|Men||Berihu Aregawi 12:49 (2021)|
|Women||Senbere Teferi 14:29Wo (2021)|
Ejgayehu Taye 14:19Mx+ (2021)
The 5K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of five kilometres (3.107 mi). Also referred to as the 5K road race, 5 km, or simply 5K, it is the shortest of the most common road running distances. It is usually distinguished from the 5000 metres track running event by stating the distance in kilometres, rather than metres.
Among road running events, the 5K distance is mostly popular with novice or infrequent runners or joggers, as it is comparatively easier to complete the distance without endurance training. The 5K distance also makes the distance suitable for people looking to improve or maintain their general physical fitness, rather than develop long-distance running abilities. The brevity of the distance means that less time is required to take part in the activity and that people from a wide range of ages and abilities may participate. From a physiological perspective, five kilometres is towards the low end of endurance running.
The combination of the activity's simplicity, its low cost, and medium exercise intensity mean that it is often recommended by medical organisations and healthcare professionals. Like all physical activity, regular 5K runs can improve cardiovascular function and reduce body fat, as well as having mental health benefits (see runner's high).
Similar to other road running events, many organised 5K running events incorporate an element of charity running. Runners may elect to raise money for a chosen charity on the condition of their completion of the race. Raising money for charity is typically optional, with other participants running for pleasure. The 5K distance is particularly popular among women and a number of annual women-only races are organised over the 5K distance. Running USA's 2012 analysis of participation in American road races showed that 58% of participants in 5K races were women. The race participation contrasts with women's participation in sport in general and in longer distance races particularly, where the same report showed the gender bias was reversed.
The Hot Chocolate 5K in Chicago and the Mercedes-Benz Corporate Run in Miami are the largest organised 5K runs in the United States, having attracted over 20,000 and over 16,000 runners, respectively, in 2012. The number of runners ranked the Hot Chocolate 5K as the 20th largest road running event of any distance in the United States that year. There are several prominent 5K race series, including The Color Run, an international, mass participation, city-based series involving coloured water showers, and the parkrun series, which is a worldwide network of free-to-enter, volunteer-led races occurring each weekend, originating in the United Kingdom.
Unlike longer road races, such as the 10K run and marathon, the 5K distance is not commonly contested by elite distance runners. The Carlsbad 5000 is one of the few races that attract competitive elite fields and has seen several world bests for the distance (prior to the IAAF's 2018 decision to begin recognising world records for the 5K). The IAAF, now World Athletics did not go back to recognise the world best performances set at Carlsbad, which left a dilemma of known superior performances at Carlsbad and inferior world records that will last until the performances at Carlsbad are recognised or surpassed.
Another annual American race, Freihofer's Run for Women, also regularly has elite women competing in the road distance, as does the BOClassic in Italy. Elite racing almost exclusively takes place on the track for this distance.
There is no official world championship event organised for the 5 km road distance. Championships over 5 km are held nationally in some areas, including the United States and England. An annual North American 5K Championships was created in 2002, but the competition ceased after 2005.
Main article: 5K run world record progression
The 5 km road distance was introduced by IAAF as a world record event in November 2017, with the inaugural record to be recognised after 1 January 2018 if the performances were equal to or better than 13:10 for men and 14:45 for women. Other statistical organisations, including the Association of Road Racing Statisticians, record best times for the event. Records for the 5K are often noted in national records in athletics.
