Quebracho colorado chaqueño (Schinopsis balansae)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Genus: Schinopsis

Schinopsis is a genus of South American trees in the family Anacardiaceae, also known by the common names quebracho, quebracho colorado and red quebracho. In Brazil it is known as baraúna or braúna.


The species within this genus inhabit different regions of the Gran Chaco ecoregion including parts of northern Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay.[1] In Brazil it can be found as a component of the Caatinga in the northwestern region.[2]

The name is in recognition of the hardness of the wood from the Spanish quiebra-hacha ("axe-breaker"). It also distinguishes the species from the "white quebracho" trees of the unrelated genus Aspidosperma.[3]

Schinopsis is the exclusive food plant of the moth Coleophora haywardi.



The timber is used in furniture and on railroads due to its durability.


  1. ^ "Quebracho | The Wood Database (Hardwood)". Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  2. ^ Dantas, B.F.; et al. (2008). "Biochemical changes during imbibition of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. seeds". Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 30 (2): 214–9. doi:10.1590/S0101-31222008000200027.
  3. ^ "Consortium of Intermountain Herbaria - Schinopsis". Archived from the original on 2023-08-23. Retrieved 2011-03-30.