Everett, Massachusetts
Aerial view of Everett, looking towards the Mystic Generating Station
Aerial view of Everett, looking towards the Mystic Generating Station
Flag of Everett, Massachusetts
Official seal of Everett, Massachusetts
"City of Pride, Progress, and Possibilities"[1]
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Everett, Massachusetts is located in the United States
Everett, Massachusetts
Everett, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°24′30″N 71°03′15″W / 42.40833°N 71.05417°W / 42.40833; -71.05417
CountryUnited States
 • TypeMayor-council city
 • MayorCarlo DeMaria, Jr.
 • Total3.66 sq mi (9.48 km2)
 • Land3.42 sq mi (8.85 km2)
 • Water0.25 sq mi (0.64 km2)
10 ft (3 m)
 • Total49,075
 • Density14,366.22/sq mi (5,546.12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EST)
ZIP code
Area code617 / 857
FIPS code25-21990
GNIS feature ID0612739

Everett is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, directly north of Boston, bordering the neighborhood of Charlestown. The population was 49,075 at the time of the 2020 United States Census.[3]

Everett was the last city in the United States to have a bicameral legislature,[4] which was composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that changed the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members – six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large. The new City Council was elected during the 2013 City Election.


Everett was originally part of Charlestown, and later Malden. It separated from Malden in 1870.[5] The community was named after Edward Everett,[6] who served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also served as President of Harvard University.[7]

In 1892, Everett was upgraded from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first mayor.[8] Landfill has expanded the Everett shoreline over the centuries.[9] At some point between 1905[10] and 1912,[11] it connected the mainland to what was formerly White Island in the Mystic River. The bridge of the Grand Junction Railroad was originally built using this island for part of the crossing.

In 1919, Beacon Oil began construction of an oil refinery and storage yard near the Mystic River, opening in 1920.[12] In its first decade, the facility experienced five major explosions or fires. In 1929, Beacon Oil was purchased by Standard Oil of New Jersey, also known as Esso and now known as ExxonMobil. The refinery shut down in 1965 due to lack of profitability,[13] but the tank storage remained.

In 1971, Distrigas of Massachusetts began importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) at its Everett Marine Terminal in the Island End section of Everett.[14] This terminal was the first of its kind in the country.[15] It was purchased by GDF Suez North America,[16] and as of 2013, supplied 20% of New England's natural gas demand from its two tanks with a combined capacity of 3,400,000,000 cu ft (96,000,000 m3), equal to approximately one day of Massachusetts gas demand.[17] In 2019, it was purchased by Constellation Energy, at the time a subsidiary of Exelon.[18] As of 2023, it receives 99% of LNG imports into the United States,[19] mostly from Algeria and Trinidad. LNG is trucked to other storage sites around the state[20] or heated to gas form and transferred by pipeline.

On September 16, 2014, the Massachusetts Gaming Commission voted to approve Wynn Resorts' proposal for a $1.6 billion casino to be located on a 33-acre site on the Mystic River in Everett.[21] The casino, named Encore Boston Harbor, opened on June 23, 2019.[22] After a remediation process to clean the site, Wynn Resorts constructed[23] Encore Boston as an integrated resort with a hotel, a harborwalk, restaurants, a casino, spa, retail outlets, and meeting and convention space.[24] Public amenities along the year-round harborwalk include a picnic park, paths for bikers and pedestrians, viewing decks, waterfront dining and retail,[25] a performance lawn, floral displays,[26] and boat docks.[27] Wynn Resorts described the $2.6 billion development as "the largest private single-phase construction project in the history of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts."[28]

Most the remaining land south of the Newburyport/Rockport Line and Massachusetts Route 99 in Everett is taken up by a tank farm and oil terminal on the Mystic River. In December 2023, the Conservation Law Foundation announced it had settled a federal pollution lawsuit with Exxon. The company sold the site for cleanup and redevelopment starting with raising the land to avoid climate change-related flooding and adding apartment buildings near Route 16. Exxon also agreed to a deed restriction which prevents the land from ever being used for fossil fuel storage in the future.[29]

Everett has an increasing population as people are seeking new households near downtown Boston while not wanting to pay the higher prices of living now associated with surrounding municipalities, such as those in neighborhoods of Boston, Cambridge, or Somerville.


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Everett is bordered by Malden on the north, Revere on the east, Chelsea on the southeast, Somerville and Medford on the west, and Boston and the Mystic River on the south at Charlestown. Island End River flows through the city, though it was contained in a culvert and invisible to residents until being partly unearthed in 2021.[30] Everett is a major part of the Port of Boston.

Some of Everett's neighborhoods are Glendale, Woodlawn, the Village, and the Line. Glendale Park is the city's largest park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), of which 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (7.63%) is water.


In a typical year, Everett, Massachusetts temperatures fall below 50 °F (10 °C) for 195 days per year. Annual precipitation is typically 44.2 inches per year (high in the US) and snow covers the ground 52 days per year or 14.2% of the year (high in the US). It may be helpful to understand the yearly precipitation by imagining 9 straight days of moderate rain per year. The humidity is below 60% for approximately 25.4 days or 7% of the year.[31]


Historical population
* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41]
U.S. Decennial Census[42]

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 41,667 people, 15,435 households, and 9,554 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,241.1 inhabitants per square mile (4,340.2/km2). There were 15,908 housing units at an average density of 4,701.3 per square mile (1,815.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% Non-Hispanic Whites, 14.3% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 3.8% were multiracial. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.1% of the population (9.3% Salvadoran, 3.0% Puerto Rican, 1.1% Colombian, 1.1% Dominican, 1.0% Guatemalan, 0.8% Mexican).[43] The city also has a large number of people of Brazilian and Italian descent.[44] In 2010, 33% of the residents of Everett were born outside the United States. This percentage was around 11% in 1990.[45]

There were 15,435 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11.

