Sargent Shriver
Shriver in 1961
United States Ambassador to France
In office
May 25, 1968 – March 25, 1970
PresidentLyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Preceded byCharles E. Bohlen
Succeeded byArthur K. Watson
Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity
In office
October 16, 1964 – March 23, 1968
PresidentLyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byBertrand Harding
1st Director of the Peace Corps
In office
March 22, 1961 – February 28, 1966
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byJack Vaughn
President of the Chicago Board of Education
In office
October 26, 1955 – October 10, 1960
Preceded byWilliam B. Traynor
Succeeded byThomas L. Marshall
Personal details
Robert Sargent Shriver Jr.

(1915-11-09)November 9, 1915
Westminster, Maryland, U.S.
DiedJanuary 18, 2011(2011-01-18) (aged 95)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
(m. 1953; died 2009)
RelativesKennedy family
David Shriver
EducationYale University (BA, LLB)
Military service
AllegianceUnited States
Branch/serviceUnited States Navy
Years of service1941–1945
Rank Lieutenant Commander
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsPurple Heart
American Campaign Medal
Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal[1]

Robert Sargent Shriver Jr. (November 9, 1915 – January 18, 2011) was an American diplomat, politician, and activist. As the husband of Eunice Kennedy Shriver, he was part of the Kennedy family. Shriver was the driving force behind the creation of the Peace Corps, and founded the Job Corps, Head Start, VISTA, Upward Bound,[2] and other programs as the architect of the 1960s War on Poverty.[3] He was the Democratic Party's nominee for vice president in the 1972 presidential election.

Born in Westminster, Maryland, Shriver attended Yale University, then Yale Law School, graduating in 1941.[2] An opponent of U.S. entry into World War II, he helped establish the America First Committee but volunteered for the United States Navy before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. During the war, he served in the South Pacific, participating in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. After being discharged from the navy, he worked as an assistant editor for Newsweek and met Eunice Kennedy, marrying her in 1953.

He worked on the 1960 presidential campaign of his brother-in-law, John F. Kennedy, and helped establish the Peace Corps after Kennedy's victory. After Kennedy's assassination, Shriver served in the administration of Lyndon B. Johnson and helped establish several anti-poverty programs as director of the Office of Economic Opportunity from October 16, 1964, to March 22, 1968.[4] He also served as the United States Ambassador to France from 1968 to 1970.[2] In 1972, Democratic vice presidential nominee Thomas Eagleton resigned from the ticket, and Shriver was chosen as his replacement. The Democratic ticket of George McGovern and Shriver lost in a landslide election defeat to Republican President Richard Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew. Shriver briefly sought the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination but dropped out of the race after the first set of primaries.

After leaving office, he resumed the practice of law, becoming a partner with Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson. He also served as president of the Special Olympics and was briefly a part-owner of the Baltimore Orioles. He was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2003 and died in Bethesda, Maryland, in 2011.[2]

Early life and education

Robert Sargent Shriver Jr. was born in Westminster, Maryland, the younger of two sons. Shriver's parents Robert Sargent Shriver Sr. and Hilda, who had also been born with the surname Shriver, were second cousins.[5] His elder brother was Thomas Herbert Shriver. Of partial-German ancestry, Shriver was a descendant of David Shriver,[6] who signed the Maryland Constitution and Bill of Rights at Maryland's Constitutional Convention of 1776.[7] The Shriver Family has been in Maryland since 1721 and have occupied the Union Mills Homestead. His grandfather, Thomas Herbert Shriver, guided J. E. B. Stuart to the battle of Gettysburg when Thomas was just seventeen years of age.[8]

He spent his high school years at Canterbury School in New Milford, Connecticut, which he attended on a full scholarship. In his freshman year at Canterbury, he befriended future President John F. Kennedy. He was on Canterbury's baseball, basketball, and football teams, became the editor of the school's newspaper, and participated in choral and debating clubs.[9] On June 9, 2023, Shriver was inducted into the Canterbury School Athletic Hall of Fame for all three sports. After graduating from The Browning School in 1934, Shriver spent the summer in Germany as part of The Experiment in International Living, returning in the fall of 1934 to enter Yale University, where he was a brother in the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity, as well as a member of Yale's Scroll and Key society.

