Flag of ambassadors of the United States of America
President Kennedy with a group of ambassadors in March 1961

Ambassadors of the United States are persons nominated by the president to serve as the country's diplomatic representatives to foreign nations, international organizations, and as ambassadors-at-large. Under Article II, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, their appointment must be confirmed by the United States Senate;[1] while an ambassador may be appointed during a recess, they can serve only until the end of the next session of Congress, unless subsequently confirmed.[2]

Ambassadors are the highest-ranking diplomats of the U.S. and are usually based at the embassy in the host country. They are under the jurisdiction of the Department of State and answer directly to the secretary of state; however, ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time. Appointments change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.

An ambassador may be a career Foreign Service Officer (career diplomat – CD) or a political appointee (PA). In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship, whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president.

The State Department publishes a monthly list of ambassadors.[3] A listing by country of past chiefs of mission is maintained by the Office of the Historian of the U.S. Department of State,[4] along with the names and appointment dates of past and present ambassadors-at-large[5] and mission to international organizations.[6]

Current U.S. ambassadors

Note that the information in this list is subject to change due to regular personnel changes resulting from retirements and reassignments. The State Department posts updated lists of ambassadors approximately monthly, accessible via an interactive menu-based website.[3][7][8]

Host country List Ambassador Background Embassy and website Position established Confirmed
 Afghanistan[a] List Vacant since January 6, 2020
Karen B. Decker, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Kabul [1] 1921
 Albania List Vacant since June 25, 2023
David Wisner, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Tirana 1922
 Algeria List Elizabeth Moore Aubin CD Algiers 1962 December 18, 2021
 Andorra[b] List Julissa Reynoso Pantaleón PA Madrid 1998 December 18, 2021
 Angola[c] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Luanda 1994 December 18, 2021
 Antigua and Barbuda[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1981 November 15, 2023
 Argentina List Marc Stanley PA Buenos Aires 1823 December 18, 2021
 Armenia List Kristina Kvien CD Yerevan [2] 1993 December 13, 2022
 Australia List Caroline Kennedy PA Canberra [3] 1940 May 5, 2022
 Austria List Victoria Reggie Kennedy PA Vienna [4] 1838 October 26, 2021
 Azerbaijan List Mark W. Libby CD Baku 1992 November 8, 2023
 Bahamas List Vacant since November 21, 2011
Usha E. Pitts, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Nassau 1973
 Bahrain List Steven C. Bondy CD Manama [5] 1971 December 18, 2021
 Bangladesh List Peter D. Haas CD Dhaka [6] 1974 December 18, 2021
 Barbados[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1966 November 15, 2023
 Belarus List Vacant since June 9, 2022
Peter Kaufmann, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Minsk 1992
 Belgium List Michael M. Adler PA Brussels [7] 1832 December 18, 2021
 Belize List Michelle Kwan PA Belmopan 1981 September 29, 2022
 Benin List Brian W. Shukan CD Cotonou 1960 December 18, 2021
 Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
 Bolivia List Vacant since September 15, 2008
Debra Hevia, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) La Paz 1849
 Bosnia and Herzegovina List Michael J. Murphy CD Sarajevo [8] 1993 December 18, 2021
 Botswana List Howard Van Vranken CD Gaborone 1966 December 21, 2022
 Brazil List Elizabeth Frawley Bagley PA Brasília 1825 December 14, 2022
 Brunei List Caryn McClelland CD Bandar Seri Begawan 1984 December 18, 2021
 Bulgaria List Kenneth H. Merten CD Sofia 1901 December 13, 2022
 Burkina Faso List Vacant since December 18, 2023
Corina Sanders, Chargé d'affaires a.i.
N/A Ouagadougou 1960
 Burma (Myanmar)[e] List Vacant since December 17, 2022
Susan N. Stevenson, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Yangon [9] 1947
