UEFA Nations League
UEFA Nations League.svg
Organising bodyUEFA
Founded2018; 4 years ago (2018)
RegionEurope
Number of teams55
Current champions France (1st title)
Most successful team(s) France
 Portugal
(1 title each)
Television broadcastersList of broadcasters
Websiteuefa.com/nationsleague
2022–23 UEFA Nations League

The UEFA Nations League is a biennial international football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the member associations of UEFA, the sport's European governing body.[1]

The first tournament began in September 2018. The four group winners from League A qualified for the finals, played in Portugal in June 2019.

The competition largely replaces the international friendly matches previously played on the FIFA International Match Calendar, with European national teams engaging in more frequent competitive matches against other European national teams of comparable quality.

Adoption

In October 2013, Norwegian Football Association President Yngve Hallén confirmed that talks had been held to create a third full national-team international tournament for UEFA members[2] in addition to the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship.

The concept of the UEFA Nations League would see all UEFA's member associations' national teams divided into a series of groups based upon a ranking formulated using their recent results, where they would be promoted and relegated to other groups according to their results within the group.[3] The proposed tournament would take place on dates on the FIFA International Match Calendar that were previously allocated for international friendlies and would not affect the FIFA World Cup or UEFA European Championship.[4]

In March 2014, UEFA general secretary Gianni Infantino stated that one of the benefits of the proposal would be to help less glamorous national associations arrange games.[4]

The Royal Belgian Football Association's general secretary Steven Martens said that lower ranked nations would still benefit financially from the competition, as the television contract with UEFA would be centralised.[5] The UEFA Nations League was unanimously adopted by the 54 UEFA member associations at the XXXVIII Ordinary UEFA Congress in Astana on 27 March 2014.[1]

Format

Original format

According to the approved format,[1][6][7] the 54 UEFA national teams were divided into four divisions (called "Leagues"):[8][9] 12 teams in League A, 12 teams in League B, 14 teams in League C, and 16 teams in League D. In each league, four groups were formed (with three or four teams) and teams played each other both home and away.

Adjustment starting from 2020–21

After the completion of the first season, UEFA decided to adjust the format of the Nations League starting from the 2020–21 season. The new league structure comprised 16 teams in Leagues A, B and C and seven teams in League D.[10]

The transition to the new format occurred by making various one-time changes after the 2018–19 season, namely the suspension of relegations in both League A and League B, the promotion of the two best teams per group in both League C and League D (instead of only one team per group), and the promotion of the best third-placed team from League D.

This change to the format followed a collective consultation process, whereby all UEFA national associations reiterated their intent to further reduce the number of friendly matches. The number of competitive matches was increased from 142 to 168, thus increasing the commercial value and viewer attractiveness of the competition. Almost all teams in the same group played their last match simultaneously with the aim of promoting fairness.[11] More matches were played within Leagues A and B, with the two leagues now incorporating competition between the 32 highest-ranked UEFA national associations, instead of the previous system where Leagues A and B together only incorporated 24 of the highest-ranked UEFA national associations.

Finals, promotion and relegation

In the top league, League A, the winners of the four groups go on to play in the Nations League Finals, with two semi-finals, one third and fourth place decider, and one final to decide which team becomes the UEFA Nations League champion.

Teams can also be promoted and relegated to a higher or lower league. Starting in 2020–21, each group winner in Leagues B, C, and D is automatically promoted to the next higher league for the next tournament. Each team placing last in its group in the Leagues A and B is automatically relegated to the next lower league; League C has four groups while League D has only two, the two League C teams that are to be relegated are determined by play-outs beginning in March of even-numbered years. Based on the Nations League overall ranking of the fourth-placed teams, the first-ranked team face the fourth-ranked team, and the second-ranked team face the third-ranked team. Two ties are played over two legs, with the higher-ranked team hosting the second leg. The two teams that win on aggregate remain in League C, while the losing teams are relegated to League D. If the aggregate score is level, extra time will be played (the away goals rule is not applied). If still tied after extra time, a penalty shoot-out will be used to decide the winner.[12] The away goals was originally to be used, but was abolished by the UEFA Executive Committee on 16 December 2021.[13]

UEFA European Championship link

Main article: UEFA European Championship qualifying

The UEFA Nations League is linked with the UEFA European Championship qualifying, providing teams another chance to qualify for the UEFA European Championship.

