January/February 2007 issue
EditorMichael Lerner
PublisherDuke University Press
Founded 1986 (1986-month)
CountryUnited States
Based inBerkeley, California

Tikkun is a quarterly interfaith Jewish left-progressive magazine and website, published in the United States, that analyzes American and Israeli culture, politics, religion, and history in the English language. The magazine has consistently published the work of Israeli and Palestinian left-wing intellectuals, but also included book and music reviews, personal essays, and poetry. In 2006 and 2011, the magazine was awarded the Independent Press Award for Best Spiritual Coverage by Utne Reader[2][3] for its analysis of the inability of many progressives to understand people's yearning for faith, and the American fundamentalists' political influence on the international conflict among religious zealots. The magazine was founded in 1986[4][5] by Michael Lerner and his then-wife Nan Fink Gefen. Since 2012, its publisher is Duke University Press. Beyt Tikkun Synagogue, led by Rabbi Michael Lerner, is loosely affiliated with Tikkun magazine. It describes itself as a "hallachic community bound by Jewish law".[6]

Origin and meaning of the name

The magazine's title comes from mystical Hebrew concept tikkun olam (Hebrew: תיקון עולם; "healing or restoring the world"), emphasizing both humanity's and God's co-responsibility "to heal, repair and transform the world".


Initially, Nan Fink Gefen, at the time married to Lerner, devoted financial resources and served as a hands-on publisher until she left as their marriage ended in 1991.[7][8] In 1997 a fellow 1960s-activist Danny Goldberg, a major music industry figure heavily involved in the ACLU, became co-publisher with his father, Victor. During these years, prominent journalists such as Jack Newfield interviewed national and international leaders such as Mario Cuomo and Haiti's embattled President Aristide to bring more credibility to the growing influence of the magazine. From 2001 through 2010, Lerner's sister, Trish Vradenburg, and her husband George Vradenburg served as co-publishers.[9][10][11]

In April 2024, the magazine announced its closing due to a lack of funding, and the poor health of its founder Michael Lerner, who could not find a successor.[12]

Editorial policy

Founded in 1986, the magazine's editorial policy was shaped by Nan Fink Gefen, Michael Lerner, and Peter Gabel. According to the founding editorial statement,[13] political concerns of the 1960s civil rights, anti-war, and feminist movements and psychological studies of workers in the 1970s and 1980s were their most direct influences. Among authors who contributed to the magazine's interfaith character were the historian Christopher Lasch, philosopher Cornel West, and Harvey Cox of Harvard Divinity School.

Obliquely confronting more conservative American Jewish community's Commentary Magazine, which caused some members of the Editorial Board, including Elie Wiesel, to resign,[14][15] the magazine introduced itself with prominent ads placed in leading intellectual papers and journals declaring a new voice for the Jewish Left. Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel's legacy of "prophetic" Jewish activism has been honored and analyzed from the first issue onward. In every issue, it is stated that its articles "do not necessarily reflect Tikkun's position on any issue",[16] and its editor, Rabbi Michael Lerner, has written that he "often consciously seeks to print articles with which he disagrees".[17]

Network of Spiritual Progressives

In 2001 the magazine's interfaith activist community's website, the Network of Spiritual Progressives, initially named the Tikkun Community, was established by founders that include Sister Joan Chittister, a Benedictine nun, and Cornel West, a Princeton University professor of religion, in order to engage readers in broader activism and broaden the magazine's appeal to non-Jewish readers.[18] Challenging the anti-religious and anti-spiritual biases within liberal culture and "replacing world domination with generosity" are among the ideas that are supported by the community.


In her book, If I Am Not For Myself: The Liberal Betrayal of the Jews, American conservative author Ruth Wisse argues that Tikkun is one of a group of left-of-center Jewish organizations and publications founded in the 1980s without explaining why a new, Jewish publication was needed to cover issues already covered by such existing publications as Dissent. Wisse argues that the actual motivation was a need felt by highly educated Jews to counter rising antisemitism on the left by means of "public avowals of kindliness and liberalism."[19]

Accusations of antisemitism

In 2005 Manfred Gerstenfeld cited an article published by TikkunJoel Kovel’s "On Left Anti-Semitism and the Special Status of Israel" (May/June 2003) — as one of two examples of "essays of Jewish authors using anti-Semitic arguments".[20] In his article, Kovel described Israel as a racist state that "automatically generates crimes against humanity and lacks the internal means of correcting them", adding that such a state "cannot have that legitimacy which gives it the right to exist".[21]

In a 2006 column, Alan Dershowitz wrote that "Tikkun is quickly becoming the most virulently anti-Israel screed ever published under Jewish auspices" and that "support for Tikkun is support for the enemies of Israel".[22] Dershowitz and his books have been the targets of criticism in the pages of Tikkun (for example: May/June 1997, September/October 1997, November/December 1997, January/February 1999).