 Burundi List Vacant since July 13, 2023
Keith R. Gilges, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Bujumbura 1962
 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) List Jeff Daigle CD Praia 1976 May 23, 2019
 Cambodia List W. Patrick Murphy CD Phnom Penh [10] 1950 August 1, 2019
 Cameroon List Christopher J. Lamora CD Yaoundé 1960 December 18, 2021
 Canada List David L. Cohen PA Ottawa [11] 1927 November 2, 2021
 Central African Republic List Patricia A. Mahoney CD Bangui 1960 December 18, 2021
 Chad List Alexander M. Laskaris CD N'Djamena 1961 July 14, 2022
 Chile List Bernadette Meehan PA Santiago 1824 July 20, 2022
 China List R. Nicholas Burns PA Beijing [12] 1844 December 16, 2021
 Colombia List Vacant since June 1, 2022
Francisco Palmieri, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Bogotá 1823
 Comoros[f] List Claire A. Pierangelo CD Antananarivo 1977 March 2, 2022
 Congo-Brazzaville List Eugene S. Young CD Brazzaville 1960 December 18, 2021
 Congo-Kinshasa (DRC) List Lucy Tamlyn CD Kinshasa 1960 December 20, 2022
 Costa Rica List Cynthia A. Telles PA San José 1853 December 18, 2021
 Croatia List Nathalie Rayes PA Zagreb 1992 December 6, 2023
 Cuba List Vacant since October 28, 1960
Benjamin G. Ziff, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Havana [13] 1902
 Cyprus List Julie D. Fisher CD Nicosia 1960 December 13, 2022
 Czech Republic List Bijan Sabet PA Prague [14] 1992 December 13, 2022
 Denmark List Alan M. Leventhal PA Copenhagen [15] 1827 June 15, 2022
 Djibouti List Vacant since May 18, 2023
Christopher Snipes, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Djibouti City 1980
 Dominica[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1979 November 15, 2023
 Dominican Republic List Vacant since January 20, 2021
Patricia Aguilera, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Santo Domingo 1884
 East Timor (Timor-Leste) List Vacant since August 3, 2021
Marc Weinstock, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Dili 2002
 Ecuador List Michael J. Fitzpatrick CD Quito 1833 May 23, 2019
 Egypt List Herro Mustafa CD Cairo 1848 November 1, 2023
 El Salvador List William H. Duncan CD San Salvador [16] 1863 December 13, 2022
 Equatorial Guinea List David R. Gilmour CD Malabo 1967 December 18, 2021
 Eritrea List Vacant since July 19, 2010
Leslie Freriksen, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Asmara 1991
 Estonia List George P. Kent CD Tallinn [17] 1922 December 13, 2022
 Eswatini List Vacant since December 20, 2022
Caitlin Piper, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Mbabane 1971
 Ethiopia List Ervin Jose Massinga CD Addis Ababa 1908 July 27, 2023
 Fiji[g] List Marie C. Damour CD Suva 1971 August 4, 2022
 Finland List Doug Hickey PA Helsinki 1920 March 24, 2022
 France[h] List Denise Bauer PA Paris [18] 1778 December 18, 2021
 Gabon List Vernelle FitzPatrick CD Libreville 1960 November 29, 2023
 The Gambia List Sharon L. Cromer CD Banjul 1965 December 18, 2021
 Georgia List Robin Dunnigan CD Tbilisi 1992 July 27, 2023
 Germany List Amy Gutmann PA Berlin [19] 1797 February 8, 2022
 Ghana List Virginia E. Palmer CD Accra [20] 1957 March 2, 2022
 Greece List George James Tsunis PA Athens [21] 1868 March 10, 2022
 Grenada[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1975 November 15, 2023
 Guatemala List Tobin John Bradley CD Guatemala City 1826 December 20, 2023
 Guinea-Bissau[i] List Michael A. Raynor CD Dakar 1976 December 18, 2021
 Guinea List Troy D. Fitrell CD Conakry 1959 December 18, 2021
 Guyana List Nicole D. Theriot CD Georgetown 1966 July 27, 2023
 Haiti List Vacant since October 9, 2021
Eric Stromayer, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Port-au-Prince 1862
 Holy See (Vatican City) List Joe Donnelly PA Vatican City [22] 1984 January 20, 2022
 Honduras List Laura Farnsworth Dogu CD Tegucigalpa 1853 March 10, 2022
 Hungary List David Pressman PA Budapest 1921 July 28, 2022
 Iceland List Carrin Patman PA Reykjavík 1941 August 7, 2022
 India List Eric Garcetti PA New Delhi [23] 1947 March 15, 2023
 Indonesia List Vacant since November 21, 2023
Michael F. Kleine, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Jakarta [24] 1949
