WIBW
CityTopeka, Kansas
Broadcast areaTopeka metropolitan area
Frequency580 kHz
Branding580 WIBW
SloganThe Voice of Kansas, 580 WIBW
Programming
FormatTalk/Sports
AffiliationsCBS News Radio
Fox News Radio
Premiere Networks
Kansas City Royals Radio Network
Ownership
OwnerAlpha Media
(Alpha Media Licensee LLC)
KSAJ, KTPK, WIBW-FM
History
First air date
1925
Call sign meaning
None (sequentially assigned)[1]
Technical information
Facility ID63169
ClassB
Power5,000 watts
Translator(s)104.9 K285GL (Topeka)
Links
WebcastListen Live (via TuneIn)
Websitewibwnewsnow.com

WIBW (580 AM) is a commercial radio station in Topeka, Kansas. It is owned by Alpha Media and airs a talk and sports radio format. The studios and offices are on SW Executive Drive in Topeka.[2] The transmitter is off NW Landon Road in Silver Lake.[3]

WIBW is simulcast on 250 watt FM translator station K285GL at 104.9 MHz.[4]

Signal

WIBW transmits at 5,000 watts around the clock. A single non-directional tower is used during the day, and due to WIBW's low transmitting frequency, plus Kansas's flat terrain and excellent ground conductivity,[5] the station has an unusually large daytime coverage area, covering a majority of Kansas. "Local" coverage includes Topeka, Emporia, west central Missouri including the Kansas City metropolitan area, and lower southeastern Nebraska. "Distant" coverage includes most of southern and central Kansas, including Hays, Great Bend, and Wichita, as well as southwestern portions of Iowa. "Fringe" coverage extends as far west as Dodge City, plus portions of eight states in addition to Kansas, including Texas, Arkansas, Illinois, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Minnesota, Colorado, and New Mexico.[6]

At night a two-tower array directional antenna is used, which sends a majority of the signal westward, but still delivering a secondary signal to the Kansas City area.[7]

Programming

WIBW features both local and nationally syndicated talk shows. Weekdays begin with AG Issues, a morning agricultural and news show with Greg Akagi, Dan Johnson and Kelly Lenz. Middays feature national shows from Brian Kilmeade and Dave Ramsey. In afternoons, The Danielle Norwood Show is heard, followed by SportsTalk with Jake Lebahn, Dan Lucero and Brendan Dzwierzynski. Nights include a replay of Dave Ramsey along with Chad Benson. Coast to Coast AM with George Noory is heard overnight, with This Morning, America's First News with Gordon Deal airing before dawn. Weekends feature specialty shows on gardening, real estate and home repair. Most hours begin with world and national news from CBS Radio News, with state news coming from the Kansas State News Network.

The station features extensive coverage of local high school sports, as well as Kansas State University (KSU) athletics. WIBW is a network affiliate of the Kansas City Royals baseball team.

History

Early Years

On July 24, 1925, WIBW first signed on the air.[8] It was owned by Dr. Lawrence L. Dill of Logansport, Indiana.[9][10] Dill operated the station along with his business partner, Donald Harrell.[11]

In late 1926 the station was acquired by C. L. Carrell of Chicago, who converted it into a portable broadcasting station.[12] It joined a roster of seven stations controlled by Carrell. Portable stations could be transported from place-to-place on movable platforms such as trucks. These were generally hired out for a few weeks at a time to theaters, mostly located in small midwestern towns that didn't have their own radio stations, to be used for special programs broadcast to the local community. (Regulating "moving targets" proved difficult, so in May 1928 the Federal Radio Commission announced it was ending the licensing of portable facilities.)[13]

Station advertisement (1949)[14]
Station advertisement (1949)[14]

WIBW's time as a portable station was brief. In early February 1927 it began broadcasting from the Connor Hotel in Joplin, Missouri.[15] It was still under the management of Donald Harrell.[16] However, on Mother's Day, May 8, it began transmitting under the sponsorship of the Topeka Daily Capital from the Jayhawk Theatre.[17] The studios were located at Tenth and Kansas streets.[18] The debut program, organized by Y.M.C.A. secretary Lyle O. Armel, was described as a benefit for "Flood Sufferers Through Red Cross".[17]

On January 31, 1929 ownership was transferred from C. L. Carrell to the Topeka Broadcasting Association, Inc.[19] It was organized by United States Senator Arthur Capper, who also owned the Capital. Capper died in 1951. In 1957, his family sold the Daily Capital and WIBW AM-TV to Stauffer Publications, owner of Topeka's other newspaper, the Topeka State Journal. WIBW's main studios for decades were located on Wanamaker Road in west Topeka, near the Menninger Clinic.[20] The programming there included live country music at 6:00 a.m. as late as the 1970s. The building housing those studios was severely damaged by fire January 5, 2012.

TV and FM stations

Stauffer Publications added a television station in 1953, WIBW-TV 13. It was one of the earliest TV stations to go on the air in Kansas. Because WIBW Radio was a CBS affiliate, WIBW-TV primarily became a CBS-TV Network affiliate as well, although in its early days, it also carried programs from NBC, ABC and the DuMont Television Network.

