Weight throw, 2002 Celtic Festival.
Weight throw, 2002 Celtic Festival.

Two sports have events that fall under the name of weight throw one being the track and field event and the other being the Scottish highland games events.

The track and field event is most popular in the United States as an indoor equivalent to the hammer throw event, which can only be held outdoors. The 35 lb weight throw (men) and 20 lb weight throw (women) are not recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations.

The Scottish Highland Games contain two weight throwing events. In the one event the weight, 28 lb or 56 lb, is thrown in a similar manner to a discus. In the other event, the 56 lb weight gets thrown over a bar for height.

Weight throw for distance

The 56-pound weight throw was conducted twice at the Olympic Games, in 1904 and in 1920.

All-time top 25

Men

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 25.86 m (84 ft 10 in) Lance Deal  United States 4 March 1995 Atlanta
2 25.68 m (84 ft 3 in) Libor Charfreitag  Slovakia 5 March 2005 Sterling
3 25.58 m (83 ft 11 in) Michael Lihrman  United States 28 February 2015 Geneva
4 25.31 m (83 ft 14 in) A Conor McCullough  United States 14 February 2020 Albuquerque [1]
5 25.18 m (82 ft 7+14 in) A. G. Kruger  United States 20 January 2012 Findlay
6 25.17 m (82 ft 6+34 in) O Jüri Tamm  Estonia 11 July 1992 Mäntyharju [2]
7 25.12 m (82 ft 4+34 in) Kibwé Johnson  United States 24 February 2008 Boston
8 25.04 m (82 ft 1+34 in) A Daniel Haugh  United States 14 February 2020 Albuquerque [3]
9 24.72 m (81 ft 1 in) Scott Russell  Canada 8 February 2002 Ames
10 24.60 m (80 ft 8+12 in) A Daniel Roberts  United States 14 February 2020 Albuquerque [4]
11 24.48 m (80 ft 3+34 in) Jake Freeman  United States 12 February 2009 Riverdale
12 24.45 m (80 ft 2+12 in) A Israel Oloyede  United States 22 January 2022 Albuquerque [5]
13 24.43 m (80 ft 1+34 in) Andras Haklits  Croatia 9 March 2001 Fayetteville [6]
14 24.42 m (80 ft 1+14 in) A Alex Young  United States 14 February 2020 Albuquerque [7]
15 24.40 m (80 ft 12 in) Garland Porter  United States 4 February 2011 Findlay
16 24.39 m (80 ft 0 in) Chukwuebuka Enekwechi  United States 13 February 2015 West Lafayette
Jud Logan  United States 28 February 1992 Princeton
18 24.38 m (79 ft 11+34 in) A O Cory Martin  United States 27 February 2010 Albuquerque
19 24.38 m (79 ft 11+34 in) Gleb Dudarev  Belarus 23 January 2020 Lawrence
20 24.20 m (79 ft 4+34 in) JC Lambert  United States 31 January 2015 Bloomington
21 24.15 m (79 ft 2+34 in) Bobby Colantonio  United States 14 January 2022 Birmingham [8]
22 24.11 m (79 ft 1 in) Payton Otterdahl  United States 9 March 2019 Birmingham [9]
23 24.09 m (79 ft 14 in) Rudy Winkler  United States 27 January 2022 New York City [10]
24 24.08 m (79 ft 0 in) James Steacy  Canada 13 March 2009 Windsor
25 24.07 m (78 ft 11+12 in) Joseph Ellis  Great Britain 11 February 2022 Chicago [11]
Notes

Below is a list of additional performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 24.48 m:

Women

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 25.60 m (83 ft 11+34 in) i A Gwen Berry  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque [12]
2 25.56 m (83 ft 10+14 in) i Brittany Riley  United States 10 March 2007 Fayetteville
3 25.55 m (83 ft 9+34 in) i Shey Taiwo  United States 11 March 2022 Birmingham [13]
4 25.08 m (82 ft 3+14 in) i Janeah Stewart  United States 7 December 2019 Carbondale
5 24.94 m (81 ft 9+34 in) i Jasmine Mitchell  United States 11 March 2022 Birmingham [14]
6 24.93 m (81 ft 9+14 in) i Erin Reese  United States 13 February 2021 Terre Haute [15]
7 24.78 m (81 ft 3+12 in) i A Amber Campbell  United States 25 February 2012 Albuquerque
24.78 m (81 ft 3+12 in) i Annette Echikunwoke  United States 16 February 2018 Columbus [16]
9 24.71 m (81 ft 34 in) i DeAnna Price  United States 18 January 2020 Charleston
10 24.46 m (80 ft 2+34 in) i Erin Gilreath  United States 25 February 2005 Boston
Oyesade Olatoye  Nigeria 9 March 2019 Birmingham [17]
12 24.37 m (79 ft 11+14 in) i Kaitlyn Long  United States 24 February 2018 Geneva [18]
13 24.24 m (79 ft 6+14 in) i Jeneva Stevens  United States 19 January 2018 Nashville [19]
14 24.22 m (79 ft 5+12 in) i A Felisha Johnson  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque
15 24.21 m (79 ft 5 in) i Candice Scott  Trinidad and Tobago 27 February 2005 Fayetteville
16 24.06 m (78 ft 11 in) i Stamatía Skarvélis  Greece 23 February 2019 Fayetteville [20]
Camryn Rogers  Canada 11 March 2022 Birmingham [21]
18 24.05 m (78 ft 10+34 in) i Janee' Kasanavoid  United States 21 January 2022 Manhattan [citation needed]
19 24.04 m (78 ft 10+14 in) i Jennifer Dahlgren  Argentina 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
24.04 m (78 ft 10+14 in) i A Jessica Ramsey  United States 4 March 2017 Albuquerque
21 23.73 m (77 ft 10+14 in) i Ida Storm  Sweden 15 February 2017 Malmö [22]
22 23.61 m (77 ft 5+12 in) i Sultana Frizell  Canada 25 February 2017 Anderson [23]
23 23.60 m (77 ft 5 in) i Dawn Ellerbe  United States 4 March 2000 Atlanta
24 23.56 m (77 ft 3+12 in) i Anna Mahon  United States 1 February 2002 New York City
25 23.50 m (77 ft 1 in) i Maddy Nilles  United States 30 January 2021 Grand Forks [24]
Notes

Below is a list of additional performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 24.30 m:

Note that Gwen Berry threw 24.35 m in 2016 but the performance was annulled due to violation of anti-doping procedures[25]

International competition

The event, held outdoors and indoors, is a World Championship and world record event in World Masters Athletics. Outdoors, it is also the final event of the Throws pentathlon. Masters athletics has different weight specifications for different age groups.[26]

Indoor event

The weight throw is an indoor track and field event, predominately in the US. The technique implemented to throw the weight is similar to that of the hammer throw in outdoor competition. In international competition, the men's weight is a 35 lb ball (25 for high school) with a D-ring or triangle handle attached directly to the weight. The technique in wide use is to start in a throwing circle with the thrower's back to the landing area. The weight is then swung overhead to gain momentum before transitioning into the spinning position. The thrower then turns heel to toe up to four times across the ring and toward the front of the circle. At the front of the circle, the thrower releases the weight over his/her shoulder and into the landing area. The landing area is a sector of 34.92° which is identical to the Hammer throw, Discus throw and Shot Put. Because of the demands of the landing area, USATF rules allow for the event as part of an indoor meet to be held outdoors. The world best for men is 25.41 m (outdoor) and 25.86 m (84'10") (indoor) and is held by American Lance Deal. For women, who throw a weight of 20 lb, the world best is 24.57 m (80'07½") (outdoor) set by Brittany Riley of Southern Illinois University on 27 January 2007 and 25.60 m (indoor), by Gwen Berry, on 4 March 2017.

The weight throw event has had an enduring history in American track and field. It was a national championship event for men outdoors from 1878 to 1965.[27] Despite the decline of such outdoor contests in the United States, the event has been a mainstay of the USA Indoor Track and Field Championships: the men's 35 lb event has been held from 1932 to present and a women's 20 lb weight throw event was introduced in 1991.[28][29] The weight throw is also present on the event programme of the NCAA Men's and NCAA Women's Indoor Track and Field Championships.

The Superweight Throw uses implements similar in construction to the regular weight throw but with heavier implements. The event was part of two Olympic Games in 1904 and 1920.[30][31] Though no longer officially sanctioned by the IAAF, it still is contested as a novelty event at various competitions, including the USATF Master's Indoor Championship.[32]

Highland games

In the Highland Games, the weight throw consists of two separate events, the light weight and the heavy weight. In both cases, the implement consists of a steel or lead weight (usually spherical or cylindrical) attached by a short chain to a metal handle. The handle may be a d-ring, a triangle or a ring. The size of the weight depends on the class of the competition.

For advanced male athletes, the light weight is 28 lb, or two stone (12.7 kg). The heavy weight is 56 lb, or four stone (25.4 kg). For all female athletes, the weights are 14 and 28 lb (6.35 and 12.7 kg). For male master class or senior athletes, the weights are 28 and 42 lb (12.7 and 19.05 kg).

The weight is thrown one-handed from a rectangular (4.5 feet by 9 feet) area behind a toe board or trig. The athlete must stay behind the trig at all times during the throw. The techniques vary, but usually involve a turning or spinning motion to increase momentum before the release. Each athlete gets three attempts, with places determined by the best throw.