 Iran List No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the U.S. Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Virtual Embassy Tehran open since December 2011.
 Iraq List Alina Romanowski CD Baghdad [25] 1931 March 24, 2022
 Ireland List Claire D. Cronin PA Dublin [26] 1927 December 18, 2021
 Israel List Jack Lew PA Jerusalem [27] 1949 October 31, 2023
 Italy[j] List Jack Markell PA Rome [28] 1831 July 27, 2023
 Ivory Coast List Jessica Davis Ba CD Abidjan 1960 December 15, 2022
 Jamaica List N. Nick Perry PA Kingston 1962 March 10, 2022
 Japan List Rahm Emanuel PA Tokyo [29] 1859 December 18, 2021
 Jordan List Yael Lempert CD Amman 1950 July 27, 2023
 Kazakhstan List Daniel N. Rosenblum CD Astana 1992 August 4, 2022
 Kenya List Meg Whitman PA Nairobi [30] 1964 July 14, 2022
 Kiribati[g] List Marie C. Damour CD Suva 1980 August 4, 2022
 Kosovo List Jeff Hovenier CD Pristina 2008 November 18, 2021
 Kuwait List Karen Sasahara CD Kuwait City 1961 October 16, 2023
 Kyrgyzstan List Lesslie Viguerie CD Bishkek 1992 September 29, 2022
 Laos List Heather Variava CD Vientiane 1950 November 29, 2023
 Latvia List Christopher T. Robinson CD Riga 1922 December 13, 2022
 Lebanon List Lisa A. Johnson CD Beirut [31] 1942 December 14, 2023
 Lesotho List Maria E. Brewer CD Maseru 1966 December 18, 2021
 Liberia List Vacant since July 12, 2023
Catherine Rodriguez, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Monrovia 1863
 Libya List Vacant since September 8, 2022
Jeremy Berndt, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Tripoli 1952
 Liechtenstein[k] List Scott Miller PA Bern 1853 December 18, 2021
 Lithuania List Kara McDonald CD Vilnius 1922 November 29, 2023
 Luxembourg List Tom Barrett PA Luxembourg [32] 1903 December 16, 2021
 Madagascar[f] List Claire A. Pierangelo CD Antananarivo 1960 March 2, 2022
 Malawi List David Young CD Lilongwe 1964 March 2, 2022
 Malaysia List Edgard Kagan CD Kuala Lumpur 1957 November 8, 2023
 Maldives List Hugo Yue-Ho Yon CD Colombo 2023 July 27, 2023
 Mali List Rachna Korhonen CD Bamako 1960 December 13, 2022
 Malta List Constance J. Milstein PA Attard [33] 1964 August 6, 2022
 Marshall Islands List Vacant since March 3, 2023
Lance Posey, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Majuro 1986
 Mauritania List Cynthia Kierscht CD Nouakchott 1960 December 22, 2020
 Mauritius[l] List Henry V. Jardine CD Port Louis 1968 December 13, 2022
 Mexico List Ken Salazar PA Mexico City [34] 1825 August 11, 2021
 Micronesia List Jennifer L. Johnson CD Kolonia 1987 July 27, 2023
 Moldova List Kent D. Logsdon CD Chișinău [35] 1992 December 18, 2021
 Monaco[h] List Denise Bauer PA Paris [36] 2006 December 18, 2021
 Mongolia List Richard Buangan CD Ulaanbaatar 1988 August 4, 2022
 Montenegro List Judy Rising Reinke CD Podgorica 1905 September 6, 2018
 Morocco List Puneet Talwar PA Rabat 1905 September 8, 2022
 Mozambique List Peter H. Vrooman CD Maputo 1976 December 18, 2021
 Namibia List Randy W. Berry CD Windhoek 1990 September 20, 2022
 Nauru[g] List Marie C. Damour CD Suva 1974 August 4, 2022
   Nepal List Dean R. Thompson CD Kathmandu 1959 August 4, 2022
 Netherlands List Shefali Razdan Duggal PA The Hague [37] 1781 September 14, 2022
 New Zealand[m] List Tom Udall PA Wellington 1942 October 26, 2021
 Nicaragua List Hugo F. Rodriguez CD Managua [38] 1851 September 29, 2022
 Niger List Kathleen A. FitzGibbon CD Niamey 1960 July 27, 2023
 Nigeria List Vacant since March 31, 2023
David Greene, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Abuja 1960
 North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters are handled by the Swedish embassy.[n]
 North Macedonia List Angela P. Aggeler CD Skopje 1993 August 4, 2022
 Norway List Marc B. Nathanson PA Oslo [39] 1905 May 5, 2022
 Oman List Ana A. Escrogima CD Muscat 1972 October 17, 2023
 Pakistan List Donald Blome CD Islamabad [40] 1947 March 1, 2022
 Palau List Joel Ehrendreich CD Koror 2004 July 27, 2023
 Panama List Mari Carmen Aponte PA Panama City 1903 September 29, 2022
 Papua New Guinea[o] List Ann M. Yastishock CD Port Moresby 1975 November 29, 2023
 Paraguay List Marc Ostfield CD Asunción 1861 December 18, 2021
 Peru List Vacant since September 8, 2023
John T. McNamara, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Lima [41] 1827
 Philippines List MaryKay Carlson CD Manila [42] 1946 May 5, 2022