In 1961, WIBW-FM signed on the air at 97.3 MHz. In its early days, it mostly simulcast AM 580. By the 1970s, it switched to album rock and later Top 40 hits, before going to country music in 1990. It moved to 94.5 MHz in 2002, to allow a new FM station to go on the air in the Kansas City radio market. In 1997, WIBW-AM-FM were acquired by Morris Communications with WIBW-TV bought by Gray Communications.[21] WIBW-AM-FM were acquired by Alpha Media in the 2010s.

Sharing Time

Beginning in 1929, WIBW was required to share time on 580 kHz with Kansas State University's radio station KSAC (later KKSU), broadcasting in Manhattan, Kansas. Under the terms of the shared time agreement, the university station was on the air during afternoons, with WIBW broadcasting the other times of the day.[20] While it was common for stations to share frequencies in the early days of radio, what was unusual was that this arrangement lasted for over seventy years. WIBW made several attempts to acquire full time operation on the frequency, especially after 1957, when Oscar Stauffer bought the Daily Capital. But despite political pressure, KSAC/KKSU stayed on the air.

In December 2001, Kansas State decided to move its sports broadcasts to the Mid-America Ag Network (MAAN), after airing them on WIBW continuously since 1969 and off-and-on since the 1950s. WIBW countered that a 1969 amendment to the timeshare agreement had granted WIBW the right to broadcast Wildcat football in exchange for allowing KKSU (then still KSAC) to extend its operating hours by 15 minutes each weekday. After long negotiations, WIBW's parent company Morris Communications agreed to update the arrangement in exchange for full use of the broadcasting hours. This resulted in WIBW buying KKSU's timeslot for $1.5 million, in addition to transferring exclusive rights to all Wildcat sporting events to MAAN. KKSU final day of broadcasting was November 27, 2002.[22]

Royals and Jayhawks

In 1969, the Kansas City Royals baseball team began playing, with WIBW carrying the games. In the Royals' early years, WIBW was considered the flagship station for the team's radio chain. WIBW is one of the few stations which has broadcast Royals games continuously since the franchise's first season.

In 2006, WIBW became the Topeka outlet for Kansas State University Jayhawks football and men's basketball games. On June 14, 2014, the Capital-Journal reported that WIBW would end its pact with KSU. The station renewed its Kansas State affiliation in 2016, although the Jayhawks broadcasts subsequently moved to KMAJ and KWIC-FM.[23]

Former hosts

See also

References

  1. ^ A folk etymology has developed ("What's In a Name? Radio Knows" (AP, Kansas City) by Jim Bagby, Manhattan (Kansas) Mercury, June 27, 1985, p. 7.) that when Arthur Capper bought the station in 1929, he chose the WIBW call letters to match a supposed original owner of "Indiana Broadcast Works". However, WIBW had actually been assigned this call sign, randomly from a sequential list, when it was first licensed three years and a half years before Capper purchased it. There is also no evidence that an entity named "Indiana Broadcast Works" ever existed.
  2. ^ WIBWnewsnow.com/contact
  3. ^ Radio-Locator.com/WIBW-AM
  4. ^ Radio-Locator.com/K285GL
  5. ^ "Map of Effective Ground Conductivity in the United States for AM Broadcast Stations" (FCC.gov)
  6. ^ "Daytime Coverage Area for WIBW, Topeka, KS" (radio-locator.com)
  7. ^ "Nighttime Coverage Area for WIBW 580 AM, Topeka, KS" (radio-locator.com)
  8. ^ "Date First Licensed", FCC History Cards for WIBW.
  9. ^ "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, August 1, 1925, page 3.
  10. ^ "Logansport Opens New Radio Station", Indianapolis Star, August 1, 1925, p. 3.
  11. ^ "Kewanna-Logan Game on the Air This Evening", Logansport (Indiana) Pharos-Tribune, November 6, 1925, p. 1.
  12. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, December 31, 1926, page 8.
  13. ^ "Portable stations no longer licensed" (General Order No. 30, May 10, 1928), Radio Service Bulletin, May 31, 1928, page 8.
  14. ^ WIBW (advertisement), Broadcasting, July 18, 1949, page 33.
  15. ^ "New Broadcasting Station at Joplin", Neosho (Missouri) Daily Democrat, February 5, 1927, page 1.
  16. ^ "Radio Station WIBW Now Located at Joplin", Logansport (Indiana) Pharos-Tribune, March 10, 1927, page 6.
  17. ^ a b "Day by Day Events: May 8 to May 15",Topeka (Kansas) Day By Day, May 6, 1927, page 6.
  18. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, January 31, 1928, page 8.
  19. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, February 28, 1929, page 13.
  20. ^ a b "History of WIBW" by Richie Kennedy (route56.com). The papers later merged as the Topeka Capital-Journal. Stauffer Publications merged with Morris Communications in 1995.
  21. ^ Broadcasting & Cable Yearbook 2001 page D-177
  22. ^ "K-State, WIBW Reach Radio Rights Settlement" by Tim Richardson, August 29, 2002 (Reprint from CJOnline.com posted at worldofradio.com)
  23. ^ Jesse Newell (June 16, 2014). "KU football, basketball games to be on different Topeka radio dials in 2014-15". CJOnline.com.