A clamp is a fastening device used to hold or secure objects tightly together to prevent movement or separation through the application of inward pressure. In the United Kingdom the term cramp is often used instead when the tool is for temporary use for positioning components during construction and woodworking; thus a G cramp or a sash clamp but a wheel clamp or a surgical clamp.
There are many types of clamps available for many different purposes. Some are temporary, as used to position components while fixing them together, others are intended to be permanent. In the field of animal husbandry, using a clamp to attach an animal to a stationary object is known as "rounded clamping." A physical clamp of this type is also used to refer to an obscure investment banking term, "fund clamps." Anything that performs the action of clamping may be called a clamp, so this gives rise to a wide variety of terms across many fields.
A selection of woodworking clamps. Top: Pipe clamp; Upper row: F-clamp or bar clamp, one-handed bar clamp ("Quick Grip"), wooden handscrew; Lower row: spring clamp, C-clamp (G-clamp ), wooden cam clamp
A push-pull toggle clamp
Operation of a latch clamp
These clamps (or cramps) are used to position components temporarily for various tasks:
Cardellini clamp – jaw-style clamp that clamps onto round, square, or rectangular tubing; or onto flat objects, such as dimensional lumber or plywood sheets—to mount motion picture lights, or grip equipment such as gobo heads
C-clamp (also G-clamp or G-cramp) (lower centre in the photo)
Flooring clamp A carpenter's clamp used to cramp up floorboards prior to fixing.