Tate County
Tate County Courthouse, 201 S. Ward St., Senatobia
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°39′N 89°56′W / 34.65°N 89.94°W / 34.65; -89.94
Country United States
State Mississippi
Founded1873
SeatSenatobia
Largest citySenatobia
Area
 • Total411 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Land405 sq mi (1,050 km2)
 • Water6.2 sq mi (16 km2)  1.5%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total28,886
 • Estimate 
(2018)
28,759
 • Density70/sq mi (27/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st

Tate County is a county located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,886.[1] Its county seat is Senatobia.[2] Organized in 1873 during the Reconstruction era, from portions of DeSoto, Marshall, and Tunica counties, the county is named for Thomas Simpson Tate, one of the first prominent American settlers of the area.

Tate County is part of the Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located about 40 miles (64 km) south of Memphis and one county east of the Mississippi River. This fertile river valley was developed for cotton cultivation in the 19th century.

History

As it was developed for cotton culture in the antebellum years, planters in the county depended on the labor of enslaved African Americans. Blacks comprised a majority of the population for many decades. After Reconstruction, whites sometimes enforced their dominance through political intimidation or violence against blacks.

In 1932, a deputy sheriff and son of County Sheriff C.A. Williams, was allegedly shot by a black man, Jesse Williams. Sheriff Williams illegally organized a posse and murdered at least five and possibly as many as seven black people, family members of a man known as "Judge" Crawford. A month later Jesse Williams was caught, "tried" and lynched by hanging. No charges were ever considered against the sheriff or lynch mob.[3]

Geography

Map of Tate County
Map of Tate County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 405 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 6.2 square miles (16 km2) (1.5%) is water.[4] It is the third-smallest county in Mississippi by land area.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188018,721
189019,2532.8%
190020,6187.1%
191019,714−4.4%
192019,636−0.4%
193017,671−10.0%
194019,3099.3%
195018,011−6.7%
196018,1380.7%
197018,5442.2%
198020,1198.5%
199021,4326.5%
200025,37018.4%
201028,88613.9%
2018 (est.)28,759[5]−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census

Tate County Racial Composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White 18,019 64.21%
Black or African American 8,231 29.33%
Native American 52 0.19%
Asian 63 0.22%
Pacific Islander 1 0.0%
Other/Mixed 893 3.18%
Hispanic or Latino 805 2.87%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 28,064 people, 10,324 households, and 7,580 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 25,370 people, 8,850 households, and 6,717 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 people per square mile (24/km2). There were 9,354 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.84% White, 31.02% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,850 households, out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.10% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.18.

As of 2000, the county's population was spread out, with 27.10% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,836, and the median income for a family was $41,423. Males had a median income of $33,064 versus $21,154 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,154. About 10.60% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 21.10% of those age 65 or over.


Communities

City

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Tate County, Mississippi[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,707 66.50% 4,183 31.95% 203 1.55%
2016 7,495 64.46% 3,926 33.77% 206 1.77%
2012 7,332 59.10% 4,933 39.76% 141 1.14%
2008 7,678 60.09% 5,003 39.15% 97 0.76%
2004 6,760 60.54% 4,347 38.93% 60 0.54%
2000 5,148 59.22% 3,441 39.58% 104 1.20%
1996 3,694 50.40% 3,195 43.59% 441 6.02%
1992 4,196 50.13% 3,519 42.04% 656 7.84%
1988 4,553 61.12% 2,872 38.56% 24 0.32%
1984 4,677 61.89% 2,846 37.66% 34 0.45%
1980 3,343 45.38% 3,892 52.84% 131 1.78%
1976 2,497 38.80% 3,747 58.22% 192 2.98%
1972 3,966 75.74% 1,151 21.98% 119 2.27%
1968 605 13.22% 1,162 25.39% 2,810 61.39%
1964 2,390 89.41% 283 10.59% 0 0.00%
1960 241 13.60% 686 38.71% 845 47.69%
1956 171 9.78% 1,414 80.85% 164 9.38%
1952 387 19.72% 1,575 80.28% 0 0.00%
1948 16 1.13% 199 14.09% 1,197 84.77%
1944 29 1.95% 1,455 98.05% 0 0.00%
1940 3 0.19% 1,609 99.81% 0 0.00%
1936 7 0.64% 1,088 99.36% 0 0.00%
1932 9 0.90% 986 99.00% 1 0.10%
1928 42 3.19% 1,274 96.81% 0 0.00%
1924 6 0.59% 1,002 98.82% 6 0.59%
1920 117 11.65% 876 87.25% 11 1.10%
1916 18 1.64% 1,074 97.73% 7 0.64%
1912 23 3.26% 612 86.81% 70 9.93%


Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Entire Black Family Murdered In Unsuccessful Manhunt (1932)". Archived from the original on June 4, 2019. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 6, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°39′N 89°56′W / 34.65°N 89.94°W / 34.65; -89.94