Yazoo County
Postcard. Ricks Memorial Library in Yazoo City.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Yazoo County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°47′N 90°24′W / 32.78°N 90.4°W / 32.78; -90.4
Country United States
State Mississippi
FoundedJanuary 21, 1823
Named forYazoo River
SeatYazoo City
Largest cityYazoo City
Area
 • Total934 sq mi (2,420 km2)
 • Land923 sq mi (2,390 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total26,743
 • Density29/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
39039, 39040, 39088, 39095, 39146, 39162, 39179, 39194
Area code662
Congressional district2nd
Websiteyazoocounty.net

Yazoo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2020 census, the population was 26,743.[1] The county seat is Yazoo City.[2] It is named for the Yazoo River, which forms its western border. Its name is said to come from a Choctaw language word meaning "River of Death".[3][4]

History

The area which is now Yazoo County was acquired by the State of Mississippi from the Choctaw Indians in 1820. Yazoo County was established on January 21, 1823. It was the 19th county established in the State of Mississippi, and remains the largest in area. It was developed for cotton plantations, which lined the major river to have transportation access.

The first county seat was at Beatties Bluff. As population increased, In 1829 the county seat was moved to Benton. In 1849 the county seat was moved again, to Yazoo City, where it remains.

Yazoo County was a battlefield in 1863 and 1864 during the American Civil War. After the war, whites committed violence against freedmen to assert their dominance. Such violence continued after Reconstruction. In the period from 1877 to 1950, Yazoo County had 18 documented lynchings of African Americans.[5] Most occurred around the turn of the 20th century, as part of white imposition of Jim Crow conditions and suppression of black voting.

In 1900 a railroad disaster killed engineer Casey Jones; it took place in Yazoo County just north of Vaughan. The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 did much damage in Yazoo County.

It experienced two accidents relating to carbon dioxide pipelines owned by Denbury Resources. In 2011, a pipeline had a "blowout" in Tinsley, Mississippi, causing the sickening of one worker and killing deer, fish and birds.[6] In 2020, a pipeline ruptured less than half a mile from Satartia. More than 300 people were evacuated and 46 hospitalized with carbon dioxide poisoning.[7][8][9]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 934 square miles (2,420 km2), of which 923 square miles (2,390 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.2%) is water.[10] It is the largest county in Mississippi by land area and third-largest by total area.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18306,550
184010,48060.0%
185014,41837.6%
186022,37355.2%
187017,279−22.8%
188033,84595.9%
189036,3947.5%
190043,94820.8%
191046,6726.2%
192037,149−20.4%
193037,2620.3%
194040,0917.6%
195035,712−10.9%
196031,653−11.4%
197027,304−13.7%
198027,3490.2%
199025,506−6.7%
200028,14910.4%
201028,065−0.3%
202026,743−4.7%
2023 (est.)25,796[11]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010-2013[16]
Age pyramid Yazoo County[17]

2020 census

Yazoo County Racial Composition[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White 9,184 34.34%
Black or African American 15,812 59.13%
Native American 50 0.19%
Asian 115 0.43%
Pacific Islander 6 0.02%
Other/Mixed 500 1.87%
Hispanic or Latino 1,076 4.02%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 26,743 people, 8,542 households, and 5,203 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,065 people living in the county. 57.1% were Black or African American, 40.0% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 4.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 28,149 people, 9,178 households, and 6,644 families living in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12 people/km2). There were 10,015 housing units at an average density of 11 units per square mile (4.2 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 53.96% Black or African American, 44.74% White, 0.20% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 4.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

35.60% of the 9,178 households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.20% were married couples living together, 23.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males (boys). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,795, and the median income for a family was $29,395. Males had a median income of $28,553 versus $19,797 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,062. About 25.40% of families and 31.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.90% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

Airport

Yazoo County Airport is located in an unincorporated area in Yazoo County,[20] 2 miles (3.2 km) west of central Yazoo City.[21]

Education

Politics

United States presidential election results for Yazoo County, Mississippi[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,832 46.30% 5,496 52.66% 108 1.03%
2016 4,598 45.66% 5,369 53.32% 103 1.02%
2012 4,941 42.52% 6,603 56.82% 76 0.65%
2008 5,290 46.09% 6,116 53.29% 71 0.62%
2004 5,672 51.62% 5,013 45.63% 302 2.75%
2000 5,254 49.96% 4,997 47.52% 265 2.52%
1996 4,152 44.49% 4,754 50.94% 427 4.58%
1992 5,113 47.58% 4,880 45.42% 752 7.00%
1988 5,538 48.03% 4,989 43.27% 1,003 8.70%
1984 6,275 54.99% 5,037 44.14% 100 0.88%
1980 4,819 45.90% 5,468 52.09% 211 2.01%
1976 4,255 50.23% 4,053 47.85% 163 1.92%
1972 5,555 72.58% 2,008 26.23% 91 1.19%
1968 958 11.89% 2,163 26.84% 4,939 61.28%
1964 4,801 95.92% 204 4.08% 0 0.00%
1960 778 23.29% 715 21.41% 1,847 55.30%
1956 370 11.98% 911 29.50% 1,807 58.52%
1952 1,683 49.72% 1,702 50.28% 0 0.00%
1948 26 1.09% 70 2.93% 2,297 95.99%
1944 78 3.28% 2,301 96.72% 0 0.00%
1940 45 1.85% 2,390 98.15% 0 0.00%
1936 17 0.79% 2,141 99.07% 3 0.14%
1932 24 1.19% 1,995 98.57% 5 0.25%
1928 112 5.23% 2,029 94.77% 0 0.00%
1924 57 4.06% 1,348 95.94% 0 0.00%
1920 46 4.57% 948 94.14% 13 1.29%
1916 25 2.12% 1,146 97.28% 7 0.59%
1912 7 0.75% 887 94.97% 40 4.28%

Communities

Cities

Town

Villages

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Popular culture

Yazoo County, Mississippi has been featured in an Independent Lens series documenting bullying.[24]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Yazoo County, Mississippi". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 15, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Seale, Lea Leslie (1939). Indian Place-Names in Mississippi (Thesis). Louisiana State University. p. 211. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  4. ^ Johnson's (revised) Universal Cyclopaedia. 1886.
  5. ^ Lynching in America, 3rd edition Archived October 23, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Supplement by County, p. 6
  6. ^ Zegart, Dan (August 26, 2021). "Gassing Satartia: How A CO2 Pipeline Explosion Affected This Mississippi Town". HuffPost. Retrieved February 12, 2024.
  7. ^ China Lee (February 23, 2020). "Evacuated families allowed back home after large gas leak in Yazoo Co". WLBT.
  8. ^ Sanya Mansour (February 23, 2020). "Hundreds Evacuated, Dozens Hospitalized After Gas Pipe Rupture in Mississippi". Time.
  9. ^ Zegart, Dan (August 26, 2021). "Gassing Satartia: How A CO2 Pipeline Explosion Affected This Mississippi Town". HuffPost. Retrieved February 12, 2024.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2024.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  16. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  17. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for 87I PDF - Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  21. ^ Jeter, Lynne W. "Airports an advantage when it comes to site selection." Mississippi Business Journal. March 26, 2001. Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
  22. ^ a b "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Yazoo County, MS" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 1, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022. - Text list - 2010 Map, 2010 text list
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
  24. ^ "INDEPENDENT LENS: Bully". Public Broadcasting System. October 9, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2015.

Further reading

32°47′N 90°24′W / 32.78°N 90.40°W / 32.78; -90.40