Athletics
5K run
Cannon Hill parkrun event 71 (669) (6659543339).jpg
Runners during a 5k Parkrun in Cannon Hill Park, United Kingdom
World records
MenEthiopia Berihu Aregawi 12:49 (2021)
WomenEthiopia Senbere Teferi 14:29Wo (2021)
Ethiopia Ejgayehu Taye 14:19Mx+ (2021)

The 5K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of five kilometres (3.107 mi). Also referred to as the 5K road race, 5 km, or simply 5K, it is the shortest of the most common road running distances. It is usually distinguished from the 5000 metres track running event by stating the distance in kilometres, rather than metres.

Among road running events, the 5K distance is mostly popular with novice or infrequent runners or joggers, as it is comparatively easier to complete the distance without endurance training. This also makes the distance suitable for people looking to improve or maintain their general physical fitness, rather than develop long-distance running abilities. The brevity of the distance means that less time is required to take part in the activity and that people from a wide range of ages and abilities may participate. From a physiological perspective, five kilometres is towards the low end of endurance running.[1][2]

The combination of the activity's simplicity, its low cost, and medium exercise intensity mean that it is often recommended by medical organisations and healthcare professionals.[3][4][5] Like all physical activity, regular 5K runs can improve cardiovascular function and reduce body fat, as well as having mental health benefits (see runner's high).[6]

Events

Similar to other road running events, many organised 5K running events incorporate an element of charity running.[2] Runners may elect to raise money for a chosen charity on the condition of their completion of the race.[7] This is typically optional, with other participants running for pleasure. The 5K distance is particularly popular among women and a number of annual women-only races are organised over this distance. Running USA's 2012 analysis of participation in American road races showed that 58% of participants in 5K races were women. This contrasts with women's participation in sport in general and in longer distance races particularly, where the same report showed the gender bias was reversed.[8][9]

The Hot Chocolate 5K in Chicago and the Mercedes-Benz Corporate Run in Miami are the largest organised 5K runs in the United States, having attracted over 20,000 and over 16,000 runners, respectively, in 2012. This ranked the Hot Chocolate 5K as the 20th largest road running event of any distance in the United States that year.[10] There are several prominent 5K race series, including The Color Run, an international, mass participation, city-based series involving coloured water showers,[11] and the parkrun series, which is a worldwide network of free-to-enter, volunteer-led races occurring each weekend, originating in the United Kingdom.[12]

Unlike longer road races, such as the 10K run and marathon, the 5K distance is not commonly contested by elite distance runners. The Carlsbad 5000 is one of the few races that attract competitive elite fields and has seen several world bests for the distance (prior to the IAAF's 2018 decision to begin recognising world records for the 5K).[13][14] The IAAF, now World Athletics did not go back to recognise the world best performances set at Carlsbad, which left a dilemma of known superior performances at Carlsbad and inferior world records that will last until the performances at Carlsbad are recognised or surpassed.

Another annual American race, Freihofer's Run for Women, also regularly has elite women competing in the road distance,[15] as does the BOClassic in Italy.[16] Elite racing almost exclusively takes place on the track for this distance.

There is no official world championship event organised for the 5 km road distance. Championships over 5 km are held nationally in some areas, including the United States and England.[17][18] An annual North American 5K Championships was created in 2002, but this competition ceased after 2005.[19][20]

Records

Main article: 5K run world record progression

The 5 km road distance was introduced by IAAF as a world record event in November 2017, with the inaugural record to be recognised after 1 January 2018 if the performances were equal to or better than 13:10 for men and 14:45 for women.[21] Other statistical organisations, including the Association of Road Racing Statisticians, record best times for the event.[22] Records for the 5K are often noted in national records in athletics.