The population was spread out, with 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,737. The median income for a family is $49,876. Males had a median income of $36,047 versus $30,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,876. About 9.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.



Everett has a mayor-council form of government, where the mayor serves a four-year term. The Everett city council was the last existing bicameral legislature in any American city, consisting of a Board of Aldermen and a Common Council. As of November 8, 2011, it became a unicameral City Council.[46]

Board of Aldermen

The Board of Aldermen consisted of seven members one from each of the city's six wards and one Alderman-at-Large. All Aldermen were elected citywide for a term of two years.

In addition to the duties they shared with the Common Council, the Board of Aldermen was the licensing authority in the city and approved licenses for motor dealers, second-hand dealers, awnings, lodging houses, junk dealers, pool tables, open-air parking lots, coin-operated devices, Lord's Day licenses, antique and precious metal dealers.

Common Council

The Common Council consisted of three members elected per ward for a total of eighteen members. The Common Council shared equal responsibility for most legislative actions with the exception of licensing and confirmation of most Mayoral appointees.


Everett is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following districts:

Voter party enrollment

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 17, 2018[49]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 9,606 46.54%
Republican 1,057 5.12%
Unaffiliated 9,720 47.09%
Libertarian 56 0.27%
Total 20,641 100%


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Everett has ten public schools, which include elementary schools, K–8 schools, and Everett High School.[50] The city also has one Private K–8 school and had a private Catholic high school, Pope John XXIII High School, which was forced, due to financial difficulties, to close on May 31, 2019. Everett High School moved to its new location at 100 Elm Street[51] beginning in the 2007–2008 school year.


Part of the historic Revere Beach Parkway listed on the National Register of Historic Places, lies in Everett.


The Mystic Generating Station has been producing electricity since the early twentieth century. It was built by Boston Edison and is now operated by Exelon. It has the largest capacity of any electrical plant in the state.

The Leavitt Corporation has been manufacturing its trademark Teddie Peanut Butter in the city since 1924.

Besides Everett Square, Gateway Center just off Route 16 in Everett is a major retail shopping district with big box stores.


Everett's business district is focused on Broadway (part of Route 99), with many businesses and restaurants along the route. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) operates public buses through the city, which includes several routes that converge at a hub at Everett Square. A bus lane exists on Broadway, from Glendale Square (Ferry Street), to Sweetser Circle. MBTA also operates a subway system that includes Wellington, which lies just west of the Everett city limits in nearby Medford, and a commuter rail system with a stop in Chelsea to the southeast. Route 16 traverses the southern area of the city, providing access to U.S. Route 1 and Interstate 93. Both highways run just outside of the city limits and provide connections to Boston.

Notable people

See also Category:People from Everett, Massachusetts

View of Everett Square in 1902
1852 Map of the Boston area showing South Malden, which later became Everett

In popular culture


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  5. ^ Hogan, Julia Rich. "Town of Everett / 1870–1892" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
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  7. ^ "Profile for Everett, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved May 16, 2010.
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  9. ^ 1848 map of Charlestown and vicinity (Everett was then part of Malden)
  10. ^ 1905 map of Everett
  11. ^ Historical Register, Vol. XV, No. 1, p. 54, Medford Historical Society, Jan. 1912
  12. ^ "Beacon Oil Co. Begins Work on Refinery at Everett Will Turn Out Petroleum Products". The Wall Street Journal. August 7, 1919.
  13. ^ Jarvis, Judy (April 13, 1975). "The Economy: Plans, plans, plans... but no refinery". The Boston Globe.
  14. ^ "Distrigas". Everett Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  15. ^ Gellerman, Bruce (March 11, 2015). "Old System, New Solution?: Liquefied Natural Gas Could Be Pipeline Alternative". WBUR. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  16. ^ Everett LNG Terminal at the Crossroads
  17. ^ Old System, New Solution?: Liquefied Natural Gas Could Be Pipeline Alternative
  18. ^ Everett LNG Facility and Constellation LNG Update, Northeast Gas Association pre-winter webinar, December 3, 2019
  19. ^ Top energy regulator warns fossil fuel terminal shutdown could jeopardize heat for millions of Americans
  20. ^ Natural gas distribution
  21. ^ WBUR News & Wire Services (September 16, 2014). "Panel Picks Wynn's Everett Casino Proposal". WBUR. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
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  24. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  25. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  26. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  27. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  28. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  29. ^ Jon Chesto (December 5, 2023). "Davis Cos. completes $72.5 million acquisition of nearly 100-acre Exxon tank farm in Everett". The Boston Globe.
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  31. ^ "Climate comfort in Everett, Massachusetts". Retrieved July 13, 2022.
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  33. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  34. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 3, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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  36. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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  41. ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2023.
  42. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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  46. ^ Rosenberg, Steven A. (December 8, 2011). "Everett finally abandoning its bicameral government". Boston.com.
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  51. ^ "New Everett High School - Century Drywall". www.centurydrywallinc.com. Retrieved January 21, 2024.
  52. ^ Davis, Henry Blaine Jr. (1998). Generals In Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press. p. 355. ISBN 978-1-5719-7088-6 – via Google Books.

Further reading