CONCACAF Gold Cup
Concacaf Gold Cup 2021.svg
Founded1991; 31 years ago (1991)[1][2]
RegionNorth America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Number of teams16 (finals)
Related competitionsCONCACAF Championship
Current champions United States (7th title)
Most successful team(s) Mexico (8 titles)
2021 CONCACAF Gold Cup
Tournaments

The CONCACAF Gold Cup (Spanish: Copa de Oro de la CONCACAF, French: Coupe D'or CONCACAF) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years. The tournament succeeded the CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989), with its inaugural edition being held in 1991.[1]

History

Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2019
Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2019

Championships before CONCACAF

Before the Confederation of North, Central America and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) was formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941 to 1961 with Costa Rica winning seven times. The NAFC held four championships in 1947 and 1949, and after 41 years of absence, in 1990 and 1991 for the North American zone as the North American Nations Cup with Mexico winning three times and Canada winning once.[3]

CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989)

Further information: CONCACAF Championship

CONCACAF was founded in 1961 through the merging of NAFC and CCCF which resulted in a single championship being held for the continent. The first CONCACAF tournament was held in 1963 in El Salvador with Costa Rica becoming the first champion. The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was held every two years from 1963 to 1973. The second tournament was held in Guatemala in 1965 when Mexico defeated the host country in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to Trinidad & Tobago, the first time in the Caribbean. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams playing a single round-robin, but there were bigger stakes attached: CONCACAF's berth in the FIFA World Cup tournament in 1974. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off an upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in the World Cup in West Germany.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Mexico City and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively. In each case the host country was crowned champion and earned a spot in the World Cup. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in 1985 and 1989, receiving a trophy.[4][better source needed]

CONCACAF Gold Cup (since 1991)

In 1990, CONCACAF renamed and restructured the CONCACAF Championship as the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the United States hosting the first competition in 1991, and hosting or co-hosting every subsequent iteration of the tournament (as of 2021). The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998.

In 1996, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil. Guests were invited to participate in the six Gold Cup tournaments from 1996 to 2005. Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams and for the 2007 tournament, the Gold Cup again was contested exclusively by nations within CONCACAF.

The 2007 Gold Cup hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2–1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third place. Mexico won the 2009 Gold Cup by beating the United States 5–0. In the 2011 Gold Cup, Mexico defeated the USA 4–2 in the final while the USA won the 2013 Gold Cup by beating Panama 1–0.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won eight times by Mexico, seven times by the United States, and once by Canada. Runners-up include Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, and Jamaica.

Before 2015, when the Gold Cup did not fall in the same year as the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest-placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualified for the next staging of that tournament. In 2015, the winners of the previous two Gold Cups (the 2013 and 2015 editions) faced each other in CONCACAF Cup – a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the 2017 Confederations Cup.[5]

In January 2017, Victor Montagliani announced the expansion of the Gold Cup from 12 to 16 teams, starting with the 2019 tournament.[6] In November 2018, Costa Rica was announced as one of the hosts of the 2019 tournament, with a group B double-header set to be held at the Estadio Nacional.[7] In April 2019, it was announced that Jamaica would host a doubleheader in group C at Independence Park.[8]

Results

See also: CONCACAF Championship § Tournament results

Ed. Year Host Final Third place match Num.
teams
Champion Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1 1991  United States  United States
0–0 (a.e.t.)
4–3 (p)
 Honduras  Mexico
2–0
 Costa Rica
8
2 1993  United States
 Mexico
 Mexico  United States  Costa Rica
1–1 (a.e.t.) ([note 1])
 Jamaica
8
3 1996  United States  Mexico  Brazil  United States
3–0
 Guatemala
9
4 1998  United States  Mexico  United States  Brazil
1–0
 Jamaica
10
5 2000  United States  Canada  Colombia
(not held) [note 2]
12
6 2002  United States  United States  Costa Rica  Canada
2–1
 South Korea
12
7 2003  United States
 Mexico
 Mexico  Brazil  United States
3–2
 Costa Rica
12
8 2005  United States  United States
0–0 (a.e.t.)
3–1 (p)
 Panama
(not held) [note 3]
12
9 2007  United States  United States  Mexico
(not held) [note 4]
12
10 2009  United States  Mexico  United States
(not held) [note 5]
12
11 2011  United States  Mexico  United States
(not held) [note 6]
12
12 2013  United States  United States  Panama
(not held) [note 7]
12
13 2015  United States
 Canada
 Mexico  Jamaica  Panama
1–1 (a.e.t.)
3–2 (p)
 United States
12
14 2017  United States  United States  Jamaica
(not held) [note 8]
12
15 2019  United States
 Costa Rica
 Jamaica
 Mexico  United States
(not held) [note 9]
16
16 2021  United States  United States  Mexico
(not held) [note 10]
16
Notes
  1. ^ Both teams shared the third position after no extra time or penalty shoot-out were decided to define it.
  2. ^ The match would have been contested by Peru and Trinidad and Tobago
  3. ^ The match would have been contested by Colombia and Honduras.
  4. ^ The match would have been contested by Canada and Guadeloupe.
  5. ^ The match would have been contested by Costa Rica and Honduras.
  6. ^ The match would have been contested by Honduras and Panama.
  7. ^ The match would have been contested by Honduras and Mexico.
  8. ^ The match would have been contested by Costa Rica and Mexico.
  9. ^ The match would have been contested by Haiti and Jamaica.
  10. ^ The match would have been contested by Canada and Qatar.

