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Jewish Institute for National Security of America
JINSA.svg
AbbreviationJINSA
Formation1976; 46 years ago (1976)
TypeNational security think tank
Headquarters1101 14th Street, NW
Location
Chairman
David P. Steinmann
Budget
Revenue: $3,491,593
Expenses: $3,496,342
(FYE December 2014)[1]
WebsiteJinsa.org

The Jewish Institute for National Security of America (JINSA), formerly named the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs,[2] is a Washington, D.C.-based, non-profit and pro-Israeli lobby and think-tank.[3][4] It was founded in 1976 focusing on issues of national security, advocating that Israel can play an important role in bolstering democracy. It claims it has a membership of 20,000.[5]

JINSA's stated aim is to:[6]

Provide leadership and affect policy on crucial issues of national security and foreign policy; to promote American security cooperation with like-minded allies including, but not limited to, Israel; to engage the American defense community about the role Israel can and does play in securing Western, democratic interests in the Middle East and Mediterranean regions; and to improve awareness in the general public, as well as in the Jewish community of the importance of a strong American defense capability.

JINSA's advisory board includes former United States Senators Joe Lieberman (I-CT) and Rudy Boschwitz (R-MN), General James T. Conway, and Chief William J. McSweeney of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, while Vice President Dick Cheney, former National Security Advisor and former U.S. Representative to the United Nations John Bolton, and former Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Douglas Feith were all on JINSA's Board of Advisors before they entered the Bush administration. JINSA is a non-partisan organization welcoming advisors from both major political parties. It includes Democrats such as former Congressman Dave McCurdy and former Congresswoman Shelley Berkley.[7]

Foreign policy positions

The Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy

JINSA's Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy is JINSA's policy center. Opened in 2013, the Gemunder Center performs research and advocacy on U.S. defense, strategic and general national security issues. The center's policy projects include:

Other policy recommendations

JINSA's policy recommendations for the U.S. government have included:

JINSA supported President George W. Bush's policies in two regards, advocating the need for regime change in Iraq, cultivating close ties with Ahmed Chalabi.[9] and supporting American funding for opposition groups in Iran.[10]

JINSA has supported Azerbaijan in its war against Armenia as a means to weaken Iran. JINSA president Michael Makovsky has stated in a conversation with the Azerbaijani ambassador to the United States: "Whatever it’s worth, at JINSA, we believe that America has stronger strategic ties with Azerbaijan."[11]

Programs

Generals and Admirals Program to Israel

One of JINSA's most important programs is to invite, with the assistance of the Pentagon and the U.S. Department of State, retired U.S. senior military officers to Israel.[citation needed] The Generals and Admirals Program includes meetings with Israeli political and military leaders.

More than 200 retired admirals and generals, including Shock and Awe theorist Adm. Leon "Bud" Edney, USN, Lt. Gen. Jay Garner, USA, Maj. Gen. David L. Grange, USA, Maj. Gen. Jarvis Lynch, USMC, Maj. Gen. Sidney Shachnow, USA, Adm. Leighton "Snuffy" Smith, USN, Adm. Carlisle Trost, USN and Brig. Gen. Thomas E. White, USA, have participated in the trips over the last 21 years. Participation in the program makes no requirements of the invitees to make statements, form opinions or maintain any further relationship with JINSA, yet many trip alums have participated more than once, and 50 past participants co-authored a statement on violence in the Palestinian-controlled territories that appeared in the New York Times in October 2000.[citation needed]

Jason Vest, writing in left-leaning The Nation,[12] describes the program this way:

The bulk of JINSA's modest annual budget is spent on taking a bevy of retired US generals and admirals to Israel, where JINSA facilitates meetings between Israeli officials and the still-influential US flag officers, who, upon their return to the States, happily write op-eds and sign letters and advertisements championing the Likudnik line.

Other retired flag grade U.S. military officers recruited by JINSA include: Lt. Gen. Anthony Burshnick (USAF), Gen. Crosbie Saint (USA), Maj. Gen. Lee Downer (USAF), Gen. John Foss (USA), Adm. David Jeremiah (USN), Adm. Jerome Johnson (USN), and Rear Adm. Sumner Shapiro (USN).

Military Academies Program

In Israel, the JINSA Military Academies Program is a two-week program for cadets and midshipmen attending the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. The program builds bridges for future associations between the U.S. Armed Forces and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). At each academy, participants are selected in a competitive process by supervising faculty and receive academic credit for the program.[citation needed]

During the course of the program, the cadets and midshipmen engage in activities and discussions with young Israeli military officers, highlighting the role of the military in democratic countries, and similarities and differences in officer development. In the process, they visit six IDF bases. The cadets and midshipmen also meet with experts from academia, think tanks, and the private sector to receive briefings covering a broad spectrum of subjects related to security, society, and contemporary life in Israel. They also learn about the Israel's history and current events in the Middle East.[citation needed]

The program also includes activities designed to introduce the cadets and midshipmen to the many cultures that make up Israeli society, and organize visits to historic and religious sites.[13]

