FIFA U-20 World Cup
Founded1977; 45 years ago (1977)
RegionInternational (FIFA)
Number of teams24 (finals)
Current champions Ukraine (1st title)
Most successful team(s) Argentina (6 titles)
Websitewww.fifa.com/u20worldcup/
2023 FIFA U-20 World Cup
Tournaments

The FIFA U-20 World Cup is the biennial football world championship for male players under the age of 20, organised by FIFA. The competition has been staged every two years since the first tournament in 1977 held in Tunisia.[1] Until 2005 it was known as the FIFA World Youth Championship. The current champion is Ukraine which won its first title at the 2019 tournament in Poland.

History

In the twenty-two tournaments held, eleven different nations have won the title. Argentina is the most successful team with six titles, followed by Brazil with five titles. Portugal and Serbia have both won two titles (with the latter winning once as Yugoslavia), while Ghana, Germany, Spain, France, England, Ukraine and Russia (as the USSR) have won the title once each.

A corresponding event for women's teams, the FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, began in 2002 with the name "FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship" and an age limit of 19. The age limit for the women's competition was changed to 20 beginning with the 2006 FIFA U-20 Women's World Championship, and the competition was renamed as a "World Cup" in 2007 in preparation for the 2008 event. The next edition will be held in 2023 in Indonesia, after the planned 2021 FIFA U-20 World Cup competition was cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic.

Qualification

24 teams appear in the final tournament. 23 countries, including the defending champions, have to qualify in the youth championships of the six confederations. The host country automatically qualifies.

Confederation Championship
AFC (Asia) AFC U-20 Asian Cup
CAF (Africa) African Youth Championship
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) CONCACAF Under-20 Championship
CONMEBOL (South America) South American Youth Football Championship
UEFA (Europe) UEFA European U-19 Championship
OFC (Oceania) OFC Under 20 Qualifying Tournament

Results

Ed. Year Host Final Third place match
teams
1st place, gold medalist(s) Champions Score 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runners-up 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Third place Score Fourth place
1 1977  Tunisia  Soviet Union
2–2 (a.e.t.) (9–8 p)
 Mexico  Brazil
4–0
 Uruguay
16
2 1979  Japan  Argentina  Soviet Union  Uruguay
1–1 (a.e.t.) (5–3 p)
 Poland
16
3 1981  Australia  West Germany
4–0
 Qatar  Romania
1–0
 England
16
4 1983  Mexico  Brazil
1–0
 Argentina  Poland
2–1 (a.e.t.)
 South Korea
16
5 1985  Soviet Union  Brazil
1–0 (a.e.t.)
 Spain  Nigeria
0–0 (a.e.t.) (3–1 p)
 Soviet Union
16
6 1987  Chile  Yugoslavia
1–1 (a.e.t.) (5–4 p)
 West Germany  East Germany
2–2 (a.e.t.) (3–1 p)
 Chile
16
7 1989  Saudi Arabia  Portugal
2–0
 Nigeria  Brazil
2–0
 United States
16
8 1991  Portugal  Portugal 0–0 (a.e.t.) (4–2 p)  Brazil  Soviet Union
1–1 (a.e.t.) (5–4 p)
 Australia
16
9 1993  Australia  Brazil
2–1
 Ghana  England
2–1
 Australia
16
10 1995  Qatar  Argentina
2–0
 Brazil  Portugal
3–2
 Spain
16
11 1997  Malaysia  Argentina
2–1
 Uruguay  Republic of Ireland
2–1
 Ghana
24
12 1999  Nigeria  Spain
4–0
 Japan  Mali
1–0
 Uruguay
24
13 2001  Argentina  Argentina
3–0
 Ghana  Egypt
1–0
 Paraguay
24
14 2003  UA Emirates  Brazil
1–0
 Spain  Colombia
2–1
 Argentina
24
15 2005  Netherlands  Argentina
2–1
 Nigeria  Brazil
2–1
 Morocco
24
16 2007  Canada  Argentina
2–1
 Czech Republic  Chile
1–0
 Austria
24
17 2009  Egypt  Ghana
0–0 (a.e.t.) (4–3 p)
 Brazil  Hungary
1–1 (a.e.t.) (2–0 p)
 Costa Rica
24
18 2011  Colombia  Brazil
3–2 (a.e.t.)
 Portugal  Mexico
3–1
 France
24
19 2013  Turkey  France
0–0 (a.e.t.) (4–1 p)
 Uruguay  Ghana
3–0
 Iraq
24
20 2015  New Zealand  Serbia
2–1 (a.e.t.)
 Brazil  Mali
3–1
 Senegal
24
21 2017  South Korea  England  Venezuela  Italy
0–0 (a.e.t.) (4–1 p)
 Uruguay
24
22 2019  Poland  Ukraine
3–1
 South Korea  Ecuador
1–0 (a.e.t.)
 Italy
24
2021  Indonesia
Cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic[2]
24
23 2023  Indonesia