There were play-offs for each of Leagues A, B, C, and D in October and November 2020. Each group winner earned a spot in the semi-finals. If the group winner was already one of the 20 qualified teams, rankings were used to give the play-off spot to another team of that league. If fewer than four teams in the entire league remained unqualified, play-off spots for that league were given to teams of the next lower league. This determined the four remaining qualifying spots for the European Championship (out of 24 total).[8][9][14] However, starting with UEFA Euro 2024 onward, [15] the now-downsized League D no longer given its own path. Instead, if any of Leagues A, B or C have fewer than four teams that did not qualify directly for Euro 2024, the best-ranked group winner of League D will advance to the play-offs (unless that team already qualified for the final tournament). The remaining spots will be allocated based on the Nations League overall ranking, however, group winners from Leagues A, B and C cannot face teams from a higher league. Therefore, additional teams from League D can only advance to the play-offs if enough teams from League C qualify directly.[16]

FIFA World Cup link

Main article: FIFA World Cup qualification § Europe

The Nations League was linked with European qualification for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, although to a lesser degree than the UEFA European Championship qualifying play-offs. The first round of 2022 World Cup qualification consisted of ten groups. The winner of each group directly qualified for the World Cup. Then, the second round (which followed a play-off format) was contested by the ten group runners-up, plus the best two Nations League group winners (based on the Nations League overall ranking) that finished outside the top two of their qualifying group. The play-offs were split into three play-off paths, played in two semi-finals (hosted by the six best-ranked runners-up of the qualifying group stage) and the final (with the home teams to be drawn), from which an additional three teams also qualified.[17]

In an interview with Polish website meczyki.pl, UEFA vice-president Zbigniew Boniek said that all 10 teams from CONMEBOL, the South American Football Confederation, would join the UEFA Nations League from the 2024–25 edition of the competition.[18]

Trophy

The UEFA Nations League trophy was unveiled during the phase draw in Lausanne, Switzerland. The trophy represents all 55 UEFA National associations and is made of sterling silver. The trophy weighs 7.5 kg and is 71 cm tall.[19]

Anthem

The official anthem of the UEFA Nations League was recorded with the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir, singing in Latin. It is a mix of classical and electronic music, and is played when the players are entering the field of play, in television sequences and for ceremonial purposes. The composers are Giorgio Tuinfort and Franck van der Heijden.[19][20]

Seasons

Each season of the UEFA Nations League is typically played from September to November of an even-numbered year (league phase), and June of the following odd-numbered year (Nations League Finals of League A), meaning a UEFA Nations League champion is crowned every two years. An exception will be made in the 2022–23 season when the league phase will be played in June and September 2022, due to the 2022 FIFA World Cup played in Qatar at the end of the year.[8][9][14]

Results

Finals

Edition Season Host Final Third place play-off
Winner Score and Venue Runner-up Third place Score and Venue Fourth place
1 2018–19
Finals
 Portugal
Portugal
1–0
Estádio do Dragão, Porto

Netherlands

England
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(6–5 p)
Estádio D. Afonso Henriques, Guimarães

Switzerland
2 2020–21
Finals
 Italy
France
2–1
San Siro, Milan

Spain

Italy
2–1
Juventus Stadium, Turin

Belgium
3 2022–23
Finals
 Netherlands

Performances by team

Team Winners Runner-up Third place Fourth place
 Portugal 1 (2019*)
 France 1 (2021)
 Netherlands 1 (2019)
 Spain 1 (2021)
 England 1 (2019)
 Italy 1 (2021*)
  Switzerland 1 (2019)
 Belgium 1 (2021)
* = hosts