All-time top 25

Men

Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Race Place Ref
1 12:49 Berihu Aregawi  Ethiopia 31 December 2021 Cursa dels Nassos Barcelona [23]
2 12:51 Joshua Cheptegei  Uganda 16 February 2020 Monaco Run 5K Monaco [24]
3 12:53 Yomif Kejelcha  Ethiopia 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [25]
4 12:55 Nicholas Kimeli  Kenya 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [26]
5 13:00 Sammy Kipketer  Kenya 26 March 2000 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
1 April 2001 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
6 13:02 Levy Kibet  Kenya 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [27]
7 13:06 Jacob Krop  Kenya 12 September 2021 Road to Records Herzogenaurach [28]
8 13:07 Birhanu Balew  Bahrain 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [29]
9 13:09 Muktar Edris  Ethiopia 12 September 2021 Road to Records Herzogenaurach [30]
10 13:10 Dejene Berhanu  Ethiopia 3 April 2005 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
11 13:11 Dejen Gebremeskel  Ethiopia 3 April 2011 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 11 April 2010 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Telahun Haile Bekele  Ethiopia 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [31]
14 13:12 Addisu Yihune  Ethiopia 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [32]
15 13:13 Hosea Kiplangat  Uganda 12 September 2021 Road to Records Herzogenaurach [33]
16 13:14 Hagos Gebrhiwet  Ethiopia 1 April 2012 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Yemaneberhan Crippa  Italy 30 April 2022 Adizero Road to Records Herzogenaurach [34]
18 13:15 Abreham Cherkos  Ethiopia 9 April 2006 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
19 13:16 Simon Ndirangu  Kenya 30 March 2013 Westfield
Tariku Bekele  Ethiopia 1 April 2012 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Paul Koech  Kenya 29 March 1998 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
22 13:17 Bethwell Birgen  Kenya 14 February 2021 5 km Herculis Monaco [35]
Oscar Chelimo  Uganda 31 December 2020 BOclassic Bolzano [36]
24 13:18 Armando Quintanilla  Mexico 31 March 1996 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Jimmy Gressier  France 16 February 2020 Monaco Run 5km Monaco [37]
13:18+ Rhonex Kipruto  Kenya 12 January 2020 10k Valencia Ibercaja Valencia [38]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 13:18:

Women

Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Race Place Ref
1 14:19 Mx Ejgayehu Taye  Ethiopia 31 December 2021 Cursa dels Nassos Barcelona [39]
2 14:28+ Mx Yalemzerf Yehualaw  Ethiopia 27 February 2022 Castellón 10K Castellón de la Plana [40]
3 14:29 Wo Senbere Teferi  Ethiopia 12 September 2021 Road to Records Herzogenaurach [41]
4 14:32+ Joyciline Jepkosgei  Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague [42]
5 14:38+ Mx Degitu Azemiraw  Ethiopia 31 December 2021 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid [43]
Edinah Jebitok  Kenya 31 December 2021 San Silvestre Vallecana Madrid [44]
7 14:39 Mx Dawit Seyaum  Ethiopia 6 November 2021 Urban Trail Lille event Lille [45]
14:39 Mx [a] Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal  Norway 1 May 2021 Sør-Odal [46]
8 14:41 Mx [b] Beth Potter  Great Britain 3 April 2021 Podium 5k Sub-15.30 Barroford [47][48]
9 14:42 Mx Norah Jeruto  Kenya 6 November 2021 Urban Trail Lille event Lille [49]
10 14:43 Mx Beatrice Chepkoech  Kenya 14 February 2021 5 km Herculis Monaco [50]
11 14:44 Sifan Hassan  Netherlands 17 February 2019 5km Herculis Monaco [51]
14:44+ Mx Vicoty Chepngeno  Kenya 27 February 2022 Castellón 10K Castellón de la Plana [52]
13 14:45+ Fancy Chemutai  Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague
14 14:46 Meseret Defar  Ethiopia 9 April 2006 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
14:46+ Violah Jepchumba  Kenya 10 September 2016 Prague Half Marathon Prague
Sheila Chepkirui  Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [53]
Dorcas Kimeli  Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [54]
14:46+ Mx Kalkidan Gezahegne  Bahrain 3 October 2021 The Giants Geneva Geneva [55]
19 14:47 Lornah Kiplagat  Netherlands 28 March 2004 Parelloop Brunssum
20 14:48 Genzebe Dibaba  Ethiopia 29 March 2015 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Kim Smith  New Zealand 30 March 2013 Westfield
14:48+ Paula Radcliffe  Great Britain 23 February 2003 San Juan
14:48+ Mx Margaret Chelimo Kipkemboi  Kenya 3 October 2021 10K Valencia Ibercaja Valencia [56]
14:48 Wo Eilish McColgan  Great Britain 12 February 2022 Super Sports Meydan Run Dubai [57]
25 14:50 Molly Huddle  United States 18 April 2015 B.A.A. 5K Boston