Military career

An early opponent of American involvement in World War II, Shriver was a founding member of the America First Committee, an organization started in 1940 by a group of Yale Law School students, also including future President Gerald Ford and future Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart, which tried to keep the US out of the European war.[10] Nevertheless, Shriver volunteered for the US Navy before the attack on Pearl Harbor and said he had a duty to serve his country even if he disagreed with its policies. He spent five years on active duty, mostly in the South Pacific, serving aboard the USS South Dakota (BB-57), reaching the rank of lieutenant commander (O-4). He was awarded a Purple Heart for wounds he received during the bombardment of Guadalcanal.[11]

Family life

Shriver's relationship with the Kennedys began when he was working as an assistant editor at Newsweek after his discharge from the Navy. He met Eunice Kennedy at a party in New York, and shortly afterwards, family patriarch Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. asked him to look at diary entries written by his eldest son, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., who had died in a plane crash while he was on a military mission during World War II. Shriver was later hired to manage the Merchandise Mart, part of Kennedy's business empire, in Chicago, Illinois.[12]

After a seven-year courtship, Shriver married Eunice Kennedy on May 23, 1953, at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City. She was the third daughter of Joseph Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy.[13]

They had five children: Robert Sargent "Bobby" Shriver III (born April 28, 1954), Maria Owings Shriver (born November 6, 1955), Timothy Perry Shriver (born August 29, 1959), Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964), and Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver (born July 20, 1965). The Shrivers were married for 56 years, and often worked together on projects.[14]

Shriver was admitted to practice law in the District of Columbia, Illinois, and New York, and at the US Supreme Court.[15]

A devout Catholic, Shriver attended daily Mass and always carried a rosary of well-worn wooden beads.[16] He was critical of abortion and was a signatory to "A New Compact of Care: Caring about Women, Caring for the Unborn", which appeared in The New York Times in July 1992 and stated that "To establish justice and to promote the general welfare, America does not need the abortion license. What America needs are policies that responsibly protect and advance the interest of mothers and their children, both before and after birth."[17]

Public service and political career


In May 1954, Shriver was appointed to the Chicago Board of Education by Chicago mayor Martin H. Kennelly.[18] On October 26, 1955, Shriver was chosen to serve as president of the Chicago Board of Education by a vote of the board.[18] Shriver would serve in the position of president for five years,[19][20] resigning from the position on October 10, 1960.[21] At the time he became president of the board, he was the second-youngest individual to hold that office, being only 39.[22] At the time, Chicago Public Schools was the second-largest school district in the United States.[22]

Shriver also served as director of the Catholic Interracial Council, a group created to advocate for desegregation in Chicago schools.[23]

Shriver considered several runs for statewide office. His first consideration was for the Democratic nomination in the 1956 Illinois gubernatorial election. Shriver had been courted by many Chicago Democrats, including Mayor Richard J. Daley, but ultimately chose to stay out of the election.[24] The primary was won by Cook County Treasurer Herbert C. Paschen who would be forced to withdraw as the nominee after becoming embroiled in scandals surrounding his work as Treasurer. District Court Judge Richard B. Austin, was chosen as the replacement and went on to narrowly lose the election to incumbent Governor William Stratton.


Shriver and JFK at the White House in August 1961.

In 1960, Shriver once again received serious courting by Democratic leaders in both Chicago and across the state to enter the Democratic primary for the 1960 Illinois gubernatorial election.[25][24] Shriver even meeting with Mayor Daley and the Cook County Democratic Committee to gauge a possible run at Daley's urging. However his father-in-law, Joseph P. Kennedy, told Shriver he would not be able to run or else he could seriously cripple the Presidential campaign of his brother-in-law, John F. Kennedy. His father-in-law cited the oversaturation of Catholic candidates in Illinois could cost the Democrats the state in November (Kennedy, Shriver, and Daley were all Catholic).[26][24]

When John F. Kennedy ran for president, Shriver worked as a political and organization coordinator in the Wisconsin and West Virginia primaries. During Kennedy's presidential term, Shriver founded and served as the first director of the Peace Corps from March 22, 1961, to February 28, 1966.[3][27]