All-Time Table – Division A

As of 28 September 2022.
Rank Country Pld W D* L P GF GA GD %
1  Portugal 18 11 4 3 37 32 11 +21 68,5%
2  Netherlands 18 11 4 3 37 32 16 +16 68,5%
3  Belgium 18 11 1 6 34 39 25 +14 63,0%
4  France 18 10 4 4 34 26 19 +7 63,0%
5  Spain 18 9 4 5 31 36 18 +18 57,4%
6  Italy 18 8 7 3 31 20 14 +6 57,4%
7   Switzerland 18 7 4 7 25 30 25 +5 46,3%
8  Denmark 12 7 1 4 22 17 12 +5 61,1%
9  England 18 5 6 7 21 17 22 -5 38,9%
10  Croatia 16 6 2 8 20 21 32 -11 41,7%
11  Germany 16 3 9 4 18 24 29 -5 37,5%
12  Poland 16 4 4 8 16 16 24 -8 33,3%
13  Hungary 6 3 1 2 10 8 5 +3 55,6%
14  Ukraine 6 2 0 4 6 5 13 -8 33,3%
15  Czech Republic 6 1 1 4 4 5 13 -8 22,2%
16  Austria 6 1 1 4 4 6 10 -4 22,2%
17  Sweden 6 1 0 5 3 5 13 -8 16,7%
18  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 0 2 4 2 3 11 -8 11,1%
19  Wales 6 0 1 5 1 6 11 -5 5,6%
20  Iceland 10 0 0 10 0 4 30 -26 0,0%

Team performances

National team Seasons in league Season
2018–19 2020–21 2022–23
A B C D Lg Rk M Lg Rk M Lg Rk M
 Albania 1 2 C 34 Same position C 35 Rise B 27 Same position
 Andorra 3 D 53 Same position D 55 Same position D 53 Same position
 Armenia 1 1 1 D 45 Rise* C 36 Rise B 31 Fall
 Austria 1 2 B 18 Same position B 18 Rise A 13 Fall
 Azerbaijan 2 1 D 46 Rise* C 43 Same position C 38 Same position
 Belarus 2 1 D 43 Rise C 38 Same position C 46 R
 Belgium 3 A 5 Same position A 4 Same position A 7 Same position
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 2 B 13 Rise A 15 Fall B 18 Rise
 Bulgaria 1 2 C 29 Rise* B 31 Fall C 40 Same position
 Croatia 3 A 9 Same position* A 12 Same position A Q Same position
 Cyprus 3 C 36 Same position* C 46 Same position C 45 R
 Czech Republic 1 2 B 20 Same position B 19 Rise A 14 Fall
 Denmark 2 1 B 15 Rise A 7 Same position A 5 Same position
 England 3 A 3 Same position A 9 Same position A 15 Fall
 Estonia 2 1 C 37 Same position* C 47 Fall D 49 Rise
 Faroe Islands 1 2 D 50 Same position D 50 Rise C 41 Same position
 Finland 2 1 C 28 Rise B 21 Same position B 21 Same position
 France 3 A 6 Same position A 1 Same position A 12 Same position
 Georgia 2 1 D 40 Rise C 42 Same position C 33 Rise
 Germany 3 A 11 Same position* A 8 Same position A 10 Same position
 Gibraltar 1 2 D 49 Same position D 49 Rise C 48 R
 Greece 3 C 33 Same position C 37 Same position C 34 Rise
 Hungary 1 1 1 C 31 Rise* B 20 Rise A 8 Same position
 Iceland 2 1 A 12 Same position* A 16 Fall B 23 Same position
 Israel 2 1 C 30 Rise* B 25 Same position B 17 Rise
 Italy 3 A 8 Same position A 3 Same position A Q Same position
 Kazakhstan 2 1 D 47 Rise* C 45 Same position C 36 Rise
 Kosovo 2 1 D 42 Rise C 44 Same position C 39 Same position
 Latvia 3 D 51 Same position D 53 Same position D 50 Rise
 Liechtenstein 3 D 52 Same position D 51 Same position D 55 Same position
 Lithuania 3 C 39 Same position* C 41 Same position C 47 R
 Luxembourg 2 1 D 44 Rise* C 39 Same position C 37 Same position
 Malta 3 D 54 Same position D 52 Same position D 52 Same position
 Moldova 1 2 D 48 Rise* C 48 Fall D 51 Same position
 Montenegro 1 2 C 35 Same position C 34 Rise B 28 Same position
 Netherlands 3 A 2 Same position A 6 Same position A Q Same position
 North Macedonia 2 1 D 41 Rise C 40 Same position C 42 Same position
 Northern Ireland 2 1 B 24 Same position* B 32 Fall C 44 Same position
 Norway 2 1 C 26 Rise B 22 Same position B 24 Same position
 Poland 3 A 10 Same position* A 10 Same position A 11 Same position
 Portugal 3 A 1 Same position A 5 Same position A 6 Same position
 Republic of Ireland 3 B 23 Same position* B 28 Same position B 26 Same position
 Romania 2 1 C 32 Rise* B 26 Same position B 29 Fall
 Russia 3 B 17 Same position B 24 Same position B 32 Fall
 San Marino 3 D 55 Same position D 54 Same position D 54 Same position
 Scotland 2 1 C 25 Rise B 23 Same position B 20 Rise
 Serbia 2 1 C 27 Rise B 27 Same position B 19 Rise
 Slovakia 2 1 B 21 Same position* B 30 Fall C 43 Same position
 Slovenia 1 2 C 38 Same position* C 33 Rise B 25 Same position
 Spain 3 A 7 Same position A 2 Same position A Q Same position
 Sweden 1 2 B 16 Rise A 14 Fall B 30 Fall
  Switzerland 3 A 4 Same position A 11 Same position A 9 Same position
 Turkey 2 1 B 22 Same position* B 29 Fall C 35 Rise
 Ukraine 1 2 B 14 Rise A 13 Fall B 22 Same position
 Wales 1 2 B 19 Same position B 17 Rise A 16 Fall