 Poland List Mark Brzezinski PA Warsaw [43] 1919 December 18, 2021
 Portugal List Randi Levine PA Lisbon [44] 1791 March 10, 2022
 Qatar List Timmy T. Davis CD Doha 1971 August 4, 2022
 Romania List Kathleen A. Kavalec CD Bucharest 1880 December 15, 2022
 Russia List Lynne M. Tracy CD Moscow [45] 1809 December 21, 2022
 Rwanda List Eric W. Kneedler CD Kigali 1963 July 27, 2023
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1984 November 15, 2023
 Saint Lucia[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1983 November 15, 2023
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[d] List Roger F. Nyhus PA Bridgetown 1981 November 15, 2023
 Samoa[m] List Tom Udall PA Apia 1971 October 26, 2021
 San Marino[j] List Jack Markell PA Florence
San Marino VPP
2006 July 27, 2023
 São Tomé and Príncipe[c] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Luanda 1975 December 18, 2021
 Saudi Arabia List Michael Ratney CD Riyadh 1939 March 14, 2023
 Senegal[i] List Michael A. Raynor CD Dakar 1960 December 18, 2021
 Serbia List Christopher R. Hill CD Belgrade 1882 March 10, 2022
 Seychelles[l] List Henry V. Jardine CD Port Louis 1976 December 13, 2022
 Sierra Leone List Bryan David Hunt CD Freetown 1961 July 27, 2023
 Singapore List Jonathan E. Kaplan PA Singapore [46] 1966 November 19, 2021
 Slovakia List Gautam A. Rana CD Bratislava 1993 August 4, 2022
 Slovenia List Jamie Harpootlian PA Ljubljana 1992 December 18, 2021
 Solomon Islands[o] List Ann M. Yastishock CD Port Moresby 1978 November 29, 2023
 Somalia List Vacant since May 30, 2023
Shane L. Dixon, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Mogadishu [47] 1960
 South Africa List Reuben Brigety PA Pretoria 1929 July 21, 2022
 South Korea List Philip S. Goldberg CD Seoul [48] 1883 May 5, 2022
 South Sudan List Michael J. Adler CD Juba [49] 2011 July 14, 2022
 Spain[b] List Julissa Reynoso Pantaleón PA Madrid 1783 December 18, 2021
 Sri Lanka List Julie J. Chung CD Colombo 1949 December 18, 2021
 Sudan List John Godfrey CD Khartoum 1956 July 14, 2022
 Suriname List Robert J. Faucher CD Paramaribo 1975 December 13, 2022
 Sweden List Erik Ramanathan PA Stockholm 1818 December 18, 2021
  Switzerland[k] List Scott Miller PA Bern 1853 December 18, 2021
 Syria List The embassy was closed on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, 2014, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
 Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
 Tajikistan List Manuel P. Micaller CD Dushanbe 1992 December 13, 2022
 Tanzania List Michael Battle PA Dar es Salaam [50] 1962 December 13, 2022
 Thailand List Robert F. Godec CD Bangkok [51] 1882 August 4, 2022
 Togo List Elizabeth Fitzsimmons CD Lomé 1960 December 18, 2021
 Tonga[g] List Marie C. Damour CD Suva 1972 August 4, 2022
 Trinidad and Tobago List Candace Bond PA Port of Spain 1962 September 29, 2022
 Tunisia List Joey R. Hood CD Tunis 1956 December 21, 2022
 Turkey List Jeff Flake PA Ankara 1831 October 26, 2021
 Turkmenistan List Matthew Klimow CD Ashgabat 1992 May 23, 2019
 Tuvalu[g] List Marie C. Damour CD Suva 1979 August 4, 2022
 Uganda List William W. Popp CD Kampala 1963 July 27, 2023
 Ukraine List Bridget A. Brink CD Kyiv [52] 1992 May 18, 2022
 United Arab Emirates List Martina A. Strong CD Abu Dhabi 1972 July 27, 2023
 United Kingdom[p] List Jane D. Hartley PA London [53] 1791 May 25, 2022
 Uruguay List Heide B. Fulton CD Montevideo 1867 December 13, 2022
 Uzbekistan List Jonathan Henick CD Tashkent 1992 August 4, 2022
 Vanuatu[o] List Ann M. Yastishock CD Port Moresby 1986 November 29, 2023
 Venezuela List Vacant since May 19, 2023
Francisco Palmieri, chief of mission
(N/A) Caracas [54] 1835
 Vietnam List Marc Knapper CD Hanoi 1997 December 18, 2021
 Yemen List Steven Fagin CD Sanaa 1988 April 7, 2022
 Zambia List Michael C. Gonzales CD Lusaka 1965 August 4, 2022
 Zimbabwe List Vacant since September 14, 2021
Elanie M. French, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Harare 1980
 Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhazia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Palestine The State of Palestine is not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States[q]
 South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations

