Holliston, Massachusetts
Holliston Town Hall on the east border of the town green
Holliston Town Hall on the east border of the town green
Flag of Holliston, Massachusetts
Official seal of Holliston, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°11′00″N 71°25′30″W / 42.18333°N 71.42500°W / 42.18333; -71.42500Coordinates: 42°11′00″N 71°25′30″W / 42.18333°N 71.42500°W / 42.18333; -71.42500
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1659
Incorporated1724
Named forThomas Hollis
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total19.0 sq mi (49.3 km2)
 • Land18.7 sq mi (48.5 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation
188 ft (57 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total14,996
 • Density790/sq mi (300/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
01746
Area code508/774
FIPS code25-30700
GNIS feature ID0618225
Websitewww.townofholliston.us

Holliston is a New England town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States in the Greater Boston area. The population was 14,996 at the 2020 census.[1] It is located in MetroWest, a Massachusetts region that is west of Boston. Holliston is the only town in Middlesex County that borders both Norfolk and Worcester counties.

History

First Congregational Church of Holliston on the church green. This is the site of Holliston's original meeting house.
First Congregational Church of Holliston on the church green. This is the site of Holliston's original meeting house.
A 19th century depiction of Holliston's original meeting house. Built in 1725, it served as the center of all town affairs until being razed 1822 for the present-day First Congregational Church and the town hall.
A 19th century depiction of Holliston's original meeting house. Built in 1725, it served as the center of all town affairs until being razed 1822 for the present-day First Congregational Church and the town hall.
Panorama of Holliston, c. 1875
Panorama of Holliston, c. 1875

At the time of the earliest European settlements, where Holliston exists now was part of the territory of the Awassamog family of Natick (the first Nipmuc Praying Town), who also held authority over land near Waushakum Pond at Framingham and land near Annamasset at Mendon. In 1701, a large tract of land that included the west half of Holliston, eastern Milford and parts of Hopkinton and Ashland was given to the local Nipmucs in a land exchange with Sherborn. Their ownership of the tract was brief, as settlers purchased tracts of land there until all traces of Nipmuc presence disappeared. The Nipmuc village of Mucksquit (translation – "place of much grass"), located on the shore of Wennakeening (translation – "smile of the great spirit") was near the site of the Morse family farm, today known as Lake Winthrop. The Morses, Sheffields, Marshalls and Bullards and many others followed Pout Lane (an old Native American foot-path, now partly modern day Rte 16 and Highland St., respectively) out to the new territory and settled along the path, thus forming a cluster of farms that would eventually become Holliston. John Eliot and Daniel Gookin (Christian missionaries) also followed the path in search of converts to Christianity and encouraged the Nipmucs to gather into villages, which made their task of finding them easier. Though not as famous as the Bay Path or the Old Connecticut Path, Pout Lane played a major role in the settlement of Holliston and other points southwest of Boston. Holliston, then part of Sherborn, was first settled by Europeans in 1659 by Massachusetts Bay Puritans. The town of Holliston was incorporated on December 3, 1724, by virtue of approval by the General Court petition requesting that "the western part of Sherborn be a Town." The name was taken in honor of Thomas Hollis of London, a benefactor of Harvard College. The first town meeting was held at the house of Timothy Leland on December 23, 1724, "at which five selectmen and all other required officers were chosen." The town has grown from a community of a few hundred residents setting aside ten pounds per year for public education to a community of over 13,000 with an annual budget of over $40 million including more than $23 million for a nationally recognized school system.[2]

Town namesake and Harvard benefactor Thomas Hollis, as he appeared on the Holliston Savings Bank's $5 notes in the mid-19th century.
Town namesake and Harvard benefactor Thomas Hollis, as he appeared on the Holliston Savings Bank's $5 notes in the mid-19th century.