Reactions

Support

UEFA devised the tournament as a means to eliminate international friendlies—an aim that has been shared by many football clubs and supporters, with the regular football season being interrupted with non-competitive international matches as part of the FIFA International Match Calendar.[21][22][23]

In February 2012, it was agreed between UEFA and the European Club Association (ECA) that the international friendly schedule would be reduced from 12 to 9 matches a year with the August round of international friendlies in the UEFA confederation abolished from 2015.[24] The aspiration to eliminate friendlies in favour of a more competitive tournament has been both welcomed and criticized by many football commentators.[25][26][27]

Supporters more than most realise that most friendlies fail to deliver competitive and meaningful football. Now they will have the opportunity to see their teams play in more competitive matches, take part in a new competition and get a second chance to qualify for the major tournaments. There will certainly be fewer friendly internationals and undoubtedly fewer meaningless friendlies. However, there will still be space in the calendar for friendly internationals—particularly warm-up matches for final tournaments. UEFA is also keen that European teams will still have the chance to play opponents from other confederations.

— UEFA.[28]

Criticism

The format has been criticized as allowing weaker teams to qualify through the Nations League to compete in the European Championship finals, instead of qualifying through the standard qualification process.[29] However, once the tournament began in 2018, it got applause for 'very high-level matches' and impressive turnouts in initial round of fixtures.[30]

