It has been suggested that this article be merged into Flour. (Discuss) Proposed since October 2022.
Paper sack of flour.  5 pound , 2.27 kg
Paper sack of flour. 5 pound , 2.27 kg
The flour-weighing machine stands in front of  the large beam-weigher and weighs two large bags of flour. In addition to the support of the scale, there are further large flour sacks with trademarks. About 1551.
The flour-weighing machine stands in front of the large beam-weigher and weighs two large bags of flour. In addition to the support of the scale, there are further large flour sacks with trademarks. About 1551.

A flour sack or flour bag is a bag or sack for flour. Large bulk bags as well as smaller consumer sizes are available.

Flour

A wide variety of wheat flours are available. Flour can also be made from other grains, roots, nuts, etc. Packaging engineers and food scientists need to understand the properties of the particular flour, intended handling and logistics systems, and desired shelf life. [1] Package forms and materials can be matched to these needs.[2]

Bulk flour

Flour is often shipped from the miller to bakeries, institutions and other bulk uses. Sizes range from 10 kg to 100 kg. One traditional construction was cheap cotton bags. These printed cotton bags were sometimes viewed as Collectables; other times the flour sack fabric was repurposed into a variety of household items.

Current practices are to use multi-wall paper sacks. Some include a layer of plastic film for barrier properties and insect control.

Woven polypropylene bags are also used for high strength. One variety, Purdue Improved Crop Storage bags, also includes inner plastic bags.

Consumer packages

Consumer packages are often bags or sacks constructed of paper. Plastic films are also used, sometimes with reclosable features. Stand-up pouches of flour have recently been introduced. [3]

Insects

Testing the ability of packages to resist insect infestation[4]
Testing the ability of packages to resist insect infestation[4]

Insects can be a probem, When available. a suitable insecticide can be used; Care must be used to ensure product safety. Hermetic plastic bags also help.[5]

When insect infestation is noted, one method of stopping further growth is to freeze the sacks of flour for several days.[6]

References

  1. ^ HRUŠKOVÁ, M (2002). "Changes of Wheat Flour Properties during Short Term Storage" (PDF). Czech J. Food Sci. 20 (4): 125–130. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  2. ^ Vanhanen, L (2006). "The use of peroxide value as a measure of quality for walnut flour stored at five different temperatures using three different types of packaging" (PDF). Food Chemistry. 99 (1): 64–69. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  3. ^ Peetrak, L (11 May 2017). "Flour companies rethink packaging". Baking Business. 99 (1): 64–69. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  4. ^ Cooke, Linda (March 1998). "Pest-Proofing Food Packaging" (PDF). Agricultural Research.
  5. ^ Baributsa, D (2022). "Hermetic Bags Help Afghan Rural Women Preserve Wheat Flour during Winter". Insects. 13 (3). Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  6. ^ Flinn, P W (2015). "Cold temperature disinfestation of bagged flour". Journal of Stored Products Research. 63: 42–46. Retrieved 15 October 2022.