Shriver has been credited with convincing a hesitant Kennedy to contact Coretta Scott King after her husband, prominent civil rights activist Martin Luther King, was jailed for civil disobedience in Georgia in October 1960. Kennedy's phone call to Coretta Scott King was credited with helping to strengthen black support for Kennedy's candidacy.[28][29][30]

After Kennedy's assassination, Shriver continued to serve as Director of the Peace Corps and served as Special Assistant to President Lyndon Johnson. Under Johnson, he created the Office of Economic Opportunity and served as its first director.[31] He is known as the "architect" of the Johnson administration's "War on Poverty".[3] Hired by President Johnson to be the "salesman" for Johnson's War on Poverty initiative, Shriver initially was "not interested in hearing about community action proposals." The Job Corps movement was more consistent with his goals. Thus, soon after his appointment, Shriver "moved quickly to reconsider the proposed anti-poverty initiative."[32]

Shriver founded numerous social programs and organizations, including Head Start,[33] VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action, Upward Bound, Foster Grandparents, Legal Services, the National Clearinghouse for Legal Services (now the Shriver Center), Indian and Migrant Opportunities and Neighborhood Health Services, in addition to directing the Peace Corps. He was active in the Special Olympics, which was founded in 1968 by his wife Eunice.

Shriver was awarded the Pacem in Terris Peace and Freedom Award in 1967. It was named after a 1963 encyclical letter by Pope John XXIII that calls upon all people of good will to secure peace among all nations. Pacem in terris is Latin for 'Peace on Earth'.

In 1964 Shriver was considered one of the primary finalists on Johnson's shortlist to be vice president. After weighing the benefits of Shriver as the second spot on the ticket, Johnson ultimately chose Hubert Humphrey. Shriver again considered running for Governor of Illinois in the 1964 Illinois gubernatorial election.[24] However, he demurred after being asked by President Johnson to stay on and continue leading the creation of many of the aforementioned War on Poverty programs that would become part of the Great Society.[24]

In 1968, Shriver was once again seriously courted by Illinois Democrats for both the 1968 Illinois gubernatorial election against increasingly unpopular incumbent Governor Otto Kerner, Jr. and the 1968 United States Senate election in Illinois against incumbent Republican Everett Dirksen. Shriver expressed little interest in serving in the Senate, not wanting to be overshadowed by his brothers-in-law Ted Kennedy and specifically Robert Kennedy, who he had expected to run for president in 1972. To move Shriver toward a run, Daley pitched to Illinois Democratic leaders and Shriver on recruiting Illinois State Treasurer Adlai E. Stevenson III to run for the Senate seat with Shriver running for Governor. Shriver even received Johnson's blessing to make the run as part of Daley's "Dream Ticket", should he choose to do so. However, when Stevenson spoke out against the Vietnam War, Daley rejected Stevenson's candidacy and again tried to recruit Shriver for the Senate seat. Johnson had offered Shriver the post of U.S. Ambassador to France, but asked for time to consider the offer, during which he considered his potential candidacy. When Stevenson lost Daley's support for the Senate seat and began trying to recruit Shriver again, Shriver decided to accept Johnson's offer of the Ambassadorship.[24]

Shriver served as U.S. Ambassador to France from 1968 to 1970, becoming a quasi-celebrity among the French for bringing what Time magazine called "a rare and welcome panache" to the normally sedate world of international diplomacy.[34] Upon returning to the United States in 1970, Shriver was speculated to be considering challenging incumbent Democratic Governor Marvin Mandel for the Democratic nomination for the 1970 Maryland gubernatorial election, reports he did nothing to disway despite Mandel's sizable campaign fund and being the state's first Jewish Governor. Mandel had been elected by the Maryland Legislature to finish out the term Spiro Agnew had been elected to in 1966, but resigned from after being elected Vice President in 1968. After traveling the state to gauge the support a potential candidacy might have, Shriver met with Mandel in the Governor's office. After emerging from the meeting, Shriver declined to be a candidate. Mandel recalled years later, "We had a long discussion, and when it was over, he wasn't a candidate."[35]

Vice Presidential candidacy

Main article: United States presidential election, 1972

During the 1972 Democratic National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida, George McGovern considered Shriver as a vice presidential candidate, but his campaign was unable to reach Shriver, who was at the time visiting Moscow, Soviet Union.[36] McGovern then selected Thomas Eagleton instead, who later resigned from the Democratic ticket following revelations of past mental health treatments. Shriver replaced Eagleton on the ticket. The McGovern-Shriver ticket lost to Republican incumbents Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew.

