A banana box width the lid mounted
A banana box width the lid mounted
Bananas placed in a banana box for transport.
Bananas placed in a banana box for transport.

A banana box is a type of corrugated box for transportation of bananas. It often consists of a separate lower part and a telescoping lid. Carrying handles and vent holes allow banana respiration and permit access to processing gasses such as ethylene oxide for ripening. The hole in the bottom is usually covered with a thin sheet of paperboard or corrugated board so that the bananas do not fall out, and a layer of plastic is usually placed between the bananas and the box.

History

Until the 1950s, bananas were often shipped hanging from hooks in the cargo rooms of reefer ships, which could lead to the bananas being in a poor condition when they arrived at their destination[1]

Since the fruit is sensitive to pressure, 1961 saw the introduction of using boxes for transport which were packed at the plantations, and then loaded onborad the refrigerated ships.[2]

From the mid-1960s, refrigerated containers were increasingly used to transport banana boxes.[3]

Dimensions

A banana box usually holds about 18 kg of bananas.[4] The dimensions may vary slightly between different manufacturers, but are approximately 53.5 × 40 × 24.5 cm (width × depth × height), which corresponds to a volume of 52 liters (0.05 m3). Thus, 20 banana crates will cover about one cubic meter. A type 1AA ISO container can thus hold 1200 banana cartons.[5]

A disadvantage of banana boxes for transport purposes is that they (unlike euro containers) cannot effectively fill a euro pallet (1200 × 800 mm). Europallets can, for reference, also be stacked efficiently in a CEN container.

Other uses

Books stacked in a banana box.
Books stacked in a banana box.

Banana boxes are popularly reused for storage or transport, for example as moving boxes, for archiving, used book markets, in storage areas or for humanitarian logistics.[6] An important reason for these uses is that banana boxes usually are affordable and easy to obtain, as they are often given away for free from many grocery stores[7][8][9][10][11][12][13] that otherwise would have to throw away the banana boxes. The boxes are relatively robust (for cardboard boxes), and their quasi-standardized shape makes them easy to stack. Some stores charge for banana boxes, and the profit may, for instance, go to charity.[14][15] A disadvantage of using banana boxes for moving may be the size and that the bottom may not be durable enough.[16][17] They can also start to smell due to juices that have settled from the bananas during transport.

Investigations about toxic substances

There have been rumors that banana boxes may contain toxins that make them unsuitable for storing clothes and kitchen utensils.[18] In 2004, the Swedish National Food Administration tested banana boxes, but found no toxins. In 2012, the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation could not give a definite answer, but considered that the risk of high toxin concentrations in the boxes was unlikely.[19][20][21]

Unwanted insects

Some poisonous spiders of the genus Phoneutria (Brazilian wandering spiders) occasionally come to Europe unintentionally with banana boxes via cargo ships.[22][23][24][25][26] In 2018, the Swedish animal expert Jonas Wahlström stated that there were no very dangerous spiders in banana-producing countries.[27][28] In the 2010s, however, deadly Brazilian spiders reportedly had been found in banana boxes in the UK and Germany.[29][30]

Like with other paper based products,[31] there may be a risk of gray silverfish and silverfish coming with banana boxes.[citation needed]

Possible replacements

In 2018, the Netherlands sought to replace corrugated banana boxes with plastic boxes which could be reused. The motivation for this was that it was more environmentally friendly.[32]

I 2021, a new ventilated plastic banana box was launched by the company IFCO.[33] It has a footprint of 600 × 400 mm (which is the same footprint as one of the most common sizes of euro containers). Furthermore, it has a height of 211 mm when unfolded, and is foldable to a total height of only 28 mm for more efficient transportation or storage when empty. ICFO claims this new type of banana box can contribute a more circular economy.[33]

See also

References

  1. ^ "www.chiquita.it/en/the_box/". chiquita.it. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  2. ^ "The Box". web.archive.org. Chiquita. Retrieved 2016-11-05. ((cite web)): Check |archive-url= value (help)
  3. ^ Karl-Heinz Hochhaus. "200 Jahre internationale Bananenschifffahrt". hochhaus-schiffsbetrieb.jimdo.com (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  4. ^ "Tullmurar skakar om bananhandel". DN.SE. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  5. ^ "1.200 banankartonger till undsättning! - PDF Gratis nedladdning". docplayer.se. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  6. ^ Friedrich Hirsefelder (2009-12-10). "Bananenkartons als Antiquariats-Grundlage". Börsenblatt. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  7. ^ "Fakta om flytteesker du ikke visste at du lurte på". OK Minilager (in Norwegian Bokmål). 2017-03-11. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  8. ^ "www.gp.se/bostad/1.2077518-tank-pa-det-har-nar-du-ska-flytta". gp.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  9. ^ "www.radron.se/guider/fa-flyt-pa-flytten/". radron.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  10. ^ "Flyttkartonger billiga och bra - test flyttkartong 2022". Moveria.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  11. ^ "flyttips stockholm". Transport cars. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  12. ^ "How can I reuse or recycle cardboard banana boxes? | How can I recycle this?". recyclethis.co.uk. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  13. ^ "Top 20 Places to Find Free Moving Boxes". Updater. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  14. ^ "bonus casino 777". 24blekinge.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  15. ^ "www.st.nu/artikel/medelpad/sundsvall/bananlador-ger-hjalp". st.nu. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  16. ^ "Rätt låda till flytten - Prisjämförelser". gp.se. Archived from the original on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  17. ^ "www.gp.se/konsument/prisjamforelser/1.890188-ratt-lada-till-flytten". gp.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  18. ^ "Flyttkartonger i Stockholm - Materialförsäljning med Stadsbud". magasinering.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  19. ^ "kontakt.naturskyddsforeningen.se/org/naturskyddsforeningen/d/gift-i-bananlador/". kontakt.naturskyddsforeningen.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  20. ^ "Banankartongerna är alldeles ofarliga – Norrköpings Tidningar". nt.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  21. ^ "Gift i bananlådor". kontakt.naturskyddsforeningen.se. Retrieved 2014-06-15.
  22. ^ "Maria (43) fant livsfarlig edderkopp i banan". TV 2 (in Norwegian). 13 March 2015. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  23. ^ Günter Schmidt: Über die Bedeutung der mit Schiffsladungen in Deutschland eingeschleppten Spinnentiere, Journal of Pest Science, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, Volume 26, Number 7 / Juli 1953, S. 97–105.
  24. ^ Tödliche Spinnen beim Bananen-Einkauf, 4. November 2013.
  25. ^ Einkauf in London: Killerspinne in der Obstkiste, 20. Oktober 2014.
  26. ^ "Malin fick odjur med sig hem från butiken". aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  27. ^ "Jättespindel kröp bland bananerna". aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  28. ^ "Jättespindel kröp bland bananerna". aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  29. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/giftspinne-londoner-findet-brasilianische-wanderspinne-im-obst-a-998066.html (in German)
  30. ^ "Dödlig spindel fick affär att stänga | Nyheter". Expressen. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  31. ^ Vebenstad, Marit Aaby (2018-03-14). "Nytt skadedyr kommer med pappesker". nrk.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  32. ^ "De bananendoos is op zijn retour | De Volkskrant". 2019-10-10. Archived from the original on 2019-10-10. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  33. ^ a b "IFCO launches new banana Lift Lock crates". IFCO. June 2021. Retrieved 2022-01-31.