Improprieties regarding letters to the editor

In 1997 former Tikkun editors accused Lerner of publishing pseudonymous letters to the editor that he himself had written. While many of the letters were laudatory ("Your editorial stand on Iraq said publicly what many of us in the Israeli peace camp are feeling privately but dare not say."), a few were critical ("Have you gone off your rocker?"). Lerner admitted that he had written the letters but said his only mistake was not informing readers that the authors' names were pseudonyms.[23]


Notable contributors have included Sidra DeKoven Ezrahi,[24] Everett Gendler,[25] Arthur Waskow,[26] and Jeremy Ben-Ami.[27]

Notable interviews


Tikkun won the Magazine of the Year: Overall Excellence award from the Religion Newswriters Association in 2014 and 2015.[32][33][34] The magazine also received the Simon Rockower Award for Excellence in Special Sections or Supplements in 2009.[35]


  1. ^ Jonathan Mark (March 14, 2011). "A Liberal Lion In Autumn". Jewish Week. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  2. ^ "Spiritual Coverage: Tikkun". Utne Reader. January–February 2007. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2016. In November, Rabbi Michael Lerner's erudite rejoinder to the religious right released Tikkun Reader: Twentieth Anniversary (Rowman & Littlefield) to showcase memorable essays from the bimonthly magazine's all-star cast of contributors
  3. ^ "Winners of the 2011 Utne Independent Press Awards". Utne Reader. April 12, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2016. Illuminated by the Jewish faith but accessible to all, Tikkun aims to 'mend, repair and transform the world'
  4. ^ Joseph Berger (December 21, 1986). "New Liberal Jewish Magazine Aims Fire at Commentary and Stirs Internal Protests". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  5. ^ Steve Black (2009). "Life spans of Library Journal's "Best Magazines of the Year"". Serials Review. 35 (4): 213–217. doi:10.1080/00987913.2009.10765248. S2CID 60969160.
  6. ^ "Founding Perspective" (PDF). Beyt Tikkun. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 2, 2008. Retrieved February 6, 2008.
  7. ^ "Tikkun Magazine – Nan Fink Gefen". Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  8. ^ STRANGER IN THE MIDST | Kirkus Reviews.
  9. ^ "Be Trish". UsAgainstAlzheimer's Action. July 6, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  10. ^ Roberts, Sam (April 19, 2017). "Trish Vradenburg, Crusader Against Alzheimer's, Dies at 70". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  11. ^ "Trish Vradenburg z'l 1946–2017: In Memorium". read.dukeupress.edu. Retrieved April 4, 2023.
  12. ^ https://jweekly.com/2024/04/10/tikkun-magazine-to-close-after-nearly-40-years/
  13. ^ Tikkun 5 Year Anthology edited by Michael Lerner. Tikkun Books. 1992. ISBN 978-0935933031.
  14. ^ "A variety of perspectives on Elie Wiesel - Tikkun". www.tikkun.org. July 4, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  15. ^ Goren, Biranit (July 13, 2016). "Critics Still Targeting Wiesel". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  16. ^ "Disclaimer". Tikkun. p. 4.
  17. ^ "Ask the Rabbi". Archived from the original on December 31, 2006. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
  18. ^ "History". The Network of Spiritual Progressives. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  19. ^ Wisse, Ruth (1992). If I Am Not For Myself: The Liberal Betrayal of the Jews, pp. 29 ff. Free Press.
  20. ^ Gerstenfeld, Manfred (March 1, 2005). "Jews against Israel". Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
  21. ^ Joel Kovel (May–June 2003). "On Left anti-Semitism and the Special Status of Israel". Tikkun. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
  22. ^ Alan Dershowitz (October 20, 2006). "The accusation: 'Moral pervert' hit piece shouldn't have been spread". The Jewish News Weekly of Northern California. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
  23. ^ Leslie Katz (March 21, 1997). "Tikkun editor calls letter-writing policy 'a mistake'". Jewish News Weekly of Northern California. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  24. ^ "A Great Yearning Fills Them All…". read.dukeupress.edu. Retrieved April 4, 2023.
  25. ^ "Everett Gendler - Tikkun". www.tikkun.org. Retrieved April 4, 2023.
  26. ^ "Rabbi Arthur Waskow - Tikkun". www.tikkun.org. Retrieved April 4, 2023.
  27. ^ "The New Zionist Imperative Is to Tell Israel the Truth". read.dukeupress.edu. Retrieved April 4, 2023.
  28. ^ "Interview with Noam Chomsky - Tikkun". www.tikkun.org. July 19, 2021. Retrieved May 2, 2023.
  29. ^ "Interview with Ehud Barak (former Prime Minister of Israel) and Steve Zunes' response - Tikkun". www.tikkun.org. June 10, 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2023.
  30. ^ "October 1 - 15, 2005 Global News Monitor - Prevent Genocide International". www.preventgenocide.org. Retrieved May 2, 2023.
  31. ^ Judis, John (October 3, 2007). "Moran Down: The Groups Who Cried Anti-Semitism". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved May 9, 2023.
  32. ^ "2014 RNA Contest Winners". Religion News Association. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  33. ^ "2015 RNA Contest Winners". Religion News Association. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  34. ^ "Tikkun cited for best religion coverage". J. The Jewish News of Northern California. October 2, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  35. ^ "AJPA - 2009 Competition". www.ajpa.org. Retrieved June 12, 2023.