Ambassadors to the United Nations

Current ambassadors from the United States to the United Nations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
United Nations List New York, United States Linda Thomas-Greenfield PA New York City February 23, 2021
United Nations (Deputy) List New York City, United States Richard M. Mills Jr. PA New York City November 9, 2020
United Nations (Management and Reform) List New York, United States Chris Lu PA New York City December 18, 2021
United Nations (Special Political Affairs) List New York, United States Robert A. Wood PA New York City September 20, 2022
United Nations Economic and Social Council List New York, United States Lisa Carty PA New York City February 8, 2022
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) Paris
United Nations Human Rights Council List Geneva, Switzerland Michèle Taylor PA Geneva February 17, 2022
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva List Geneva, Switzerland Bathsheba Nell Crocker PA Geneva December 18, 2021
United Nations International Organizations in Rome
(U.N. Agencies for Food and Agriculture)
List Rome, Italy Vacant since April 5, 2023
Rodney Hunter, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Rome
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna List Vienna, Austria Laura Holgate PA Vienna December 18, 2021

Other international organizations

Current ambassadors from the United States to other international organizations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
African Union List Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Vacant since February 1, 2023
Mikael Cleverly, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Addis Ababa
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation List Singapore Matthew D. Murray CD Singapore July 27, 2023
Asian Development Bank List Mandaluyong, Philippines Chantale Wong PA Mandaluyong February 8, 2022
Association of Southeast Asian Nations List Jakarta, Indonesia Yohannes Abraham PA Jakarta August 4, 2022
Conference on Disarmament List Geneva, Switzerland Bruce I. Turner CD Geneva September 13, 2022
European Union List Brussels, Belgium Mark Gitenstein PA Brussels [55] December 18, 2021
International Atomic Energy Agency List Vienna, Austria Laura Holgate PA Vienna March 29, 2022
International Civil Aviation Organization List Montreal, Quebec, Canada Vacant since July 1, 2022
Andrew M. Veprek, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Montreal
North Atlantic Treaty Organization List Brussels, Belgium Julianne Smith PA Brussels [56] November 18, 2021
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development List Paris, France Vacant since August 21, 2023
Karen Enstrom, chargé d'affaires a.i.
(N/A) Paris
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons List The Hague, Netherlands Vacant since December 29, 2023
Jimmy Aguirre, chargé d'affaires a.i.
CD The Hague
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe List Vienna, Austria Michael R. Carpenter PA Vienna [57] November 3, 2021
Organization of American States List Washington, D.C., United States Francisco O. Mora PA Washington, D.C. December 14, 2022

