Amazons
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceAll Star Comics #8 (October 1941)
Created byWilliam Moulton Marston
Harry G. Peter
Characteristics
Place of originThemyscira (Earth)
Notable members
Inherent abilities
  • Superhuman strength, superhuman speed, superhuman durability, stamina, agility, enhanced senses, heightened intelligence, immortality
  • Superior hand-to-hand and martial arts skills

The Amazons of DC Comics are a race of warrior women who exist as part of Greek mythology. They live on Paradise Island, later known as Themyscira, an isolated location in the middle of the ocean where they are hidden from Man's World (the rest of the world).

Depending on the origin story, they are the creation of Aphrodite or were created from clay by a coterie of Olympian gods over three thousand years ago to serve as their messengers to the world in the name of peace and justice. For centuries, the women thrived in safety and security apart from a hostile, male-dominated world. As long as Amazons remain on Themyscira they do not age. Circumstances involving the unexpected arrival of Steve Trevor forced their existence to be revealed to the modern world.[1][2]

There have been numerous incarnations of these Amazons after Marston's original depictions: Robert Kanigher's revised depiction (highlighted by the change of Queen Hippolyta's hair from brunette to blonde), George Pérez's reworking following the Crisis, and changes subsequent to Infinite Crisis and The New 52. What these groups have in common is that they are the people from which came DC Comics' superheroine Wonder Woman.

Fictional history

"We are a nation of women, dedicated to our sisters, to our gods, and to the peace that is humankind's right. Granted life by Gaea, the goddesses, and the souls of women past, we have been gifted with the mission to unite the people of our world with love and compassion. We are the Amazons, and we have come to save mankind".

Code of the Amazons: Secret Files and Origins[3]

The Amazons of Paradise Island were first created by William Moulton Marston as allegories of his love leaders and as part of the origin story of his creation, Wonder Woman, who is also an allegory for the ideal love leader. These Amazons were a race of immortal super-women that lived on the magical Paradise Island.[4] Granted life by Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love, the Amazons thrived in peace for centuries, but remained aloof from the world of Man. The youngest, strongest, and most human of the Amazons, Princess Diana, left her protective nation of sisterhood, renouncing her immortality to fight the forces of evil in Man's World as Wonder Woman.

Marston depicted the origin story of the Amazons as women sculpted and brought to life by Aphrodite, who had been tricked and captured by Hercules and his men. Aphrodite, angry that they had been tricked, left them imprisoned but finally relented and helped them escape. They then moved to their own women-only island, where, in the absence of male aggression, they developed a superior, war-free culture. The unbound cuffs ("Bracelets of Submission") were still worn to remind them that to give up their independence and/or to allow any man power over them will sapped them of their own power. Marston used bondage as a symbol concept. As a psychologist, Marston was heavily influenced by his polyamorous relationship with two women, one being the niece of Margaret Sanger, a renowned outspoken feminist.[5]

Pre-Crisis

In the days of Ancient Greece, many centuries ago, the Amazons were the foremost nation in the world. In Amazonia, women ruled and all was well. One day, Hercules, the strongest man in the world, stung by the taunts that he could not conquer the Amazon women, selected his strongest and fiercest warriors and landed on the Amazons' shores.

The Amazons' queen, Hippolyte, met Hercules in personal combat, because she knew that with her magic girdle, given to her by Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, she could not lose.

Hippolyte defeated Hercules, but Hercules, with deceit and trickery, managed to secure Hippolyte's magic girdle—and soon the Amazons were taken into slavery. Aphrodite, angry at Hippolyte for having succumbed to the wiles of men, would do nothing to help them.

Finally, the Amazons were no longer able to bear their submission to men, and Hippolyte appealed to the Goddess Aphrodite again. This time not in vain, for she relented, and with her help, Hippolyte secured the magic girdle from Hercules.

With the magic girdle in Hippolyte's possession, it did not take long for the Amazons to overcome their masters and taking from them their entire fleet, they set sail for another shore, for it was Aphrodite's condition that they leave the world of man and establish a new world of their own. Aphrodite also decreed that they must always wear the heavy bracelets fashioned by their captors, as a reminder that they must always keep aloof from men.

Paradise Island

Main article: Themyscira (DC Comics)

After sailing the seas many days and nights, the Amazons found Paradise Island and settled there to build a new world. With its fertile volcanic soil, its marvelous flora and fauna, and varied natural resources, there was no want, no illness, no hatreds, no wars. The Amazons would remain eternally youthful, as long as they remained on Paradise Island where they have access to their Fountain of Eternal Youth and Hippolyte retained the magic girdle, and as long as they did not permit themselves to again be beguiled by men to avoid submitting to them.

