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Dr. Death
Dr. Death in "The New 52", art by Greg Capullo.
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceDetective Comics #29 (July 1939)
Created byGardner Fox (writer)
Bob Kane (artist)
In-story information
Alter egoDr. Karl Hellfern
Team affiliationsScience Squad

Dr. Death (Dr. Karl Hellfern) is a supervillain appearing in publications by DC Comics. The character was created by Gardner Fox and Bob Kane as an enemy of the superhero Batman, and first appeared in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939).[1] He is notable as the first traditional supervillain to be encountered by the Batman, as well as his first recurring foe.[2]

Fictional character biography

Golden Age

In his first appearance in Detective Comics #29, Dr. Death develops a lethal chemical agent from pollen extract and enacts a plan to use the poison to extort money from wealthy Gotham City citizens.[3] He is assisted by a large East Indian manservant, Jabah.[4] He decides to eliminate Batman, and threatens to kill someone unless Batman stops him. Batman defeats his two henchmen, but is wounded when Jabah shoots him, though he escapes using a gas pellet. He then gets to Dr. Death's base, meeting him in his lab, and chases him around the building. In order to evade capture, Dr. Death ignites chemicals in his laboratory, presumably killing Jabah and himself in the resulting explosion.[5] Dr. Death next appears the following month in Detective Comics #30. With a new accomplice, a Cossack named Mikhail, Dr. Death is this time successful in claiming a victim in his extortion scheme, but discovers from the widow that the poisoned man lost his fortune in the Great Depression. Batman intervenes in the plot, following Mikhail back to Dr. Death's base, and upon apprehending the doctor, discovers that his face had been horribly disfigured from the lab explosion, resulting in a brown, skeletal appearance.[6]

The scriptwriter for Detective Comics #29 and #30 is an issue of dispute, leaving the creator of Dr. Death uncertain. Batman creator Bob Kane is officially credited as scriptwriter of these issues, though later Gardner Fox, the scriptwriter of Detective Comics #31 and #32, claimed authorship.[7]

Bronze Age revival

After several decades' absence, Dr. Death was reintroduced by writer Gerry Conway in Batman #345 and Detective Comics #512 (1982). Conway's story is an update of the original 1939 tale. In this version, Dr. Death is depicted as a paraplegic, but his deadly gas gimmick remains the same. He is assisted this time by a manservant named Togo.

Modern Age

Dr. Death was revived once again in Batgirl #42-44 and #50 (2003–2004) by writer Dylan Horrocks.[8] The modern version of the character is a producer of biological weapons, often selling them on the black market to terrorists and other criminals. He is now depicted as a bald, gnome-like man wearing a lab coat and an oxygen mask. This incarnation of Dr. Death plays a minor role in Batman: War Games where he is seen working with the crime lord Black Mask, releasing a gas into a crowd of panicking gangsters. Batman suspects that he and Black Mask are attempting to wipe out their competition.[9]

Dr. Death remains active in the DC Universe following the events of Infinite Crisis. In 52 #2, he is mentioned as one of many mad scientists who have gone missing. He is depicted later in the series among other captured scientists and mad geniuses on Oolong Island that make up the Science Squad.[10]

He was seen joining forces with Black Mask again in Batman #692 in his "Ministry of Science".

In Batman: Streets of Gotham #17-18, the reader learns his backstory, involving an altercation with Thomas and Martha Wayne as well an alliance with gangster Judson Pierce and Hush.[11]

The New 52

In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. Here, a new version of Dr. Death appears in Batman #25 as part of the story arc Batman: Zero Year.[12] He is once again established as one of the first supervillains encountered by Batman early in his career. A disgruntled former Wayne Enterprises scientist, Dr. Death murders several people with a serum that causes uncontrolled bone growth. He is depicted with a skeletal appearance, a result of testing his serum on himself. Dr. Death joins forces with the Riddler to try to seize control of Gotham City during a super-storm.[13]

In Batman #29 (2014), it is revealed that Hellfern created his bone serum in an attempt to eliminate human weakness. This was motivated by the death of his son, a soldier who had been sent to locate the missing Bruce Wayne overseas. Dr. Death battles Batman aboard a blimp in the midst of the storm. He is struck by shrapnel from an explosion, which causes his mutated bones to begin growing again, seemingly killing him.[14]

Other characters named Doctor Death

In other media


  1. ^ Greenberger, Robert (2008). The Essential Batman Encyclopedia. Del Rey. p. 113. ISBN 9780345501066.
  2. ^ Misiroglou, Gina Renée; Eury, Michael (2006). The Supervillain Book: The Evil Side of Comics and Hollywood. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 9780780809772. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Fleisher, Michael L. (1976). The Encyclopedia of Comic Book Heroes, Volume 1: Batman. Macmillan Publishing Co. pp. 190–192. ISBN 0-02-538700-6. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  4. ^ Rovin, Jeff (1987). The Encyclopedia of Supervillains. New York City: Facts on File. p. 89. ISBN 0-8160-1356-X.
  5. ^ Gardner Fox (w), Bob Kane (p), Bob Kane (i), Bob Kane (let), Vincent Sullivan (ed). "The Batman Meets Doctor Death" Detective Comics #29 (July 1939), New York City: DC Comics
  6. ^ Gardner Fox (w), Bob Kane (p), Bob Kane (i), Sheldon Moldoff (let), Vincent Sullivan (ed). "The Return of Doctor Death" Detective Comics #30 (August 1939), New York City: DC Comics
  7. ^ Daniels, Les (1999). Batman: The Complete History. San Francisco, California: Chronicle Books. p. 18. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0.
  8. ^ Dylan Horrocks (w), Damion Scott (p), Robert Campanella (i), Jason Wright Jamison (col), John Costanza (let), Dennis O'Neil (ed). Batgirl #42 (April 2000), New York City: DC Comics
  9. ^ Dylan Horrocks (w), Adrian Sibar (p), Andy Owens (i), Jason Wright (let), Michael Wright (ed). "Harvest of Death" Batgirl #44 (November 2003), New York City: DC Comics
  10. ^ Geoff Johns (w), Drew Johnson (p), Jerry Ordway (i), Rob Leigh (let), Dan DiDio (ed). "The Island of Professor Morrow" 52 #23 (October 2006), New York City: DC Comics
  11. ^ Paul Dini (w), Derek Fridolfs (i), John Kalisz (col), Steve Wands (let), Mike Marts (ed). "The House of Hush, Chapter Five: Infestation" Batman: Streets of Gotham #20 (April 2011), New York City: DC Comics
  12. ^ Scott Snyder (w), Danny Miki (i), FCO Plascencia (col), Nick J. Napolitano (let), Mike Marts (ed). "Dark City, Part Two" Batman #25 (January 2014), New York City: DC Comics
  13. ^ Scott Snyder (w), Danny Miki (i), FCO Plascencia (col), Nick J. Napolitano (let), Mike Marts (ed). "Dark City, Part Three" Batman #26 (February 2014), New York City: DC Comics
  14. ^ Scott Snyder (w), Danny Miki (i), FCO Plascencia (col), Nick J. Napolitano (let), Mike Marts (ed). "Dark City, Part Five" Batman #29 (January 2014), New York City: DC Comics
  15. ^ Matt Wagner (w), Vince Locke (i), David Hornung (col), Gaspar Saladino (let). "Doctor Death, Act One" Sandman Mystery Theatre #21 (January 2014), New York City: DC Comics

Further reading