Influence

Shortly after the foundation of the UEFA Nations League, CONCACAF, inspired by its success, announced that a similar competition format, the CONCACAF Nations League, would be established.[31] The first edition was played in 2018. Also inspired by the recent success of the Nations League, the AFC has begun to formalise a similar competition, planned to begin in 2021 before being stalled due to the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic.[32][33]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "UEFA Nations League receives associations' green light". UEFA.com. 27 March 2014. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  2. ^ Hojem Kvam, Lars (9 October 2013). "Hva om Ronaldo, Özil, Balotelli og Pique møtes til ligaspill – med sine landslag?". dagbladet.no (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  3. ^ Gibson, Owen (10 October 2013). "Uefa explores internationals shake-up with Nations League plan". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Nations League: New European tournament to be confirmed". BBC Sport. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Nations League moet nieuwe mijlpaal in Europese voetbal worden". zita.be (in Dutch). 26 March 2014. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  6. ^ "UEFA Nations League: all you need to know". UEFA.com. 27 March 2014. Archived from the original on 28 August 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  7. ^ "UEFA Nations League/UEFA EURO 2020 qualifying" (PDF). UEFA.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 December 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "UEFA Nations League format and schedule approved". UEFA.com. 4 December 2014. Archived from the original on 1 September 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b c "UEFA Nations League format and schedule confirmed". UEFA.com. 4 December 2014. Archived from the original on 22 August 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  10. ^ "How the 2020/21 UEFA Nations League will line up". UEFA.com. 24 September 2019. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  11. ^ "2020/21 Nations League: Who will play who?". UEFA.com. 3 March 2020. Archived from the original on 4 September 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA European Football Championship 2018–20". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 9 March 2018. Archived from the original on 11 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  13. ^ "UEFA Executive Committee approves a new Football Sustainability Strategy 2030". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 16 December 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  14. ^ a b "UEFA Nations League and European Qualifiers competition format, 2018–2020" (PDF). UEFA.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Euro 2024: All you need to know". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 1 May 2022. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA European Football Championship, 2022–24". Union of European Football Associations. 10 May 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  17. ^ "UEFA Executive Committee agenda for Nyon meeting". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 27 November 2019. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  18. ^ Włodarczyk, Tomasz. "Rewolucja w Lidze Narodów! Czeka nas mini-mundial. Polska może zagrać z Brazylią! [NASZ NEWS]". Meczyki.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  19. ^ a b "UEFA Nations League trophy and music revealed". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  20. ^ "What are the lyrics to the UEFA Nations League Anthem?". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 8 September 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  21. ^ Smith, Giles (2 March 2001). "Put an end to these meaningless friendlies". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  22. ^ Lawton, James (20 February 2018). "Friendlies do not have to be as meaningless as this". The Independent. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Do friendly matches really matter?". BBC Sport. 2 March 2006. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  24. ^ "Clubs and Uefa agree to reduce international matches". BBC Sport. 28 February 2012. Archived from the original on 27 November 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  25. ^ Liew, Jonathan (13 October 2017). "Abstract and absurd, Uefa's Nations League is anything but the Ctrl-Alt-Delete the international game needs". Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  26. ^ "What is the Uefa Nations League – and will it be successful?". The Guardian. 23 January 2018. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  27. ^ "Jurgen Klopp calls Uefa Nations League 'most senseless competition in world'". The National. 8 October 2018. Archived from the original on 19 July 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  28. ^ "UEFA Nations League: all you need to know". UEFA. 20 August 2018. Archived from the original on 3 September 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  29. ^ Dunbar, Graham (24 March 2017). "As World Cup hope fades, Europeans turn to Nations League". USA Today. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 19 October 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  30. ^ "UEFA Nations League: Tournament draws praise for 'very high-level matches', impressive turnouts in initial round of fixtures-Sports News , Firstpost". Firstpost.com. 10 September 2018. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  31. ^ Bailey, Ryan (1 June 2021). "Everything you need to know about the CONCACAF Nations League Finals". Charlotte Football Club. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  32. ^ "AFC mull plans to have Nations League-like tournament". thestar.com.my. 13 September 2018. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021.
  33. ^ About Martin Lowe (23 March 2021). "OPINION: Is it time Asia introduced a Nations League?". The Asian Game. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.