Weight throw for height

A man throwing a weight over a bar at the 2009 Highland Games
A man throwing a weight over a bar at the 2009 Highland Games

The weight over the bar, or weight throw for height, is contested at highland games in Scotland and elsewhere, and at track and field events in Ireland.

The weight is thrown one-handed over a bar set at increasing heights above the thrower. Similar to the high jump or pole vault, the thrower has three attempts for each successive height. Places are determined by maximum height reached with the fewest misses.

The size of the weight varies with the competition class. Advanced male athletes throw a 25 kg (56 lb. or four stone) weight, female athletes throw a 12 kg (28 lb.) weight and male master class or senior athletes throw a 19 kg (42 lb). weight. There are two techniques for this event. The classic technique swings the weight between the legs before pulling the weight up and directly overhead. The alternate technique (which is not allowed in some games) involves a spinning motion, with the athlete throwing from the side.

Ireland

Athletics Ireland recognises the weight throw for height and distance.[33] The weight is 56 lbs at senior level, and 35 lbs in underage level.[33] It is mainly a men's event, though women's weight throw for distance is contested at university level.[33] The height event proceeds in a manner similar to the high jump and pole vault, with throwers required to clear a bar progressively raised. The Irish records are:[34]

In Ireland, a 56 lb weight is used for both height and distance weight throw events.[34]

References

  1. ^ "Albuquerque -NM- (United States), 14-15.2.2010 -USATF Championships-". trackinsun.blogspot.com. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  2. ^ "All Time World Rankings – Weight Throw". mastersathletics.net. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Albuquerque -NM- (United States), 14-15.2.2010 -USATF Championships-". trackinsun.blogspot.com. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Albuquerque -NM- (United States), 14-15.2.2010 -USATF Championships-". trackinsun.blogspot.com. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Weight Throw Result". tfrrs.org. 22 January 2022. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  6. ^ "NCAA Division I Championships 2001 Men's Results". flashresults.com. 10 March 2001. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Albuquerque -NM- (United States), 14-15.2.2010 -USATF Championships-". trackinsun.blogspot.com. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Weight Throw Result". Track & Field Results Reporting System (TFRRS). 14 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  9. ^ "Weight Throw Results". flashresults.com. 9 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  10. ^ Doug Binder (28 January 2022). "Olympian Rudy Winkler Nearly Breaks Meet Record, But Earns Indoor Personal Best With 79 Feet". flashresults.com. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Weight Throw Result". lakeshoreathleticservices.com. 11 February 2022. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  12. ^ Jon Hendershott (5 March 2017). "Lyles clocks world indoor 300m best in Albuquerque". IAAF. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  13. ^ "Weight Throw Result" (PDF). Flash Results. 12 March 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  14. ^ "Weight Throw Result" (PDF). Flash Results. 12 March 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  15. ^ "Terre Haute -IN- (United States), 13.2.2021 -Indiana State Invitational-". trackinsun.blogspot.com. 14 February 2021. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Echikunwoke Throws Her Way to No. 2 All-Time in NCAA History". gobearcats.com. 16 February 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Weight Throw Results". 9 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Weight Throw Results". timerhub.com. 24 February 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  19. ^ "Weight Throw Results". cfpitiming.com. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Weight Throw Results" (PDF). flashresults.com. 23 February 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Weight Throw Result" (PDF). Flash Results. 12 March 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  22. ^ "Fantastiskt kast av av Ida Storm – slog det svenska rekordet med över metern". friidrottaren.com (in Swedish). 15 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Sultana Frizell improves Canadian weight throw record". Athletics Canada. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  24. ^ "Grand Forks -ND- (United States), 30.1.2021 -North Dakota Open-". trackinsun.blogspot.com. 31 January 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  25. ^ Berry Accepts Sanction for Rule Violation
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions. USATF. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  28. ^ USA Indoor Track & Field Champions – Men's 35-lb. Weight Throw Archived 4 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine. USATF. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  29. ^ USA Indoor Track & Field Champions – Women's 20-lb. Weight Throw. USATF. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  30. ^ "St. Louis 1904 56lb weight throw 254kg men Results - Olympic athletics".
  31. ^ "Antwerp 1920 56lb weight throw 254kg men Results - Olympic athletics".
  32. ^ "Schedule | USA Track & Field".
  33. ^ a b c "Competition Rule Book 2010 – 2012" (PDF). Athletics Ireland. 24 August 2011. pp. 12, 22, 33. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  34. ^ a b "Men's Senior Outdoor Records". Athletics Ireland AAI. Retrieved 24 March 2012.