|Preceded by||Linear Pottery culture|
|Followed by||Castellic culture, Chasséen culture, Michelsberg culture|
The Cerny culture (French: La Culture de Cerny, German: Cerny-Kultur) is a Neolithic culture in France that dates to the second half of the 5th millennium B.C. and that is particularly prevalent in the Paris Basin. It is characterized by monumental earth mounds, known as long barrows of the Passy type. The term is derived from the "Parc aux Bœufs" in Cerny in the department of Essonne who authorized the name.
The cemetery of Fleury-sur-Orne (Normandy, France) belongs to the first monumental funeral manifestations in Europe and predates Atlantic megalithic societies. Established during the second quarter of the fifth millennium calibrated (cal.) BCE, Fleury-sur-Orne consisted of earthen long barrows, some measuring up to 300 m in length. These monuments belong to the "Passy" phenomenon, named after the eponymous site. They are part of the Cerny culture that originated in the Yonne and upper Seine valley region, hereafter called "the Paris Basin," around 4,700 cal. BCE at the beginning of the local Middle Neolithic. The Passy-type monuments or STP (structure de type Passy) then spread to Normandy, where Fleury-sur-Orne is located.