1884 Democratic National Convention
1884 presidential election
Cleveland and Hendricks
Date(s)July 8–11, 1884
CityChicago, Illinois
VenueExposition Building
Presidential nomineeGrover Cleveland of New York
Vice presidential nomineeThomas A. Hendricks of Indiana
‹ 1880 · 1888 ›

The 1884 Democratic National Convention was held July 8–11, 1884 and chose Governor Grover Cleveland of New York their presidential nominee with the former Governor Thomas A. Hendricks of Indiana as the vice presidential nominee.[1]


The leading candidate for the presidential nomination was New York Governor Grover Cleveland. Cleveland's reputation for good government made him a national figure. The Republican Party nominated James G. Blaine for president in June 1884, although he had been implicated in a financial scandal. Many influential Republicans were outraged, thought the time had come for a national reform administration and withdrew from the convention. These Republicans were called mugwumps, and declared that they would vote for the Democratic candidate based on his integrity.

Presidential nomination


Diagram of Convention Hall, Chicago, site of the 1884 Democratic National Convention.

Seven names were placed in nomination: Grover Cleveland, Thomas F. Bayard, Allen G. Thurman, Samuel J. Randall, Joseph E. McDonald, John G. Carlisle, and George Hoadly.

Thomas A. Hendricks professed that he was not a candidate for the presidential nomination. When a delegate from Illinois cast the only vote he received on the first ballot, Hendricks rose to ask this vote be withdrawn because it "wrongly" placed him before the convention. Nonetheless, Hendricks made an impressive showing on the second ballot but it was not enough to prevent the nomination of Cleveland.[citation needed]

Presidential Ballot
1st 2nd (Before Shifts) 2nd (After Shifts)
Cleveland 392 475 683
Bayard 170 151.5 81.5
Hendricks 1 123.5 45.5
Thurman 88 60 4
Randall 78 5 4
McDonald 56 2 2
Carlisle 27 0 0
Flower 4 0 0
Hoadly 3 0 0
Tilden 1 2 0
Not Voting 0 1 0

Source: US President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (August 26, 2009).

Vice presidential nomination

Hendricks, who was the 1876 Democratic vice presidential nominee, was offered the 1884 nomination and accepted.

Vice presidential candidates

A crazy quilt in support of the Democratic ticket from the collection of the American Folk Art Museum, featuring the Democratic Rooster (precursor of the Donkey) at center and photos of Cleveland and Hendricks below.

Thomas A. Hendricks of Indiana was overwhelmingly nominated as the Democratic vice-presidential candidate after the names of John C. Black, George W. Glick, Joseph E. McDonald, and William Rosecrans were withdrawn from consideration.

Vice Presidential Ballot
Thomas A. Hendricks 816
Abstaining 4

Source: US Vice President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (August 26, 2009).

See also


Further reading

Primary sources

Preceded by
Cincinnati, Ohio
Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by
St. Louis, Missouri