Adams County
The Adams County Courthouse at 201 South Wall Street in Natchez was built in 1821 and enlarged in 1925.
The Adams County Courthouse at 201 South Wall Street in Natchez was built in 1821 and enlarged in 1925.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Adams County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°29′N 91°21′W / 31.48°N 91.35°W / 31.48; -91.35
Country United States
State Mississippi
Founded1799
Named forJohn Adams
SeatNatchez
Largest cityNatchez
Area
 • Total488 sq mi (1,260 km2)
 • Land462 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Water25 sq mi (60 km2)  5.2%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total32,297
 • Estimate 
(2018)
31,192
 • Density66/sq mi (26/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.adamscountyms.net
Stone wall provides protection to Natchez, Mississippi from the Mississippi River.
Stone wall provides protection to Natchez, Mississippi from the Mississippi River.
A portion of the historic Natchez City Cemetery in Adams County
A portion of the historic Natchez City Cemetery in Adams County

Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,297.[1] The county seat is Natchez.[2]

The county is the first to have been organized in the former Mississippi Territory. It is named for the second President of the United States, John Adams, who held that office when the county was organized in 1799. Adams County is part of the Natchez micropolitan area which consists of Adams County, Mississippi and Concordia Parish, Louisiana.

History

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Adams County was created on April 2, 1799, from part of Pickering Territorial County. The county was organized eighteen years before Mississippi became a state. Four Mississippi governors have come from Adams County: David Holmes, George Poindexter, John A. Quitman, and Gerard Brandon.

In 1860, before the US Civil War, Adams County was the richest county in the United States.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 462 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (5.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18004,660
181010,002114.6%
182012,07620.7%
183014,93723.7%
184019,43430.1%
185018,601−4.3%
186020,1658.4%
187019,084−5.4%
188022,64918.7%
189026,03114.9%
190030,11115.7%
191025,265−16.1%
192022,183−12.2%
193023,5646.2%
194027,23815.6%
195032,25618.4%
196037,73017.0%
197037,293−1.2%
198038,0352.0%
199035,356−7.0%
200034,340−2.9%
201032,297−5.9%
2018 (est.)31,192[5]−3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Adams County[10]
Age pyramid Adams County[10]

2020 census

Adams County Racial Composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White 10,926 36.99%
Black or African American 16,709 56.57%
Native American 56 0.19%
Asian 165 0.56%
Pacific Islander 7 0.02%
Other/Mixed 663 2.24%
Hispanic or Latino 1,012 3.43%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 29,538 people, 11,237 households, and 6,650 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,297 people living in the county. 53.5% were Black or African American, 42.7% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 6.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 34,340 people, 13,677 households, and 9,409 families living in the county. The population density was 75 people per square mile (29/km2).

There were 15,175 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 52.76% Black or African American, 46.04% White, 0.14% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,677 households, out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 21.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,234, and the median income for a family was $29,591. Males had a median income of $30,260 versus $20,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,778. About 22.90% of families and 25.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.80% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over.


Education

Alcorn State University, a historically black college that was designated as a land-grant institution, has its School of Business and School of Nursing at Natchez. The School of Business offers Masters of Business Administration degree and some undergraduate classes at the School of Business, Natchez campus. Adjacent to the Natchez campus of Alcorn State University is Copiah-Lincoln Community College.

Economy

Adams County Correctional Center, a private prison operated by the Corrections Corporation of America on behalf of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, is in an unincorporated area in the county.[13]

Top employers

The top employers of Adams County are as follows:
1. Natchez-Adams School District (620)
2. Merit Health Natchez (425)
3. Adams County Correctional Center (380)
4. Walmart (365)
5. City of Natchez (275)
6. Magnolia Bluffs Casino (250)
7. Jordan Carriers (250)
8. Supermarket Operations (250)
9. Adams County Government (220)
10. Energy Drilling (220)

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Politics

United States presidential election results for Adams County, Mississippi[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,696 41.40% 7,917 57.54% 146 1.06%
2016 5,874 42.45% 7,757 56.06% 205 1.48%
2012 6,293 40.74% 9,061 58.66% 93 0.60%
2008 6,566 41.83% 9,021 57.47% 109 0.69%
2004 6,996 45.20% 8,423 54.42% 60 0.39%
2000 6,691 44.97% 8,065 54.20% 123 0.83%
1996 5,378 37.29% 8,218 56.99% 825 5.72%
1992 5,831 36.73% 8,255 51.99% 1,791 11.28%
1988 8,116 50.74% 7,732 48.34% 146 0.91%
1984 9,440 54.32% 7,849 45.17% 89 0.51%
1980 7,523 48.97% 7,228 47.05% 612 3.98%
1976 6,431 46.40% 6,619 47.75% 811 5.85%
1972 8,500 67.16% 3,697 29.21% 460 3.63%
1968 1,475 10.93% 5,214 38.62% 6,812 50.46%
1964 5,900 84.37% 1,093 15.63% 0 0.00%
1960 1,227 23.57% 1,452 27.90% 2,526 48.53%
1956 1,664 40.64% 1,279 31.24% 1,151 28.11%
1952 2,372 58.29% 1,697 41.71% 0 0.00%
1948 95 4.32% 71 3.23% 2,034 92.45%
1944 282 14.69% 1,638 85.31% 0 0.00%
1940 166 8.15% 1,869 91.80% 1 0.05%
1936 124 6.67% 1,732 93.12% 4 0.22%
1932 384 21.11% 1,420 78.06% 15 0.82%
1928 840 38.59% 1,337 61.41% 0 0.00%
1924 304 26.30% 836 72.32% 16 1.38%
1920 114 15.02% 642 84.58% 3 0.40%
1916 42 5.88% 671 93.98% 1 0.14%
1912 31 4.06% 491 64.35% 241 31.59%


Adams County, typical of other counties in the Solid South, was heavily Democratic during the first half of the 20th century. After supporting Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond in 1948, it began to lean more Republican, and remained that way until the 1980s. Since 1992, Adams County has returned to the Democratic fold.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Southern economics". inside.sfuhs.org. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ "Adams County Correctional Center." Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved on June 28, 2016. "20 Hobo Fork Road, Natchez, MS 39120"
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 15, 2016.

Sources

Coordinates: 31°29′N 91°21′W / 31.48°N 91.35°W / 31.48; -91.35