Finis J. Garrett
Finis J. Garrett (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
September 1, 1948 – September 15, 1955
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 62 Stat. 899
Succeeded byNoble J. Johnson
Presiding Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
December 1, 1937 – September 1, 1948
Appointed byFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byWilliam J. Graham
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
In office
February 18, 1929 – December 1, 1937
Appointed byCalvin Coolidge
Preceded byJames Francis Smith
Succeeded byJoseph Raymond Jackson
House Minority Leader
In office
March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1929
DeputyWilliam Allan Oldfield
Preceded byClaude Kitchin
Succeeded byJohn Nance Garner
Leader of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1929
Preceded byClaude Kitchin
Succeeded byJohn Nance Garner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1905 – March 3, 1929
Preceded byRice Alexander Pierce
Succeeded byJere Cooper
Personal details
Born
Finis James Garrett

(1875-08-26)August 26, 1875
Ore Springs, Tennessee
DiedMay 25, 1956(1956-05-25) (aged 80)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placeSunset Cemetery
Dresden, Tennessee
Political partyDemocratic
EducationClinton College
Bethel College (A.B.)

Finis James Garrett (August 26, 1875 – May 25, 1956) was a United States Representative from Tennessee and a Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.

Education and career

Born on August 26, 1875, near Ore Springs,[1] Weakley County, Tennessee, Garrett attended the common schools and Clinton College in Kentucky. He received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1897 from Bethel College (now Bethel University) in McKenzie, Tennessee and read law in 1899. He entered private practice in Dresden, Tennessee from 1900 to 1905, during which time he was also a newspaper editor, teacher and a Master in Chancery for the Tennessee Chancery Court in Weakley County.[2][3]

Congressional service

Garrett was elected from the 9th congressional district of Tennessee as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives of the 59th United States Congress and to the eleven succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1905, until March 3, 1929. He was Chairman of the United States House Committee on Insular Affairs in the 65th United States Congress. He was minority leader in the 68th through 70th United States Congresses. He was not a candidate for renomination to the 71st United States Congress in 1928, but was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1924.[2] Garrett was the last Democratic House Minority Leader not to serve at any point as Speaker until Dick Gephardt from 1995 to 2003.[citation needed]

Unsuccessful judicial appointment

Garret received a recess appointment to the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee on November 22, 1920, but declined the appointment. He was nominated to the same seat on December 10, 1920, but the United States Senate never acted on his nomination, which expired with the end of Woodrow Wilson's Presidency.[3]

Federal judicial service

Garrett was nominated by President Calvin Coolidge on February 14, 1929, to an Associate Judge seat on the United States Court of Customs Appeals (Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals from March 2, 1929) vacated by Associate Judge James F. Smith. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 18, 1929, and received his commission on February 18, 1929. His service terminated on December 1, 1937, due to his elevation to Presiding Judge of the same court.[3]

Garrett was nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on November 16, 1937, to the Presiding Judge seat on the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals vacated by Presiding Judge William J. Graham. He was confirmed by the Senate on November 30, 1937, and received his commission on December 1, 1937. Garrett was reassigned by operation of law on September 1, 1948, to the new Chief Judge seat authorized by 62 Stat. 899. His service terminated on September 15, 1955, due to his retirement.[3]

Family

Garret was the son of Noah J. Garrett and Virginia (Baughman) Garrett.[4] He married Elizabeth Harris Burns on November 27, 1901.[4]

Death

Garrett died on May 25, 1956, in Washington, D.C.[3] He was interred in Sunset Cemetery in Dresden, Tennessee.[2]

References

  1. ^ "Ore Springs". www.google.com/maps.
  2. ^ a b c "GARRETT, Finis James - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Garrett, Finis James - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  4. ^ a b "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Garrett". politicalgraveyard.com.
U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byRice Alexander Pierce Member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee's 9th congressional district 1905–1929 Succeeded byJere Cooper Preceded byWilliam Atkinson Jones Chairman of the United States House Committee on Insular Affairs 1917–1919 Succeeded byHorace Mann Towner Preceded byClaude Kitchin House Minority Leader 1923–1929 Succeeded byJohn Nance Garner Party political offices Preceded byClaude Kitchin House Democratic Leader 1923–1929 Succeeded byJohn Nance Garner Legal offices Preceded byJames Francis Smith Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals 1929–1937 Succeeded byJoseph Raymond Jackson Preceded byWilliam J. Graham Presiding Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals 1937–1948 Succeeded bySeat abolished Preceded bySeat established by 62 Stat. 899 Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals 1948–1955 Succeeded byNoble J. Johnson