Presidential candidacy

Main article: 1976 Democratic Party presidential primaries

Shriver unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976. In the months before the primaries began, political observers thought that Shriver would draw strength from legions of former colleagues from the Peace Corps and the War on Poverty programs, and he was even seen as an inheritor of the Kennedy legacy, but neither theory proved true.[37] His candidacy was short-lived and he returned to private life.[38]

Life after politics

Shriver and wife, Eunice, in 1999

Shriver was a partner of the Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson law firm in Washington, D.C., where he specialized in international law and foreign affairs, beginning in 1971.[15] He retired as partner in 1986 and was then named of counsel to the firm.[citation needed]

In 1981, Shriver was appointed to the Rockefeller University Council, an organization devoted exclusively to research and graduate education in the biomedical and related sciences.

In 1984, he was elected president of Special Olympics by the board of directors; as president, he directed the operation and international development of sports programs around the world. Six years later, in 1990, he was appointed chairman of the board of Special Olympics.

He was an investor in the Baltimore Orioles along with his eldest son Bobby Shriver, Eli Jacobs, and Larry Lucchino from 1989[39] to 1993.

Illness and death

Shriver was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2003. In 2004, his daughter, Maria, published a children's book, What's Happening to Grandpa?, to help explain Alzheimer's to children. The book gives suggestions on how to help and to show love to an elderly person with the disease.[40] In July 2007, Shriver's son-in-law, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, speaking in favor of stem-cell research, said that Shriver's Alzheimer's disease had advanced to the point that "Today, he does not even recognize his wife."[41] Maria Shriver discusses her father's worsening condition in a segment for the four-part 2009 HBO documentary series The Alzheimer's Project called Grandpa, Do You Know Who I Am?, including describing a moment when she decided to stop trying to correct his various delusions.[42]

On August 11, 2009, Shriver's wife of 56 years, Eunice, died at the age of 88.[19] He attended her wake and funeral in Centerville and Hyannis, Massachusetts.[43] Two weeks later, on August 29, 2009, he also attended the funeral of her brother Ted Kennedy in Boston, Massachusetts.[44]

Shriver died on January 18, 2011, in Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, at age 95.[3][12][45] Shriver's family released a statement calling him "a man of giant love, energy, enthusiasm, and commitment" who "lived to make the world a more joyful, faithful, and compassionate place."[45] President Barack Obama also released a statement, calling Shriver "one of the brightest lights of the greatest generation".[45] Aaron S. Williams, the director of the Peace Corps, said in a statement, "The entire Peace Corps community is deeply saddened by the passing of Sargent Shriver." He further noted that Shriver "served as our founder, friend, and guiding light for the past 50 years" and that "his legacy of idealism will live on in the work of current and future Peace Corps volunteers."[46] He is buried alongside his wife Eunice at St. Francis Xavier Cemetery in Centerville, Massachusetts.


In 1968, he was awarded the Laetare Medal by the University of Notre Dame, the oldest and most prestigious award for American Catholics.[47]

In 1993, Shriver received the Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom From Want Award. On August 8, 1994, Shriver received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor, from President Bill Clinton.