Teams reaching the top four

Team Titles Runners-up Third place Fourth place
 Argentina 6 (1979, 1995, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2007) 1 (1983) 1 (2003)
 Brazil 5 (1983, 1985, 1993, 2003, 2011) 4 (1991, 1995, 2009, 2015) 3 (1977, 1989, 2005)
 Portugal 2 (1989, 1991) 1 (2011) 1 (1995)
 Serbia1 2 (1987, 2015)
 Ghana 1 (2009) 2 (1993, 2001) 1 (2013) 1 (1997)
 Spain 1 (1999) 2 (1985, 2003) 1 (1995)
 Russia2 1 (1977) 1 (1979) 1 (1991) 1 (1985)
 Germany3 1 (1981) 1 (1987)
 England 1 (2017) 1 (1993) 1 (1981)
 France 1 (2013) 1 (2011)
 Ukraine 1 (2019)
 Uruguay 2 (1997, 2013) 1 (1979) 3 (1977, 1999, 2017)
 Nigeria 2 (1989, 2005) 1 (1985)
 Mexico 1 (1977) 1 (2011)
 South Korea 1 (2019) 1 (1983)
 Qatar 1 (1981)
 Japan 1 (1999)
 Czech Republic 1 (2007)
 Venezuela 1 (2017)
 Mali 2 (1999, 2015)
 Poland 1 (1983) 1 (1979)
 Chile 1 (2007) 1 (1987)
 Italy 1 (2017) 1 (2019)
 Romania 1 (1981)
 East Germany 1 (1987)
 Republic of Ireland 1 (1997)
 Egypt 1 (2001)
 Colombia 1 (2003)
 Hungary 1 (2009)
 Ecuador 1 (2019)
 Australia 2 (1991, 1993)
 United States 1 (1989)
 Paraguay 1 (2001)
 Morocco 1 (2005)
 Austria 1 (2007)
 Costa Rica 1 (2009)
 Iraq 1 (2013)
 Senegal 1 (2015)
1 = includes results representing Yugoslavia
2 = includes results representing Soviet Union
3 = includes results representing West Germany

Performances by continental zones (As of 2019)

Map of the best results for each country

All continental confederations except for the OFC (Oceania) have made an appearance in the final match of the tournament. To date, CONMEBOL (South America) leads with eleven titles, followed by UEFA (Europe) with ten titles and CAF (Africa) with one title. Teams from the AFC (Asia) and CONCACAF (North America, Central America, Caribbean) have made the tournament final four times, but were defeated by strong UEFA sides. No current OFC member has ever made the semifinals; Australia reached the semifinals as an OFC member in 1991 and 1993, finishing fourth on both occasions, before the country joined the AFC in 2006.

Confederation (continent) Performances
Winners Runners-up Third Fourth
CONMEBOL (South America) 11 titles: Argentina (6), Brazil (5) 8 times: Brazil (4), Uruguay (2), Argentina (1), Venezuela (1) 7 times: Brazil (3), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Ecuador (1), Uruguay (1) 6 times: Uruguay (3), Argentina (1), Chile (1), Paraguay (1)
UEFA (Europe) 10 titles: Portugal (2), Serbia1 (2), England (1), France (1), West Germany (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), USSR (1) 6 times: Spain (2), Czech Republic (1), West Germany (1), Portugal (1), USSR (1) 9 times: England (1), East Germany (1), Hungary (1), Rep. of Ireland (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Romania (1), USSR (1) 7 times: Austria (1), England (1), France (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Spain (1), USSR (1)
CAF (Africa) 1 title: Ghana (1) 4 times: Ghana (2), Nigeria (2) 5 times: Mali (2), Egypt (1), Ghana (1), Nigeria (1) 3 times: Ghana (1), Morocco (1), Senegal (1)
AFC (Asia) None 3 times: Japan (1), Qatar (1), South Korea (1) None 2 times: Iraq (1), South Korea (1)
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) None 1 time: Mexico (1) 1 time: Mexico (1) 2 times: Costa Rica (1), United States (1)
OFC (Oceania) None None None 2 times: Australia2 (2)
1 = as Yugoslavia (1987).
2 = as part of OFC (currently in AFC since 2006).

Awards

Main article: FIFA U-20 World Cup awards

Golden Ball

The Adidas Golden Ball award is awarded to the player who plays the most outstanding football during the tournament. It is selected by the media poll. Since the 2007 tournament, those who finish as runners-up in the vote receive the Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the second and third most outstanding players in the tournament respectively.