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 14:50:

Notes

  1. ^ uncertified course
  2. ^ Unratificable by World Athletics because no drug test after race.

References

  1. ^ Wolfe-Bieler, Kristen (2007-06-08). Run Your First 5-K. Runner's World. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  2. ^ a b Liberman, Art; Brown, Randy; Myers, Eileen (January 18, 2012). The Everything Running Book: The Ultimate Guide to Injury-free Running for Fitness and Competition. Adams Media. p. 194. ISBN 9781440529719.
  3. ^ Beginner 5km programme Archived 2014-02-03 at the Wayback Machine. BUPA. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  4. ^ 5K Fun Run Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine. Diabetes.co.uk. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  5. ^ 5K run: 7-week training schedule for beginners. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  6. ^ running with Couch to 5K. National Health Service. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  7. ^ Race for Life Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine. Cancer Research UK. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  8. ^ Statistics Archived 2016-01-03 at the Wayback Machine. Running USA (2012). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  9. ^ 2012 State of the Sport Part I: Growth of Women's Running. Running USA (2012-05-09). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  10. ^ Largest Races Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine. Running USA. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  11. ^ About. The Color Run. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  12. ^ Philips, Mitch (2010-05-21). Grass-roots support pushes Parkrun to new heights. Reuters. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  13. ^ Defar runs fastest ever women's 5km in Carlsbad. IAAF (2006-04-10). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  14. ^ Third win in a row for Gebremeskel, Burka makes Ethiopian double in Carlsbad. IAAF (2013-04-08). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  15. ^ Chebet beats the heat to set course record in Albany 5K. IAAF (2010-06-06). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  16. ^ Sampaolo, Diego (2012-01-01). Soi and Cheruiyot take thrillers in Bolzano. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-01-02.
  17. ^ Records, Rankings, and Lists. USA Track and Field. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  18. ^ English 5k Road Championship Archived 2009-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. England Athletics (2010-07-12). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  19. ^ North AMerican 5 Kilometres Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
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  21. ^ "Summary of key changes to IAAF Competition Rules, as of June 2018". IAAF. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  22. ^ World Best Progressions- Road. Association of Road Racing Statisticians (2013-12-21). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
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  33. ^ Phil Minshull (12 September 2021). "Tirop and Teferi smash world records in Herzogenaurach". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  34. ^ "Crippa breaks European 5km record with 13:14 in Herzogenaurach". European Athletics. 30 April 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  35. ^ Bob Ramsak (14 February 2021). "14:43! Chepkoech breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
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  38. ^ Valiente, Emeterio (12 January 2020). "Kipruto breaks world 10km record in Valencia". World Athletics. World Athletics. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
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  43. ^ Diego Sampaolo (1 January 2022). "Azimeraw and Katir end year on a high in Madrid". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  44. ^ Diego Sampaolo (1 January 2022). "Azimeraw and Katir end year on a high in Madrid". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
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  51. ^ Nicole Jeffery (17 February 2019). "Wanders and Hassan set world 5km records in Monaco". IAAF. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
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  53. ^ Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
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  55. ^ "Gezahegne breaks world 10km record in Geneva, Chelimo goes sub-30 in Valencia, Kumela breaks Kosice course record". World Athletics. 3 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
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List of world bests