Ambassadors-at-large

Current ambassadors-at-large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:[12][13]

Portfolio List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
Counterterrorism List Elizabeth H. Richard CD [58] December 19, 2023
Cyberspace and Digital Policy List Nathaniel Fick PA [59] September 15, 2022
Global AIDS Combat[r] List John Nkengasong PA [60] May 5, 2022
Global Criminal Justice List Beth Van Schaack PA [61] March 15, 2022
Global Women's Issues List Geeta Rao Gupta PA [62] May 10, 2023
International Religious Freedom List Rashad Hussain PA [63] December 16, 2021
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons List Cindy Dyer PA [64] December 20, 2022

Other officials with the rank of ambassador

Officials who were granted the rank of ambassador in their senate confirmations:

Office of the United States Trade Representative

Position Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
United States Trade Representative Katherine Tai PA [65] March 17, 2021
Deputy United States Trade Representative
(Western Hemisphere, Europe, the Middle East, Labor, and Environment)
Jayme White PA [66] September 22, 2021
Deputy United States Trade Representative
(Asia, Africa, Investment, Services, Textiles, and Industrial Competitiveness)
Sarah Bianchi PA [67] September 23, 2021
Deputy United States Trade Representative (Geneva Office) Maria Pagan PA [68] March 10, 2022
Chief Agricultural Negotiator, Office of the United States Trade Representative Doug McKalip PA [69] December 22, 2022

U.S. State Department

Position Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
Chief of Protocol Vacant since July 31, 2023
Ethan Rosenzweig, Acting Chief of Protocol
(N/A) [70]
Coordinator for International Communications and Information Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) [71]
Director of the Office of Foreign Missions Rebecca E. Gonzales CD [72] May 19, 2022
Head of the Office of Sanctions Coordination Vacant since October 5, 2023 (N/A) [73]
Special Envoy on North Korean Human Rights Issues Julie Turner CD [74] July 27, 2023
Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism Deborah Lipstadt PA [75] March 30, 2022
Special Representative of the President for Nuclear Nonproliferation Adam M. Scheinman PA [76] March 18, 2021

Other chiefs of mission

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country List Ambassador Title Website Appointed
 Curaçao[s] List Margy Bond Consul General and Chief of Mission Curaçao January 20, 2022
 Hong Kong[t] List Gregory May Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [77] September 2022
 Taiwan List Sandra Oudkirk Director (of the nominally independent American Institute in Taiwan) Taipei [78] July 15, 2021

Special envoys, representatives, and coordinators

These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.[14][13][15] Unlike the State Department offices and diplomats listed in other sections of this Article, the offices and special envoys/representatives/coordinators listed in this Section are created and staffed by direction of top Federal Executive administrators – primarily U.S. Presidents and Secretaries of State – whose political or organizational management philosophies may not be shared by their successors.[16][17][18] As such, many of these positions may go unfilled upon assumption of office by successor Presidential Administrations, with their offices sometimes merged with or subsumed into other offices, or abolished altogether.