World Cup Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia Soviet Union Volodymyr Bessonov Brazil Júnior Brasília Brazil Cléber [3]
1979 Japan Argentina Diego Maradona Paraguay Julio César Romero Argentina Ramón Díaz [4]
1981 Australia Romania Romulus Gabor West Germany Michael Zorc West Germany Roland Wohlfarth [5]
1983 Mexico Brazil Geovani Argentina Roberto Zárate Argentina Luis Islas [6]
1985 Soviet Union Brazil Paulo Silas Brazil Gérson Spain Juan Carlos Unzué [7]
1987 Chile Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Robert Prosinečki Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zvonimir Boban West Germany Marcel Witeczek [8]
1989 Saudi Arabia Brazil Bismarck United States Kasey Keller Nigeria Christopher Nwosu [9]
1991 Portugal Portugal Emílio Peixe Brazil Giovane Élber Portugal Paulo Torres [10]
1993 Australia Brazil Adriano Not awarded Not awarded [11]
1995 Qatar Brazil Caio Portugal Dani Argentina Joaquín Irigoytía [12]
1997 Malaysia Uruguay Nicolás Olivera Uruguay Marcelo Zalayeta Argentina Pablo Aimar [13]
1999 Nigeria Mali Seydou Keita Nigeria Pius Ikedia Spain Pablo Couñago [14]
2001 Argentina Argentina Javier Saviola Argentina Andrés D'Alessandro France Djibril Cissé [15]
2003 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Ismail Matar Brazil Dudu Brazil Dani Alves [16]
2005 Netherlands Argentina Lionel Messi Nigeria Mikel John Obi Nigeria Taye Taiwo [17]
2007 Canada Argentina Sergio Agüero Argentina Maxi Moralez Mexico Giovani dos Santos [18]
2009 Egypt Ghana Dominic Adiyiah Brazil Alex Teixeira Brazil Giuliano [19]
2011 Colombia Brazil Henrique Almeida Portugal Nélson Oliveira Mexico Jorge Enríquez [20]
2013 Turkey France Paul Pogba Uruguay Nicolás López Ghana Clifford Aboagye [21]
2015 New Zealand Mali Adama Traoré Brazil Danilo Serbia Sergej Milinković-Savić [22]
2017 South Korea England Dominic Solanke Uruguay Federico Valverde Venezuela Yangel Herrera [23]
2019 Poland South Korea Lee Kang-in Ukraine Serhiy Buletsa Ecuador Gonzalo Plata [24]
2021 Indonesia Cancelled
2023 Indonesia

Golden Boot

The Golden Boot (known commercially as the Adidas Golden Shoe) is awarded to the top goalscorer of the tournament. If more than one players are equal by same goals, the players will be selected based by the most assists made and, if still tied, less playing minutes recorded during the tournament.

World Cup Golden Boot Goals Silver Boot Goals Bronze Boot Goals Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia Brazil Guina 4 Iraq Hussein Saeed 3 Mexico Luis Placencia 3 [3]
1979 Japan Argentina Ramón Díaz 8 Argentina Diego Maradona 6 Poland Andrzej Palasz 5 [4]
1981 Australia Australia Mark Koussas 4 Egypt Taher Abouzaid 4 West Germany Ralf Loose 4 [5]
1983 Mexico Brazil Geovani 6 Poland Joachim Klemenz 5 Argentina Jorge Luis Gabrich 4 [6]
1985 Soviet Union Spain Sebastián Losada 3 Spain Fernando 3 Nigeria Odiaka Monday 3 [7]
1987 Chile West Germany Marcel Witeczek 7 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Davor Šuker 6 Chile Camilo Pino 5 [8]
1989 Saudi Arabia Soviet Union Oleg Salenko 5 Brazil Marcelo Henrique 3 Nigeria Christopher Ohen 3 [9]
1991 Portugal Soviet Union Sergei Sherbakov 5 Spain Ismael Urzaiz 4 Mexico Pedro Pineda 4 [10]
1993 Australia Colombia Henry Zambrano 3 United States Chris Faklaris 3 Mexico Nieto 3 [11]
1995 Qatar Spain Joseba Etxeberria 7 Brazil Caio 5 Portugal Dani 4 [12]
1997 Malaysia Brazil Adaílton 10 France David Trezeguet 5 Australia Kostas Salapasidis 4 [13]
1999 Nigeria Spain Pablo Couñago 5 Mali Mahamadou Dissa 5 United States Taylor Twellman 4 [14]
2001 Argentina Argentina Javier Saviola 11 Brazil Adriano 6 France Djibril Cissé 6 [15]
2003 United Arab Emirates United States Eddie Johnson 4 Japan Daisuke Sakata 4 Argentina Fernando Cavenaghi 4 [16]
2005 Netherlands Argentina Lionel Messi 6 Spain Fernando Llorente 5 Ukraine Oleksandr Aliyev 5 [17]
2007 Canada Argentina Sergio Agüero 6 Spain Adrián 5 Argentina Maxi Moralez 4 [18]
2009 Egypt Ghana Dominic Adiyiah 8 Hungary Vladimir Koman 5 Spain Aarón 4 [19]
2011 Colombia Brazil Henrique Almeida 5 Spain Álvaro Vázquez 5 France Alexandre Lacazette 5 [20]
2013 Turkey Ghana Ebenezer Assifuah 6 Portugal Bruma 5 Spain Jesé 5 [21]
2015 New Zealand Ukraine Viktor Kovalenko 5 Hungary Bence Mervo 5 Germany Marc Stendera 4 [22]
2017 South Korea Italy Riccardo Orsolini 5 United States Josh Sargent 4 France Jean-Kévin Augustin 4 [23]
2019 Poland Norway Erling Haaland 9 Ukraine Danylo Sikan 4 Senegal Amadou Sagna 4 [24]
2021 Indonesia Cancelled
2023 Indonesia

