Yeast extract in a jar.
A jar of yeast extract.
Candy jar, by Christian Dorflinger, 1869–1880, glass, diameter: 12.1 cm, Cleveland Museum of Art (USA)
Hexagonal jar decorated with flowers and birds, late 17th century, porcelain with overglaze enamels, height: 31.1 cm, diameter: 19.1 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City)

A jar is a rigid, cylindrical or slightly conical container, typically made of glass, ceramic, or plastic, with a wide mouth or opening that can be closed with a lid, screw cap, lug cap, cork stopper, roll-on cap, crimp-on cap, press-on cap, plastic shrink, heat sealed lidding film, an inner seal, a tamper-evident band, or other suitable means. The English word "jar" originates from the Arabic word jarra, which means an earthen pot or vessel.[1][2]


Jars can be used to hold solids too large to be removed from, or liquids too viscous to be poured through a bottle's neck; these may be foods, cosmetics, medications, or chemicals.[3] Glass jars—among which the most popular is the mason jar—can be used for storing and preserving items as diverse as jam, pickled gherkin, other pickles, marmalade, sun-dried tomatoes, olives, jalapeño peppers, chutneys, pickled eggs, honey, and many others.[citation needed]


Modern glass food storage jars come in a variety of shapes, all of which have a circular opening on top for screwing on a lid
Ancient ceramic types include


Jars are sterilised by putting them in a pressure cooker with boiling water or an oven for a number of minutes. Glass jars are considered microwavable.[5]

Some regions[where?] have a legally mandated deposit refundable upon return of the jar to its retailer, after which the jar is recycled according to the SPI recycling code for the material.[6]


See also


  1. ^ Abu-Haidar, J. A. (November 24, 2015). Hispano-Arabic Literature and the Early Provencal Lyrics. Routledge. p. 228. ISBN 978-1138976016.
  2. ^ Glevin, James E. (2016). The Modern Middle East: A History. Oxford University Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0190218867.
  3. ^ Yam, K. L., "Encyclopedia of Packaging Technology", John Wiley & Sons, 2009, ISBN 978-0-470-08704-6
  4. ^ "Types of Packaging – Glass Bottles and Jars". April 4, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2021.
  5. ^ Ahvenainen; Heiniö, R.-L. (1993). "Factors affecting the suitability of glass jars for heating in microwave ovens. Comparison with plastic jars and paper board tubs". Packaging Technology and Science. 6 (1): 43–52. doi:10.1002/pts.2770060108.
  6. ^ Soroka, W (2002). Fundamentals of Packaging Technology. ISBN 1-930268-25-4. ((cite book)): |work= ignored (help)