Portfolio Title Officeholder Website Appointed
Advance the Human Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual,
Transgender, Queer and Intersex (LGBTQI+) Persons
Special Envoy Jessica Stern [79] September 27, 2021
Afghan Women, Girls, and Human Rights Special Envoy Rina Amiri [80] January 6, 2022
Afghanistan Special Representative Thomas West [81] October 20, 2021
Altantic Cooperation Senior Coordinator Jessica Lapenn [82] December 30, 2022
The Arctic Region Coordinator James P. DeHart [83] July 27, 2020
Biodiversity and Water Resources Special Envoy Vacant since April 28, 2023 [84]
The Biological Weapons Convention Special Representative Kenneth D. Ward [85] March 30, 2022
China Coordinator Mark Baxter Lambert [86] September 29, 2023
City and State Diplomacy Special Representative Nina Hachigian [87] October 3, 2022
Climate Special Presidential Envoy John Kerry [88] January 20, 2021
Commercial and Business Affairs Special Representative Scott Ticknor (acting) [89] July 31, 2023
Counterterrorism Coordinator Christopher A. Landberg (acting) [90] January 13, 2023
Critical and Emerging Technology Special Envoy Seth Center (deputy) [91] January 3, 2023
Digital Freedom Special Envoy and Coordinator Eileen Donahoe [92] September 6, 2023
The Diplomatic Security Service for Security Infrastructure Senior Coordinator Donald J. Blersch [93] June 10, 2019
The DPRK Special Representative Sung Y. Kim [94] May 21, 2021
Global Anti-Corruption Coordinator Richard Nephew [95] July 5, 2022
The Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS Special Envoy Christopher A. Landberg (acting) [96] January 13, 2023
Global Democratic Renewal Coordinator Erin M. Barclay [97] September 6, 2022
The Global Engagement Center Special Envoy and Coordinator James Rubin [98] December 15, 2022
Global Food Security Special Envoy Cary Fowler [99] May 5, 2022
Global Partnerships Special Representative Dorothy McAuliffe [100] June 6, 2022
Global Youth Issues Special Envoy Abby Finkenauer [101] November 21, 2022
Haiti Special Envoy Vacant since September 22, 2021 [102]
Health Incident Response Task Force Coordinator Jonathan M. Moore [103] November 15, 2021
Holocaust Issues Special Envoy Ellen Germain [104] August 23, 2021
The Horn of Africa Special Envoy Mike Hammer [105] June 1, 2022
Hostage Affairs Special Presidential Envoy Roger D. Carstens [106] March 2, 2020
International Labor Affairs Special Representative Kelly Fay Rodríguez [107] December 5, 2022
Iran Special Envoy Robert Malley [108] January 28, 2021
Israel and the Palestinian Authority Security Coordinator Michael R. Fenzel [109] November 2021
Libya Special Envoy Richard B. Norland [110] May 10, 2021
Monitor and Combat Antisemitism Special Envoy Deborah Lipstadt [111] May 3, 2022
Middle East Humanitarian Issues Special Envoy David M. Satterfield [112] October 15, 2023
North Korean Human Rights Special Envoy Julie Turner [113] October 13, 2023
Northern Ireland for Economic Affairs Special Envoy Joe Kennedy III [114] December 19, 2022
Northern Triangle Special Envoy Vacant since July 28, 2023 [115]
Nuclear Nonproliferation Special Representative Adam M. Scheinman [116] December 20, 2021
Palestinian Affairs Special Representative Hady Amr [117] November 22, 2022
The Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment Special Coordinator Helaina R. Matza (acting) [118] May 31, 2023
Racial Equity and Justice Special Representative Desirée Cormier Smith [119] June 17, 2022
The Sahel Region of Africa Special Envoy Vacant since January 20, 2021 [120]
Syria Engagement Special Representative Vacant since September 17, 2021 [121]
Tibetan Issues Special Coordinator Uzra Zeya [122] July 14, 2021
U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia Coordinator Maria A. Longi [123] October 24, 2022
Ukraine's Economic Recovery Special Representative Penny Pritzker [124] September 14, 2023
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi Permanent Representative Jennifer Harwood Nairobi July 27, 2023
Venezuela Special Representative Vacant since January 20, 2021 [125]
Western Balkans Special Representative Gabriel Escobar [126] September 7, 2021
Yemen Special Envoy Tim Lenderking [127] February 4, 2021

Nations without exchange of ambassadors

Notable past ambassadors

Many well-known individuals have served the United States as ambassadors, or in formerly analogous positions such as envoy, including several who also became President of the United States (indicated in boldface below). Some notable ambassadors have included:

Ambassadors killed in office

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[27]

Name Ambassador to Place Country Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Ontario  Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Gordon Mein Guatemala Guatemala City  Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Rebel Armed Forces
Cleo A. Noel Jr. Sudan Khartoum  Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September Organization
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia  Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis E. Meloy Jr. Lebanon Beirut  Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul  Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Settam-e-Melli
Arnold Lewis Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur  Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
J. Christopher Stevens Libya Benghazi  Libya September 11, 2012 attack by Ansar al-Sharia on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countries