Golden Glove

The Golden Glove is awarded to the best goalkeeper of the tournament.

World Cup Golden Gloves Ref(s)
2009 Egypt Costa Rica Esteban Alvarado [19]
2011 Colombia Portugal Mika [20]
2013 Turkey Uruguay Guillermo de Amores [21]
2015 New Zealand Serbia Predrag Rajković [22]
2017 South Korea England Freddie Woodman [23]
2019 Poland Ukraine Andriy Lunin [24]
2021 Indonesia Cancelled
2023 Indonesia

FIFA Fair Play Award

FIFA Fair Play Award is given to the team who has the best fair play record during the tournament with the criteria set by FIFA Fair Play Committee.

Tournament FIFA Fair Play Award Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia  Brazil [3]
1979 Japan  Poland [4]
1981 Australia  Australia [5]
1983 Mexico  South Korea [6]
1985 USSR  Colombia [7]
1987 Chile  West Germany [8]
1989 Saudi Arabia  United States [9]
1991 Portugal  Soviet Union [10]
1993 Australia  England [11]
1995 Qatar  Japan [12]
1997 Malaysia  Argentina [13]
1999 Nigeria  Croatia [14]
2001 Argentina  Argentina [15]
2003 United Arab Emirates  Colombia [16]
2005 Netherlands  Colombia [17]
2007 Canada  Japan [18]
2009 Egypt  Brazil [19]
2011 Colombia  Nigeria [20]
2013 Turkey  Spain [21]
2015 New Zealand  Ukraine [22]
2017 South Korea  Mexico [23]
2019 Poland  Japan [24]
2021 Indonesia Cancelled
2023 Indonesia

Records and statistics

Most World Cup appearances
18,  Brazil[25]
Most consecutive finals tournaments
16,  Brazil (19812011)
Most tournament wins (player)
2, three players:
Largest win margin in one match
12 goals ( Norway 12–0  Honduras, 30 May 2019)[26]
Most goals scored in a match by a single player
9 goals (Erling Haaland for  Norway against  Honduras, 30 May 2019)[26]

See also

References

  1. ^ CBC.ca
  2. ^ "Update on FIFA Women's World Cup™ and men's youth competitions". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Tunisia 1977 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on July 23, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Japan 1979 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Australia 1981 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on June 9, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Mexico 1983 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship USSR 1985 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Chile 1987 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on May 19, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Saudi Arabia 1989 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  10. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Portugal 1991 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on May 19, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Australia 1993 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Qatar 1995 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on July 11, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Malaysia 1997 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Nigeria 1999 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  15. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Argentina 2001 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship UAE 2003 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on June 8, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Netherlands 2005 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  18. ^ a b c "FIFA U20 World Cup Canada 2007 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on May 19, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d "FIFA U20 World Cup Egypt 2009 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on June 14, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d "FIFA U-20 World Cup Colombia 2011 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d "FIFA U-20 World Cup Turkey 2013 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on May 19, 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  22. ^ a b c d "Mali's magician Traore nets top honour". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 20 June 2015. Archived from the original on May 31, 2019.
  23. ^ a b c d "Solanke takes home top honour". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 11 June 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d "Lee, Lunin headline award winners at Poland 2019". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 15 June 2019. Archived from the original on June 16, 2019.
  25. ^ "FIFA U-20 World Cup Final". fifa.com. Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  26. ^ a b "FIFA U-20 World Cup 2019: Erling Haaland scores record triple hat-trick as Norway thrash Honduras 12-0". Fox Sports Asia. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.