Xingin Information Technology (Shanghai) Co, Ltd
Company typeSocial Networking & E-commerce
FoundedJune 2013
FounderMiranda Qu Fang & Charlwin Mao Wenchao
Shanghai, China
ProductsXiaohongshu Edit this at Wikidata
Simplified Chinese小红书
Traditional Chinese小紅書
Literal meaningLittle Red Book

Xiaohongshu (Chinese: 小红书; pinyin: xiǎohóngshū; lit. 'Little Red Book') is a social media and e-commerce platform. It has been described as "China's answer to Instagram",[1] and as such, is sometimes referred to as "Chinese Instagram".[2][3]

As of 2019, Xiaohongshu had over 300 million registered users[4] and the number of monthly active users was over 85 million.[5] 70% of the platform users are reportedly born after 1990,[6][7][8] and nearly 70% of them are female.[6] The app allows users and influencers to post, discover and share product reviews, most frequently related to beauty and health.[9] Travel bloggers are also known to regularly post content regarding tourism and leisure destinations on the platform.[10][11] Xiaohongshu also operates RED Mall, which sells international products to Chinese users.

In the Xiaohongshu community, the users can share their lives through vlogs, shopping experiences, and creative content through photos, text, videos, live streaming, etc.

The users can be bloggers on Xiaohongshu. Their content can cover beauty, fashion, food, travel, entertainment, fitness, parenting and more. The social features of Xiaohongshu is to discover new brands, products, and ideas. The platform also includes an in-app shopping interface for users to browse, search, and purchase products.[12]

Xiaohongshu's headquarters are in Huangpu District, Shanghai.[13]

According to publicly available information, the number of daily active users (DAU) of Xiaohongshu grew from 20 million to 40 million in 2021. Monthly active users also doubled to exceed 200 million in the same period. That is to say, from its inception to the monthly activity of more than 100 million, Xiaohongshu used seven years, while from 100 million monthly activity to 200 million monthly activity, it only took one year.


Xiaohongshu was founded by Miranda Qu and Charlwin Mao in 2013,[14] as an online tour guide for Chinese shoppers, providing a platform for users to review products and share their shopping experiences with the community. In October 2014, the founders started focusing on connecting Chinese consumers with global retailers and established its own cross-border e-commerce platform, where Chinese consumers could buy products from overseas and order directly.

In 2015, Xiaohongshu set up its warehouses in Shenzhen, Guangdong and Zhengzhou, Henan.[15]

By May 2017 Xiaohongshu had over 50 million users, with sales of nearly CN¥10 billion, making it one of the world's largest community e-commerce platforms. Xiaohongshu's international logistics system REDelivery went into service during the month.[16] On 6 June that year, Xiaohongshu held a shopping festival to celebrate its fourth anniversary, which saw the sales revenue exceed CN¥ 100 million in 2 hours, while the app ranked in first place in the iOS App Store under "Shopping" category that day.[17]

In June 2018, Xiaohongshu completed a US$300 million funding led by Alibaba and Tencent, with a valuation of US$3 billion.[18]

In 2018, Xiaohongshu became an internationalized platform that attracted many overseas users. However, at the end of that year, Xiaohongshu encountered regulatory problems and its app store shelves were suspended.[19]

Due to the platform's early focus on fashion and beauty trends, Xiaohongshu’s user base was predominantly female in its early years. 90% of Xiaohongshu users were women, according to a report published in April 2021.[20][21] The app had attracted affluent Gen Z female users in urban China as an alternative to Instagram, which is blocked in the country.[22] Xiaohongshu subsequently adjusted its corporate strategy to attract more male users to maintain its growth. In 2021, it announced that the platform would promote male user content.[23][24] Xiaohongshu also started increasing advertising in male-centric online spaces, such as the Hupu sports forum with advertising taglines, “Beautiful ladies are all here on Xiaohongshu, free to see, without spending any money!”, ⁣[25] while another Xiaohongshu ad shown on forum site Baidu Tieba read, “Sexy, beautiful car models and stylish beauties are waiting for you.”[21]

In October 2021. Xiaohongshu decided to transfer the IPO from the United States to Hong Kong. According to a Bloomberg report in July, this included requiring all companies holding more than 1 million user data to submit a cyber security review, which was one of the reasons for the suspension of Xiaohongshu's listing in the United States.[26]

In December 2022, the government of Taiwan banned public sector employees from using Xiaohongshu on official devices due to national security concerns.[27]

In 2023, Sequoia China bought the Xiaohongshu shares in multiple transactions at a valuation of $14 billion.[28]


In October 2021, Xiaohongshu received criticism for condoning heavily filtered, stylized photographs and perfectly captured imagery that was becoming increasingly common on the platform's feeds. On 17 October 2021, the platform issued a statement on WeChat to acknowledge that there was a problem of travel influencers posting “overly beautified” photos of scenic spots. According to the statement, Xiaohongshu issued an apology and indicated that because "bloggers did not clearly label their works as creative photography, people interpreted them as part of travel guides. Users who visited the locations were disappointed by the differences between their expectations and reality".[29][30]

In December 2021, in response to loss of public trust towards the authenticity of content hosted on its platform, Xiaohongshu formed a dedicated team to identify and remove fraudulent content. A system that uses algorithms and human checks to block falsified content was also implemented. Since then, the platform has banned 81 brands and merchants, deleted 172,600 fake reviews, and disabled 53,600 accounts, according to the company.[31]

On 19 January 2022, an announcement was made by Xiaohongshu to indicate that the company has filed a lawsuit against four companies behind several ghostwriting broker sites in an attempt to restore consumer trust. In an official statement made by Xiaohongshu, the company alleged that the four companies had set up marketplaces for merchants and gig writers to carry out fraudulent practices, including the production of fake reviews and click farming. Xiaohongshu has asked for US$1.57 million in damages for a bruise to its reputation and the infringement of consumer rights on its platform.[31][32]

On 25 January 2022, reports emerged that Xiaohongshu has received a fine totaling ¥300,000 from local authorities in Shanghai for failing to remove content that was deemed harmful to minors. The fine relates to a violation of cybersecurity law that guarantees protection for minors after an earlier media report was made by state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) in December 2021, that it found videos posted on Xiaohongshu showing underage girls in various states of undress, featured in advertisements for underwear brands.[33]


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