Burlington, Massachusetts
Town Hall
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Burly , B-Town
Motto(s): 
"Where Technology Goes To Work"[1]
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°30′17″N 71°11′46″W / 42.50472°N 71.19611°W / 42.50472; -71.19611Coordinates: 42°30′17″N 71°11′46″W / 42.50472°N 71.19611°W / 42.50472; -71.19611
Country United States
State Massachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
RegionNew England
Settled1640
IncorporatedFebruary 28, 1799
Government
 • TypeRepresentative town meeting
Area
 • Total11.9 sq mi (30.8 km2)
 • Land11.8 sq mi (30.6 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
218 ft (66 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total24,498
 • Density2,100/sq mi (800/km2)
Demonym(s)Burlingtonian
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01803
Area code(s)339 / 781 / 617
FIPS code25-09840
GNIS feature ID0618219
WebsiteTown of Burlington, Massachusetts

Burlington is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 24,498 at the 2010 census.[2]

History

Helene Kent House
Helene Kent House

It is believed that Burlington takes its name from the English town of Bridlington, Yorkshire, but this has never been confirmed.[n 1] It was first settled in 1641, and was officially incorporated on February 28, 1799; several of the early homesteads are still standing, such as the Francis Wyman House, dating from 1666. The town is sited on the watersheds of the Ipswich, Mystic, and Shawsheen rivers. In colonial times up through the late 19th century, there was industry in the mills along Vine Brook, which runs from Lexington to Bedford and then empties into the Shawsheen River.

Business District
Business District

Burlington is now a suburban industrial town at the junction of the Boston-Merrimack corridor, but for most of its history it was almost entirely agricultural, selling hops and rye to Boston and supplementing that income with small shoe-making shops. Early railroad expansion passed the town by (although the town was serviced by the Middlesex Turnpike), limiting its early development, and Burlington continued to cure hams for the Boston market and produce milk, fruit, and vegetables.

This picture changed drastically, however, as soon as Route 128 was built. The highway kicked off an enormous expansion, and between 1955 and 1965 Burlington was the fastest growing town in the state. In one five-year period, its population tripled as residential and commercial retail development exploded creating the town's present character. It is currently a residential and professional hub.

Geography

Located in the Greater Boston Area of eastern Massachusetts, Burlington is bordered by Bedford on the west, Billerica on the north, Wilmington on the northeast, Woburn on the southeast, and Lexington on the south. Burlington is 12 miles (19 km) south of Lowell, 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Boston, 36 miles (58 km) southeast of Fitchburg, and 224 miles (360 km) from New York City. Its highest point is Greenleaf Mountain (290 feet (88 m) above sea level), and lowest point is the Great Meadow 150 feet (46 m) above sea level. The elevation at Town Hall is 220 feet (67 m) above sea level. The largest body of water is the 500-million-US-gallon (1,900,000 m3) Mill Pond Reservoir in the eastern part of the town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.9 square miles (31 km2), of which 11.8 square miles (31 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.59%, is water. There are different area codes in Burlington: 781, 617 and 339.[3]

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1850545—    
1860606+11.2%
1870626+3.3%
1880711+13.6%
1890617−13.2%
1900593−3.9%
1910591−0.3%
1920885+49.7%
19301,722+94.6%
19402,275+32.1%
19503,250+42.9%
196012,852+295.4%
197021,980+71.0%
198023,486+6.9%
199023,302−0.8%
200022,876−1.8%
201024,498+7.1%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the census[14] of 2010,[15] there were 24,498 people, 9,668 households, and 6,374 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,936.4 people per square mile (747.9/km2). There were 8,445 housing units at an average density of 2,087.7 per square mile (276.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 79.2% White, 3.3% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 13.4% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 8,289 households, out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. Of all households, 19.1% were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

In 2014, the median household income of the town stood at $95,465. The per capita income was $41,849 and 4.7% of the population lived below the poverty line.[16] According to an earlier estimate from 2007,[17] the median income for a household in the town was $86,052, and the median income for a family was $99,123. Males had a median income of $55,635 versus $36,486 for females. About 1.3% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

Foreign-born population

As of 2014, 19.5% of the residents of Burlington were born outside of the United States.[18]

Arts and culture

Points of interest

Francis Wyman House

Government

Burlington is governed by a 126-member representative Town Meeting (18 representatives elected per precinct) and a five-member executive Board of Selectmen.[25]

Burlington Cable Access Television (BCAT) is a non-profit Public-access television cable TV facility that was formed in 1987. BCAT operates three: Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels. Town meetings and events can also be seen on demand on BCAT's website.