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Kabul transferred operations to Doha, Qatar, on August 31, 2021, following the fall of Kabul to the Taliban.[9][10] Since December 31, 2021, the U.S. Interests Section at the Embassy of Qatar in Kabul has served as the protecting power for the U.S. in Afghanistan.[11]
  2. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Madrid, is accredited to Andorra and Spain.
  3. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Luanda, is accredited to Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g One ambassador, resident at Bridgetown, is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  5. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government and other Western governments still refer to the country as Burma in official usage.
  6. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Antananarivo, is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  7. ^ a b c d e One ambassador, resident at Suva, is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu.
  8. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Paris, is accredited to France and Monaco.
  9. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Dakar, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  10. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Rome, is accredited to Italy and San Marino.
  11. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Bern, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  12. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Port Louis, is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  13. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Wellington, is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  14. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  15. ^ a b c One ambassador, resident at Port Moresby, is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  16. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's".
  17. ^ The U.S. also does not recognize Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara.
  18. ^ Full title is Ambassador-at-Large, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and Senior Bureau Official for Global Health Security and Diplomacy
  19. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the United States Consul General to Curaçao is responsible for all the countries and special municipalities of the former Netherlands Antilles, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  20. ^ The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.

References

  1. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure Archived October 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Senate.gov; retrieved May 25, 2012.
  2. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 29, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "List of U.S. Ambassadors". United States Department of State.
  4. ^ "Chiefs of Mission Listed by Country". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on May 12, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  5. ^ "Ambassadors at Large". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  6. ^ "Chiefs of Mission to International Organizations". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on July 6, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  7. ^ Burns, William J.; Thomas-Greenfield, Linda (September 23, 2020). "The Transformation of Diplomacy: How to Save the State Department". Foreign Affairs. Vol. 99, no. 6. ISSN 0015-7120.
  8. ^ "Current list of U.S. Ambassadors". United States Department of State. United States Department of State. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
  9. ^ Jakes, Lara (August 30, 2021). "In a final blow of the 20-year war, U.S. envoys close their embassy and exit Kabul". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  10. ^ U.S. Embassy in Kabul (August 31, 2021). "Security Message: Suspension of Operations". Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  11. ^ Beitsch, Rebecca; Rai, Sarakshi (November 12, 2021). "Qatar to formally represent US interests in Afghanistan". The Hill. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  12. ^ "United States Ambassadors at Large". Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Assistant Secretaries and Other Senior Officials". Archived from the original on May 21, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  14. ^ "Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators". American Foreign Service Association. January 7, 2019. Archived from the original on January 18, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  15. ^ "Alphabetical List of Bureaus and Offices". Archived from the original on July 1, 2019. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  16. ^ Torres-Bennett, Aileen (October 31, 2017). "Tillerson Wants to Whittle Down Number of Special Envoys". washdiplomat.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  17. ^ Labott, Elise; Gaouette, Nicole; Herb, Jeremy (August 29, 2017). "First on CNN: Tillerson moves to ditch special envoys". CNN. Archived from the original on March 10, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  18. ^ Kanowitz, Stephanie (October 31, 2017). "SIDEBAR: Who's In and Who's Out". washdiplomat.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Bhutan (08/04)". United States Department of State.
  20. ^ Goshko, John M.; Walsh, Edward (April 8, 1980). "U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Iran: Carter Breaks Ties, Orders Ouster of Iranian Diplomats". The Washington Post. p. A1. ProQuest 147221464.
  21. ^ "Former No. 2 Iran Diplomat To Be Allowed Back in U.S.". The Washington Post. April 25, 1980. p. A27. ProQuest 147210403.
  22. ^ "Chapter 3 – State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  23. ^ "The Embassy | SwedenAbroad". swedenabroad.com. Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  24. ^ "Suspending Embassy Operations in Syria". U.S. State Department. February 6, 2012.
  25. ^ "U.S. recognizes Syria opposition offices as 'foreign mission'". Reuters. May 5, 2014.
  26. ^ Roy, Denny (2003). Taiwan: a political history (1. publ. ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801488054.
  27. ^ "US Ambassadors Killed in the Line of Duty". Associated Press. September 12, 2012. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2012.