Records and statistics

Main article: CONCACAF Gold Cup records and statistics

Invitees

The 1996 CONCACAF Gold Cup was the first iteration to have a guest from a different confederation, Brazil from CONMEBOL. In spite of bringing their under-23 team, Brazil finished as runner-ups to Mexico and outplaced seven teams from CONCACAF.[9] For the next decade, six countries from three confederations would make appearances in the Gold Cup, with seven of the eleven appearances finishing within the top four. Starting in 2007, CONCACAF would no longer invite guests from other confederations. This is primarily due to giving more opportunities from teams in the region to compete, as there was a rise in performances from the region hinted by the FIFA World Ranking.[10][11]

After a 16 year hiatus from guest nations, Qatar were invited and participated in the 2021 CONCACAF Gold Cup. Qatar are also scheduled to participate in 2023.[12]

Invitees nations record

Team Confederation 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2005 2021 2023 Editions
 Brazil CONMEBOL 2nd 3rd  –  – 2nd  –  –  – 3
 Colombia CONMEBOL  –  – 2nd  – QF SF  –  – 3
 Peru CONMEBOL  –  – SF  –  –  –  –  – 1
 South Korea AFC  –  – GS 4th  –  –  –  – 2
 Ecuador CONMEBOL  –  –  – GS  –  –  –  – 1
 South Africa CAF  –  –  –  –  – QF  –  – 1
 Qatar AFC  –  –  –  –  –  – SF  – 1

Media coverage

In the United States, the CONCACAF Gold Cup airs on Fox Sports and Univision (since 2000). In Mexico it airs on Televisa and TV Azteca. In Canada, after years on Sportsnet and TSN, it will be broadcast exclusively on OneSoccer starting in 2021.

Trophy

The Gold Cup trophy is awarded to the champions of the tournament. The design of the trophy has changed multiple times since its inaugural version. Changes include scaling down of the size as well as replacing the original flat rectangular base with an elevated round pedestal. The base includes engravings of the champion nation with the year in which they won the trophy.

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b "About Gold Cup". CONCACAF. 17 December 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  2. ^ "2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup – Technical Report" (PDF). CONCACAF. 12 November 2007. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  3. ^ http://www.goldcup.org
  4. ^ "1985 Gabriel Kafaty Cup". Flickr. 3 April 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  5. ^ "2013, 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners will play one-off match for 2017 Confederations Cup berth". MLS Soccer. April 5, 2013.
  6. ^ "Montagliani happy with 2016, sees big things for CONCACAF in new year". Jamaica Observer. 5 January 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-02-14. Retrieved 13 February 2017. Of course the Gold Cup is this year and it is the last edition of 12 teams as we will increase it to 16 for the 2019 version.
  7. ^ "Costa Rica to host 2019 Gold Cup group matches". 26 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Concacaf Announces Jamaica as a Host Venue for the 2019 Gold Cup". 2 April 2019. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  9. ^ "CONCACAF Championship, Gold Cup 1996". Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  10. ^ "2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup™ to be an All-CONCACAF Event". SoCa Warriors Forum. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  11. ^ "2007 Gold Cup Technical Report". ISSUU. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  12. ^ "2021 Concacaf Gold Cup to include 2019 AFC Asian Cup Champions Qatar as guest participant". www.concacaf.com. CONCACAF. 4 September 2020. Retrieved 4 September 2020.