Burlington Police Department

The Burlington Police Department (BPD) has the primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation in the town of Burlington. Chief Mike Hawk is the current[when?] Chief of Police for Burlington. The Burlington Police Department has 69 sworn officers. There are several Divisions within the BPD, including Patrol, Detectives, Domestic Violence, Traffic, Community Service, School Resource, Crime Analysis, Records, K9, and the Bike Unit.[26] The Burlington Police Department is also one of 54 law enforcement agencies that comprise the North Eastern Massachusetts Law Enforcement Council (NEMLEC).[27] The Burlington Police Department is located at 45 Center Street in Burlington.[28]

Route 128/ I-95 and Route 3 traverse through Burlington and motor vehicle laws are enforced primarily by the Massachusetts State Police on these roadways.

Burlington Fire Department

The Burlington Fire Department has a force of 41 Firefighters and 16 Officers whom are commanded by Chief Steve Yetman. 3 engines, 1 tower, and 2 BLS rescue/ambulance respond from 2 fire stations and average over 3,200 runs annually. Burlington also operates a hazardous materials/cascade unit and a brush unit. The Burlington Fire Department Headquarters is located at 21 Center Street in Burlington.[29] The Burlington Fire Department Station Two is located at 114 Terrace Hall Avenue in Burlington.[30]

Education

Burlington has six public schools (four elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school) which comprise the Burlington Public School District. The elementary schools are Fox Hill, Francis Wyman, Memorial, and Pine Glen. The middle school is Marshall Simonds, and one of the town parks is named after Marshall Simonds. The high school is Burlington High School. Burlington is also served by the Shawsheen Valley Technical High School. In addition it is home to several private schools.[31]

The town operates a Before and After School Program[32] and offers an integrated preschool program.[33]

Burlington is also the home to a campus of Northeastern University.

Economy

Companies based in Burlington include Avid Technology, Endurance International Group, Keurig Dr Pepper and Nuance Communications.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Routes 128 (I-95), 3, 3A and 62 pass through Burlington. MBTA bus routes 350, 351, 352 and 354 operated by the MBTA run through the town, as do Lowell Regional Transit Authority, Lexpress (Lexington), and B-Line (Burlington) buses. The closest MBTA 'T' subway stations are Alewife, Cambridge, 9 miles (14 km) to the south-east (the station has a large parking garage) and Wellington Station, Medford, on the Orange Line, roughly 10 miles (16 km) to the east (also has large parking garage). MBTA Commuter Rail and Logan Express services are available at the Anderson Regional Transportation Center in neighboring Woburn, about 3 miles (4.8 km) to the east.[34]

Notable people

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Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ There is one settlement and pond in England named Burlington in Sheriffhales, Shropshire search Ordnance Survey map – however the elegance of the early 18th century central London Palladian Burlington House may have inspired the choice of name.

Citations

  1. ^ "Town of Burlington, Massachusetts". Town of Burlington, Massachusetts. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Burlington town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  3. ^ "339 Area Code, Massachusetts, US".
  4. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  16. ^ "Median household income (in 2014 dollars), 2010–2014". www.census.gov. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 11, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  18. ^ "QuickFacts Burlington CDP, Massachusetts". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  19. ^ "Burlington Public Library". Burlington Public Library. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  20. ^ "Burlington Historical Museum". Burlingtonmahistory.com. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  21. ^ "Town Of Burlington Conservation Areas". burlington.org. Archived from the original on September 17, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  22. ^ "Burlington Water Department". Archived from the original on September 6, 2008.
  23. ^ "The Burlington RC Flyers' Airstrip - Wikimapia". wikimapia.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  24. ^ "Burlington's Most Famous". Boston.com. February 19, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  25. ^ "Burlington Selectmen". Archived from the original on July 7, 2012.
  26. ^ "divisions". www.burlington.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "Burlington Massachusetts Police Department". www.burlington.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  29. ^ http://www.massmetrofire.org/burlington.html
  30. ^ "Burlington Fire Department Headquarters 21 Center Street Burlington, MA". www.burlington.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  31. ^ "Mount Hope Christian School – History". Mounthopeschool.org. Archived from the original on October 5, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  32. ^ Burlington Before and After School Programs Archived July 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Burlington Integrated Preschool Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 20, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ "Kali Flanagan". teamusa.usahockey.com.
  36. ^ Accardi, Dina (November 25, 2012). "Kent Cottage faces uncertain future". Burlington Union.
  37. ^ https://bsciencecenter.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/img_6667.jpg?w=3264. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ "Jay Pandolfo". NHL.com. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  39. ^ "Steve Strachan". databaseFootball.com. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  40. ^ Waterhouse, Gail (March 3, 2010). "Q&A with comedian Steven Wright, a famous former Burlington resident". The Boston Globe.

General sources