In "Holliston" by Images of America and the Holliston Historical Society, it is written: An article in a local newspaper[3] in 1894 heralded the charms of Holliston as the quintessential New England village, which, the story said, sprang into existence solely due to the talent of its people. Perhaps this is so, for there was no great moment in history to mark the founding of this town. Holliston has become a reflection of the accomplishments of the inhabitants of this place for more than three hundred years, and although the town had to admit to no magnitude of greatness to rival Boston, Lexington, or Concord, Holliston did define itself as a home to heroes of the commonplace. The feature story of 1894 said:

"Many cities have sprung into existence because of their advantageous situations. The prosperity of Holliston is solely due to the genius of its people. A visit to such places stirs the blood, quickens the pulse and produces an enthusiastic desire to have a share in the developing good times. Massachusetts may be Whittier's land, and the region from Marblehead to Amesbury may be full of legendary and spectral armies, and witchdom, and Buddha knows what, but the imaginative and the poetical must submit to the rights of the commonplace. The commonplace is honeycombed with the uncommon heroisms of the patient, everyday existence that make up the life of such plucky towns as Holliston. These are the things the average man is most interested in. Average life is but a portfolio of views of struggles with the commonplaces of everyday existence" (Holliston 1997).

The town was once the largest producer of shoes in the United States.[4] Although many of the shoe factories have been lost by fires and other problems, the largest company, the Goodwill Shoe Company, still has remaining empty factories on Water Street, many of which are now used as artists' studios. Competition from overseas factories is largely to blame for the loss of the industry.[citation needed]

Holliston's Mudville neighborhood claims to be the location of the 1888 Ernest Lawrence Thayer poem, "Casey at the Bat", and maintains an ongoing rivalry with Stockton, California, which makes the same claim regarding the poem's setting.

The Legend of Balancing Rock

Holliston Balancing Rock
Holliston Balancing Rock
Balancing Rock, after it fell.
Balancing Rock, after it fell.

On the north side of Route 16 heading into Milford sits a large rock, some 20 ft (6.1 m) in length, 10 ft (3.0 m) in width, 6 ft (1.8 m) thick, and weighing easily over 5 tons (4.5 metric tons). The rock appears to be balanced precariously on an outcrop of granite ledge. On November 6, 1789, General George Washington led his entourage from Boston to New York via this route. He recalled in his diary the road in Holliston that would eventually be honored with his name, "an indifferent road, diversified by good and bad land, cultivated and in woods, some high barren, others low, wet and piney." Legend has it that, as they came across this "Balancing Rock," they took the opportunity to have some fun and tried their best to tip over the rock. It is said that the General himself, quite amused at the spectacle, added his muscle in an attempt to push the rock off its natural pedestal. Their efforts—and those of many others over the years—were to no avail. On September 22, 2020, Balancing Rock appears to have finally fallen. The rock is on the property of the Balancing Rock development, a community for "active" adults over the age of 55.[5]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49 km2), of which 18.7 square miles (48 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) is water. Water covers 1.73% of the town's total area. The Charles River passes near the southern region of town.

It is located 21.6 mi (34.8 km) west of Boston and is within short driving distance of Interstate 495 and the Massachusetts Turnpike (part of Interstate 90). Massachusetts Route 16 and Massachusetts Route 126 pass through the town.

Historic districts

With a history spanning nearly three centuries, Holliston has many smaller divisions within its borders with names tied to a host of historic and cultural origins. Although the town is only served by one post-office today, several of its historic villages originated from previous post offices as well as train stops on the Boston and Albany Railroad's Milford line. Today the town retains two official historic districts, both of which contain smaller landmark areas of historic significance. There are several additional residential developments and other areas of Holliston which retain their own colloquial names, however at this time the following are the only areas officially recognized as historic by the town and the U.S. Geologic Survey.