The Magic Sphere

Just after the Amazons conquered the Herculeans and set sail for their island, they were given the Magic Sphere by Athena, Goddess of War. Through this device, Hippolyte was able to view events in Man's World from the present and past—and sometimes even forecast the future. With the visions of the future seen from the Magic Sphere, the Amazons were able to far surpass the inventions of man-made civilization. Not only were the Amazons stronger and wiser, but their weapons were more advanced, and their flying machines were faster.

Post-Crisis

In the mid-1980s a storyline took place called Crisis on Infinite Earths in which all comics in the DC Universe ceased to exist and restarted with all new origins. When this happened it was explained that the Amazons were created by the goddess Artemis from the souls of women who had died at the hands of men, and were given new and stronger bodies, made from clay transformed into flesh and blood. These Amazons, like the Pre-Crisis versions, escaped Heracles (the Greek name for Hercules) and his men to an isolated and magically protected island, this one called Themyscira after the lost capital city of the Amazons' former homeland. In this new land, they were granted superhuman strength, speed, durability, agility, superhuman senses, enhanced intellect, immortality, and beauty. Some Amazons chose to remain behind, however, and, lacking immortality, formed the hidden nation of Bana-Mighdall.[6] Stories featuring the Amazons appeared in Bonus Book inserts in Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #18 (July 1988)[7] and #26 (January 1989).[8]

Infinite Crisis

Due to the perceived failure of Wonder Woman's mission in Man's World, Themyscira and the Amazons are removed from the Earth realm by the Athenian Gods.

Amazons Attack

The returned Amazons, led by a resurrected Hippolyta, invade Washington D.C. In the end they are stripped of their memories and scattered throughout the Earth in mortal identities.

Flashpoint

In the reality-changing Flashpoint event, the Amazons are at war with the Atlanteans in Western Europe, after Hippolyta was killed by an Amazon disguised as an Atlantean during a wedding between Diana and Aquaman, causing Diana to become the Queen. They have taken over Britain, killing 12 million in the process. Many female superbeings are shown to be in league with them. It is later revealed that the Ocean Master and Diana's aunt were behind this incident.[9]

The New 52

In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this timeline, the history of the Amazons was likewise revised. Here they once again lived on Paradise Island as a race of supernaturally strong women with no use for men save for periodic mating escapades. Three times each century, the Amazons—completely naked—would raid ships in their waters and copulate with the crew. Upon conception, the men were killed to protect the Island's secrecy. Nine months later, all girls were celebrated while the boys were taken from their mothers. Feeling sympathy for these discarded progeny—as well as recognizing their potential as a workforce—the smith god Hephaestus exchanged weapons to the Amazons in return for the lives of the Amazonian boys. Sparing them from being cruelly drowned, he raised them as his own sons.[10][11][12]

In this continuity, the Queen Hippolyta is depicted as having blond hair and is the biological mother of Diana. She conceived her daughter after an after-battle liaison with Zeus, master of the gods of Olympus. She invented the "molded from clay" story to protect Diana from Hera.

DC Rebirth

With DC Rebirth, writers went back to the Post-Crisis origins for the Amazons, largely due to the controversial depiction of their mating cycle. It is once again stated that the Amazons are immortal, and that they were conceived from the souls of women who had died at the hands of men.

Society

The fiercest and wisest among the Amazons holds the prestigious title "Wonder Woman – the definition of a heroic champion and ambassador-at-large. Queen Hippolyta was the previous "Wonder Woman" when she freed her people from slavery and led them to "paradise". Princess Diana is the most recent and youngest Amazon to hold the title.

Culture

As shown in the comic, the Amazons hold several customs and observances. Some include:

Courting ritual

When an Amazon wishes to court another, she presents an offering of a coconut. Inside the coconut is a nectarine seed strung onto a necklace and a bracelet made of thorns. The nectarine seed signifies a bounty, hoped for but not yet achieved. The thorn bracelet is partially wrapped in blue, red and gold ribbons. The blue represents hope, the red represents danger, and the gold represents a request to the goddess Athena to provide her blessing. The pursuer then takes out the necklace and says "That thou art full of promise", blesses it with a kiss, and places the necklace around her intended lover's neck. She then takes out the bracelet and says "That thou shall know the heart of another" and places the bracelet on her intended lover's wrist. If the person gifted chooses to accept the courtship, she then agrees to always wear the necklace and bracelet and never remove them until it can be mutually agreed upon to form a lasting relationship together. Until the two Amazons agree to finalize their relationship, the couple puts each other through a series of physical, mental and emotional tests to see if the intended relationship can withstand life's trials.[13]

