 27, 2016). "Pivot3 To Acquire NexGen Storage, Bring Storage QoS To Hyper-Converged Infrastructure". CRN. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  22. ^ Molina, Brett (October 21, 2015). "Western Digital to acquire SanDisk for $19B". USA TODAY. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  23. ^ Vincent, James (May 12, 2016). "Western Digital Officially Closes SanDisk Acquisition". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  24. ^ "Flash Memory Lifetime Achievement Award 2019 - Sanjay Mehrotra". Retrieved January 13, 2021.

37°25′07.6″N 121°55′25.9″W / 37.418778°N 121.923861°W / 37.418778; -121.923861