Adjacent towns

Holliston is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by:

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1765705—    
1776909+28.9%
1790875−3.7%
1800783−10.5%
1810989+26.3%
18201,024+3.5%
18301,304+27.3%
18401,782+36.7%
18502,428+36.3%
18603,339+37.5%
18703,073−8.0%
18803,098+0.8%
18902,619−15.5%
19002,598−0.8%
19102,711+4.3%
19202,707−0.1%
19302,804+3.6%
19403,000+7.0%
19503,753+25.1%
19606,222+65.8%
197012,069+94.0%
198012,622+4.6%
199012,926+2.4%
200013,801+6.8%
201013,547−1.8%
202014,996+10.7%
* = population estimate.[6]
Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 13,801 people, 4,795 households, and 3,842 families residing in the town. The population density was 737.8 people per square mile (284.8/km2). There were 4,868 housing units at an average density of 260.2 per square mile (100.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.7% White, 0.9% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. Ancestries of Holliston residents are reported to be Irish (29.4%), Italian (18.3%), English (17.8%), German (9.7%), French (5.6%), and Polish (5.6%).

There were 4,795 households, out of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.9% were non-families. Of all households, 16.4% were made up of individuals, and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 30.0% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the town was $78,092, and the median income for a family was $84,878. Males had a median income of $48,473 versus $36,405 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,116. As of the census of 2000, about 1.5% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

In 2009, 79% of Holliston residents age 25 and over held bachelor's degrees or higher and 35.8% held graduate or professional degrees.[18]

Government

Holliston retains its original open town meeting form of government, in which registered voters act as the town's legislature. The town's day-to-day affairs are overseen by an elected Board of Selectmen with a Town Administrator.

County government: Middlesex County
Clerk of Courts: Michael A. Sullivan
District Attorney: Marian T. Ryan
Register of Deeds: Maria C. Curtatone
Register of Probate: Tara E. DeCristofaro
County Sheriff: Peter J. Koutoujian
State government
State Representative(s): Carolyn Dykema (D)
State Senator(s): Karen E. Spilka (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Robert L. Jubinville (D)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): Katherine Clark (D-5th District)
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Education

Holliston High School athletic field
Holliston High School athletic field

The Town of Holliston has a public school system which serves students from kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district include two elementary schools, a middle school and a high school. Public schools include: Sam Placentino Elementary School, Fred W. Miller Elementary School, Robert H. Adams Middle School, and Holliston High School.

Holliston High School was ranked among the top 150 best public high schools in Greater Boston. [19]

The Holliston public school system also maintains a Montessori and French Immersion program that students can enroll in upon entering kindergarten.

Environment

Within Holliston there are five registered Superfund sites. Three of these sites are still monitored by CERCLIS (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System).[20]

Name of site Location Status
Adams Street Property 519 Adams Street Archived
Wood Engineering 29 Everett Road Archived
Axton Cross Corp 1 Cross Street Non-NPL (National Priorities List)
Bird Property (Prentice Street Property) 708 Prentice Street Non-NPL
hotofabrication Engineering Inc. 229 Lowland Street Non-NPL

[20][21]

An archived status indicates that the site has been cleaned, requires no further investigation, and poses little to no threat. A Non-NPL status indicates the sites are not considered to be the most hazardous by the EPA and are therefore not included in the NPL, but the clean-up of the site has not been completed. Non-NPL sites are still monitored by CERCLIS and are considered open or active sites. An NPL status indicates that the EPA considers the site to pose serious health and environmental risks. NPL sites are considered to be the most hazardous sites in the nation.

Axton Cross Corp

Established in 1967, "the site was an Industrial Chemical Distributor for the textile, paper, rubber, metals and plastics industries."[22] In the early 1990s the company filed for bankruptcy and the facility closed. The site is 8.6 acres of developed and undeveloped land which consist of two buildings. The buildings are being considered for demolition.