In December 1993, the University of Maryland, Baltimore County created the Shriver Center in honor of Shriver and his wife. The center serves as the university's civic engagement, and applied learning organization. The Shriver Center also is home to the Shriver Peaceworker Program and the Shriver Living Learning Community.[48]

The Job Corps dedicated a center to his name in 1998 – the "Shriver Job Corps Center" – located in Devens, Massachusetts.[49] The National Clearinghouse for Legal Services (renamed the National Center on Poverty Law in 1995) was renamed the Shriver Center in 2002 and each year awards a Sargent Shriver Award for Equal Justice.[50]

Sargent Shriver Elementary School, located in Silver Spring, Maryland, is named after him.[51][52]

In January 2008, a documentary film about Shriver aired on PBS, titled American Idealist: The Story of Sargent Shriver.[3]

The Kennedy Shriver Aquatic Center in Bethesda, Maryland, is named after him and Eunice Kennedy Shriver.[53]

Following his death, Daniel Larison wrote:

Shriver was an admirable, principled, and conscientious man who respected the dignity and sanctity of human life, and he also happened to be a contemporary and in-law of Kennedy. Not only did Shriver represent a "link" with JFK, but he represented a particular culture of white ethnic Catholic Democratic politics that has been gradually disappearing for the last fifty years. A pro-life Catholic, Shriver had been a founding member of the America First Committee, and more famously he was also on the 1972 antiwar ticket with George McGovern. In short, he represented much of what was good in the Democratic Party of his time.[54]