Homeland Security Program

In 2002 JINSA initiated a program called LEEP (Law Enforcement Exchange Program) aimed at exchanging counter-terrorism experience and tactics between U.S. law enforcement agencies and their counterparts in the Israeli National Police.[14] The primary focus of the program is to bring U.S. law enforcement executives (police chiefs, sheriffs, etc.) to Israel for an intensive program aimed at educating U.S. officials on techniques for countering domestic terrorism in the United States.[15] From 2002 to 2020 over 200 U.S. federal, state, county and municipal law enforcement executives have been enrolled in the program, involving visits to Israel, together with thousands of US security personnel attending conferences where visiting Israeli experts have spoken.[16] According to Max Blumenthal in his book The Management of Savagery, JINSA has claimed that it has overseen the training of over 9,000 US police officials by Israeli-led experts.[17] Blumenthal cited one US enforcement superintendent in 2004 these exchanges changed the way Homeland Security was being organized in New Jersey.[17] The US-Israeli anthropologist, Jeff Halper co-founder of ICAHD and supporter of the BDS movement, in an article for Mondoweiss criticized these programmes, as based on military techniques developed to control the Palestinians in the Israeli occupied territories, as threatening to lead to an 'Israelization' of American police forces and a concomitant 'Palestinization' of the American people.[14]

Publications

JINSA presents a Distinguished Service Award in honor of U.S. Senator Henry M. Jackson.
JINSA presents a Distinguished Service Award in honor of U.S. Senator Henry M. Jackson.

JINSA publishes U.S. policy-related publications including the semi-annual political magazine Journal of International Security Affairs. From 2016 the magazine became a free publication.[18] For 22 years, JINSA published Security Affairs - a monthly newsletter. Apart from magazines and newsletters, the institute also publishes conference proceedings and monographs. In 2004, JINSA published a reference book: Profiles in Terror: A Guide to Middle East Terrorist Organizations by Aaron Mannes.

Awards

Each fall, JINSA presents an annual Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson Distinguished Service Award,[19] named in honor of the late-Senator Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson to U.S. government leaders (generally a senior U.S. Government or Armed Forces official, a Senator or two Members of the United States House of Representatives) for their career dedication to U.S. national security. Past honorees have included:

In addition, beginning in 2003, JINSA has honored six enlisted representatives of the U.S. Armed Services and U.S. Special Operations Command, each selected by their respective services, with the "Grateful Nation Award" for duty that, while exemplary, might otherwise go unrecognized.[citation needed]

History

Founded in 1976 as a result of the lessons learned from the 1973 Yom Kippur War, JINSA communicates with the national security establishment and the general public to explain the role Israel can and does play in bolstering American interests, and the link between American defense policy and the security of Israel. JINSA's founding, according to Jason Vest, was prompted by "neoconservatives concerned that the United States might not be able to provide Israel with adequate military supplies in the event of another Arab-Israeli war."[12]

In the late 1980s, JINSA underwent a profound repurposing of mission which, although retaining the interest in maintaining and strengthening the U.S.–Israeli defense relationship, widened its focus to general U.S. defense and foreign policy, with missions and meetings with national leaders and officials Ethiopia, Belgium, South Korea, India, Bulgaria, Italy, the Republic of China, Uzbekistan, Costa Rica, Spain, Eritrea, Jordan, the People's Republic of China, Hungary, United Kingdom and Germany.[citation needed]

JINSA, a charitable 501(c)(3) organization, maintains a staunchly non-partisan stance in its official policies and statements.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jewish Institute for National Security of America" (PDF). Foundation Center. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Jewish Institute for National Security of America". LegiStorm. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  3. ^ John Mearsheimer, Stephen Walt, The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy, Penguin Books 2007 pp.117,130-1,176
  4. ^ Dan Fleshler, Transforming America's Israel Lobby: The Limits of Its Power and the Potential for Change, Potomac Books 2011 ISBN 978-1-597-97624-4 p.142
  5. ^ Fleshler 2011, p.69
  6. ^ About JINSA
  7. ^ JINSA Board of Advisors
  8. ^ Harkov, Lahav. (6 December 2019). "Netanyahu, Pompeo push forward with US-Israel defense pact." Jerusalem Post website Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  9. ^ Mearsheimer and Walt 2007 p.252
  10. ^ Mearsheimer and Walt 2007 p.293
  11. ^ "Azerbaijan makes its case to pro-Israel Americans". 12 October 2020.
  12. ^ a b Jason Vest, [1], The Nation, September 2, 2002
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-01. Retrieved 2016-02-09.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ a b Halper, Jeff (19 June 2020). "Israelizing the American police, Palestinianizing the American people". Mondoweiss.
  15. ^ 'JINSA Launches Law Enforcement Exchange,' JINSA 6 September 2002
  16. ^ Steven L. Pomerantz, 'I am the architect of the U.S.-Israel police exchange,' The Jewish Chronicle 1 July 2020.
  17. ^ a b Max Blumenthal The Management of Savagery: How America's National Security State Fueled the Rise of Al Qaeda, ISIS, and Donald Trump, Verso Books, 2019 ISBN 978-1-788-73228-4 p.118.
  18. ^ "Subscription No Longer Required". Security Affairs. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  19. ^ History of the Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson Distinguished Service Award; Jinsa website