Marriage

In 2015, Sensation Comics featured Wonder Woman officiating a same-sex wedding (#48) drawn by Australian illustrator Jason Badower. Inspired by the June Supreme Court ruling that established marriage equality in all 50 United States, Badower says DC Comics was "fantastic" about his idea for the issue.[14] The Amazon people are not to be labelled sexually; Wonder Woman said that "...my country is all women. To us, it's not 'gay' marriage. It's just marriage"; being a society that was only populated by women, "lesbian" in [the world's] eyes may have been "straight" for them.[15][16][17] She further added that "no Amazon is going to look at another Amazon and say they are "Amazoning wrong". Because that wouldn't be paradise. The society accepts everyone in it. The requirement is, you're here and you're female [...] Nobody says a dress is inappropriate. Nobody says, 'Why are you wearing pants?' Nobody says you're too heavy. Nobody says you're too skinny, or not strong enough".[18]

Feast of the Five

One of the most revered observances the Themyscirian Amazons hold dear is called The Feast of the Five. On this day the Amazons pay homage to the five original goddesses who took part in their creation. Aside from constant prayer and worship, the occasion begins with a hunt in honour to the goddess Artemis. A harvest is also celebrated in honor of the goddess Demeter. A feast is then held in honor of the remaining goddesses. This is said to be the Themyscirians' most holy holiday. The Feast of the Five can be seen almost as a holy birthday for each of the Themyscirian Amazons, with the glory of the occasion being placed in honor to their creators.

Hiketeia

The Amazons observe an ancient Greek custom called Hiketeia, in which one person supplicates themselves to another in exchange for sustenance and protection. The supplication does not have to be accepted once offered, but when it is accepted both parties agree to take the contract very seriously. Should either the guardian or supplicant ever falter in their duties, the Erinyes, ancient and savage judgement bringers, will slaughter them instantly. When Hiketeia is offered, the supplicant says the following words to their intended guardian: "(Name of potential guardian), I am (name of potential servant). I offer myself in supplication to you. I come without protection. I come without means, without honor, without hope, with nothing but myself to beg for your protection. In your shadow I will serve, by your breath will I breathe, by your words will I speak, by your mercy will I live. With all my heart, with everything I can offer, I beg you, in Zeus' name, who watches over all supplicants, accept my plea".

Send Forth

When a female child is lost at sea, the child is rescued from drowning by the goddess Thetis. Thetis would rescue mortal female children she deemed "special" and safely transport them to the shores of Themyscira's Island of Healing (male children were taken someplace else). Once on the island the Amazons' chief physician Epione would discover them and tend to their care. After this the child would be taken to the royal palace where one Amazon is selected as the child's "Guardian of Inspiration". The baby is then granted great wisdom and strength of spirit via a magical kiss. According to the Amazon Pythia, Julia Kapatelis was the last of hundreds of babies to experience this in 1937. This "blessing" in actuality is a subliminal suggestion for the child to teach peace and equality throughout their lives. This blessing can extend to descendants as well. This custom is called "Send Forth". Once this is done the child is considered an Amazon and spiritual daughter to the Amazon who blessed them. After a few days of recuperation and blessings, the child is taken to the island shores again, where she is taken back into the ocean and returned, again by Thetis who magically travels back in time to return the child to the exact point in time when the child first left her homeland.[19]

Union with the Earth

All Themyscirian Amazons possesses the ability to relieve their bodies of physical injury and toxins by becoming one with the Earth's soil and then reforming their bodies whole again.[20] The first time Diana does this she prays to her god Gaea saying: "Gaea, I pray to you. Grant me your strength. You are the Earth who suckled me, who nurtured and bred me. Through you all life is renewed. The circle which never ends. I pray you, mother Gaea, take me into your bosom. Please, let me be worthy". This is a very sacred ritual to the Themyscirians, only to be used in the most dire of circumstances.[21]

The Victor's Circle

Created by Antiope in 1041 BCE, the Victor's Circle is a secret, quasi-official fighting organization where Amazons compete in unarmed combat (implied to be a form of pankration), either as a way to resolve disputes or simply to "[blow] off some extra steam". Fights are conducted in a cavern hidden behind a waterfall, within a small circular arena with semicircular seating both hewn out of the rock. Within the ring, all ranks and titles are considered irrelevant, and combatants fight as equals. At any given session, an Amazon may fight multiple times, such as a winner of a bout issuing a challenge to or being challenged by an audience member. A number of notable Amazons hold records in the Victor's Circle, such as Diana holding the record for most submissions, Nubia holding the record for most knockouts, and Philippus the record for most fights.[22]

Death

Originally a cavern was built under the Amazons' Temple of the Dead, which is where those dead are remembered. After an Amazon's funeral is completed, the body is lowered into the cavern where it is laid to rest in a city of the dead. Queen Hippolyta assigns the chief temple priestess to remain alone in the city to watch over the dead for a thousand years before a replacement is made.