|1||12:49||Berihu Aregawi||Ethiopia||31 December 2021||Cursa dels Nassos||Barcelona|||
|2||12:51||Joshua Cheptegei||Uganda||16 February 2020||Monaco Run 5K||Monaco|||
|3||12:53||Yomif Kejelcha||Ethiopia||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|4||12:55||Nicholas Kimeli||Kenya||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|5||13:00||Sammy Kipketer||Kenya||26 March 2000||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|1 April 2001||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|6||13:02||Levy Kibet||Kenya||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|7||13:06||Jacob Krop||Kenya||12 September 2021||Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|8||13:07||Birhanu Balew||Bahrain||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|9||13:09||Muktar Edris||Ethiopia||12 September 2021||Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|10||13:10||Dejene Berhanu||Ethiopia||3 April 2005||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|11||13:11||Dejen Gebremeskel||Ethiopia||3 April 2011||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|Eliud Kipchoge||Kenya||11 April 2010||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|Telahun Haile Bekele||Ethiopia||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|14||13:12||Addisu Yihune||Ethiopia||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|15||13:13||Hosea Kiplangat||Uganda||12 September 2021||Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|16||13:14||Hagos Gebrhiwet||Ethiopia||1 April 2012||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|Yemaneberhan Crippa||Italy||30 April 2022||Adizero Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|18||13:15||Abreham Cherkos||Ethiopia||9 April 2006||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|19||13:16||Simon Ndirangu||Kenya||30 March 2013||Westfield|
|Tariku Bekele||Ethiopia||1 April 2012||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|Paul Koech||Kenya||29 March 1998||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|13:16+||Mohamed Katir||Spain||31 December 2022||San Silvestre Vallecana||Madrid|||
|23||13:17||Bethwell Birgen||Kenya||14 February 2021||5 km Herculis||Monaco|||
|Oscar Chelimo||Uganda||31 December 2020||BOclassic||Bolzano|||
|25||13:18||Armando Quintanilla||Mexico||31 March 1996||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|Jimmy Gressier||France||16 February 2020||Monaco Run 5km||Monaco|||
|13:18+||Rhonex Kipruto||Kenya||12 January 2020||10k Valencia Ibercaja||Valencia|||
Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 13:18:
|1||14:19 Mx||Ejgayehu Taye||Ethiopia||31 December 2021||Cursa dels Nassos||Barcelona|||
|2||14:28+ Mx||Yalemzerf Yehualaw||Ethiopia||27 February 2022||Castellón 10K||Castellón de la Plana|||
|3||14:29 Wo||Senbere Teferi||Ethiopia||12 September 2021||Road to Records||Herzogenaurach|||
|14:29+ Mx||Prisca Chesang||Uganda||31 December 2022||San Silvestre Vallecana||Madrid|||
|5||14:32+||Joyciline Jepkosgei||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|6||14:38+ Mx||Degitu Azemiraw||Ethiopia||31 December 2021||San Silvestre Vallecana||Madrid|||
|Edinah Jebitok||Kenya||31 December 2021||San Silvestre Vallecana||Madrid|||
|8||14:39 Mx||Dawit Seyaum||Ethiopia||6 November 2021||Urban Trail Lille event||Lille|||
|—||14:39 Mx [a]||Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal||Norway||1 May 2021||Sør-Odal|||
|9||14:41 Mx [b]||Beth Potter||Great Britain||3 April 2021||Podium 5k Sub-15.30||Barroford|||
|10||14:42 Mx||Norah Jeruto||Kenya||6 November 2021||Urban Trail Lille event||Lille|||
|11||14:43 Mx||Beatrice Chepkoech||Kenya||14 February 2021||5 km Herculis||Monaco|||
|12||14:44||Sifan Hassan||Netherlands||17 February 2019||5km Herculis||Monaco|||
|14:44+ Mx||Vicoty Chepngeno||Kenya||27 February 2022||Castellón 10K||Castellón de la Plana|||
|14||14:45+||Fancy Chemutai||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|
|14:45 Mx||Eilish McColgan||Great Britain||24 April 2022||Meta : Time : Trials||Malaga|||
|16||14:46||Meseret Defar||Ethiopia||9 April 2006||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|14:46+||Violah Jepchumba||Kenya||10 September 2016||Prague Half Marathon||Prague|
|Sheila Chepkirui||Kenya||7 September 2019||Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|Dorcas Kimeli||Kenya||7 September 2019||Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|14:46+ Mx||Kalkidan Gezahegne||Bahrain||3 October 2021||The Giants Geneva||Geneva|||
|21||14:47||Lornah Kiplagat||Netherlands||28 March 2004||Parelloop||Brunssum|
|22||14:48||Genzebe Dibaba||Ethiopia||29 March 2015||Carlsbad 5000||Carlsbad|
|Kim Smith||New Zealand||30 March 2013||Westfield|
|14:48+||Paula Radcliffe||Great Britain||23 February 2003||San Juan|
|14:48+ Mx||Margaret Chelimo Kipkemboi||Kenya||3 October 2021||10K Valencia Ibercaja||Valencia|||
Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 14:48:
List of world bests