Maryland Democratic Party
AbbreviationMDDEM
ChairYvette Lewis
President of the SenateBill Ferguson
Senate Majority LeaderNancy J. King
Speaker of the HouseAdrienne Jones
House Majority LeaderEric Luedtke
FoundedMay 21, 1827; 195 years ago (1827-05-21)
HeadquartersAnnapolis, Maryland, U.S.
Membership (2021)Increase2,284,097[1]
IdeologyModern liberalism
Progressivism
Political positionCenter to center-left
National affiliationDemocratic Party
Senate
32 / 47
House of Delegates
99 / 141
U.S. Senate
(Maryland seats)
2 / 2
U.S. House of Representatives
(Maryland seats)
7 / 8
Statewide Officers
2 / 4
County Executives
6 / 9
County Council / Commission Seats
55 / 129
Website
www.mddems.org
Party leaders Elijah Cummings, Martin O'Malley and Michael Cryor minutes before announcing Maryland's votes at the 2008 Democratic National Convention
Party leaders Elijah Cummings, Martin O'Malley and Michael Cryor minutes before announcing Maryland's votes at the 2008 Democratic National Convention

The Maryland Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Maryland, headquartered in Annapolis.[2] The current state party chair is Yvette Lewis.[3] It is currently the dominant party in the state, controlling all but one of Maryland's eight U.S. House seats, both U.S. Senate seats, and has supermajorities in both houses of the state legislature. The only statewide offices that the party does not control are the governorship and the lieutenant governorship, which are currently held by Republicans Larry Hogan and Boyd Rutherford respectively.

History

The Maryland Democratic Party is among the oldest continuously existing political organizations in the world. On May 21, 1827, a meeting of Andrew Jackson supporters organized a political structure in the state designed to help Jackson win the Presidency after he was denied victory in the 1824 United States presidential election despite winning the popular vote. The first meeting of the Democratic (Jackson) Central Committee was held at the Atheneum in Baltimore City, located on the southwest corner of St. Paul and Lexington Streets.

Twelve delegates from each county and six delegates from Baltimore City were invited to attend. The label "Central Committee" was adopted along with a "Committee of Correspondence" which functioned like the present Executive Committee. Thomas M. Forman, Cecil County, was chosen to preside with William M. Beall, Frederick County, appointed Secretary and John S. Brooke, Prince George's County, appointed as Assistant Secretary. In addition to its founding, the Maryland Democratic Party hosted the first six Democratic National Conventions from 1832 to 1852 held in Baltimore. On May 31, 1838, Maryland Democrats gathered in a state party convention to nominate William Grason for Governor. He became the first popularly elected Governor in Maryland with the help of central committees throughout the state.[citation needed]

After the ratification of the Suffrage Amendment in 1920, the Democratic State Central Committee added an equal number of women to its membership, a practice still embodied in National Party Rules and in the elections for Cecil County Democratic State Central Committee.[4]

The first six Democratic National Conventions were held in Baltimore, for a total of nine to date.

Historically the Democratic Party has been the dominant party in Maryland politics. The party has held continuous control of the Maryland General Assembly since 1920, the longest currently running streak of control by a single party of a state legislature in the United States.

Elected officials

Members of Congress

Democrats comprise nine of Maryland's ten-member Congressional delegation:[5]

U.S. Senate

Since 1987, Democrats have controlled both of Maryland's seats in the U.S. Senate:

U.S. House of Representatives

Democrats hold seven of the eight seats Maryland is apportioned in the U.S. House following the 2000 census:

District Member Photo
2nd Dutch Ruppersberger
Dutch Ruppersberger 2 (cropped).jpg
3rd John Sarbanes
John Sarbanes official photo (cropped).jpg
4th Anthony G. Brown
Anthony Brown 116th Congress portrait (cropped).jpg
5th Steny Hoyer
(Majority Leader)
Steny Hoyer, official photo as Whip (cropped).jpg
6th David Trone
David Trone official photo (cropped).jpg
7th Kweisi Mfume
Kweisi Mfume, official portrait, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
8th Jamie Raskin
Jamie Raskin Official Portrait 2019 (cropped).jpg

Statewide officeholders

Beginning in January 2015, Democrats control two of the four statewide offices:

County government

Until 2010, the Democratic Party of Maryland held majority power at the County level. As of 2018 the Democrats only hold control in ten out of 23 Maryland's county governments including Baltimore City.

Legislative Leadership

Electoral performance

Presidential

Maryland Democratic Party presidential election results
Election Presidential Ticket Votes Vote % Electoral votes Result
1960 John F. Kennedy/Lyndon B. Johnson 565,808 53.61%
9 / 9
Won
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson/Hubert Humphrey 730,912 65.47%
10 / 10
Won
1968 Hubert Humphrey/Edmund Muskie 538,310 43.59%
10 / 10
Lost
1972 George McGovern/Sargent Shriver 505,781 37.36%
0 / 10
Lost
1976 Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale 759,612 53.04%
10 / 10
Won
1980 Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale 726,161 47.12%
10 / 10
Lost
1984 Walter Mondale/Geraldine Ferraro 787,935 47.02%
0 / 10
Lost
1988 George H. W. Bush/Dan Quayle 826,304 48.20%
0 / 10
Lost
1992 Bill Clinton/Al Gore 988,571 49.80%
10 / 10
Won
1996 Bill Clinton/Al Gore 966,207 54.25%
10 / 10
Won
2000 Al Gore/Joe Lieberman 1,145,782 56.57%
10 / 10
Lost
2004 John Kerry/John Edwards 1,334,493 55.91%
10 / 10
Lost
2008 Barack Obama/Joe Biden 1,629,467 61.92%
10 / 10
Won
2012 Barack Obama/Joe Biden 1,677,844 61.97%
10 / 10
Won
2016 Hillary Clinton/Tim Kaine 1,677,928 60.33%
10 / 10
Lost
2020 Joe Biden/Kamala Harris 1,985,023 65.36%
10 / 10
Won

Party organization

Party Chairs (1988-present)

Party officers

Party staff

Affiliated groups

See also

References

  1. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2021 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  2. ^ "Contact". Maryland Democratic Party. Archived from the original on June 21, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  3. ^ Amenabar, Teddy (December 7, 2019). "Md. Democrats elect former chairwoman Yvette Lewis to lead party through 2022 elections". Washington Post.
  4. ^ Willis, John T. "A Brief History of the Maryland Democratic Party". Maryland Democratic Party. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015.
  5. ^ "Directory of Representatives | House.gov". United States House of Representatives.
  6. ^ a b Wood, Pamela (December 7, 2019). "Maryland Democrats turn to prior leader, Yvette Lewis, to guide party through to 2022 elections". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  7. ^ Wiggins, Ovetta (December 1, 2018). "Maryland Democrats elect Maya Rockeymoore Cummings as state party chair". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  8. ^ Turque, Bill (May 6, 2017). "Kathleen Matthews elected Maryland Democratic Party chair". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  9. ^ "Chairs". Maryland Democratic Party. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015.