This tradition was later changed as the Amazons discovered that the priestess often went mad in her solitude. One such priestess brought the dead to life through the use of magic during a mad outburst. The Amazons soon after burned their dead, during which the souls of the slain Amazons took form among the flames before traveling onto the plane of afterlife called the Elysian Fields.

Inherent abilities

The Amazon Pythia ripping large iron bars from a stone and mortar wall to free Julia Kapatelis from imprisonment. Art by Jill Thompson.

All Themyscirian Amazons are themselves wonder women and possess various degrees of incredible superhuman strength,[23] speed, stamina and extraordinarily acute senses and the ability to glide on aircurrents, as seen in the second competition for the title of Wonder Woman won by Orana. All these were gifts blessed to them by their gods. As shown by various tribe members, they have the capability to break apart steel and concrete with their bare hands,[24] jump over 1,200 feet from a standing position,[25] have a high durability factor,[26] enhanced healing,[20] and the ability to absorb and process a vast amount of knowledge in a short period of time.[27] Themyscirian Amazons also possess immortality that allows them to live indefinitely in a youthful form, but does leave them open to potential injury and death depending on their actions.[28] They also have developed high levels of hand-to-hand combat training, mastered over 3,000 years, and are experts in the use of various hand held weapons.

Themyscirian Amazons also possess the ability to relieve their bodies of physical injury and toxins by becoming one with the Earth's soil and then reforming their bodies whole again.[20] The first time Diana does this she prays to her god Gaea saying: "Gaea, I pray to you. Grant me your strength. You are the Earth who suckled me, who nurtured and bred me. Through you all life is renewed. The circle which never ends. I pray you, mother Gaea, take me into your bosom. Please, let me be worthy". During writer John Byrne's time on the comic it was stated that this is a very sacred ritual, to be used only in the most dire of circumstances.[21]

Technology

The Purple Ray is a quasi-mystical healing device used by the Amazons. In the Pre-Crisis continuity, it was invented by Diana herself. It has also been used for other purposes, such as empowering Wonder Girl, and as a weapon.

List of notable Amazons

Major Amazons

Member First appearance Description
Althea All-Star Comics #8 (October 1941) The royal physician on Paradise Island, Doctor Althea was present when Steve Trevor crashed onto the island. Althea was the first to notice Diana's infatuation with the American pilot, and alerted Queen Hippolyta. Post-Crisis, Althea's role as Amazon healer was filled by Epione, though Althea returned much later during DC Rebirth.
Antiope Wonder Woman #312 (February 1984) Hippolyta's sister and an Amazon queen, she led a tribe into Greece to seek vengeance on Heracles and Theseus after the Amazons' capture. She eventually married Theseus but was killed by his former lover Ariadne. Antiope's descendants became the Lost Tribe of Amazons.
Artemis Wonder Woman #90 (September 1994) A member of the Egyptian tribe of Amazons of Bana-Mighdall, Artemis is a skilled warrior who briefly took up the mantle of Wonder Woman. Like Diana, Artemis has spent many years in Man's World, including a significant time with Red Hood and Bizarro.
Cassandra Sandsmark Wonder Woman #105 (January 1996) The daughter of Helena Sandsmark and Zeus, Cassie Sandsmark is a demigoddess who became the second Wonder Girl after Donna Troy took the codename Troia.
Diana All-Star Comics #8 (October 1941) Known to the public as Wonder Woman, Diana is the daughter of Queen Hippolyta and princess of the Amazons of Themyscira.
Donna Troy The Brave and the Bold #60 (July 1965) A founding member of the Teen Titans, Donna Troy is Diana's younger sister and the first to take the mantle of Wonder Girl.
Hippolyta All-Star Comics #8 (October 1941) Originally known as Hippolye, Hippolyta is the queen of the Amazons of Themyscira and Diana's mother. Post-Crisis, Hippolyta used the Wonder Woman codename during World War II.
Io Wonder Woman #196 (November 2003) A skilled blacksmith, the muscular Io became one of Diana's most trusted allies. Unbeknownst to Diana, Io was in love with the princess. She later began a relationship with Nubia.
Mala All-Star Comics #8 (October 1941) One of Diana's best friends on Themyscira, Mala was present when Steve Trevor crashed onto Paradise Island. She later participated in the Contest to return Steve to the United States, but was defeated by Diana in the final challenge. Mala later became the warden at Transformation Island, a rehabilitation center for female criminals.
Melanippe Wonder Woman #1 (February 1987) An oracle and messenger for the Gods of Olympus. Melanippe was one of the casualties during the War of the Gods, though she later returned during DC Rebirth.
Nubia Wonder Woman #204 (January 1973) Also known as Nu'Bia, Nubia was originally Diana's black twin sister. Kidnapped by Mars as a child, Nubia was raised on Slaughter Island. She later served as guardian of Doom's Doorway. More recently, Nubia became Queen of Themyscira after Hippolyta was murdered.
Paula Sensation Comics #4 (April 1942) Diana's earliest archenemy, Paula von Gunther was previously a Nazi agent. However, after Diana rescued Paula's daughter Gerta, Paula reformed from her villainous ways and was eventually allowed into the Amazons' ranks by Aphrodite. Paula then used her brilliant mind to help the Amazons in their quest for peace.
Philippus Wonder Woman #1 (February 1987) Queen Hippolyta's general and lover. Philippus briefly served as an ambassador of Themyscira, though she rarely strays from Hippolyta's side.
Yara Flor Dark Nights: Death Metal #7 (March 2021) A member of the Esquecida, a tribe of Amazons from the Amazon Rainforest.