According to the Mass DEP Axton Cross is considered to be a Disposal Site. The chemicals recorded by the Mass DEP were oil and other unknown hazardous materials. According to locals, "Axton-Cross polluted the property it owned and the land surrounding it and the wildlife with toxic chemicals."[23] According to the EPA's last inspection (08/08/1995), the water was not impaired, but the Ozone is considered to be a Non-Attainment Area. No further data was recorded.[24]

Bird Property (Prentice Street Property)

In 1966 a gravel mining permit for the property was granted to a Charles Bird. Mining of the land continued into the late 1970s. Through the late 1960s to early 1980s the mined areas were filled with building debris and commercial solid waste. The property was also used for tire stockpiling.[25] The site is approximately 53 acres. The land is being considered for the construction of residential housing.[26]

Since then the Mass DEP and EPA have ordered remedial activities which included the removal of: potential contaminants, solid waste, construction debris, tires, and over 70 tons of impacted soils. The groundwater plume from the site contains low levels of a chemical called TCE. Due to the low and naturally declining levels (due to the removal of the source) the Mass DEP to conclude that no further water clean-up is required.[26] Other chemicals recorded by the Mass DEP were VOCs. According to the EPA's inspection the Ozone is considered to be a Non-Attainment Area. No further data was recorded.[27]

Photofabrication Engineering Inc.

Founded in 1968, Photofabrication Engineering, Inc. (PEI) manufactures precision metal parts for computers and semiconductors. The company moved from Holliston to Milford, MA in 1984. The newer facility has helped PEI become an environmentally cleaner manufacturer.[28]

Chemicals recorded by the Mass DEP were chlorinated solvents, metals, and wastewater discharge. The Mass DEP considers the site to be in phase IV of V. In this phase a cleanup plan is implemented. [7] According to the EPA's inspection, the water was not impaired, but the Ozone is considered to be a Non-Attainment Area. No further data was recorded.[29]

Points of interest

Arch Bridge off Woodland Street
Arch Bridge off Woodland Street

Golf courses

Parks and playing fields

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Holliston town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2021.
  2. ^ [1] Town of Holliston
  3. ^ [2] Holliston Historical Society
  4. ^ [3] Historic American Buildings Survey, 2005
  5. ^ [4] Balancing Rock 55 Community Website
  6. ^ Foster, F. Apthorp (ed.). Vital records of Holliston, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. Boston: Stanhope Press, F. H. Gilson Company. New England Historic Genealogical Society. p. 3.
  7. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ [5] Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today DP-2. Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000
  19. ^ "The Best Public High Schools in Greater Boston". Boston Magazine. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  20. ^ a b "Envirofacts Search Results | Envirofacts | US EPA". Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  21. ^ "Holliston, MA Environmental Hazards". www.homefacts.com. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  22. ^ "Find New England Sites - AXTON CROSS CO". yosemite.epa.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  23. ^ "Town vs Axton Cross Wednesday Night - Holliston Reporter". www.hollistonreporter.com. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  24. ^ "Detailed Facility Report | ECHO | US EPA". Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  25. ^ "PHASE I ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT REPORT" (PDF). Colar & Colantonio. May 2, 2005. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Green View Realty | Cedar Ridge Estates | Overview". www.greenviewrealty.com. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  27. ^ "Detailed Facility Report | ECHO | US EPA". Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  28. ^ "About Photofabrication Engineering, Inc. – Metal Etching Experts". www.photofabrication.com. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  29. ^ "Detailed Facility Report | ECHO | US EPA". Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  30. ^ "1,000 places to visit in Massachusetts". The Boston Globe. 26 July 2010.
  31. ^ [6] Holliston NetNews
  32. ^ "McKay Coppins, the Mormon on Mitt's trail". Politico. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  33. ^ url=https://www.baseball-reference.com/register/player.fcgi?id=fish--001jos>Baseball Reference page for Joseph Fish
  34. ^ a b "UPDATED: Barbieri is Holliston Lion of the Year". Holliston-Hopkinton, MA Patch. 2011-09-22. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  35. ^ "Mike Grier hockey statistics and profile at hockeydb.com". www.hockeydb.com. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  36. ^ "Greg Mauldin hockey statistics and profile at hockeydb.com". www.hockeydb.com. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  37. ^ "Faculty, Staff and Students". University of Cincinnati. Retrieved 2018-09-17.

Further reading