Electoral history

1972 United States presidential election

1976 Democratic presidential primaries[55]

Portrayals in film

See also


  1. ^ Herbert, Bob (April 23, 2004). "A Muscular Idealism". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d Reed, Christopher (January 19, 2011). "Sargent Shriver obituary: Brother-in-law of JFK who strove on behalf of America's poor". The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e McFadden, Robert D. (January 18, 2011). "R. Sargent Shriver, Peace Corps Leader, Dies at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  4. ^ Remarks at the Swearing In of Sargent Shriver as Director, Office of Economic Opportunity. The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  5. ^ Shorter, Edward (2000). The Kennedy Family and the Story of Mental Retardation. Temple University Press. p. 61. ISBN 1-566-39782-0.
  6. ^ "Maryland Constitutional Convention, 1776". Retrieved March 9, 2024.
  7. ^ "The New Nominee No Longer Half a Kennedy". Time. August 14, 1972. Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved September 27, 2008.
  8. ^ "Thomas Herbert Shriver, MSA SC 3520-12824". Retrieved April 14, 2024.
  9. ^ "R. Sargent Shriver built roots at New Milford's Canterbury School". News-Times. February 22, 2011.
  10. ^ Kauffman, Bill; Sarles, Ruth (2003). A story of America First: the men and women who opposed U.S. intervention in World War II. New York: Praeger. p. xvii. ISBN 0-275-97512-6.
  11. ^ Schoifet, Mark (January 19, 2011). "Sargent Shriver, Kennedy In-Law, Founder of U.S. Peace Corps, Dies at 95". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
  12. ^ a b Patricia Sullivan; Emma Brown (January 18, 2011). "Sargent Shriver dies at 95; founded Peace Corps". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "R(obert) Sargent Shriver: Papers (#214) – John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum". Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
  14. ^ Shriver, Mark (June 5, 2012). A Good Man: Rediscovering My Father, Sargent Shriver. Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 9780805095326.
  15. ^ a b "Sargent Shriver". Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP. Retrieved June 7, 2008.
  16. ^ "Sargent Shriver and the politics of life". National Catholic Reporter. August 30, 2002.
  17. ^ "Pro-Life Liberal Sargent Shriver Dies". Catholic Online. January 19, 2011. Archived from the original on January 24, 2011.
  18. ^ a b "SARGENT S. SHRIVER, 39, HEADS SCHOOL BOARD". October 27, 1955. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  19. ^ a b Mehren, Elizabeth (January 18, 2011). "R. Sargent Shriver dies at 95; 'unmatched' public servant and Kennedy in-law". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  20. ^ "When Sargent Shriver Ran for Vice-President". Time. August 14, 1972. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  21. ^ Franke, Jeanne (October 23, 1960). "New School Board President Details Goal for Chicago Education". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  22. ^ a b "Young Man Heads Chicago School Board". The Winona Daily News. The Associated Press. October 27, 1955. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  23. ^ Whitesides, John (January 19, 2011). "Sargent Shriver, former VP nominee, dies". Reuters. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  24. ^ a b c d e f Stossel, 2004.
  25. ^ Hayes, Charles (January 7, 1960). "Rough-and-Tumble Election". Arlington Heights Herald. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  26. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (January 18, 2011). "R. Sargent Shriver, Peace Corps Leader, Dies at 95". The New York Times.
  27. ^ "About the Peace Corps : Past Directors". Archived from the original on December 26, 2003. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  28. ^ Mehren, Elizabeth (January 18, 2011). "R. Sargent Shriver, 1915-2011". Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  29. ^ "How Kennedy Won the Black Vote : A Call to Coretta King Brought Groundswell of Support". Los Angeles Times. December 15, 1988. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  30. ^ Levingston, Steven (June 20, 2017). "JFK, MLK and the Phone Call That Changed History". Time. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
  31. ^ "W. B. Mullins, 52, A Founding Official Of the Peace Corps". The New York Times. May 16, 1990. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  32. ^ Vinovskis, M. A. (2008) Birth of Head Start: Preschool education policies in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. pp. 42-43
  33. ^ "Head Start History: 1965–Present" (PDF). Pennsylvania Head Start Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 15, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  34. ^ "Diplomacy: The Liveliest Ambassador". Time. November 1, 1968. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  35. ^
  36. ^ Clymer, Adam (January 18, 2011). "Sargent Shriver's America". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 21, 2016. In fact, McGovern said this week, he probably would have chosen instead of the ill-starred Eagleton at the Miami Beach convention, but Shriver was traveling in Russia and could not be reached by phone to be offered the nomination.
  37. ^ Koster, R. M. (February 1976). "The Democratic Super Bowl". Harper's. Vol. 252, no. 1509. Harper's Foundation. pp. 14–17. Retrieved November 18, 2018.(subscription required)
  38. ^ "JFK Presidential Library Opens Sargent Shriver Collection". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. February 1, 2005. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2008.
  39. ^ Hyman, Mark S. "Orioles are sold: $70 million; Buyers say team will stay," The Baltimore Sun, December 7, 1988
  40. ^ Shriver, Maria (April 28, 2004). What's Happening to Grandpa?. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 978-0-316-00101-4.
  41. ^ Benzie, Robert; Ferguson, Rob (May 31, 2007). "Terminator gunning to save lives; California governor, McGuinty sign stem-cell research deal in bid to 'cure a lot' of illnesses". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 7, 2008.
  42. ^ HBO Documentary, The Alzheimer's Project, 2009, Grandpa, Do You Know Who I Am? with Maria Shriver.
  43. ^ "Special Olympians, family celebrate Eunice Kennedy Shriver". Associated Press via August 13, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
  44. ^ Potempa, Philip (September 1, 2009). "OFFBEAT: Sen. Ted Kennedy's funeral unites family with words of inspiration". Times of Northwest Indiana. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
  45. ^ a b c McGuire, Bill (January 18, 2011). "Sargent Shriver Dies: Peace Corps Founder, VP Candidate". ABC News. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  46. ^ "Peace Corps Mourns the Loss of Founder and Visionary Father, Sargent Shriver". News Releases & Statements. Peace Corps. January 18, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  47. ^ "Recipients | The Laetare Medal". University of Notre Dame. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  48. ^ "History - Shriver Center - UMBC".
  49. ^ Schada, Emilie (Fall 2005). "Shriver, Robert Sargent (Informational Paper)". Learning to Give. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  50. ^ "Our Founder, Sargent Shriver". SHRIVER CENTER: Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law. Archived from the original on May 16, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  51. ^ "New school year, new elementary school". September 13, 2006. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
  52. ^ "Who is Sargent Shriver?". January 24, 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
  53. ^ "Kennedy Shriver Aquatic Center - Department of Recreation - Montgomery County, Maryland".
  54. ^ Larison, Daniel Shriver and Lieberman, The American Conservative
  55. ^ "US President – D Primaries Race – Feb 01, 1976". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 22, 2011.

Further reading

Government offices New office Director of the Peace Corps 1961–1966 Succeeded byJack Vaughn Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity 1964–1968 Succeeded byBertrand Harding Diplomatic posts Preceded byCharles E. Bohlen United States Ambassador to France 1968–1970 Succeeded byArthur K. Watson Party political offices Preceded byThomas EagletonWithdrew Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States 1972 Succeeded byWalter Mondale