Introduced Pre-Crisis

Introduced Post-Crisis

Themyscirian Amazons as represented by diversified ethnicities, art by Phil Jimenez from Wonder Woman Secret Files and Origins.

Introduced in the New 52

Introduced in DC Rebirth

Other versions

Flashpoint

In the Flashpoint reality, the Amazons are shown to be at war with the Atlanteans led by Emperor Aquaman. Besides Queen Hippolyta and Princess Diana, the known Amazons are Artemis, Penthesileia, and Philippus. Following the death of Queen Hippolyta, Princess Diana and her Amazons have caused havoc in Western Europe during their war with the Atlanteans and have conquered the United Kingdom killing 12 million in the process.[31] The Amazons also have a group of female warriors on their side called the Furies that are loyal to Princess Diana out of fear of her which consisted of Arrowette, Cheetah, Cheshire, Giganta, Hawkgirl, Huntress, Katana, Lady Vic, Silver Swan, Starfire, Terra, and Vixen.[32] In addition, Enchantress is depicted as a spy working for the Amazons.[33]

In other media

Television

Film

Miscellaneous

Video games

See also

References

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  7. ^ "GCD :: Issue :: Wonder Woman #18". Retrieved 3 October 2016.
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  14. ^ http://www.advocate.com/arts-entertainment/2015/08/20/wonder-woman-performs-same-sex-wedding-new-comic Wonder Woman Fights for Marriage Equality
  15. ^ http://comicsalliance.com/the-many-loves-of-wonder-woman-steve-trevor-nemesis-batman-superman-romance/ The Many Loves of Wonder Woman
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  19. ^ Wonder Woman Annual #1 (1988)
  20. ^ a b c Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #30
  21. ^ a b Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #120
  22. ^ Nubia & the Amazons #2
  23. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #104, pg. 17
  24. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #59
  25. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #57
  26. ^ Wonder Woman: Our Worlds at War #1 (October 2001)
  27. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #3
  28. ^ a b Wonder Woman #1
  29. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 1) #182, 183, 184
  30. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #33
  31. ^ Flashpoint #2
  32. ^ Flashpoint: Wonder Woman and the Furies #2
  33. ^ Flashpoint #4
  34. ^ Kit, Borys (January 31, 2023). "DC Slate Unveiled: New Batman, Supergirl Movies, a Green Lantern TV Show, and More from James Gunn, Peter Safran". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 31, 2023. Retrieved January 31, 2023.
  35. ^ McMillan, Graeme (December 9, 2019). "'Wonder Woman' Director Patty Jenkins Considering Amazon Spinoff". The Hollywood Reporter.
  36. ^ Walsh, Savannah (2022-12-14). "Wonder Woman Director Patty Jenkins Denies Quitting: "I Never Walked Away"". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2022-12-15.
  37. ^ a b New Legacy, New Lola: Why Space Jam wanted to do better by one Tune
  38. ^ Injustice 2 #29 (2017)
  39. ^ "INJUSTICE GODS AMONG US Videos Reveal DC Easter Eggs". Retrieved 3 October 2016.